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Paul Revere’s Etching of the Boston Massacre as Compared with the Historical Record

3369 words (13 pages) Essay in History

08/02/20 History Reference this

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Introduction

  One of the most enthralling historical issues is the way of perception longstanding logicians shared about their counterparts’ ideologies. This lingual analogy is well expressed in different historical writings and it is identified with the case of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s writing about Paul Revere’s Ride. Longfellow’s love for poetry and hate for slavery instigated his desire for expression through writing the life of historical artists and history has related him to be much enticed by Paul Revere adventure life. Longfellow’s 1863 poem “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere” recounts the adventures of Paul Revere in an explicit manner however criticized to lack the authenticity of other essential parts of the entire ride of Paul Revere; the current well Known Boston patriot.

 Historically, Longfellow is described as a committed abolitionist who was secretly supporting the fight against slavery. Longfellow was stringent to creating a rousing common history rather than being accurate. In his writing about the midnight ride of Revere, Longfellow has actually made the adventure more explicable leaving behind what builds the true historical record of the story especially the interceptions of Revere by the British before his arrival in Concord[1]. Consequently, there are different aspects that bring into picture Revere’s adventure in most recent works of literature and even the admirations of Longfellow on Revere‘s patriotic nature expressed in his midnight Journey. This aspect is the etching of the 1770 Boston Massacre. Various writings have tried to impress the actuality of the times of Paul Revere is etching about the Boston Massacre but there is still some of the issues that are comparable to his historical adventure record.

Analysis of Henry Longfellow Understanding of the Journey Paul Revere

  Longfellow’s Poem popularized in the late 1800 and it found its great success in different publication of periodicals. His influence and different perceptions were actually influenced by civil conflicts of the time and he became increasingly concerned about seeking the side of appreciations that were in conjunction with his shared ideologies especially on slavery. Actually, Longfellow started writing more about different southerners and northerners who well knew of their revolutionary past and in that case, he came to appreciate the patriotic attribute of Paul Revere. Nonetheless, his desire and rigid nature made him neglect much of the background events that happened in Paul Revere. [2]Longfellow wanted to make his poetic work sound more patriotic and in essence, he did not bother to include other descriptions of the story of a person in a rightful way.

  According to Longfellow poem, Revere was a hero but he somehow altered the true image of Paul’s role for instances the role of revere identified with the Signal Lanterns. As for Long fellow, Revere was “ready to ride and spread the alarm, through every Middle sex Village and farm”. This is explications that interpret the role of Paul Revere as a recipient of the lanterns.[3] The same inconsistencies are expressed in the entire Poem and it later came into being that Revere role was rarely a messenger. These interpretations changed the ideological image of Revere and even the perceptions held about Revere’s different etching and their significations at his time.

  Ideally, Longfellow changed the role of the Revere to a messenger not of the Lanterns thus influencing different repute of Revere in the aftermath historical pieces of literature. Nonetheless, it was later known of this aspect and even the realizations of other different instances such as the 1775 Paul’s night ride. [4]It should be noted that the change of history is likely to influence the writing interpreters of the history and it instigates a spirit of the doubt even on the periodicals that holds the true expositions of a given historical act. These change of perceptions is what is found in the writing of Longfellow and it relates to change the intentions, the position, the role and the nature of Revere in his different etching that have created an influence in the current world.

Analysis of the True History of Paul Revere Etching and how it is misinterpreted from Longfellow Writing impressions

  Revere is called the artisan of the revolution who made different engraving that had massive influence at the time. In his engraving of the King Street Massacre, he builds the bloody works of the time showing out the victims suffering. The actions of the British troops in the streets of Boston had stirred up anti-British sentiment and through his engravings; Revere creates different political propaganda during the time of colonists.[5] His engravings were majorly based on artist Henry Pelham and they did not exhibit the true happenings of the time. Revere used different elements showing the celebrity of British soldier as they lined up being given the order to kill and also the colonist reactions after attacking the soldiers. Idyllically, Revere expressed the cruelty to instigate different reactions among the colonies which led to the continual reactions of colonists on different political issues.

  Revere is current literature misinterpretations are concurrently identified with his historical way of creating historical propaganda through his etchings. Subsequent historians were criticized on their negligence and insensibility and efforts of advancing the law to represent it as being able to accomplish the work of history even better than what the legislative authorities can do. Actually, when considering subsequent analogies of different literature writers such as Longfellow, there is a desire of changing the attributive nature of the ancient happenings by visioning them differently, a change of trend that is called the post mature age of legal history.[6]

The past story of Revere has identified him to succeed in the different quest but they never had tractions of his true nature. Unlike how Longfellow represents him in his literature, Revere failed terribly to become a gentleman as expressed but his patriotic desires that kept him trying as socially exclusionary elite in Boston Longfellow had seen another view of Revere who succeeded at his time and become highly ranked according to his artisanal skills.[7] At his time, his skills may have gained influence of tapping substantial resources and equally propagated his rise in the ancient society as a man of influence in different political arenas. Much of his historical life descriptions show a committed economist who was working to secure money for adventure and also gain status in the society that was constrained in the colonialist era of demand.

In the later descriptions of Revere life, the poet Longfellow has created a different nature of an individual taking the implications of his revolutionary actions. In other writings, Revere is represented as a person of truthful nature who had a passion to serve the Bostonians. However, his commitments are identified at different times when he moves to warn patriots to move their stores from Concords. This act was during 1775 when Revere was instructed by the sons of Liberty to ride to Lexington and warn Samuel Adams and other patriots on the British troops.[8] Longfellow has narrated on how the Lantern was displayed in the steeple of Christ Church in Boston and how in that evening the Militiamen approached. It said that Revere had already arranged alternative signals in fear of being known and being prevented from living the city

Longfellow does not refill accurately on what had happened with Revere ride before. [9]This ride is said to have marked the end of months of his role as a Patriot on spying about the British troops. Revere acts of spying had supported many revolutionists and they resulted to create a great impact of his well know patriotic movement. Longfellow instigates a different criticality of the role of Revere which actually leaves out the roles portrayed by other different patriots of the time. Revere took the central part of playing two sides in the colonial time and his participation and applications of his artistic skills created an influence in the political arenas which marked a great historical instance than any other patriot.

 Analysis of Discords identified in Revere’s Historical Record and Their Relations as Represented by Longfellow poetry

 History shows of the role-play character of Revere from his past but it does not give a relative appeal of the influences that had led to emerging of his attributive nature. Even with Longfellow describing the background explications that promoted the heroic portraits, it is identified that Longfellow does not give a true picture of his identity. This extraction creates a dilemma of his intense involvement in patriotic missions of the time fighting for Apollo former compatriots in the Indian and French war. The artistry of his time had an influence and knowledge of the facts of his skills, Revere was a silversmith in the years 1776, and he became the first person to practice the forensic dentistry in the USA.[10] At this time obtaining credit in a society was a personal and class-based phenomenon and men that were identified with such skills had strong desires of becoming socially valuable.

Revere, being an outsider struggled to grow his financial enterprises. This financial favors had influenced his different patriotic missions and through his influence and link to the British, he even sought help from the federal government. History reveals that Revere had transformed in different roles, from an artist to manufacture and he desirably worked to gain a financial ability that instigated his continual movement in his spying life. Longfellow has not included a considerable description of the relativeness of Revere desires to his patriotic mission. In most instance, is etchings were politically argued of their influence but they did not involve his personal desire and reasons for creating the edgings.

 Understandably, the life of Revere can be reflected from two parts, that is the actual life of a business person and also a patriot determined to serve the concords against the British. History has given an emphasis on the one political perceptive and it has attached the relevancy of his etchings in the times of political movement and their representations. The spread propaganda by the etchings did not create the political truth of the time however they incited commotion among political leaders and build a different history identity of true representations of the etching.

 Art was an essential skill of the time and following the influence of Revere in his time, taking the role of playing two sides in the political Arena, the spread of propaganda by his engravings was an easy way of creating an influence. In the descriptions of his role in the community, Revere is a personal of financial desire but his actions are different in ways of performance and support of different politically conflicting parts in the political Arena. [11]This might be misinterpreted to be out of his own gain and even with him creating the engravings at his time, history has only tried to create the picture of what resembles the engravings would have created at the time considering the situations of the colonists in the USA.

The hidden Controversy with Pelham on Boston Massacre Engraving

 Paul Revere used the drama of the Boston Massacre to express the British oppression of the colonies. The Boston Massacre happened five years erstwhile to his midnight ride. He was said to develop a patriotic intelligence group of the time that was moving through Boston overnight to identify the moves of The British colonies. This involvement had created his endangering desire against the colonies and to gain favor from the Bostonians.[12] Revere had to instigate the enormity between the two ends and the decision to use engravings to describe the British actions was a determined move of inciting the minds of the Bostonians against the British.

Consequently, Revere appeared to be of the opinion of the massacre and he used the engravings in a lie of giving Boston a chance to see the massacre with their own eyes. This resemblance questioned his artistic skills and as other historians have not accredited him as an artist of the time. His role at the time was a skillful silversmith and an engraver and thus he needed a better drawing pan to help create the stamp. Historians have said Implied that Revere had copied Pelham’s Boston Massacre drawing however other historian states that it was an improvement of the Pelham’s drawing. Using the influence that he had created at the time, Revere moved to expose the painting in his name as a way of inciting the tension between the Bostonian and the British. This act led to a later quarrel as Pelham named Revere to act in the most dishonorable manner.

 Revere etching was later termed as Iconic and considering the attribute nature of actions, Revere has the intentions of the instilling the tensions between the citizens and the colonies The prior patriotic life as described by Long fellow does not describe the true sense of the behavior of Revere and they even disregard the essentiality of his journey and also involvement in the times of colonies. The question is whether the actions were for his benefits or rather for building and different appeal in the society on his continual actions. The only successful part of Revere life the silver business and his version of the Boston massacre had made it to market at the end of 1770 a few days after the massacre occurred. [13] This was rather a quick way of selling an engraving that had to involve the massacre happening for a short duration.

Taking the advantage of the time, Paul Revere sold out the engraving thus portraying his financial desire as a Silversmith and thus degrading his truthful involvement as a patriot in the time of British. It was sad for Pelham at the time considering that the engraving was quickly gazetted and sold out in the name of Revere. Pelham, being a pro-British Loyalist had to defer reactions of Revere actions and later he moved out of Boston following a fear of his attacks. The influence of his move out of Boston was due to the act of PR. This actually displayed a different attribute which according to the Longfellow do not explain the exact explications of the character of Revere as a true and Honesty patriot during the time.

Conclusion

 In consideration of the representations of the Longfellow Poem, Revere is not equated to his actions. Longfellow equally might have a differing ideology of the same and he took the desire to willing portray the revolutionist of the past without the considerations of all ends of the instances as identified with history. Other historians have also built the same appeal in different writing living out the ideal nature of the true identity of given historical happenings but creating an impression that misleads the post- modern historical world. It is with this consideration that the research on the Boston massacre and the engravings is identified to be of conflicting ideologies first with the developers of the engravings, the intensions of Revere as reflected from his historical happenings. As a silversmith, Revere is represented to work for his financial gain however the prior historical instance has shown him as a patriot who is committed to working for the Bostonian.

Revere’s French ancestry shows him working against the desire of many his stirring actions before the massacre expresses different feelings of Paul Revere that do not exactly portray the true sense of his patriotic nature. Contradicting history does not identify him as an experienced artist and the happening of events after the massacre showed a different desire of financial gain that exploits on why Paul Revere played different roles as a spy and also as a true patriot of the time. In comparison with the Longfellow explications, there is an exaggerated part of the Paul Revere story which eve forms up to cover the truth with the Boston Massacre engravings. This contradiction has transcended even to the modern history and it, therefore, verifies that there is still some of the issues that are comparable to his historical adventure record that does not give full illuminations on the truth about Boston Massacre etching.

Bibliography

  • Fitz, Karsten. “Commemorating Crispus Attucks: Visual Memory and the Representations of the Boston Massacre, 1770-1857.” Amerikastudien/American Studies (2005): 463-484.
  • Forbes, Esther. Paul Revere and the world he lived in. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999.
  • Friday, Shaun D. “The Gentle Trailblazer: Longfellow’s Faith-fueled Advocacy for Victims of Colonial Power across Ethnic, Religious, and Gender Lines.” Us and Them (2017): 80.
  • Gartner, Matthew, Lauren Gatti, Andrew C. Higgins, James I. McDougall, Monica Pelaez, Lauren Simek, Rob Velella, and Lloyd Willis. Reconsidering Longfellow. Rowman & Littlefield, 2014.
  • Lepore, Jill. “Paul Revere’s Ride.” American Educator (2011): 29.
  • Loeffelholz, Mary. “Anthology Form and the Field of Nineteenth-Century American Poetry: The Civil War Sequences of Lowell, Longfellow, and Whittier.” ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance 54, no. 1 (2008): 217-240.
  • Martello, Robert. Midnight Ride, Industrial Dawn: Paul Revere and the Growth of American Enterprise. JHU Press, 2010.
  • Novick, David, Laura Rodriguez, Aaron Pacheco, Aaron Rodriguez, Laura Hinojos, Brad Cartwright, Marco Cardiel, Ivan Gris Sepulveda, Olivia Rodriguez-Herrera, and Enrique Ponce. “The Boston Massacre history experience.” In Proceedings of the 19th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, pp. 499-500. ACM, 2017.
  • Tuesday, April. “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere.”
  • York, Neil Longley. “Rival Truths, Political Accommodation, and the Boston” Massacre”.” Massachusetts Historical Review 11 (2009): 57-95.

[1] Martello, Robert. Midnight Ride, Industrial Dawn: Paul Revere and the Growth of American Enterprise. JHU Press, 2010.

[2] Friday, Shaun D. “The Gentle Trailblazer: Longfellow’s Faith-fueled Advocacy for Victims of Colonial Power across Ethnic, Religious, and Gender Lines.” Us and Them (2017): 80.

[3] Tuesday, April. “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere.”

[4] Lepore, Jill. “Paul Revere’s Ride.” American Educator (2011): 29.

[5] York, Neil Longley. “Rival Truths, Political Accommodation, and the Boston” Massacre”.” Massachusetts Historical Review 11 (2009): 57-95.

[6] Gartner, Matthew, Lauren Gatti, Andrew C. Higgins, James I. McDougall, Monica Pelaez, Lauren Simek, Rob Velella, and Lloyd Willis. Reconsidering Longfellow. Rowman & Littlefield, 2014.

[7] Ibid, 45

[8] Novick, David, Laura Rodriguez, Aaron Pacheco, Aaron Rodriguez, Laura Hinojos, Brad Cartwright, Marco Cardiel, Ivan Gris Sepulveda, Olivia Rodriguez-Herrera, and Enrique Ponce. “The Boston Massacre history experience.” In Proceedings of the 19th ACM International Conference on Multimodal Interaction, pp. 499-500. ACM, 2017.

[9] Loeffelholz, Mary. “Anthology Form and the Field of Nineteenth-Century American Poetry: The Civil War Sequences of Lowell, Longfellow, and Whittier.” ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance 54, no. 1 (2008): 217-240.

[10] Forbes, Esther. Paul Revere and the world he lived in. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999.

[11] Fitz, Karsten. “Commemorating Crispus Attucks: Visual Memory and the Representations of the Boston Massacre, 1770-1857.” Amerikastudien/American Studies (2005): 463-484.

[12] Ibid, 471

[13] Forbes, Esther. Paul Revere and the world he lived in. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1999.

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