The primary research question of this study is to see what effects, if any, the London 2012 Olympic Games has had on students and teachers particularly within three schools in the Evesham area and the rest of the UK. The intention is to analyse the post-Olympic experiences in UK schools, and, the related responses to the London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games claims about a substantial participation legacy for youth sport and physical activity. During the Games, there was much talk of the "golden moment", of "maximising the window of opportunity", of turning "inspiration into participation".
Following substantial investments in elite athletics (£125 million) questions remains as to the extent to which this investment may filter through to youth sport in schools following the withdrawal of the £162 million school sport partnership scheme, this research also aims to critique the ability of schools to achieve legacy ambitions provide sporting opportunities in school sport, and, potential, foster positive attitudes to life-long engagement in physical activity. The study to be conducted will consist of the collection and analysis of physical activity participation levels of children aged 5-11, both in school and after school clubs, and to the teachers of the chosen schools. This will be done through a (subjective) multiple choices for the students and open questionnaire for the teachers giving feedback on their experiences in sport and physical activity such as participating and the delivery of the provision of Sport and physical activity. There is a doubt that children rarely get the option to have an opinion on what sport means to them, such as rarely been asked to give their opinion on the effectiveness of the curriculum being taught to them. Feedback on the topics they believe are most effective in increasing beliefs and motivation to change sport participation and behaviours will be used to build a framework for implementing some kind of structure for the improvement of provision. It is important to take this feedback and integrate it into what this paper is trying to achieve to help the government, teachers and children to take more responsibility for their actions and get moving in making the nation fit healthy and ready for competitions.
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This study also explores ways to better understand how and why sport matters in schools and what it means to the children of the future. It is my view from my experiences that Sport introduces positive behaviour change in children when participating in sport and physical activity.
Sport and physical activity matters, and it is well identified in the literature that without effective sport education and Physical activity in the curriculum the children's beliefs and attitudes are likely to go unchallenged, and they will either continue the patterns of non-participation in their existing situation or carry it to future participation.
The fact that sport in school is not on the main subjects of learning is also a worrying issue. This is because surely healthy provision in sport is just as important as any other of the core subjects. A five-hour offer could easily be introduced as a core subject in the timetable, quite easily with the amount of maths and English on offer for children, and this maybe can be used to complement each other.
In recent years, there have been efforts to rectify provision in schools but it has been hindered by funding in UK schools. Latter studies such as (Babcock, Green & Robbie, 2006) found only weak evidence suggesting that funding has been allocated but there's an even greater of scarcity of studies (Archer, 2007)
Education of parents is central to promoting activity in childhood. By school age, the focus needs to be making physical activity more accessible. The advantages of taking part in physical activity are evident and it's a very important aspect of life in which it helps to maintain a healthy life style, reduce the risk of obesity, stress, depression and anxiety (Da conceicao et al, 2010).
In2009 saw schools across the country take strides towards offering all school children five hours of sport a week. In 2008 the Government's target of getting 85% of school children to do two hours of sport a week was surpassed, an achievement which provided the foundation for the five hour offer. This involves two hours in school and the rest mixed with out of hour's activities with community. However this is an unacceptable provision for the children.
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In respect of Physical Education the Government are often emotionally involved with the core subjects and are afraid to make the change. The Olympics was great event but it will not change the provision in school sport unless the government change their core values in education. Now there may not be the time or resources available such as specialist coaches so why is there not PE teachers in our primary schools with the knowledge that coaches may have.
There will be critical analysis of initiatives and aims of Sport England and the youth sport trust. Sport England is the biggest and most recognised of organisation bodies. Sport England advises invests in and promotes community sport to create an active nation. It does a lot when it comes to encouraging people to get involved with sport and physical activity. They distribute funding and invest in a range of sporting projects.
The Youth Sport Trust main aim is to increase the participation in PE and sport in school among the young, at all levels, and at any activity, trying to ensure that the youngsters get the best possible coaching so that they can be healthy and be the best they can be in general
The Youth Sport Trust is responsible for the very useful TOP Programmes, which give participation opportunities to people since the very young age of 18 months old all the way up to 18 and above years old. This is very vital because it ensures all levels of skill and ability to be developed. They also have their Continuing Professional Development programme (CPD), also known as National PE and School Sport Professional Development Programme, The aims of this programme is to enhance and improve the quality of teaching of PE and sport within and beyond the curriculum of schools and centres.