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A CNA (Certified Nursing Assistant) is an individual who, as the name suggests, assists patients in ADLs (Activities of Daily Living) and does certain nursing procedures and caring. The individual is trained in CNA skills and then certified before he can practice this profession. The activities of the CNA are supervised by a Registered Nurse or a Licensed Practical Nurse.
Some of the major things involved in CNA skills are safety, precaution and handling of the patient. A CNA has to be skilled in all the precautionary procedures which are required to prevent the spread of diseases and germs. Precautions should become second nature in this regard and the CNA has to remember to wash his hands before and after handling a patient, even if he is wearing gloves.
Handling the patient is another important aspect involved in CNA skills. The CNA is directly involved in giving bedside care and moving the patient, and should be skilled in these areas. The CNA will also be responsible in assisting the patient to walk and helping in doing certain movements or exercises. CNA skills will include knowledge of apparatus and equipment used in ambulation of patients with particular conditions like osteoporosis and so on, where the condition of the patient is very fragile during movement.
Each patient will have specific needs depending on his condition and the individual trained in CNA skills will know the correct procedure to be followed for that particular condition. CNAs are trained to feed and also assist the patient in toileting by providing the bedpan or helping in the bathroom with the commode. A CNA is also trained in Catheter care and changing the urinary drainage bag.
CNA skills also involve grooming the patient and keeping a clean environment. The CNA is trained to bathe the patient, shampoo and groom hair, provide nail care, shave, brush teeth and do flossing. He is also responsible in making the bed of the patient and see that the room is kept clean and tidy.
Observation and reporting forms another major area of CNA skills, as the CNA is considered to be the eyes, ears and nose of the nurse. The CNA is trained to observe vital signs, wounds and bruises, skin conditions and the general condition of the patient. He is also responsible in observing any blood in the urine or stools and the amount of urine output of a patient. The CNA also has to correctly record and report everything he observes to the nurse or doctor.
CNA skills also involve techniques and procedures like CPR which are to be implemented while responding to emergency situations. The CNA is trained to maintain his cool in such situations and contact the doctor as soon as possible.
CNA Skills (Rewrite 1)
Providing nursing care and assisting patients in their daily living activities are the duties of a CNA (Certified Nursing Assistant). To be a CNA the candidate has to master the CNA skills and clear a certification test, to get his license. A Licensed Practical Nurse or a Registered Nurse will be in charge of CNAs and will be supervising their activities.
Precaution, safety and handling of patients rank topmost among the CNA skills. The CNA is skilled in procedures that are required in preventing the spread or germs and diseases. Before handling a patient and also after the CNA washes his hands, wears gloves in certain conditions and so on and these procedures become second nature to him.
CNA skills include the important procedures involved in handling a patient. These skills are important as the CNA is directly responsible for giving care at the bedside and will have to move the patient. Many patients will have to be assisted while they walk and there will be certain exercises which they are required to do, for which the CNA has to assist them. The CNA is also knowledgeable in handling apparatus and equipments involved in patient's ambulation and is aware of the fragility of the patient's body during movement, for example of a person who is suffering from osteoporosis.
CNA skills involve knowing the specific needs of patients and giving the appropriate care, and follow the procedures required in particular situations. Feeding and assisting the patient in toileting form some of the routine duties of the CNA. The CNA is skilled in handling a bedpan, giving assistance in the bathroom, attaching and removing Catheter and the drainage bag for urine.
Patient grooming and cleaning and tidying the room of the patient are also part of CNA skills. The CNA is responsible in making the bed and keeping the room tidy and clean. CNA will know how to give a bath, brush the patient's teeth, denture cleaning, shampooing and combing hair, shaving and so on.
The nurse depends on the CNA to act as their eyes and ears, and therefore CNA skills involve good power of observation and reporting. The CNA keeps a watch over the vital signs, any wounds or injuries, condition of the skin, any blood during urination, the amount of urine, and overall health of the patient. He keeps a record of any complaints made by the patient and correctly reports all that he has observed to the doctor or nurse.
CNA skills also include procedures which are needed in emergency situations. A CNA is trained in CPR and other first aid procedures which might be required in certain situations. CNA maintains his composure in such situations and quickly notifies the medical professional.
CNA Skills (Rewrite 2)
A Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA) is trained in CNA skills which mainly involve certain procedures of nursing and providing assistance to the patient in his daily activities. This training is followed by a certification exam, clearing which the CNA is able to practice his profession, under the supervision and guidance of RN (Registered Nurse) or LPN (Licensed Practical Nurse).
Due to the particular set of duties, the CNA skills will include important skills like safety measures, precautionary procedures and techniques of handling the patient. A CNA has to prevent the spread of diseases and germs and has to follow certain precautionary procedures like washing hands, wearing of gloves and so on. These procedures are so important that they should become second nature for the CNA and there can be no lapse in this regard as his own safety and that of the patient depends on it.
The CNA is a direct care provider and therefore the major part of CNA skills involves the various techniques of handling and moving the patient. The CNA has to walk the patient and also assist him in performing exercises and movements which are prescribed by the doctor. The CNA also knows the handling of equipments and devices that are used in ambulation and moving of patients. The CNA has knowledge of particular conditions and the resultant fragility of patients while moving; for example a person suffering from osteoporosis and so on.
CNA skills consist of various procedures which are to be followed in relation to respective conditions of the patients, and a CNA is trained in these procedures. A CNA has to provide assistance in feeding and toileting of the patients. If the patient is unable to go to the bathroom, the CNA has to provide a bedpan or help that patient on the commode. Handling a Catheter and changing and removal of urine drainage bags also forms part of CNA skills.
Patient care will include grooming the person and also keeping the patient's room tidy. CNA skills will therefore include giving a bath to the patient, washing the hair and grooming it, clipping nails, shaving, brushing teeth and so on. The CNA moves the patient and make his bed and sees that the room generally is kept clean and tidy.
Giving direct patient care, the CNA is able to observe and report many things to the nurse and doctor regarding the state of the patient's health. CNA skills in this regard are a keen sense of observation and watching things like the vital signs, wound dressings, color of the skin, and blood during urination, the quantity of urine output and so on. These observations and reporting are vital for knowing the progress of the patient, based on which the nurse or doctor can recommend further action.
CPR and other emergency procedures also form an important part of CNA skills. The CNA has to respond calmly in emergency situations and try to contact the doctor immediately and also perform the required procedure on the patient.
CNA Skill (Rewrite 3)
An individual becomes a CNA when he has completed training in CNA skills and cleared a competency exam held by the state. A CNA is a direct care provider and his skills include nursing procedures and providing assistance to patients in doing their daily living activities. A Registered Nurse or a Licensed Practical Nurse is in charge of supervising the activities of a CNA.
As per the nature of the duties involved, CNA skills deal mainly with handling the patient and implementing precautionary and safety procedures. A CNA is responsible for preventing spread of germs and diseases when he is at his job, and follows certain procedures like washing hands, disinfection, protecting himself with gloves and so on. The safety of the patient and other medical staff depends on these procedures and they should become second nature for the CNA.
Techniques of handling and moving the patient form the other important part of CNA skills. Patients have to be moved while providing the care they need, and also they have to be assisted by the CNA in walking or in doing their prescribed exercises. Handling of equipment and devices form a part of CNA skills, as these are used in moving and ambulating the patients. The CNA is trained to recognize the fragility of the patient while ambulating them; for example somebody who is suffering from a debilitating condition, like osteoporosis.
Procedures are related to the patient's condition and CNA skills involve knowing the correct procedure for the particular condition. General day-to-day CNA skills will involve feeding and assisting the patient in the toilet or providing a bedpan. Certain patients will need a Catheter and the CNA is trained to handle the Catheter and also change the drainage bags.
The other routine CNA skills involve procedures in grooming the patient and maintaining cleanliness of the room. The CNA has to bathe the patient, brush teeth, clip nails, brush hair, shave and assist in such other routine tasks of daily living. The CNA also makes the bed and sees that the room is tidied and kept clean.
CNA skills also involve tasks of observing the patient and recording and reporting the progress of the patient's condition. The Registered Nurse will not have time to devote to each patient and the CNA will be the eyes and ears for the nurse. CNAs are skilled in monitoring vital signs, skin color, dressings applied on wounds, any form of bleeding, and output of urine and so on. The CNA plays an important role as a member of the medical team in reporting the progress of the patient and the doctor's decision for future course of action depends on these reports.
CNA skills also cover procedures which are important in emergency situations. The CNA is trained to give CPR and has to respond in a calm manner when such situations arise and call the doctor or nurse immediately.