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The Canadian population is a mixed race whom have crossed to its boarders for the last century and made it their permanent resident. Canada initially welcomed these people since it had a great deficit for laborers who were needed to work in the farms in Prairies, forests factories and mines to build the country (Schiffer- Graham 72). Many of these immigrants originated from Europe while the rest comprises of economic migrants and people who ran away from their countries facing different crisis.
Canada continued to allow foreigners without restrictions until the end of Second World War when the public raised concerns over job competition and overstretching of other opportunities by the foreigners (95). Rallies erupted with many sectors including schools, churches, media and social services behind the Canadianization effort. As a result, many adopted English or French language and got accustomed in the surrounding social and economic practices. Immigration in Canada took place in phases with regard to various transitions that were happening globally (Young 66). In this regard, this paper shall seek to examine how immigration into Canada has made the country the most diversified cultural hub but remain uninterfered with by foreign cultural.
Immigration and Canadian Diversity
Towards the end of the 20th century, a big number migrated from the Caribbean, Asia, Africa and South America. During mid 1990s, 58% of the immigrants had Asia as their country of birth, 20% from Europe, a joint 22% from Central and South America, Africa and USA most of them settling in Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver (Canada Year Book 11). "By the year 2010, Canada's population was estimated at 33,930,800, with more than 18.4 percent born outside Canada. More than 13 million immigrants have come to Canada in the past century including over 9 million in the last fifty years" (Global Perspective).Rural areas, small towns, Quebec and Atlantic Canada hosts the few foreign born population than the rest of Canada while the greatest of the population have dwellings in the fifteen largest towns of Canada
Canada has a wide cultural diversity. It accepts multiculturalism and the related social rights in its constitution. In fact Canada's department of heritage has stretched further to consult Canada Policy Research Networks (CPRN) to come up with modalities that enrich its diversity by establishing a policy development process. According to Jenson and Papillon (2001), the government of Canada has promoted multiculturalism since 1971 insisting on cultural diversity in a liberal society (Schiffer- Graham 59). It recognizes its citizen's cultural rights allowing individuals' freedom to live according to their cultural heritage. Karygiannis, an immigrant was quoted in Global Perspective Magazine "As immigrants, whether our ancestors came with the early explorers, landed at Pier 21 in Halifax in 1928-1971 or arrived today at terminal 1 at Lester B Pearson International Airport, we brought our traditions, cultures, faith, good and bad habit" (Global Perspective). This policy is accommodative to anti-racist activities and access to public institutions for individual members of minority groups.
There is however the opinion that Canada's embrace on multiculturalism undermines its national values. The use of national minorities for instance has involved French-Canadians and Quebecers, leading to a century's old political debate on the place of French and English-speaking Canadians in the country, their rights, responsibilities and attachment to the country (Jane and Papillon 41). This controversy has recently affected Aboriginal peoples seeking recognition, certain privileges and rights not accorded to other Canadian citizens. These demands were granted on limited sovereignty over a certain territory creating room for Aboriginals social and cultural developments. This brought about constitutional conflicts: Members from Nisga a's nation for example were the only to benefit from the rights (Nisga'a citizenship) with different voting rights, what many termed as "racist" arrangement, departing from neutral equality. The initiative was however as an effort to address issues of cultural exclusion of Aboriginal people living in Canada based on a 'mind' that differentiation is crucial in achieving equality (Jane and Papillon 74). The government has so far developed strategies responding to the new ethnic and social reality focusing on institutional change, race relations and citizen integration and participation which costs Canadians an average of a dollar a day (Multiculturalism in Canada).
Recent election studies are indicating that Canada's immigrants have greatly acquainted themselves in the regional political behaviors in Quebec, Ontario, Alberta and British Colombia. Those that originated non-tradition source countries have more likelihood to be of the opinions that are more federal oriented than the local populations in their provinces (Metropolis policy priorities). This is evident in Quebec where groups of immigrants from both traditional and non-traditional source countries internalize political grievances and norms less powerfully than their counterparts in other provinces (Multiculturalism in Canada).
Canadians have embraced nationalism and protection of Canadian sovereignty placing them in the civic nationalist category. They have indeed been referred as anti-pro Americans who associate their independence linked to their own (Schiffer- Graham 106). Over the transitions that have taken years to realize a harmonized community, it has become an individual's obligation to promote Canadians culture and limit the affluence of foreign countries. Many of Canadian national symbols have been changed to conform to its national idealism retracting from those of the UK. The country has refined its social outlook in diverse fields of literature, arts, music and the media to promote its culturarism and nationalism of its people.
In conclusion, Canada remains one of the most diversified countries in the world that embrace positive cultural diversification, inclusion and democracy. Immigration and diversity in Canada is a serialized process tracking back in the 19th century. Various factors contributed to the emergence of the immigration and subsequent settling. Some conflicts arose amidst mixed ethnic communities of different origin but the government has not left any stone unturned to level this to a point of general acceptance amongst all. Patriotic measures of nationalism, coherent national symbols; social and cultural practices have been embraced to raise the Canadian flag and its people higher and unique.