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The four Ministries are the Ministry of Truth which concerned itself with news, entertainment, education, and fine arts, the newspeak name for it is Minitrue, the Ministry of Peace, which concerns itself with war, the newspeak name for it is Minipax, Ministry of Love which concerns itself with order, the newspeak name for it is Miniluv, and Ministry of Plenty which concerned itself with economic affairs, the newspeak name for it is Miniplenty.
The date the main character records is April 4th 1984.
The two people the main character sees just before the Two Minutes Hate are O'Brien and Julia. Winston thinks O'Brien hates Big Brother too, as well as Julia.
The importance of Emmanuel Goldstein is he was the former top member of the party, before Big Brother. Emmanuel Goldstein is only shown on the telescreen.
The importance of Big Brother is the Dictator of Oceania. Big Brother has a mustache, and big blue eyes, Big Brother is never actually seen in the novel, but he's on posters and coins, it's possible that he doesn't even exist.
The crime the main character commits is thoughtcrime, Winston commits this crime by writing in his journal DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER over and over again, and Winston's punishment for this is he's arrested.
A telescreen is like a big TV with a video camera in it, and it's used to watch people at all time to make sure they don't break any laws.
The thoughtcrime is thinking of anything the party says is illegal, an example is thinking about sex.
One: IV, V, VI
After Winston puts the rewritten articles into the pneumatic tube, they are thrown away, never to be found, this is significant, because this destroys the old artifact, and a new one is created.
Winston thinks that to calling it forgery is a thoughtcrime.
Winston's greatest pleasure in life is his work, because it opens up an alternate world for him, he gets lost in it.
The aim of the Newspeak is to narrow the range of thought, it makes thoughtcrime impossible. Newspeak gets rid of all extra words, so people are unable to specify their feelings and thoughts.
Syme's observation about Winston's appreciation of Newspeak is he knows Winston doesn't like Newspeak, but he knows Winston must learn it in order to function and communicate later in life.
As Winston hears this message, he is thinking it was a reduction from the day before, so the people in reality are getting back what was taken away from them, but they don't say anything about it.
Facecrime is an improper facial expression; an example of Facecrime is incredulous when state victory.
A dark haired girl is looking at Winston during lunch; this affects him, because the whole time she's looking at him, he thinks she's a party agent.
The aim of the Party with regard to male-female relationships and sex are they prefer celibacy.
The Party's policy on marriage, divorce, and children are the Party has to approve all marriages and divorces, men and woman are only together to reproduce, and you usually can't get a divorce if there is children involved.
One: VII, VIII
Winston thinks hope lies with the Proles, because they are leas corrupted by Big Brother.
The Party belief about the Proles is that they are inferior, and must be kept in subjection, like animals.
The one time Winston held real evidence of an act of falsification was when the Party accused three men of treason, but Winston saw a picture in a newspaper, which showed those men present at a Party function on the same day they were supposed to have been in Eurasia plotting, or committing treason.
The thing that bothers Winston the most, along with the sense of nightmare does not understand how and why the falsification took place.
The thing that bothers Winston more than the thought that he might be a lunatic is him being wrong, which would make him look like a lunatic.
The heresy of heresies is common sense. That is terrifying to Winston, because there is a possibility that the Party's ideas are right.
Winston realizes he's writing his diary for O'Brien, because he thinks O'Brien is against the Party just like he is.
The final most essential command of the party is the Party wants you to ignore what you hear with your own ears, and see with your own eyes.
Winston writes in his diary "that freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four. If that is granted, all else follows."
When Winston goes to the antique shop, he buys a paperweight with a piece of coral in it, When Winston comes out of the shop, and he sees Mr. Charrington, an old man.
Two: I, II, III, IV
When the girl with the dark hair falls on the floor, Winston helps her up, and as he's helping her, she slips him a note.
The note says I Love You.
Winston is very surprised, and is unable to focus on work the rest of the day; he also finds a reason to live.
Their next meeting is at lunch time in the canteen a week later, Winston sits at her table, and they arrange to meet in Victory Square.
Their meeting in Victory Square is very brief, they don't look at each other, she gives Winston directions on where to meet Sunday, and they hold hands.
At first when the girl puts her arms around Winston, Winston feels prideful.
Winston doesn't feel a physical desire for the woman.
The girl's name is Julia.
When Winston asks the girl what attracted her to him, she says Winston's face told her that he didn't belong; she knew he was against the Party just like her, he stood out from the rest.
The girl tells Winston that she hates the Party, but tries to blend in so they don't notice that, she also breaks the rules whenever she can in order to rebel against the Party.
Julia's explanation of the meaning of the Party's sexual puritanism is when people have sex, they use up all their energy and happiness, so when it's time for Party participation, no one cares, because they've already used up all their energy and happiness on sex so they won't even get excited.
According to Winston, the Party has used the instinct of parenthood by parents encouraging spying, while at the same time children are spying on their parents.
The next time Winston visits the little shop, he rents the room above the shop, because he wants to use it to talk to Julia without being spied on.
Julia brings real coffee, sugar, tea, milk, perfume, and make up, all luxuries of the Inner Party.
When Winston sees the rat, he gets pale and scared, he then tells Julia he doesn't like rats, and is in fact afraid of them.
Two: V, VI, VII, VIII
Syme has vanished.
Winston has changed since he started coming to the little room with Julia, he has gained weight, stopped having cough attacks, he drinks less, and his varicose ulcer has gone down.
Winston and Julia both realize that their relationship cannot and will not last.
Winston realizes from talking to Julia that it's very easy for person to look like they support the Party, when in reality they really have no idea what is going on, if you're not against it, you're for it.
The meeting between Winston and O'Brien occurs in a hallway, I which O'Brien compliments Winston, but then tells him he needs the eleventh edition of the dictionary to better his writings, O'Brien then makes a reference to Syme, Winston takes this as a code, O'Brien then invites Winston to his home to pick it up, right in front of the telescreen.
Winston thinks this meeting means that he's going to help O'Brien go against the Party, and that they will conspire against the Party, Winston also knows this could possibly mean death for him.
Winston tells Julia that the real betrayal when they get caught will be the Party stopping them from loving each other, which ultimately they can't do.
Winston says they can beat the Party by staying human inside.
The meeting between O'Brien, Julia, and Winston at O'Brien's apartment, Winston asks O'Brien if the Brotherhood is real, O'Brien says it is, he tells Winston he will never know how many people are in it, or who's in it, he tells Winston that if he ever gets caught he will confess and the Brotherhood can't help him.
O'Brien knows the last line of the rhyme Mr. Charrington taught him, tis surprises Winston.
Two: IX, X
Winston was working such long hours, because the enemy has been changed from Eurasia to Eastasia, so everything has to be rewritten.
According to the book, the aim of modern warfare is to maintain a continual state.
According to the book, it says the Superstates aren't fighting against each other, their fighting against their own people to keep the structure of society.
Winston stops reading chapter one of the book, because wanted to appreciate the moment of being alone and safe, without the telescreen watching him.
Two: IX, X, continued
The current government is different from the previous governments, because the government is able to watch citizens at all time. The invention that enables them to do that is the telescreen.
The organization of the Party Bib Brother, then the Inner Party, the Outer Party, and the proles.
The concept of doublethink having to completely different thoughts, and being able to fully accept both of them
The one think Winston and Julia know they will never do together is have children together.
After that happens, another voice repeats the phrase, tis voice is coming from behind the picture of the church, a telescreen is then revealed, the voice tells Winston and Julia to put their hands behind their heads, stand back to back, don't touch each other, and then the Thought Police come out and capture them.
Winston discovers that Mr. Charrington is a member of the Thought Police.
Three: I, II
As this section in the novel opens, Winston is in the Ministry of Love.
Winston Smith's number is 6079.
Ampleforth is brought into the cell with Winston; he thinks he's there because he left the word "God" at the end of a poem he was rewriting.
Parsons is brought into the cell, for thoughtcrime. Parsons daughter denounced him for saying "Down with Big Brother" in his sleep. Parsons is happy about the arrest; he believes the Thought Police stopped him from going any further with his thought crime.
The number of the room where the guards take some of the prisoners is 101. Many of the prisoners react with fear and horror.
The next person that comes in the room is O'Brien, Winston then realizes that O'Brien is not a member of the Brotherhood, and that he has really betrayed him.
In part three of the book O'Brien is torturing Winston.
O'Brien tells Winston that Big Brother does exist, as well as the Brotherhood, he then tells Winston even if he were to live for 1,000 more years, and he would still never know anything about the Brotherhood.
The last question that Winston asks O'Brien in part three of the book is "what is in room 101?", O'Brien then answers, saying "everyone knows what is in room 101".
Winston hasn't betrayed Julia so far, but O'Brien tells Winston Julia has betrayed him.
Three: III, IV, V, VI
According to O'Brien, the three stages of Winston's reintegration are learning, understanding, and acceptance.
Winston finds out that O'Brien really wrote part of the book.
The reason the Party seeks power is they just want power, just to have it.
Physically Winston is now bald, hunched over, grey looking, very frail, and is covered with wounds and scars. After Winston sees himself in the mirror, he collapses and starts to weep on the ground.
Winston's answer to this question is that he hasn't betrayed Julia yet. O'Brien's response to this statement is that he is correct, he hasn't yet betrayed Julia.
When Winston calls out Julia's name, this shows that he is still obeying the Party, but he still hates the Party, he then realizes that he will have to be punished all over again. O'Brien asks Winston how he feels about Big Brother, and he responds "I hate Big Brother", O'Brien then orders Winston to be taken to room 101, and tells him he must learn to love Big Brother.
According to O'Brien in room 101 lies the worst thing in the world. For Winston the worst thing in the world is rats.
The cage is a face mask that has two rats in it; O'Brien tells Winston he will put the mask on Winston's face unless Winston does what O'Brien asks of him. Winston asks what he wants him to do, but O'Brien doesn't answer, the mask closes in on his face, Winston screams that O'Brien should put the mask on Julia instead. This is what O'Brien wants; for Winston to betray Julia, and according to O'Brien, the Party has succeeded.
When Winston and Julia meet after they have been released, they admit to each other that the betrayed one another, and that they don't feel the same about each other anymore. The verse that Winston hears at the end is "Under the spreading chestnut tree / I sold you and you sold me,"
At the end of the novel, Winston is thinking he has won victory over himself, and he now loves big brother.
Newspeak is the official language of Oceania it has been created to meet the needs of Ingsoc. Newspeak provides a way to express the views of Ingsoc and to make all other types of thought impossible.
In the A vocabulary of Newspeak, there are words used in everyday life, such as eating, drinking, working, getting dressed, and riding in vehicles. There are not as many words as there are in current-day English, and each word expresses a simple thought involving a concrete object or physical action.
Two things about the grammar of Newspeak that are peculiar are the first parts are interchangeable, you can make a word negative, by adding un- to it, you can strengthen a word by adding plus or doubleplus the language is pretty normal, following the same rules.
The B vocabulary in Newspeak is mostly for political purposes, these words are compound words, such as Minitrue, Minipeacfuel, and Oldthinkers.
The aspect of the B vocabulary that outweighs almost all others Euphony
The C vocabulary in Newspeak is scientific and technical words. Scientific and Technical workers use these words. There is no word for science, because it's covered up by the word Ingsoc.
According to the Afterword the mood and warning expressed in the novel 1984 is near despair over the future of man, and the warning is that "unless the course of history changes, men all over the world will lose their most human qualities, will become soulless automatons, and will not even be aware of it."
Orwell connects the dictatorial society in 1984 with the atomic war.
In the Afterword, the point about doublethink that is made is that when doublethink is used properly and successfully, the person thinks the opposite of the truth.
According to the Afterward, the warning that Orwell is giving anyone who reads 1984 is that there is a danger in creating a society of automatons who have lost the ability to love, think critically, and be individualists, the worst result of this society is that doublethink has created a situation where the people don't even realize what they have lost.