Pregnancy Symptom and Discomforts
Symptoms of pregnancy are the unusual signs and the feelings that show a woman is pregnant. These unusual pregnancy signs differ from one woman to another but seem to be a universal from stage to stage, accounting for about 40 weeks or nine months. The pregnancy symptoms are counted into three trimesters. The first trimester lasts 0ne to 12 weeks. This trimester explains from the time a woman had her last menstrual period to the zygote stage. Here, the sperm penetrates and fertilized the egg produced by ovary and zygote attaches into the woman’s fallopian tube to the uterus. Additionally, the second trimester begins at 13th week and ends at week 28. In these 15 weeks, the pregnant woman realizes the sex, Muscle tissue, bone, and skin formation of the infant. At the same time, the pregnant woman feels the movement of her fetus. And the third trimester enrolls from week 29 to the 40th week. At this stage, healthy babies can be born.(Foxcroft, K. F, 2013, January 16).
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However, pregnancies come with sharp a painful ailment that creates discomforts or sickening reaction during the pregnancy (patient.info). These pregnancy discomforts effects be symptoms by others from the behavior of the pregnant woman. Though, women pregnancies differ, there are universal pregnancy symptom indicators that are experience by the most pregnant women. The most identifiable pregnancy discomfort symptoms are usually experienced during first trimester. Majority of the pregnant women experience, nausea and vomiting during or around the fourth to sixth week, the pregnant woman loss appetite and always experience this pain during the morning. At the same time, the pregnant woman feels and observes physical internal and psychological changes. For example, the pregnant woman looks depressed, weak and emotional. She begins her physical changes from her belly, and feels emotional sensitive attachment to her abdomen. Similarly, adore her breast enlargement tender. In addition to this, experience more frequent urination within the first few weeks of becoming pregnant because of swelling uterus pressuring bladder due to high body fluids and kidney efficiency. Also there risks associated with the first trimesters like miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, heavy bleeding, high fever, headache, and women could be at risk for iron deficiency etc.(Women’s Health 2006, April).
Undoubtedly, in nursing teaching during first trimester; Encourage patient to attended prenatal care, eating health food (lean meat, veggies and fiber), drinking a lot fluid, light exercise, and avoid exercise that can cause fall or an injury to your stomach. Concurrently, the nursing teaching educate the pregnant woman on things to avoid during first trimester are alcohol, caffeine (limit intake up to one cup of day), unpasteurized dairy, fish (shark and swordfish, raw fish) and cat litter (can carry toxoplasmosis).
Unlike, the first trimester, second trimester is when most women feel relieved and begin their pregnancy comfort. For example, morning sickness passes, baby movement occurs, physical and observable changes are happening, baby weight not heavy enough to cause discomfort, most often women start carving of unusual food, and woman can have chance to know their baby gender through ultrasound during doctor visit which at this trimester women visit are once a month .however, women can go to doctor visit more than one if there is any other condition or complication. In addition, risks during second trimester, gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, and placenta Previa, miscarriage due to incompetent cervix, fluid membranes and preterm labor.
At this, nursing teaching during second trimester; patient should report when baby kick more than unseal, educate patient about advantage of breastfeeding and benefits of taking Lamaze class, for patient who have gestational diabetes mellitus check their glucose up to three time a day. Also, should see dietician to manage their diet. Lastly, at this stage should report any warning sign like, increasing urination, thirst and headache.
During third trimester, is when women become anxious for pregnancy to end. She may feel awkward because of her increasing weight and the physical and psychological changes she experiences.in addition, at this stage women end see doctor visit once every two weeks until 36week women see doctor once every week to make sure baby is properly fit on cervix and no abnormal heart beats. At the same time, the is the time when nursing teaching help the pregnancy gets aware of the possible risks at this stage. The nursing education provides teaching or learning materials that can help the pregnant woman. At the same time, the third trimester pregnant woman is well prepared both mentally and physically so that she can be ready for all the late pregnancy discomforts such as preeclampsia, swallowing hands and feet, preterm labor, weight gain, discomfort of baby kicks a lot. Here, is when Nursing teaching emphasize and educate pregnant woman on their true labor and false labor and other alternative of child birth such as, water birth cesarean delivery and other service center and couch like, medulla, birth center etc.
In conclusion, physical and mental pregnancy symptoms and discomfort are common during pregnancy and usually related with norms of pregnancy psychological changes. The pregnancy symptoms and discomfort affects both social and economic viabilities of the pregnant woman. For example, the Pregnancy discomfort leads to unusual chronic absenteeism, bad short temperament and expectation for unforeseen attention from husband, relatives etc.(http://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com).
Foxcroft, K. F., Callaway, L. K., Byrne, N. M., & Webster, J. (2013, January 16). Development and validation of a pregnancy symptoms inventory. Retrieved March 06, 2017, from http://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2393-13-3.
(n.d.). Retrieved March 06, 2017, from https://www.nichd.nih.gov/Pages/index.aspx
Default – Stanford Children’s Health. (n.d.). Retrieved March 06, 2017, from http://www.stanfordchildrens.org/en/topic/default?id=common-discomforts-during-pregnancy-85-P01207.
The National Women’s Health Information Center, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Women’s Health (2006, April). Prenatal Care. Retrieved March 6, 2017, from http://www.womenshealth.gov/faq/prenatal.htm.
Institute of Medicine. Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, May 2009.
Second Trimester of Pregnancy. (n.d.). Retrieved March 06, 2017, from http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/second-trimester-of-pregnancy#1
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