History of Thailand’s Monarchy

1918 words (8 pages) Essay in History

08/02/20 History Reference this

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Thailand

[1]Thailand was built on a foundation of ancient kingdoms, dynasties and warring city-states. Thailand had gone through transformations  to become a modern nation seeking democratic since the early 1900s. Thailand was referred to as the kingdom of SIAM up until the 1939 shortly after its name was changed to Thailand. The country continued to go through another small name change from 1945 to 1949 when its name was change back into Siam but on May 9th, 1949 it changed back to Thailand. The earliest history included the Bronze and Iron age. The first people to actually have/build civilizations were the Khmer, Malay and Mon. Their empires and kingdoms went as far as to Thailand, Laos and Cambodia. Many of the culture was based on Indian culture for example their religious beliefs, art and the architecture of the ancient city-states. In the 700-1000 AD many Thai people began to migrate south from china. As they migrated the many Tai groups took their own language, belief and traditions. After many many years of warring kingdoms and city-states the Thai people started to want a more stable and democratic government. In 1932 Thailand finally created a constitutional monarchy and it gave them their first constitution.

 Thailand was the only country in Southeast Asia which was not colonized by europeans. All of Thailand’s neighboring countries were controlled by either the British or the French for example Burma and Malaysia colonized by the British and Laos and Cambodia colonized by the French. [2]The government of Thailand was a unitary government as the country was becoming a modern state. The constitutional monarchy replaced the absolute monarchy in 1932 after the revolution. Thailand had been ruled by a succession of military leaders however the government structure has remained a government composed of executive, legislature and the judiciary. Thailand’s main goal was to restore their international reputation because of Phibunsongkhram wartime alliance with Japan. Thailand was supported in its aim with exception of Britain. Britain took a punitive stance toward the country of Thailand because they never accepted the declaration of war in the case that it was signed under duress. However. In 1946 Thailand returned the territories seized from France and it was admitted to the United Nations and their standing in the international community was restored.

 

[3]Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with the monarch as the head of state. Since 1932 the country has had 17 constitutions the most recent was in 2007. Thailand’s government also consists in a Parliamentary system, Military junta, Unitary state and Military dictatorship. The government of Thailand was a unitary government as the country was becoming a modern state. The constitutional monarchy replaced the absolute monarchy in 1932 after the revolution. [4]After WW2 Thailand’s government was a military rule  after the death of the Prime  Minister in 1963, a military commander established the Thanom-Prapas systems in which they controlled major positions in the government and military in 1971. Thanon controlled power in the military and established a dictator, dissolved political parties and destroyed the constitution. Thailand had connection with democracy when at the time Thailand was Siam because their government was democratic. After the democratic revolution in 1932 led by westernized bureaucrats the country officially became a constitutional government. Thailand is a prosperous nation with strong banks, modern factories, many tourism, growing middle class and other markers of successful democracy. Democracy in a way affected Thailand in a good way because it helped them in a way to grow their economy. Their government did change they went from a military dictatorship governing democratically to a constitutional monarchy ruled by the head of the state monarch. Thailand didn’t have any cultural influence as they were governed before militarily. You can say that the Thai’s feel good with their government because they are free to do many things as well they can vote for whom will they be ruled by. Thailand has had two key leaders Head of state: King Bhumibol Adulyadej who was the longest-reigning monarch in Thai’s history who served for 70 years and Prime minister: Prayuth Chan-Ocha who is a Thai politician, a retired Royal Thai army general and head of the national council for peace and order, he has the Palang Pracharath Party. The major event that affected Thailand was the change of how Siam was ruled and the way that Thailand is ruled now.

Thailand participates fully in international and regional organizations. It has close relations with ASEAN members- indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar and Vietnam. Thailand was a major part in ASEAN because [5]they were among the biggest champions historically. Thailand still has relationship with all its allies as you can say but they were still were problems between them and other countries. Thailand has had mostly conflict with Japan as they once invaded Thailand in 1941 I believe other than that they haven’t had many problems with other countries.

Their economic is heavily export-dependent, with exports accounting more than ⅔ of domestic products. The thai economy is expected to 4.1% of growth economically. Their politics are based or controlled by a military junta. Urban life in Thailand is a rural society. Thailand has many beautiful qualities that make it appealing to the eye or make it a place worth wanting to see The Weather. Thailand has three major seasons, all of which are suitable for vacationers to travel during and enjoy. The country is busiest during the dry season when temperatures do not normally reach over 90°. During the hot season, tourists flock to the many dreamy beaches found along Thailand’s immense coast. Thailand also has many historical sites to visit like  the Grand Palace, Bangkok, Khao National Park, Sukhothai Old City and  Historic City of Ayutthaya those are some of the many historic places to see it also has a very popular festival called Songkran – The Water Festival. One of the most popular festivals among Thais. Songkran is celebrated in Thailand as the traditional New Year’s Day, which occurs on April 13th and lasts about 2 days. Thailand is rich in natural resources. Among the known mineral deposits are coal, gold, lead, tin, tungsten, manganese, zinc, and precious stones. The rich alluvial soil along the Chao Phraya and other rivers constitute other important resources. Thailand’s cuisine is somewhat different than in the U.S. their way in cooking includes Sour, sweet, salty, bitter and spicy flavors work together to make each dish come alive. Thai food varies depending upon the area or region of Thailand the dish originates from. These regions include the north, northeast, south and central. [6] Thailand has many social norms like The Royal Family of Thailand is held in very high respect. Making derogatory remarks about any of the royal family is against the law, the traditional greeting is with two hands prayer-like palms together known as a wâi, Thai culture places certain spiritual importance to certain parts of the body. You should not point your feet at people, touch people with your feet, prop your feet up on seats or tables or step over people sitting on the ground. The head, in contrast, has much higher importance. Avoid touching people on the head as this is considered very rude. You should also avoid sitting on pillows meant for headrests. In some rural areas, food is often served while seated on the ground. Stepping over food on the ground is another extremely rude gesture and will surely embarrass your Thai host, and Throughout all of Thailand, if you notice a pile of shoes at or near an entrance to a home, shop or guesthouse, you should remove your shoes before entry; it is considered rude not to do so. In Thailand excluding the law that states the King must be Buddhist, there is no official Thailand religion, meaning all Thai people enjoy religious freedom. However, Buddhism is the most common Thailand religion with approximately 95% of the population following this Theravada religion.

Traditional Thai dancing is a combination of graceful body movements in addition to elaborate costumes and music. There are a total of six different forms of Thai dance: the khon, li-khe, ram wong, shadow puppetry, lakhon lek, and lakhon. Traditional Thai art is primarily composed of Buddhist art and scenes from the Indian epics. Traditional Thai sculpture almost exclusively depicts images of the Buddha, being very similar with the other styles from Southeast Asia, such as Khmer. Thai art was influenced by indigenous civilizations of the Mon and Khmer.

In conclusion, overall Thailand has had a positive way because it really didn’t get involved in many conflicts the only  major conflict it was in was involved with was the problem with japan invading Thailand. Even though Thailand has had many types of government you can they have a stable country. Their government has had many different ways of being governed by being controlled by the military to being a constitutional monarchy. Thailand also has many monumental/historical places to see and visit Thailand also has many cultures that they were influenced in. 

Bibliography

 

  1.  ”History of Thailand.” Reach to Teach. Accessed May 13, 2019. https://www.reachtoteachrecruiting.com/guides/thailand/history-of-thailand/
  2. Misachi, John. “What Type Of Government Does Thailand Have?” WorldAtlas. March 28, 2017. Accessed May 15, 2019. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-type-of-government-does-the-thailand-have.html.
  3. Hafner, James A., and Charles F. Keyes. “Thailand.” Encyclopædia Britannica. May 12, 2019. Accessed May 15, 2019. https://www.britannica.com/place/Thailand/Government-and-society.
  4.  Hays, Jeffrey. “MILITARY RULE IN THAILAND AFTER WORLD WAR II.” Facts and Details. Accessed May 15, 2019. http://factsanddetails.com/southeast-asia/Thailand/sub5_8a/entry-3189.html.
  5. Parameswaran, Prashanth. “Thailand’s ASEAN Chair Challenge in 2019.” The Diplomat. November 30, 2018. Accessed May 16, 2019. https://thediplomat.com/2018/11/thailands-asean-chair-challenge-in-2019/.
  6.  ”Story Map Journal.” Arcgis.com. Accessed May 18, 2019. https://www.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=891b8e5a7e3e4c1ca79bef6ba75006aa.

[1]. “History of Thailand.” Reach to Teach. Accessed May 13, 2019. https://www.reachtoteachrecruiting.com/guides/thailand/history-of-thailand/

[2] Misachi, John. “What Type Of Government Does Thailand Have?” WorldAtlas. March 28, 2017. Accessed May 15, 2019. https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-type-of-government-does-the-thailand-have.html.

[3] Hafner, James A., and Charles F. Keyes. “Thailand.” Encyclopædia Britannica. May 12, 2019. Accessed May 15, 2019. https://www.britannica.com/place/Thailand/Government-and-society.

[4] Hays, Jeffrey. “MILITARY RULE IN THAILAND AFTER WORLD WAR II.” Facts and Details. Accessed May 15, 2019. http://factsanddetails.com/southeast-asia/Thailand/sub5_8a/entry-3189.html.

[5] Parameswaran, Prashanth. “Thailand’s ASEAN Chair Challenge in 2019.” The Diplomat. November 30, 2018. Accessed May 16, 2019. https://thediplomat.com/2018/11/thailands-asean-chair-challenge-in-2019/.

[6] “Story Map Journal.” Arcgis.com. Accessed May 18, 2019. https://www.arcgis.com/apps/MapJournal/index.html?appid=891b8e5a7e3e4c1ca79bef6ba75006aa.

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