A CRITIUE OF THE QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH ARTICLE ON The use of adenosine triphosphate bioluminescence to assess the efficacy of a modified cleaning program implemented within an intensive CARE SETTING.
This article will focus on the techniques employed by Moore et el. In determining the effects of using Adenosine Triphosphate Bioluminescence to assess the efficacy of a modified cleaning program implemented within an intensive care setting. The researcher observed that even though there is a proposal for the use of ATP bioluminescence as a means of effectively managing hospital hygiene and cleaning, the use of benchmark figures can effectively help in monitoring the efficacy of the existing cleaning programs. However he noted that when evaluating new cleaning practices, baseline cleanliness must be taken into considerations or the effects of the modified cleaning will be exaggerated. Hence the different methods and measures employed by Moore et al. in their quantitative research work will be critically appraised.
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While the title of the research stated the purpose of the work, it fell short of stating a clear, brief and concise heading that wouldn’t pose a critical thinking challenge for the reader to interpret. The title of a research work should have within 10 and 15 words and should clearly point out to the reader the purpose of the research study (Connell Meehan, 1999). Titles that are too lengthy or too brief have the tendency of confusing or misleading the reader (Parahoo, 2006.)
The abstract presented a clear precise overview of the research work, with no ambiguity. As suggested by Conkin Dale (2005.), the abstract of any research work work should present a clear succinct preview of what the research work is all about, it should include a clear cut objective about purpose of the study, methods of sample collection, sample selection and size. He stated that a good research abstract should contain a brief highlight of the research main findings, conclusions and recommendations. Furthermore, Parahoo( 2006.) in his opinion stated that from an abstract extraction, the reader should be able to know if the work is of interest or not and to decide if to continue reading or not. The abstract of the research by Moore et al., research pictured the background, research method used, results and conclusions in a clear precise manner that presented a general overview of the research to the reader. Nardi (2008) supported this in a manner that lets the reader into the precise general overview of the research work.
According to Gough et al., (2017), literature review engages in appraisal, scrutiny and deep insight into other studies done on the study from previous authors. Also, Burns and Grove (1997) stated that the purpose of literature review is to formulate the research questions as well as identifying an appropriate method of data collection. Therefore in this research study, a comprehensive and robust review of literature was employed. Moore et al., demonstrated an in-depth review of the effects of using ATP bioluminescence against the use of other cleaning agents to clean near patient furniture and equipment and documented the difference.
This stance was further opined by Carnwell, (1997)when he suggested that a literature review should among other things show an appropriate depth and breadth of the research topic.
The research citations were clear and logical. As stated by klavans and Boyack (2017), citation is a very necessary aspect research critiquing because it gives information that re relevant to the research study. Cohen et al., (2017) suggested that for a researcher to understand the situations, he needs to understand the general context of the study, because situations affect behavior and perspectives vice versa. Moore et al., satisfied this requirement by presenting a research work that is well robust with precise and in-depth logical citations that demonstrated the depth of their consultation with other authorities in the research topic.
The researchers used true experimental design methodology. As supported by Robson (2002), a quantitative research study can be structured under true experiments, quasi-experiment and non experiment designs. Moore et al., used two different hospitals in London while employing two different damping procedures using different cleaning agents. This satisfies the opinions of Robson (2002).
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Furthermore, Moore et al., satisfied the validity and reliability requirement of their work by evaluating the outcome of the use of ATP clean trace system against different RLU(relative light units) benchmarks, 500 RLU and 250 RLU respectively. This underscores the opinion of Wood et al., who stated that instruments are valid when they have the ability to serve as a measure tool and reliable when they can effectively do it. Moreover the researchers stated clear logical process of data collection which was not difficult to follow as supported by Russell, (2005)
In the research work of Moore et al., little attention was paid to the ethical concerns that governs quantitative research studies. Beauchamp and Childress (2001) in their opinion, identify four fundamental moral principles of autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice. In their study, there was no indication that consent was sought for and granted by the patients whose enclosures were to be used for the study. However, beneficence was achieved as this study was aimed at improving patient’s general health. (Beauchamp and Childress 2001).
During the discussion of the research study, Moore et al., presented their findings in a logical methodical manner. The data showed consistent flow that is traced back to the literature review of the research and as thus placed the research in full context as supported by Russell (2002).
Conclusively, the researchers employing methodological, clear and logical approach were able to show a positive outcome with the use of ATP bioluminescence but also noted that for a better efficiency, baseline cleanliness must be put into consideration or the efficacy of the modified cleaning will be overestimated. This satisfied the assertions of Polit and beck (2006) that the significance of the findings should be stated while considering the total strengths and limitations of the study.
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- Burns N, Grove S (1997) The Practice of Nursing Research: Conduct, Critique and Utilization. 3rd edn.WB Saunders Company, Philadelphia
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- Cohen, L., Morrison, K., & Manion, L. (2017). The nature of enquiry: Setting the field. In Research methods in education (pp. 31-58). Routledge.
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- Gough, D., Oliver, S., & Thomas, J. (Eds.). (2017). An introduction to systematic reviews. Sage.
- Klavans, R., & Boyack, K. W. (2017). Which type of citation analysis generates the most accurate taxonomy of scientific and technical knowledge?. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 68(4), 984-998.
- Nardi, P. M. (2018). Doing survey research: A guide to quantitative methods. Routledge.
- Parahoo K (2006) Nursing Research: Principles, Process and Issties. 2nd edn. Palgrave Macmillan. Houndmills Basingstoke
- Polit D. Beck C (2006) Essentials of Nursing Care: Methods, Appraisal and Utilization. 6th edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia
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- Wood MJ, Ross-Kerr JC, Brink PJ (2006) Basic Steps in Planning Nursing Research: From Question to Proposal 6th edn. Jones and Bartlett, Sudbury
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