AIDS Problem in the U.S. and the World: Survey of the Health Care System

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8th Feb 2020 Health Reference this

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Abstract

This research gives a description of the AIDS problem in the U.S. and throughout the world. Explains three processes countries have taken to regulate the spread of AIDS amongst their populations. And mention two procedures that I believe have been or would be effective in regulating the spread of AIDS.

 

AIDS problem in the U.S. and throughout the world

Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the virus that causes AIDS; it is one of the world’s most severe public health challenges.  However, there is a worldwide promise to preventing new HIV infections and guaranteeing that every person living with HIV has access to HIV treatment (PEPFAR & Global AIDS).  USA is the highest funder of the worldwide response to HIV, but also has a continuing HIV epidemic itself.  HIV epidemic in the USA has impacted some individuals more than others. These individuals can be grouped by transmission category, ethnicity, and race. Sexual links are as well present a main possibility issue, with peoples at a high risk to HIV inclining to have sex with people in their individual groups (AVERT).

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At the present time, there is no vaccine for preventing HIV infection and no cure for antiretroviral drugs can still, minimize the damage of an HIV-positive person’s immune system. Currently, antiretroviral therapy can provide individuals living with HIV a close regular lifecycle if they stay healthy.  Still, most individuals who are infected with HIV, particularly individuals living in low and mid income countries, don’t have consistent access to antiretroviral medications or essential health care services (PEPFAR & Global AIDS).

Even though HIV and AIDS are global difficulties, infection degrees differ through regions and countries. The main HIV dominance occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa, somewhere approximately 68 percentages of the world’s HIV positive people exists. In areas of this region, one in four adults is diseased with HIV. The Caribbean, Central Asia, and Eastern Europe are likewise high infection degrees in parts of. Worldwide humanitarian administrations have worked with drug companies to create reasonably priced HIV medications accessible in developing countries (Peace Corps).

Countries have taken to control the spread of AIDS among their populations

Regardless of the fast spread of HIV, some countries have attained significant

achievement in decreasing its spread. The strange potential of HIV prevention is demonstrated by such varied struggles as Uganda’s extraordinary reduction in HIV prevalence, Thailand’s 100% condom program, and the community-based syndromic organization of sexually communicated infections (STIs) in Mwanza. Achievements as well include the improvement and effective use of greatly complex and precise HIV screening tests, which have practically reduced infection as of the blood source in the industrialized world. Furthermore, the management of a small course of nevirapine to moms through labor and to newborns post-partum decreases the risk of mother-to-child transmission. On the other hand, current data recommend that these short-term achievements might be at the expense of the battle and viral failure as soon as management is presented after supplied (Bertozzi, et al.).

Recommendation of two measures that has been or would be effective in controlling the spread of AIDS

 

One of the measures that has been effective in controlling the spread of AIDS is the

continued efforts and combination of communication networks to distribute messages to encourage people to engage in a variety of options to reduce risk. While cognitive-behavioral, influential communications, peer education, and distribution of innovation methods to change are helpful within a mixture prevention structure, behavioral science must do better. Programmatic methods are necessary to notify new approaches to motivate behavioral change (Coates, Richter, & Caceres, 2008).

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Another measure is School-based education; because it will reduce early sexual debut, lower multiple sex partners, and increase condom use. This intervention consists of educational materials on HIV/AIDS and condom use through brochures and other promotional materials in classroom. On the other hand, lack of skills between teachers for communicating sensitive information to students can lead to program failure in terms of attaining goals (Sarma & Oliveras, 2013).

Conclusion

HIV epidemic is driven by sexual contact and is seriously focused amongst definite key people, in specific gay men and other men who have sex with men. We as individuals need to get the simple things right. The fundamentals of HIV prevention need to be agreed upon, funded, implemented, measured, and achieved. That, presently, is not the case.

References

Abstract

This research gives a description of the AIDS problem in the U.S. and throughout the world. Explains three processes countries have taken to regulate the spread of AIDS amongst their populations. And mention two procedures that I believe have been or would be effective in regulating the spread of AIDS.

 

AIDS problem in the U.S. and throughout the world

Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the virus that causes AIDS; it is one of the world’s most severe public health challenges.  However, there is a worldwide promise to preventing new HIV infections and guaranteeing that every person living with HIV has access to HIV treatment (PEPFAR & Global AIDS).  USA is the highest funder of the worldwide response to HIV, but also has a continuing HIV epidemic itself.  HIV epidemic in the USA has impacted some individuals more than others. These individuals can be grouped by transmission category, ethnicity, and race. Sexual links are as well present a main possibility issue, with peoples at a high risk to HIV inclining to have sex with people in their individual groups (AVERT).

At the present time, there is no vaccine for preventing HIV infection and no cure for antiretroviral drugs can still, minimize the damage of an HIV-positive person’s immune system. Currently, antiretroviral therapy can provide individuals living with HIV a close regular lifecycle if they stay healthy.  Still, most individuals who are infected with HIV, particularly individuals living in low and mid income countries, don’t have consistent access to antiretroviral medications or essential health care services (PEPFAR & Global AIDS).

Even though HIV and AIDS are global difficulties, infection degrees differ through regions and countries. The main HIV dominance occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa, somewhere approximately 68 percentages of the world’s HIV positive people exists. In areas of this region, one in four adults is diseased with HIV. The Caribbean, Central Asia, and Eastern Europe are likewise high infection degrees in parts of. Worldwide humanitarian administrations have worked with drug companies to create reasonably priced HIV medications accessible in developing countries (Peace Corps).

Countries have taken to control the spread of AIDS among their populations

Regardless of the fast spread of HIV, some countries have attained significant

achievement in decreasing its spread. The strange potential of HIV prevention is demonstrated by such varied struggles as Uganda’s extraordinary reduction in HIV prevalence, Thailand’s 100% condom program, and the community-based syndromic organization of sexually communicated infections (STIs) in Mwanza. Achievements as well include the improvement and effective use of greatly complex and precise HIV screening tests, which have practically reduced infection as of the blood source in the industrialized world. Furthermore, the management of a small course of nevirapine to moms through labor and to newborns post-partum decreases the risk of mother-to-child transmission. On the other hand, current data recommend that these short-term achievements might be at the expense of the battle and viral failure as soon as management is presented after supplied (Bertozzi, et al.).

Recommendation of two measures that has been or would be effective in controlling the spread of AIDS

 

One of the measures that has been effective in controlling the spread of AIDS is the

continued efforts and combination of communication networks to distribute messages to encourage people to engage in a variety of options to reduce risk. While cognitive-behavioral, influential communications, peer education, and distribution of innovation methods to change are helpful within a mixture prevention structure, behavioral science must do better. Programmatic methods are necessary to notify new approaches to motivate behavioral change (Coates, Richter, & Caceres, 2008).

Another measure is School-based education; because it will reduce early sexual debut, lower multiple sex partners, and increase condom use. This intervention consists of educational materials on HIV/AIDS and condom use through brochures and other promotional materials in classroom. On the other hand, lack of skills between teachers for communicating sensitive information to students can lead to program failure in terms of attaining goals (Sarma & Oliveras, 2013).

Conclusion

HIV epidemic is driven by sexual contact and is seriously focused amongst definite key people, in specific gay men and other men who have sex with men. We as individuals need to get the simple things right. The fundamentals of HIV prevention need to be agreed upon, funded, implemented, measured, and achieved. That, presently, is not the case.

References

  • PEPFAR & Global AIDS. (n.d.). Retrieved from Global HIV/AIDS Overview: https://www.hiv.gov/federal-response/pepfar-global-aids/global-hiv-aids-overview

                    AVERT. (n.d.). Retrieved from HIV and AIDS in the United States of America (USA): https://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/western-central-europe-north-america/usa

  • Peace Corps. (n.d.). Retrieved from Global Issues: HIV/AIDS: three (3) measures countries have taken to control the spread of AIDS among their populations
  • Bertozzi, S., Padian, N. S., Wegbreit, J., DeMaria, L. M., Feldman, B., Gayle, H., et al. (n.d.). Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition. Retrieved from HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK11782/
  • Sarma, H., & Oliveras, E. (2013, March 31). J Health Popul Nutr. Retrieved from Implementing HIV/AIDS Education: Impact of Teachers’ Training on HIV/AIDS Education in Bangladesh: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3702355/

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