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Four Factors of Leadership
The successfulness of a leader is determined by his followers not by himself or someone else. If the followers lack confidence or do not trust their leaders, then they will be un inspired. You must know and have an good understanding of what you know, who you are, and what can you do. To be successful you have to influence your followers, have to be loyal towards your followers.
Followers are the most important part of a followers life. A leader must know his people with whome he have to deal with, he must know what his people want or requires like: a new worker would require more supervision than an experienced worker.
Communication is the most important part of Leadership, if a leader lacks in communicating, he can not be said a good leader. Mainly there are two ways of communication written & verbal, the most used one is verbal, but it is not that effective as there can be misinterpretation of things.
All situations are different. What you do in one situation will not always work in another. You must use your judgment to decide the best course of action and the leadership style needed for each situation. For example, you may need to confront an employee for inappropriate behavior, but if the confrontation is too late or too early, too harsh or too weak, then the results may prove ineffective.
Transformational Leadership is a style of leading people in an inspirational way rather than driven by transactional numbers alone.
For Example: There must have been a situation in a group where someone took control of whole group by just conveying a clear vision of the group’s goals, he then must had an ability to make the group feel his importance, recharged and energized. This person just might be what is called a transformational leader.
Transformational leadership is a leadership style that leads to positive changes in followers. Transformational leaders are generally enthusiastic and passionate. They also try to help every person in there group.
Mr. Kumar Mangalam Birla says “Transformational leadership to me means leadership in its highest form, such that it transcends the trappings of hierarchies, authority, power, as well as, formal and informal systems of reward and recognition – and in the political sphere, votes.”
If we take an example of Father of Nation “Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi”, the greatest Transformational Leader ever can be. What he did? He just did DANDI MARCH by which he proved Yes, he is the person having Importance in others Life. He helped his followers and did everything a transformational leader should do.
The Components of Transformational Leadershipâ€¦â€¦.
Intellectual Stimulation – Transformational leaders not only challenge the status quo; they also encourage creativity among followers. The leader encourages followers to explore new ways of doing things and new opportunities to learn.
Individualized Consideration – Transformational leadership also involves offering support and encouragement to individual followers. In order to foster supportive relationships, transformational leaders keep lines of communication open so that followers feel free to share ideas and so that leaders can offer direct recognition of each followers unique contributions.
Inspirational Motivation – Transformational leaders have a clear vision that they are able to articulate to followers. These leaders are also able to help followers experience the same passion and motivation to fulfill these goals.
Idealized Influence – The transformational leaders serves as a role model for followers. Because followers trust and respect the leader, they emulate the leader and internalize his or her ideals.
C:UsersdellDesktopimages.jpgHarvard Business School Working Knowledge
Bharti has long relied on inquiry as a source of learning to deepen its understanding of Leadership needs. Rather than collect impressions second- or third-hand, Bharti goes to those in the know – experienced leaders who have been with Bharti, often under demanding conditions, who then act as Transformational Leaders. With the help of Transformational leadership sales rose more than 85 percent over the previous year and the initial shipment sold out within weeks because the satisfaction level of workers in the organization increased.
ITC Limited conducted reviews of its own software engineers to determine why some were more productive than others with the goal of distilling their techniques into best practices that their less successful counterparts could adopt. After the stars were identified, they were interviewed in-depth about how they went about their work and, specifically, what they did to be more productive. Using these insights, the ITC team designed an innovative hands-on transformational leadership, which the star performers then delivered to a subset of their peers. The results were immediate and impressive. Participants reported a quick 10 percent productivity improvement, rising to 25 percent a year later. There were equally striking gains in managers’ evaluations of their ability to spot problems, conduct high quality work, keep their bosses informed, work across organizational boundaries, and attend to customer and competitive needs.
Walmart, America’s leading company, embarked on a bold project to revolutionize the production process for manufacturing customized things that would reduce the unproductive things, tailor-made orders from eight to ten months to weeks or days. Because they were breaking new ground, not only in the industry, the challenge clearly demanded exploratory learning. A design team was assigned responsibility for implementing Transformational Leadership Programme. The leading process included elements of both competition and cooperation. It resulted in a great change within company as the satisfaction level of employees increased therefore the costumer satisfaction also increased.
in Your Career Field
in Your Career Field
Internal positive aspects that are under control and upon which you may capitalize in planning
·Transformational leaders dose not require much work experience.
·Education: Transformational leader need not to have any degree.
·Transformational leaders contains good communication skills to handle its followers and motivates to work in team.
·Transformational leaders have strong work ethic, self-discipline, ability to work under pressure, creativity, optimism.
·Good contacts/successful networking
·Interaction with professional organizations
Internal negative aspects that are under your control and that you may plan to improve
· Sometimes transformational leaders are thrown out due to lack of Work Experience
·Lack of goals, lack of self-knowledge, lack of specific job knowledge
·Weak leadership knowledge
·Weak skills (leadership, interpersonal, communication, teamwork)
·Weak job-hunting skills
·Negative personal characteristics (e.g., poor work ethic, lack of discipline, lack of motivation, indecisiveness, shyness, too emotional
Positive external conditions that you do not control but of which you can plan to take advantage
·Positive trends in the field of Leadership that will create more jobs.
·Opportunities you could have in the field by enhancing your education
·Field is particularly in need of Leader’s set of skills
·Opportunities a Leader could have through greater self-knowledge, more specific job goals
·Opportunities for advancement in the field of Leadership
·Opportunities for professional development in the field of Leadership.
·Career path you’ve chosen provides unique opportunities
Negative external conditions that you do not control but the effect of which you may be able to lessen
·Negative trends in the field of Leadership that diminish jobs (downsizing, obsolescence)
·Competition from your company’s Leader
·Competitors with superior skills, experience, knowledge
·Competitors who went to schools with better reputations.
·Obstacles in your way (e.g., lack of the advanced education/training )
·Limited advancement in the field of Leadership, advancement is cut-throat and competitive
·Limited professional development in the field of Leadership, so it’s hard to stay marketable
· Companies are not hiring people with your major/degree
Dose Transformational Leadership affects satisfaction level in Organization?
With the help of above Analysis it can be easily said that Yes,Transformational Leadership has a great affect on Satisfaction level in the Organisation as according to companies (analysed as above)like Walmart, Bharti and ITC Limited they have earned a lot of Profit by implenting Transformational Leadership Quality in to their Organizations.
As far as recommandations are concerned Transformational leadership has a great scope in Future. It is in demand a lot, all the factors favours Transformational Leadership. Scope for Transformational Leadershipcan be seen in the figure below.
Review of Articles
Are You a Transformational Leader?
In today’s world, when one’s life and business has paced fast, everyone is having a tendency to try and control more and trust over the people remained less. People manages the system and squeeze every last drop of efficiency out of it, Even at the cost of people whose efforts made the success of work It does not take much to see the cost of all of this, whenever we will take a look around us , we can see the apathy, reluctance to take personal responsibility for the outcomes of our actions, be it at home, at the office or in the world at large. This system can only change if we change our focus, and be more upfront with some of the critical issues that are around us. It is so easy to play small and not contribute what you are here to give. Everyone have their own unique way of thinking to bring changes, that differs from other persons views and until we will not utilize this developing and giving of this unique gift, the world will not have that as a transformational tool. Being a transformational leader means many things, and from the academic perspective, there are 4 specific areas by which you can be identified by others.
1. Charismatic Leadership, or Idealized Influence. When you are a Transformational leader, who will be the ideal of your followers and they will respect and admire you. You must have a clear vision and sense of purpose and should be willing to take risks.
2. Inspirational Motivation. Transformational leaders behave in ways that inspires others, generate enthusiasm and motivate them to take challenges. They clearly communicate expectations and demonstrate a commitment to goals and have a shared vision.
3. Intellectual Stimulation. Transformational leaders prevail new ideas and different prospect to do work. They stimulate creativity among others but never publicly correct or criticize them.
4. Individualized Consideration. Transformational leaders pay attention to the needs and the potential for developing others. They respect the individual’s differences and respect them. They are always aware of individual’s concerns and appreciate and encourage the interaction with others.
Yet there are many elements that are the characteristics of transformational leadership, but we have discussed some crucial points. There is also a requirement for authenticity. This is about being who you are at the most fundamental level, and having a very clear understanding of yourself and your life purpose. This gives you a unique and powerful ability to be congruent with who you are in the work that you do. It transforms into a power that is unheard of, let alone experienced by most people in this world.
2.How to deal with Fear in Transformational Leadership
Anyone who engaged in Transformational Leadership will experience fear at one or other point. Being human being, it is very natural to feel this when someone is engaged in a large or important undertaking, may be commercial, private or in the support of others and will create some kind of discouragement in mind. One of the reason for transformational Leaders to experience fear may be due to their position, Fear of failure, the unknown, uncertainty of self can occur, as the leader transforms them self through the process of being a Transformational Leader. Transformational Leadership is not to be at the top, and shouting the orders down to those who are below you. He is the one who is just a few steps ahead and finding the way together with the group. Any leader whenever engaged to fulfill large goals or purposes , he will feel fear on the journey. “I am not enough”, is a deep seated and common false belief and position that a scared, reactive mind may take on the journey, as we learn to let go of ourselves, and learn to trust the process. We all can face fear if we have the courage to look at it. So the question for the leader of transformation is: “How can I overcome my fear, and continue towards the goal?” “Just Do It!” may be one option, or “Feel the Fear and Do It Anyway” may be another and the best way to remember what FEAR really is: F- False E — Expectations A – Appearing R – Real So, the Transformational Leadership is about making the right choice, so that you will be full of confidence to overcome any kind of fear in the path of success and leading others to engage and commit to their own process, as you did.
3.The Benefits of Transformational Leadership
Whenever In an organisation, the cost values get compared between hiring new employees and retaining old ones, later will be always prove beneficial.Poor cultural fit or a leader, who is not really the empowering type, perhaps more the transactional type becomes the reason for the organizations to loose their old employees which finally results in high turnover in organisation’s costs, that could only be reduced through the use of Transformational leadership. Transformational leadership has the potential to change other’s, and to realize them their full potential. So, they will both thank you and will contribute to your organization to their best level, or perhaps they will move on to a more fitting environment. Either way, you win. Better to have a high performing team member that is happy, or a space to replace with someone more suitable. Transformational leadership practices are helpful in fostering organizational improvement and effectiveness such as organisational learning; in particular, vision building, individual support, intellectual stimulation, modelling, culture building and holding high performance expectations. People that are led by a transformational leader have a role model to respect, admire and follow. This creates a high level of attachment between leaders and followers, so allowing the flow of information and trust. A strong common vision can be communicated through this relationship. When working with a transformational leader, you would feel engaged, enthusiastic and challenged in a way that would be personal and appropriate for your specific requirements. The vision and goals of the organization or group would be clearly communicated and there would be a tangible commitment to them by the leader. By actively stimulating others, transformational leaders are creative hubs for new ways of doing things, leading others to be more creative, productive and cohesive within in the organization. The potential for individual development and fulfilling the needs of the individual are high. Never the less, it seems that there are many powerful benefits for an organization that encourages the use of Transformational Leadership.
4.The Potential of Transformational Leadership
Transformational Leadership exists in the top level in the evolution of leadership. It is the highest manifestation of the art of leadership, and one of the most challenging to live. As humans we evolve always therefore, it is unlike that transformational leadership will be the last level of development, but it certainly give us hope in potentially addressing some of the issues that the human race are facing as individuals, groups and collective as a whole. Business, one of the oldest of human behaviors, after many decades and centuries of development, has lead us to spend whole time in looking at a computer screens or interacting with some form of electronic device instead to interact with other humans. No doubt, technology has made our life luxurious , comfortable and exceptionally fast but all this is at the expense of our humanity.Being a leader, one could lead himself and others to achieve the goals and outcomes that we or our collective group have set. This may include interfacing with technology, but behind that we are still very much human beings. In a technological age, we are under threat of losing our humanity, and at the same time advancing it more powerfully that ever before. Transactional leadership, the definition of the outcome and the management of it, serves a purpose, and is reasonably easy to learn. The people you lead may do what you say, as the dictator dictates, yet how can you find a way to really genuinely inspire them to perform at a level far beyond the normal levels? Transformational leadership offers that possibility. As a transformational leader, we are called to be the highest expression of humanity at this time, and so lead ourselves and others towards a new destiny that awaits us. A way of being that inspires our most noble selves, to be of service, as an act of self mastery. To consider and hold ourselves and others in a way that is empowering, uplifting and inspiring. To engage each person we interact with, with honour and respect. To be this and all the other ways of being that a transformational leader is, is a commitment to something far greater than just ourselves. It is more that just basic survival, acceptance and group recognition. It is the expression of our individual potential, or self actualisation. In some ways it is a calling, and requires an investment in you and in others, with no promise of a return, and a willingness to trust that there is something in humanity that has the potential to respond with in a positive, upward overall trend – the potential for each of us to lift each other into a new level of understanding, relationships and consciousness. Like evolution, it is a journey of uncertainty. Never knowing where exactly we will end up, yet a willingness to be present for what is happening now, and making powerful choices about our future from there.
By: Abhinav Jain
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