The House Of Commons History Essay

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These political reforms made it possible for social and economic reforms then to take place in Great Britain because they gave the people more power and turned Great Britain into a parliamentary democracy. When people had more power, they demanded reforms and went on strike to force the government to pass new laws to protect themselves.

The House of Commons passed measures to restrict the power of the House of Lords in British government in the early 1900s because the House of Lords would not pass bills that were passed by the House of Commons. This eventually changed the government into a democracy and the House of Lords became a figurehead.

Medical advances and river steamships allowed European explorers to enter the inner part of Africa, but the explorers all faced difficulties. Henry Stanley was hired by King Leopold II of Belgium to explore the Congo River basin and set up trade treaties with African leaders. The European powers met at the Berlin Conference to avoid conflict on claiming African land and agreed that a European power couldn't claim any part of Africa unless it had set up a government office there. Then, the European powers divided Africa and redrew the map of Africa.

The Industrial Revolution influenced the "new imperialism" because it made some countries stronger and brought more wealth. Industrializing countries also needed more raw materials than they had in order to mass produce more goods.

An appropriate title for the two graphs together would be "180 Degree Change" because of the big difference between the two time periods.

Most British people did not know much about Indian culture and a historian, Thomas Macaulay, even stated that Indian culture is not on par compared to European culture. I think this attitude influenced British to help India. For example, they improved healthcare and introduced new farming methods. They also brought peace and set up telegraph and postal system which benefited the Indians.

Roosevelt meant by "speak softly and carry a big stick" was to be nice and listen to other countries' demands and try to meet them. However, if they proposed unreasonable demands, the United States would use military force and stop negotiation. His words reflect United States foreign policy of not having any European powers involved toward Latin America at this time.

The geography of Japan contributed to Japanese imperialism because did not have many resources to industrialize. Therefore, they had to obtain raw materials from other countries and this encouraged them to build an empire.

I do not agree to colonization by industrialized power was good for the peoples of Southeast Asia and the Pacific because it benefited the imperializing countries more. Although, the Europeans introduced new technology and expanded industry, it benefited the colonizer far more than the Southeast Asia. The colonizers got most of the resources and profited from trade. It did have some benefits to the Southeast Asia such as, reforms and the constructions of dams and railroads.

United States imperialism in Latin America focused on helping the countries and making alliances. Then, the US forced them to gain benefits and sent tropes to protect their investments. On the other hand, Japanese imperialism in Asia relied on direct war to gain land in Asia. Together, they both used unequal treaties to gain control, modernize other countries, and proposed harsh rule.

Makes or Breaks

Nationalism is belief, pride, and devotion to one's country. The desire of self-rule united people from different backgrounds. People started to work together for common goals and built national identity. Nationalism can either make a nation stronger or weaker. It turned scattered states into nations and allowed the weaker country to dominate the stronger ones. It created the different countries we have today. It is a powerful force because it affected how European countries behave but it also has its drawbacks.

Nationalism created national identity, or the sense of being a part of a nation, and led to the formation of new countries in Europe. People were also more willing to work for the government and their nations. As noted on "Legislative Reform in Great Britain, 1832-1918", many reforms regarding suffrage were passed and people received extended voting rights. Therefore, they had more power and felt that they need to help their nation. Also on the "Declaration of Hungarian Independence" it stated that "We feel ourselves bound in duty to make known the motives and reasons which have impelled us to this decision…it is an act of the last necessity, adopted to preserve from utter destruction a nation persecuted to the limit of the most enduring patience." The Hungarians demanded independence because they did not want Austrian rule and want to establish their own nation. Nationalism did not only unify the people but distinct states. As recorded on the "Effects of Nationalism", German states were united under William I and Italy states became unified by 1871. Rulers at the time saw the need of unification because they believe that it would strengthen the nation and wanted to make use of nationalism to expand their territory. It would also end trade barriers and help the economy. For Italy, Count Camillo Cavour aided Giuseppe Garibaldi to help unify Italy. However, Garibaldi turned over Naples and Sicily to Victor Emmanuel who was sent from Cavour. Emmanuel II became the king of Italy, and later when Italy took control of Venetia and Rome, Italy was unified.

Nationalism was a strong force because it united people and states with national identity. This encouraged people to rebel against other countries and establish their own instead. Poland was not an independent nation and it was divided by Prussia, Austria, and Russia. Nationalism caused the Napoleonic wars and the uprising of the nineteenth century. Again, people demanded for independence, "Poland has not yet perished…We shall follow you/To unite with our people." Nationalism was strong because we need to be united in order to be powerful. According to "An Essay on the Duties of Man Addressed to Workingmen", "But what can each of you, singly, do for the moral improvement and progress of Humanity?" When people realized that they could not do much by themselves, they came together for a common goal. Nationalism also urged people to demand for freedom and independence. On the "Proclamation of the Irish Republic, April 1916, "the Irish people have asserted their right to national freedom and sovereignty" People felt that they did not need other countries to lead them and people wanted freedom.

Although nationalism can make a nation stronger, it has its weaknesses. It could lead to revolts and wars. Archduke Francis Ferdinand decided to visit Sarajevo and ignored the state of Sarajevo. On the "Firsthand account of Archduke Francis Ferdinand's assassination in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914" recorded, "As the car came abreast he stepped forward from the curb, drew his automatic pistol from his coat, and fire two shots. Ferdinand and his wife were dead and this led to Austria to declare war on Serbia. Revolution was also led by nationalism. People saw that the only way to rid foreign influence or unfair treatment by the government. The "Effects of Nationalism" noted that Bloody Sunday leads to revolution in 1905. Many innocent people were killed on Bloody Sunday and the tsar fled the palace. People went on strike and lost faith in the tsar due to the abuse of military power. Furthermore, the Balkan powder keg created tensions and the Balkans fought among themselves which later sparked World War I. Nationalism does not work all the time and it can divide people even more than unite them. People with different backgrounds did not benefit from nationalism and conflicts between them grew into turmoil and instability.

As one of the most powerful force, nationalism can strengthen a nation as good as destroying it. It makes the people to be more loyal to the government and the government then can make use of them to pursue and meet the people's demands. Although not all states with nationalism succeeded because it was difficult for people to be united when they are diverse. Those who succeeded became powerful and invulnerable. Nationalism also led to wars between nations and states. The power of nationalism should not be underestimated and it is up to us to use it correctly.



Thesis: It is a powerful force because it affected how European countries behave but it also has its drawbacks.


TS: National identity  formed new countries, democracy/voting rights

Detail 1:legislative reforms in Great Britain  extended vote

Detail 2:calim independence  Dec. of Hungarian

Detail 3:Unification  Effects of Nationalism


TS: Unite but starts war, meet people's demand

Detail 1:Revot  Hungarian

Detail 2:Individual could not do much (Giuseppe Mazzini)

Detail 3:Demand for independence and freedom


TS: Nationalism can strengthen or weaken a country

Detail 1:Assassinations (Archduke Francis Ferdinand)

Detail 2: Revolution  Bloody Sunday/ Balkan powder keg

Detail 3:Weaken the nation  different group of people  turmoil and instability


Reconfirmed Thesis: Powerful but dangerous, some were successful some were not