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Content Diversity in Metro Online and Citizen Journalists

3423 words (14 pages) Essay in Media

12/10/17 Media Reference this

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CHAPTER 4 – FINDINGS/ANALYSIS DATA

  • Analysis of content diversity in Metro Online Broadcast and Citizen Journalists Malaysia

This section analyse the news content that is collected according to the time frame that drawn from January 2015 to May 2015 in order to identify the pattern and frequency of content diversity that portray in Metro Online Broadcast and Citizen Journalists Malaysia. The categorization was divided into three sections which include the general information that provide diversity of content on both website, news source, and topics selection.

  • Section A: General information that provide diversity of content on Metro Online Broadcast and Citizen Journalists Malaysia

A total number of 92 article in each topics were collected from the citizen journalism website, Metro Online Broadcast particularly from January 2015 to Mei 2015. Whereas from website Citizen Journalists Malaysia are 71. This section would identifying the content diversity based on the general information in the news article including types of information in the articles, the number of articles in each topic, tone of coverage, type of graphic attachment and author of each articles.

The number of articles every month

Metro Online Broadcast

Figure 4.2.1

Number of articles every month

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

January

15

16.3

16.3

16.3

February

11

12.0

12.0

28.3

Mac

20

21.7

21.7

50.0

April

22

23.9

23.9

73.9

May

24

26.1

26.1

100.0

Total

92

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.1 shows the number of articles every month within January until May 2015. A total of articles for each month are 92 were collected from Metro Online Broadcast website. According to the table, Metro Online Broadcast were found 16.3% articles for January. The collection of articles on February are 12.0% which the lowest rather than others month. On Mac the articles are found 21.7% and the articles on April has found 23.9% which the second highest after May. The total of articles on May are 26.1% which the highest than others month.

According to the researcher analysis, the articles on the website was not often updated. The articles was updated maximum three times per week.

Citizen Journalist Malaysia

Number of articles every month

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

January

17

23.9

23.9

23.9

February

6

8.5

8.5

32.4

Mac

12

16.9

16.9

49.3

April

24

33.8

33.8

83.1

May

12

16.9

16.9

100.0

Total

71

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.1 shows the number of articles every month within January until May 2015. A total of articles for each month are 71 were collected from Citizen Journalist Malaysia website. According to the table, Citizen Journalist Malaysia were found 23.9% articles for January which the second highest after April. The collection of articles on February are 8.5% which the lowest rather than others month. The articles on Mac and May are found 16.9% and the articles on April has found 33.8% which the highest within that months.

According to the researcher analysis, the articles on the website was not often updated. The articles was updated maximum four times per week.

The number of articles in each topics

Metro Online Broadcast

Figure 4.2.2

Number of articles in each topic

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

General

6

6.5

6.5

6.5

Crime

4

4.3

4.3

10.9

Sport

9

9.8

9.8

20.7

Community

73

79.3

79.3

100.0

Total

92

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.2 was shows the number of articles in each topic within from January until May 2015. According to the Metro Broadcast Online, there have four types of topics was provides to attract the readers. There are general, crime, sport and community. Based on the table, the highest number of articles was community topic which is 79.3% and sport was the second higher which is 9.8% rather than general topic. The result of general topic is 6.5% which the second lowest than crime topic. The crime topic has found 4.3% which has four articles within the months.

Based on the result, community topic which the highest rather than others topic because the journalist was focus on the problem or event that occur among communities. The articles are includes the information about the event that should be know by the readers. In addition, the journalist also shares the problem or strange things that happen among community. It was probably can attract readers to read the articles because society might interested to it. The sport articles is about the related activity among society. For example, the competition of futsal at the university which invoved the students with various courses. The general topic is involved social media issue such as a viral video. Crime topic is rarely updated within that months and the issue is about theft cases, accident and murder cases.

Citizen Journalists Malaysia

Figure 4.2.2

Number of articles in each topic

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

General

43

60.6

60.6

60.6

Crime

3

4.2

4.2

64.8

Sport

1

1.4

1.4

66.2

Community

24

33.8

33.8

100.0

Total

71

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.2 was shows the number of articles in each topic within from January until May 2015. According to the Citizen Journalist Malaysia, there have four types of topics was provides to attract the readers. There are general, crime, sport and community. Based on the table, the highest number of articles was general topic which is 60.6% and community was the second higher which is 33.8% rather than crime topic. The result of crime topic is 4.2% which the second lowest than sport topic. The sport topic has found 1.4% which has one article within the months.

Based on the result, general topic which the highest rather than others topic because the journalist was focus in human interest that occur among societies. For example, the activities that was carried out with the family or held the forum to discuss in certain issue. The articles are includes the information about the event that should be know by the readers. In addition, the journalist also shares the problem or strange things that happen among community which found 24 articles and the second highest after general topic. It was probably can attract readers to read the articles because society might interested to it. However, for sport topic the researcher just found one article within in that months. As we can see, Citizen Journalist Malaysia is rarely to make the coverage in sport topic. Crime topic is also rarely updated within that months and the issue is about theft cases, accident and murder cases.

Tone of coverage in articles

Metro Online Broadcast

Figure 4.2.3

Tone of coverage in each articles

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

Positive

76

82.6

82.6

82.6

Negative

16

17.4

17.4

100.0

Total

92

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.3 shows tone of coverage in each articles within January until May 2015. The researcher was analyse 92 articles in each topic on the Metro Online Broadcast website. Based on the table above, the researcher has found 76 articles was a positive coverage. The positive coverage was involved the issue about the competition program, information of tips and the forum among the expert person. The articles is not influenced community minds but they would know the latest information that are not be covered at others printed newspaper.

However, the negative coverage has found 16 articles for every topics. The issue was found in each articles are the problem that happened among society such as crime and accident. The articles might influenced readers mind and perhaps it would not help the readers to gain a new knowledge. Based on the tables, the positive coverage has found 82.6% whereas negative coverage 17.4%.

Citizen Journalists Malaysia

Tone of coverage in each articles

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

Positive

58

81.7

81.7

81.7

Negative

13

18.3

18.3

100.0

Total

71

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.3 shows tone of coverage in each articles within January until May 2015. The researcher was analyse 71 articles in each topic on the Citizen Journalist Malaysia website. Based on the table above, the researcher has found 58 articles was a positive coverage. The positive coverage was involved the issue about the competition program, information of tips and the forum among the expert person. The articles is not influenced community minds but they would know the latest information that are not be covered at others printed newspaper.

However, the negative coverage has found 13 articles for every topics. The issue was found in each articles are the problem that happened among society such as crime and accident. The articles might influenced readers mind and perhaps it would not help the readers to gain a new knowledge. Based on the tables, the positive coverage has found 81.7% whereas negative coverage 18.3%.

Type of graphic attachment

Metro Online Broadcast

Figure 4.2.4

Type of graphic attachment

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

Photograph

77

83.7

83.7

83.7

Video

15

16.3

16.3

100.0

Total

92

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.4 shows a type of graphic attachment that has been using in each articles. Based on the table, there have 77 of articles using the photograph as an attachment in each page on the articles. This attachment could give extra details and a better perspective of the story. Other than that, a visual image is best to put to influence and gain the reader’s attention to read the news. Meanwhile, the number of articles for the video attachment is 15 of articles. The highest number of articles with photograph attachment shows that Metro Online Broadcast reporters are very conducive and trying to give a best perspective to the readers as the visuals attachments could explain the real situation of the stories.

Citizen Journalists Malaysia

Type of graphic attachment

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

Photograph

62

87.3

87.3

87.3

Video

6

8.5

8.5

95.8

None

3

4.2

4.2

100.0

Total

71

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.4 shows a type of graphic attachment that has been using in each articles. Based on the table, there have 62 of articles using the photograph as an attachment in each page on the website. This attachment could give extra details and a better perspective of the story. Other than that, a visual image is best to put to influence and gain the reader’s attention to read the news. Meanwhile, the number of articles for the video attachment is 6 of articles. The highest number of articles with photograph attachment shows that Citizen Journalist Malaysia reporters are very conducive and trying to give a best perspective to the readers as the visuals attachments could explain the real situation of the stories. However, there have three of articles does not include any attachment either video or photo.

Author of each article

Metro Online Broadcast

Figure 4.2.5

Author of each articles

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

By – line

4

4.3

4.3

4.3

Not Mentioned

88

95.7

95.7

100.0

Total

92

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation figure 4.2.5

Figure 4.2.5 shows the number of author of the articles. As referred to the bar graph above, a number of 88 articles have no by-line and the rest have by – line on the story. .A by – line is a short line on the news that indicates the name of the author or who is writing the article. In a simple words, by – line is a credits given to the author of the news. Based on the Metro Online Broadcast website, the articles there is no by-line will recognize as MOBbers. But for the articles have by-line, the journalists would write their own name. It would depending on the author either want to using as MOBbers or own name. MOBbers means the qualified members or journalist at the Metro Online Broadcast website.

Citizen Journalists Malaysia

Author of each articles

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

Byline

62

87.3

87.3

87.3

Not Mentioned

9

12.7

12.7

100.0

Total

71

100.0

100.0

 

Explanation

Figure 4.2.5 shows the number of author in each articles. As referred to the bar graph above, a number of 62 articles have by-line and the no by – line on the story. A by – line is a short line on the news that indicates the name of the author or who is writing the article. In a simple words, by – line is a credits given to the author of the news. Based on the Citizen Journalist Malaysia (CJMY) website, the articles there is no by-line will recognize as CJMY. But for the articles have by-line, the journalists would write their own name. It would depending on the author either want to using as CJMY or own name. Usually, the journalists would write their own name after registered as journalist at CJMY website.

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