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Physical Therapy is health care professions which render services to the individuals to develop maintain and restore maximum mobility and functional ability throughout the life. The purpose of this applied synthesis project was, as the demand for physical therapists that are autonomous practitioners increases, it becomes the onus of the educational programs to prepare students to be successful in the clinic and also to evaluate the learning's and outcomes of students. Physical therapy is a fun and exciting healthcare profession that helps people; it is all about helping other people who have problems with their body, muscles, joints and other parts of their body. Patients includes accident victims and individuals with disabling conditions such as stroke, low back pain, arthritis, heart disease, fractures, head injuries, and cerebral palsy.
Physical therapy will examine and does evaluation of your problem or difficulty. PTs evaluate your problem by performing special tests and measures to assess the nature and extent of problem. These tests includes observation, palpation, range of motion, muscle strength, flexibility, type of pain, joint motion, sensory and neurological, coordination, balance, postural screening, movement analysis, and special tests for every individual problem and differential diagnosis, finally they develop a treatment plan and goals and then manage the appropriate treatment to aid in recovery of a problem or dysfunction. Physical therapists are able to treat their patients by using many different treatments depending on the type of injury. Few of the treatments are short wave diathermy, electrical stimulation, hot and cold packs, infrared and ultrasound to reduce swelling or relieve pain. These treatments are used to help decrease pain and increase movement and function. Therapeutic exercises instructions will help restore strength, movement, balance, or skill as a guide towards full functional recovery.
Physical therapists treatment includes patient education to teach them how to deal with a current problem and how to prevent the problem in the future. Such documentation is used to track the patient's progress, and identify areas requiring more or less attention. They encourage patients to use their own muscles. Their main goal is to improve how an individual functions at work and home.
Physical therapies have the rewarding opportunity to make a difference in the quality of people's lives. Their work involves with both patients and other health care professionals. Also, they help to keep people well and safe from injury. They teach them how to avoid from hurting themselves in the future. Physical therapy achieves their requirement skills through academic and clinical education.
Physical therapy education should prepare therapist to be able to effectively integrate knowledge of foundational and applied sciences along with the application and understanding of clinical skills in order to make effective clinical decisions and to prepare students to be successful in the clinic. Department should incorporate this clinically based experiential learning opportunity into the new curriculum.
The use of blended learning to facilitate critical thinking
Using blended learning methods learning platform will facilitate their students the required level of clinical reasoning skills necessary for optimum health care delivery. They have done some of this mixed methods study design to determine how and to what extent the uses of blended learning formats facilitate clinical reasoning skills in occupational therapy students. For this study they have selected total of 48 occupational therapy students participated in the blended learning course, finally with only 23 of them completing pre- and post survey of the California Critical Thinking Test (CCTT) and the Health Sciences Reasoning Test (HSRT). By this study they have come to know results indicating that the blended learning model does facilitate clinical reasoning skills in occupational therapy students.
And the teachers should explain how to
Develop student-centered problem-based curriculum.
Manage student projects across a range of subjects across a range of subjects and disciplines.
To implementing problem based learning approach across the curriculum. Research has proved that students learn best when involved in identifying and solving problems with personal or "real world" meaning.
Critical thinking skills between students that participate in the clinically-based experiential learning course.
Assess projects using portfolios
Evaluation of physical therapy student learning outcomes associated with participation in an experiential learning course
The results of this thesis suggest that participation in a clinically based experiential learning course will assist physical therapy students in the development of critical thinking, clinical decision making, professional judgment, professional behavior, and self efficacy in learning. Physical therapy educational programs, by providing these learning opportunities, may, in fact, help students develop the skills necessary to become independent practitioners.
The study also recommended that additional research should be performed to determine if though a large sample size both self efficacy and critical thinking skills might be validated as quantitative outcomes.
New Curriculum for New Times
New Curriculum for New Times will help students and teachers in schools. It has been given many practical examples of variety of curricular models, ranging from traditional to less main stream alternatives, to guide the creation, implementation, management, and assessment of curricular practice and student work. And it addresses the full range of concerns of educators, administrators, parents, in the implementation of innovation and change in teaching and learning style. The authors approach towards Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary, working with the Problem Based Learning, Curricular Accountability and finally many practical examples of variety of curricular models are very helpful and agree with the author's views.
Physical therapy professional foundation
Keys to success in school and career
Physical Therapy professional foundations is a comprehensive guide for physical therapy students as they enter and progress through the educational program and prepare for licensure and transition to clinical practice. This book is very helpful for pre professional students make healthy choices about entering the field of physical therapy, to assist physical therapy students to establish sound habits and realistic expectations, and to facilitate success for new graduates in the transition from the academic setting to clinical practice. Clinical and academic faculty may also find these ideas useful in advising students at various stages in the professional education process. The "Putting it into Practice" exercise at the end of each chapter encourages students to use the resources and tools available to them to make- informed choices that will facilitate their success.
Case-based learning in selected physical therapy curricula and its perceived effectiveness by students, faculty, and administrators
Through qualitative evaluation methodology, the researcher investigated the utilization and implementation of this instructional methodology in selected physical therapy curricula, as well as its perceived effectiveness by physical therapy students, faculty, and administrators. Multiple factors were found to exist that positively influence the effectiveness of the implementation and utilization of case-based learning including techniques that make the learning experience safe, real, impactful, and empowering. Further research needs to be done in the field of physical therapy education looking at the implementation, utilization, and effectiveness of case based learning.
Faculty development programs
Effective faculty development programs are perceived by faculty to be important to them in providing training to assure that they correctly and effectively implement innovative instructional methods. The results suggest that an understanding of the instructors' personal changes throughout the process of change can be of value to health professions educators who desire to be flexible and responsive instructors for their students. Such educators contribute to the quality of professional practice and the ability of the profession of physical therapy to respond to changing health care needs in society.
Description of professional development
Professional development encompasses the entire scope of one's career beginning with professional education and continuing through one's professional life span. Professional development is an ongoing process of assessment and planned actions that provide the opportunity for:
Based on evidence professionals should improve and expand their knowledge.
Always should follow professional ethics and values.
Autonomous practice within the context of one's practice setting.
Beginning into new responsibilities.
Gaining of clinical and practice management knowledge, skills, and abilities.
Make efforts toward the achievement of advanced knowledge, skills, and abilities for excellence in practice.
To support and advance the profession.
Continued competence is a component of professional development that addresses the
minimum requirements of contemporary practice.
Physical therapists should participate in conferences for professional development.
Professional development should include the use of a wide variety of methods for attaining new knowledge, skills, and abilities including participation in continuing education courses, academic co courses, independent study, journal clubs, Association committees, advocacy events and training, volunteer experiences, mentoring experiences, and on-the-job training. All professional development experiences should be: based on an assessment of need, generated from outcome objectives, planned for successful, progressive learning; and evaluated for attainment of delineated outcomes. A variety of methods, settings, and types of experiences should be employed to best meet the acquisition of new knowledge, skills, and abilities.
The American Physical Therapy Association should encourage students to pursue a career in physical therapy with a post baccalaureate degree. A post baccalaureate degree allows students to obtain a background in liberal arts and provides time for students to combine the amount of material in physical therapy curriculum. Physical therapy's duties is to training patients in exercise and activities of daily living, treatments, using equipment, and reporting to physical therapist on the patient's response.
The association has the responsibility to interpret the concepts and scope of physical therapist schools and practice in a manner consistent with APTA's positions, standards, guidelines, policies, and procedures. Further, the Association has a responsibility to develop or encourage the development of policies, products, and services that address the current and future needs of members, the organization, and the profession in relation to career and professional development.
In addition, a strong internal network of support is vital to assure sufficient adherence from the group who will implement the change. External resources of financial and philosophical leadership, as well as expert guidance in the proposed change, are required to sustain meaningful change. Finally, effective faculty development programs are perceived by faculty to be important to them in providing training to assure that they correctly and effectively implement innovative instructional methods. The results suggest that an understanding of the instructors' personal changes throughout the process of change can be of value to health professions educators who desire to be flexible and responsive instructors for their students. Such educators contribute to the quality of professional practice and the ability of the profession of physical therapy to respond to changing health care needs in American society.
Physical therapy educational programs should provide learning opportunities, which help students develop the skills necessary to become independent practitioners.
As I started my semester I had mixed emotions. I was anxious to start on a journey but I was afraid of how well I will do. Would it be too hard? Would the online courses make it more difficult for me to understand what was expected of me and to communicate to finally many practical examples of variety of curricular models and articles are very helpful. And I thank you for my professor providing me an opportunity to write this paper.