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Strategies to Develop Health Literacy

1613 words (6 pages) Essay in Nursing

25/01/18 Nursing Reference this

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction about health literacy

2. Relation between primary healthcare and health literacy

3. Health literacy related to elders

4. Health literacy related to diabetes specifically in elders

5. Conclusion

6. References

1. Introduction about health literacy

Many citizens have problem in understanding the information about issues related to health. About 9 /10 persons have some problems with awareness related to health. Health literacy is the aptitude to acquire the health information anyone require and to be aware of it. It is also relating to the information to generate good decisions about his physical condition and medical care. Low health literacy can destruct your fitness. On a daily basis, people tackle situations that involve life-changing decisions about their health. These conclusions are ended in places such as grocery and medication supplies, workplaces, playgrounds, doctors’ place of works, and hospitals (Safeer & Keenan, 2005). Obtaining, communicating, dispensation, and understanding healthiness information and services are necessary steps in making suitable health decisions; however, many research activities indicates that nowadays health information is presented in modes that are not exploitable by most grown persons. Inadequate health literacy happens when people can’t locate and utilize the health information and examinations they require. As the idea of health literacy has developed, there has been heterogeneity in its meaning and its understanding regarding how it communicates to health. More freshly, there has been superior emphasis on the viewpoint that health literacy stand for not only the expertise required by an person to route health based information, but also the claims of the health scheme in terms of the deliverance of instructions (St Leger, 2001).

Pathetic health literacy competencies resulted in less healthy options, riskier behavior, poor health, with a reduction of self-management and further hospitalization. They considerably drain human plus financial sources in the health organization. Policy act to tackle the health literacy disaster has been sluggish to materialize at all stages. This article aims to assist to change this condition. The series of proof presented sustains a wider idea of health literacy that believes both a personal level of health literacy as well as the complexities of the circumstances within which person act (DeWalt, 2005). Assessment of health literacy in clinical practice stays a source of dispute. It has been recommended that we ought to practice ‘universal safety measures’ and stick to clear communication approaches that every patients can employ effectively. Additionally, it is significant to distinguish that deprived literacy handiness are often linked with sturdy feelings of disgrace and awkwardness for patients. Considering this fear, more recent support has been to assess patient’s knowledge and literacy abilities and, during organizational tactics, to provide essential psychosomatic plus emotional supports, remembering that dipping the claims of our ‘system’ is at the center of improving health related literacy (Baur, 2010).

2. Relation between primary healthcare and health literacy

A primary health scheme that is suitable and universally available needs an active schedule based on investigation of approaches to tackle low health literacy, whereas health care givers should be attentive to the extensive troubles of health literacy which cover all age stages. Primary health care is a wide field that includes health endorsement, illness avoidance, care of the unwell, support and community progress (Keleher & Hagger, 2007). The primary health division comprises a variety of services including common practice, society and women’s health checks, and government plus non-government services. It is closely associated with a variety of community-based public support and wellbeing sectors.

3. Health literacy related to elders

The disputes of making logic of health information are particularly huge for the increasing fraction of natives aged 65 years and elder. Older grown-ups have more persistent illnesses and exercise more health care facilities than other sections of the people, and they face exclusive issues associated to physical plus cognitive performance that can compose it hard for them to locate and use suitable health information. The share of the elderly plus very old in the people of developed countries is increasing quickly. These persons have more sicknesses than younger group and use a uneven share of prescription and OTC (over-the-counter) drugs. These issues, mutual with age-related alters in pharmacokinetics plus pharmacodynamics, compose the elderly people in whom medicine use is particularly probable to be marred by grave adverse consequences and drug-drug interactions. They consequently should obtain medicines only when totally essential for well-defined signs and at the lowest efficient doses. Prospectively described end tips, suitable supervision of drug levels, and repeated appraisals of the patient’s medicine record, with discontinuation of those medicines that did not realize the wanted end point, would really get better the health of the old population (Wolf, Gazmararian, & Baker, 2005).

4. Health literacy related to diabetes specifically in elders

Older persons and their caregivers require dependable health information to stop and supervise disease, endorse their health plus follow public health advices and cautions. Yet, dissimilarities in access to proper teaching and literacy guidance, the difficulty and technological life of physical condition information, and the usual processes of age may compromise elder adults’ capability to employ health information and construct logic of messages. The trade of multifaceted fitness information between patients, contributors, health associations and the community is often explained as health literacy (Cavanaugh, 2011). In diabetes, health literacy is connected to diabetes information, self-efficiency and self-care performances and glycemic organize. Health literacy can also offer a better perception of ethnic disparities scrutinized in persons with diabetes. The various strategies to tackle health literacy, based on this perceptive of its responsibility give a means to advance diabetes care.It is necessary that patients suffering with diabetes have a kind of the symptoms of hyperglycemia and how to correctly self-administer medicines to manage diabetes. Poor health literacy has been always linked with bad diabetes information in a diversity of settings with hospitalized elder patients. Self-effectiveness of diabetes care has been considerably linked with self-care conducts and glycemic management. Using a diversity of tools, numerous earlier studies have inspected health literacy and diabetes control (Kim, Love, Quistberg, & Shea, 2004).

While health literacy has been linked with a lot of health performances, there has been modest proof till date from patients suffering with diabetes. Assessments of health literacy have not passed to reveal significant alliances with devotion to diet, blood glucose monitoring under customary care conditions. Given that medicine management is elementary to diabetes concern. Further research is required to make a decision the extent of impact that health literacy proficiency may have on this significant self-care performance. Recognizing that poor health literacy is general and linked with many aspects of diabetes care – counting significant outcomes and strategies to tackle health literacy have been expanded, checked and promoted. The base of these suggested strategies rests with the values of obvious health communication, including evaluation of understanding, emphasizing not many key tips and using efficient printed materials (Funnell et al., 2012).

5. Conclusion

We can do a great deal better in design and present health information that persons can use efficiently. We can construct our individual health literacy abilities and assist others—society members, health experts, and anybody else who converses about physical condition—construct their skills also. Every association engaged in health in order and checks requires its own health literacy arrangement to get better its managerial practices. The sources will assist you learn about health literacy questions, extend skills, generate an action arrangement, and relate what to learn to make physical condition information and checks that truthfully make a optimistic dissimilarity in people’s lives. Understanding the association among health literacy behaviors should improve attempts to advance diabetes conclusions. Expanding educational agendas for patients with poor literacy may decrease difference in diabetes results connected to literacy position.

6. References

Baur, C. (2010). National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

Cavanaugh, K. L. (2011). Health literacy in diabetes care: explanation, evidence and equipment. Diabetes Management, 1(2), 191-199.

DeWalt, D. A. (2005). Health literacy from A to Z: Practical ways to communicate your health message. Preventing Chronic Disease [Electronic Resource], 2(2).

Funnell, M. M., Brown, T. L., Childs, B. P., Haas, L. B., Hosey, G. M., Jensen, B., et al. (2012). National standards for diabetes self-management education. Diabetes Care, 35(Supplement 1), S101-S108.

Keleher, H., & Hagger, V. (2007). Health literacy in primary health care. Australian Journal of Primary Health, 13(2), 24-30.

Kim, S., Love, F., Quistberg, D. A., & Shea, J. A. (2004). Association of health literacy with self-management behavior in patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care, 27(12), 2980-2982.

Safeer, R. S., & Keenan, J. (2005). Health literacy: the gap between physicians and patients. American family physician, 72(3).

St Leger, L. (2001). Schools, health literacy and public health: possibilities and challenges. Health promotion international, 16(2), 197-205.

Wolf, M. S., Gazmararian, J. A., & Baker, D. W. (2005). Health literacy and functional health status among older adults. Archives of Internal Medicine, 165(17), 1946-1952.

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