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We by Yevgeny Zamyatin and Mirra Ginsburg
In the Garden of Eden human was glad, but in his stupidity he demanded exemption and was driven away into the wilderness. Now the Single State has restored his happiness by removing his exemption. Garden of Eden and One State both are distinct but have popular trends. One State gives us a clear-cut indication about a company and Garden of Eden provides us data regarding spiritual living. In One State we just discover buildings, instruments and machines. On the new position, Garden of Eden shows a distinct opinion of the old reality. The characters of One State and We are calm related. For instance, the role I-330 is the leader of the clandestine opposition campaign, the Mеphi. Towards the conclusion of the novel, the Mеphi effort to confiscate command of the Integral, the spaceship designed by D-503, which might be said in some sense to constitute the 'ship of country' in One State.
In One State, in Zamyatin's imagination of it, the inhabitants of Utopia have then totally lost their individualism as to be known simply by numbers. They survive in glass houses (this was written before video was invented), which enables the political police, known as the "Guardians", to oversee them more well. They all don indistinguishable uniforms and human being is usually referred to either as "an amount" or "unif" (uniform. They survive on man-made nutrient, and their customary diversion is to march in fours while the hymn of the Single State is played through loudspeakers. At stated intervals they are allowed for one minute (known as "the sexuality minute") to depress the curtains round their glass apartments. There is, of class, no wedding, though sexuality living does not seem to be totally wanton. For purposes of love-making everyone has a kind of ration script of pink tickets, and the spouse with whom he spends one of his assigned sexuality hours signs the counterfoil.
The Single State is ruled over by a personage known as The Benefactor, who is yearly re-elected by the whole population, the voting being ever solid. A key topic of Zamyatin's dystopian novel ‘We' is its challenge to the 'modernist' concept of skill. The political organization of One State, of which Zamyatin is then crucial in We, is based on this specific opinion of skill. One State is a company ruled by one individual, the Benefactor, who, with the aid of an 'Office of Guardians', seeks to hire existing technological knowledge in decree to resolve all cultural problems then as to encourage the happiness of all. In One State all questions, including questions of morals and government, are, thus, approached 'scientifically. That the organization of the One State in We is so based on the technological reality opinion of the Enlightenment is clear-cut enough if what Zamyatin has to tell about this organization is compared with the six level story of modernist skill.
For instance, Zamyatin often employs the car metaphor when referring to the One State. The reality of One State is, an ideal automatic reality. The characters are easy and imagined. It is one in which everything is considered to be causally determined and hence routine, law-like, ordered and inevitable. The storyteller of the tale, and one of the two key characters of the novel, is D-503, a mathematician who might be said to constitute the conventional technological reality opinion which Zamyatin himself rejects. As Zamyatin has pointed away, D-503 is somebody for whom 'decree and certainty are all significant. D-503 cannot tolerate anything which is uncertain, unquantifiable, immeasurable, or susceptible to opportunity. Events of this kind are 'catastrophes. D-503 associates such things with 'disorder' or 'pandemonium. The One State has 'channeled all basic forces. Hence, then far as he is concerned, 'there can be no catastrophes' within it.
Moreover, the organization of One State is too founded on a dedication to the belief of neutral accuracy. For D-503, there is simply one accuracy. Scientific truths are sure and understandably apparent to all. (Zamyatin, 105, 107, 111-12) Hence, skill in the One State 'never errs. The creation of such an utter accuracy which possesses a comprehensive validity, in all times and in all places, is testified to by the 'everlasting laws' of math, particularly those of arithmetic and geometry. In the lawsuit of arithmetic, what Zamyatin has in psyche (following Dostoevsky) are principles like '2+2=4. So far as geometry is concerned, Zamyatin is thinking of the axioms and principles of Euclid. Like other concept of contemporary world, the concept of the One State is easy to understand (Zamyatin, 112).
It is based on the rule of the 'consecutive cable. Indeed, according to D-503, the One State itself is nothing much than 'a consecutive cable. This decree and symmetry is reflected in the layout of its consecutive, immutable streets. One State is ruled in conformity with a structure of 'technological ethics' conforming to 'the four rules of arithmetic. This structure of ethics is considered to be universally legitimate. It is good, immutable, and everlasting. The novel ‘We' talks about many things. This is presenting an unusual thought; imagine robots made out of glass. People in this spot do not get names but instead are known by numbers and everyone lives, works and acts exactly in unison. This is suggestive of my position. My example amount is SP-88 and example such as ‘mine' can be interlinked to do tasks in unison with new models. Their actions are dictated by the Table of Hours, a clock structure that dictates exactly what everyone is to make and when. The folk are ruled by their leader.
The admirer is D-503, a mathematician and contractor of the Integral, a mammoth glass place ship that is being built to get to new planets and scatter One State. He is leaded to rebellion by a woman, I-330, with whom he falls passionately in passion. She leads him to fracture the rules establish by the Table of Hours, and finally introduces him to the Mеphi; a radical organization consisting of rebels who survive in the jungle beyond a greenish fence that surrounds One State. The principal things they seek to kill One State. However, the Guardians foil their program and D-503 is forced, along with the remainder of the reality's population, to suffer the Great Operation, which destroys the region of the mind that controls love and vision, reducing the folk to living robots like myself. Zamyatin too described few realities Slavery is everything concrete and genuine, that which will not alter. It is a time to explain truth. When you get to sleep the reality does not finish.
Freedom is an enormous load, after all, for if one is available one is accountable for one's ego and must have decisions on one's own. Absolute exemption is a reality without bondage, is utter independence, a degree of loneliness nothing could resist. It is too clear-cut that in We the cultural system of the One State is founded on a dedication to what is, traditionally, the key rule of all skill and technological account, namely the rule of 'reasonableness. It is not by any way surprising, thus, to discover that in We the role D-503 makes a clear-cut distinction between skill and literature. As a scientist, D-503 has no moment whatsoever for 'emotions', verse or 'metaphors. These impede any effort to produce a 'technological' agreement of world. Poetic or figurative composition is the really opposite of the composition which is associated with math and skill. D-503 associates such figurative composition with the 'antediluvian' times of Shakespeare and Dostoevsky.
He takes the opinion that, like Mr. Gradgrind in Charles Dickens's Hard Times, the chore of the genuine scientist is to trade, not with 'ridiculous metaphors' or with 'feelings', but with 'nothing but facts. D-503, thus, shares the opinion traditionally associated with modernist skill that word is a clear medium. He overly thinks that technological explanations of normal phenomena can be encapsulated in a word which accurately reflects the vital nature of the genuine reality.
Zamyatin, Yevgeny & Mirra Ginsburg. We. New York: Penguin Books, 1993.