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The primary objective of the rehabilitation program of the hamstring to restore the athlete with the level of activities previously carried out with minimal risk of recurrence of the injury of their participation in sports.
Injuries to muscles and tendons of the hamstrings are generally classified into three categories, and these injuries mentioned are: the strains of first grade, second and third. A first degree strain is less severe. It is the result of a minor stretch of the muscles and tendons, and is accompanied by a slight pain, swelling and stiffness. In general, very little loss of function after a first degree strain. A second-degree strain is the result of two stretching and tearing of muscles and tendons. No increase in swelling and pain associated with a strain in the second degree, and a moderate loss of function. A third degree strain is the most serious of the three. A third degree strain is the result of a complete tear or rupture of one or more of the muscles and tendons. A third degree strain will result in massive swelling, severe pain and instability.
The incidence of injuries hamstring while running at high speed is generally believed to occur during the terminal swing phase of gait cycle. The biggest stretch of the muscle-tendon incurred by the biceps femoris, which may contribute to its tendency to be more damaged than the other two hamstrings (semimembranosus and semitendinosus) during high speed operation.
Improve the absorption length of a muscle force when the muscle has a limited positive effect was found only minor wounds. Stretching exercises can be done a single workout or increase the flexibility of warm-up designed to prevent injuries and prepare the body uses to follow. Stretch gently to extend the muscles before and after exercise than others, and helps to improve tissue elasticity and flexibility. It is recommended that personal warm-up before stretching to increase blood flow, which in turn makes the muscles more flexible. It is also recommended that all static stretches held for at least 15 seconds before being released in order to stretch the muscles effectively.
Strengthening the hamstrings are an important part of injury rehabilitation for back muscles to full strength. This will also help prevent future damage. The most common adaptation to exert strong resistance is an increase in the maximum production capacity of muscle strength, there is an increase in muscle strength, mainly due to neural adaptations and increased fiber size muscle.
Agility training is a great way to help develop rapidly and become agile. This type of training method is very beneficial for all athletes. The advantage of agility training can certainly add an edge to athletes overall performance and their ability to perform on the field and even off the field. It also increases the speed, because running is the supreme foundation of all athletics. These agility drills can be used to develop speed and speed of all kinds of sports. They differ from traditional training speed in that they contain far more lateral movement.
The trunk stabilization exercises a powerful, flexible core muscles that support the bones properly aligned.
This has led some clinicians to use the stabilization of the trunk and agility exercises for various progressive paralysis rehabilitation programs.
The athlete returned to sport at the previous level of performance with minimal risk of recurrence of the injury is the main objective of a rehabilitation program after a thigh injury
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of the group and the PATS TTS for acute strains hamstring. In this study, the recurrence rate of injuries is higher in the group of elite athletes hamstring stretching and strengthening exercises, compared with a group of performers progressive agility and trunk stabilization exercises after a return to the sport. The results of this study shows that functional performance tests on the day of return to sport between the group and the PATS TTS group showed statistically significant differences.
Orchard and Best suggests that the muscle-tendon unit early treatment to avoid secondary atrophy. The agility and the gradual stabilization of the trunk program used in this study to check the early trajectory of the dynamic behavior by controlling the direction of travel. movements in the frontal plane does not increase the length of the hamstring muscle-tendon units by as much as the movements in the sagittal plane. He led the direction of travel allows for early rehabilitation of the rapid changes in agonist and antagonist muscle contractions of the muscles that control movements of hip and pelvis. Some other authors have suggested that the ability to control the lumbar-pelvic region during the rapid movement skills can prevent a hamstring injury. Progressive agility and trunk stabilization exercises do not involve the combination of the medium itself, therefore, eccentric and isometric contractions of the hamstring muscles length-tension positions.
Based on the results of the data, we concluded that the rehabilitation program including progressive agility and trunk stabilization exercises are effective in promoting functional performance and prevent recurrence of injuries on the day of return to sports in athletes who have suffered a serious hamstring. This program helps athletes return to sports with less risk of an acute injury again in the final isolated traditional stretching and strengthening exercise program.
Assessed the impact of an eccentric training program for pre-season 220 players for the prevention of hamstring injuries. Five training sessions were completed within 2 weeks. Their finding suggests that a simple program with eccentric exercise may reduce the incidence of hamstring injuries.
Increase the amount of anaerobic interval training, stretching all the muscle is tired and the application exercise sport-specific training has significantly reduced the number and consequences of hamstring muscle tension.
recovery rate can be increased with increasing daily frequency of stretching hamstring. Consideration should be given to the lumbar spine, sacroiliac and pelvic alignment and postural control mechanisms in the management of hamstring injuries. Lumbar stability and pelvic motor control may also be factors in reducing the rate of recurrence of hamstring injury.
the risk of re-injury can be minimized through use of rehabilitation strategies that include exercises and neuromuscular control of eccentric exercise, combined with objective measures to assess recovery and muscle-tendon will return to the sport.
4-step program for the theory that a progressive stretching and strengthening of damaged tissue could help to modernize and harmonize the collagen fibers in scar tissue. acute phase (2-4 days) including control of inflammation and early movement of the lower limbs in the sagittal plane. Sub acute period consisted of stationary bike, isolated from a hamstring stretching and progressive resistance exercises without pain. remodeling phase was further isolated, paralyzed by a progressive resistance exercise (PRES), to which was added to the eccentric exercise, and continued to be hampered by stretching. The functional phase include jogging, sprints, drills species-specific and continuing to hamstring strengthening and stretching.
Some authors have described similar schemes. Since the site was annexed by the catchment hamstring muscles, it was suggested that the neural control of the lumbar-pelvic region, including the front and back of the pelvic tilt, are required to create an optimal function of the hamstring sprinting fast movement and qualified. Changes in the pelvis may lead to changes in the length or tension by force - speed ratio. This has led some physicians to use a different chassis and progressively agility exercises for hamstring rehabilitation programs.