In most developed countries such as Australia, the majority of death of incidents occur during the ages of seventy and older, and these people face illnesses’ associated with being old of age, such as Alzheimer’s disease. In developing countries like the Philippines, more than 40% of the morality causes occur in children and these countries have the highest vulnerability to HIV/AIDS, which is a contributor to most of the deaths. Disparities in health among different populations take place in all nations. The contributors to these disparities in developed countries might be distinct from the causes of health inequality in developed nations. In the developed Organizations for Economic Cooperation for Development (OECD) nations access to individual well being care programs is universal, however, disparities in health condition are associated with income as well as other socio economic aspects (Jamieson et al. 2016). People living in urban areas of Australia usually benefit from quality services because they have knowledge about quality health as well as services. Unfortunately, individuals from Philippines experience high levels of diseases, especially infectious illness and malnutrition, insufficient diet, contaminated water, and problems to deal with the surrounding, which results to improved exposure to disease causing agents, including and lack of proper healthcare. Similarly, Australians have a huge deal of understanding of the roots of non communicable infections which signify the main problems of illness for individuals living in developing countries such as Philippines (Marrot, 2015). These health disparities are the outcome of a composite approach functioning internationally, countrywide, and at local levels which modifies how the community at local and national level arranges its affairs and exemplifies distinct forms of social rank and social hierarchy. Further along, health outcome of developed (Australia) and developing country (Philippians), focusing on differences, structural immigration, as well ass disparities.
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Numerous aspects merge together to influence the health of pride, and societies. Whether individuals have good or poor health is influenced by the conditions and environment they live in. More so, factors like the status of our surrounding, genetics, level of income and level of education, as well as our associations with peers and family have a significant influence on health, while application of medical care programs has little effect on our health. Most of the developed countries (in this case, Australia) are associated with high income and social status, high levels of education, healthy environment, as well as proper social support networks, unlike the developing countries (Braveman & Gottlieb, 2014). Improved income together with social status, are related to good health. The bigger the gap among the wealth and poor individuals, the bigger the differences in terms of health. In addition, low levels of education which are more prevalent in Philippines due to high rates of poverty is associated with poor health, low self esteem, and more stress. People in Philippines have low access to health programs and have little knowledge about the control and management of infections hence poor health.
On the other hand, Australians have high levels of intelligence and knowledge which enables them to understand various mechanisms for controlling and managing most of the deadly illnesses, hence benefiting from long life expectancy, and lows cost of treatment. “While the life expectancy in countries such as Japan, Australia, Canada, France, Sweden and Switzerland is more than 80 years” (Walraven 2011). Furthermore, the physical environment of Australia is better than that of Philippines. There is access to clean water and air, hygienic working conditions, safe homes, and transport networks which promote good health. Also, the rate of unemployment in Philippines is ten times more than in Australia. People in the working class have good health because they are capable to have checkups every moment they experience a complication. In addition, developed countries have more health services as compared to developing nations. Access and use of programs which inhibit and medicate illnesses’ influences health.
Because of language barriers and cultural beliefs, most of the individuals from Philippines are not able to express themselves fully the moment they need health care service from the hospitals. This poses a very big challenge to the doctors since they struggle a lot to understand their condition and in most cases may end up receiving inadequate health service (Marmot, 2015). Australians have high levels of literacy and have little to or no challenges when expressing themselves in the healthcare centers, thus are associated with receiving quality healthcare, hence better health, unlike people from poor countries.
Viewing health as a social construct investigates the way a person’s environment affects their health. It identifies the connection of the determinants of well being and indicates that most of the determinants are made hard to change or are out of one’s control due to their context. This shows that it is not basically the responsibility of an individual, but society also needs to be accountable to some extent. This is due to the fact that health is influenced by the environment which one lives, the neighbors, community, culture, level of education, state of income, among others, and therefore, it is perceived as an expert for which the society has some accountability. Also, some determinants of health are not changeable, which means that our health is influenced by factors which we cannot control. For instance, kids cannot control the food they consume they place they live in, access to medical care, household income, and their state of education (La Vincnte et al 2013) This challenges the idea that health is actually the responsibility of a person.
Health promotion emails bringing awareness for individuals to improve control, and advance their well being. It tries to modify the social determinants of well being. Basically, all people have a mandate to improve their own health. This involves, becoming knowledgeable about health, especially the dangers and protective habits. Moreover, individuals have the responsibility to enhance health to the people surrounding them. Community groups are also very crucial in matters concerning health promotion. Nongovernmental organizations participate in research, support services, and media campaigns to address the public on issues concerning health. Health problems can be treated by conducting screening and training for the betterment of individuals welfare.
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In conclusion, environment, level of income, level of education as well as culture affects the health status of a person. Some of the health determinants are not possible to control, and therefore the society bears the responsibility. From the analysis above, it is very clear that individuals from low income countries are associated with high rates of poor health, poverty, as well as high risks of death, unlike those from developed countries. In fact, the life expectancy if individuals from Australia is higher as compared to that of Philippines, Thus, the health outcomes of developed countries are more favourable than those from love income nations.
- Braveman, Paula, and Laura Gottlieb. “The Social Determinants of Health: It’s Time to Consider the Causes of the Causes.” Public Health Reports, vol. 129, no. 1_suppl2, 1 Jan. 2014, pp. 19–31.
- Jamieson, L.m., et al. “Inequalities in Indigenous Oral Health: Findings from Australia, New Zealand, and Canada.” Journal of Dental Research, vol. 95, no. 12, 2016, pp. 1375–1380.
- Marmot, Michael. “The Health Hap: The Challenge of an Unequal World.” The Lancet, vol. 386, no. 10011, 2015, pp. 2442–2444.
- Vincente, Sophie La, et al. “Supporting Local Planning and Budgeting for Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health in the Philippines.” Health Research Policy and Systems, vol. 11, no. 1, 23 Jan. 2013.
- Walraven, Gijsbertus Engelinus Laurentius. Health and Poverty: Global Health Problems and Solutions. Earthscan, 2011.
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