The Role Of Revenge And Vengeance English Literature Essay

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Emily Bronte belongs to the Victorian age. Her novel Wuthering Heights is one of the classical novels of this age, although she died very young but Emilys work still have its uniqueness. The novel basically set in the harsh and isolated Yorkshire moors in northern England. Emily discussed very mature and bold issues. For example she wrote on escapism from religion which was totally against the customs of Victorian age. The people of this age were very strict and conservative about their religion. Women were also confined to their houses even they did not have the rights to choose their partner for marriage. We see Emily's own perception and imagination in this novel. According to the novel "Wuthering Heights" it depicts, that she was against the norms of Victorian age.

The love triangle between Heathcliff, Catherine and Edgar seems very complex and complicated. Writer has revealed to the readers in earlier chapters that Catherine and Heathcliff both fall in love but Catherine chooses Edgar for marriage just for the sake of money and temporary physical attraction. After some time when Heathcliff gets wealth Catherine again gets closer to Heathcliff that is quite ironical. The character of Hindley represents as a jealous and a wicked person. He was the first person who started the vengeance. Revenge travels one generation to next generation. Characters like Hareton, Cathy and Linton are shown as the symbols of Victim. They suffered because of their parents. On the other hand Nelly Dean and Lockwood are shown as the narrators of the story.

Since my research is qualitative so the only source of my research is reading. My research thesis has consisted on four chapters. First chapter is about "The Issue of Class System". Difference between the classes of the characters is one of the main issues of the novel. The novel was written at a time when the people of England were affected not only with the economy and Industrial revolution but also with the traditional class structure of this age. The orphan Heathcliff suffered due to his lower class.

Second chapter has covered "The Role of Revenge and Vengeance" in the novel. Because of the revenge, Hindley used to torture Heathcliff. Heathcliff's education was stopped by Hindley, he did not get a chance to raise his social class. Although Catherine loved Heathcliff but she got fascinated by the wealth and life style of Edgar and decided to marry with him. Catherine's rejection made him cruel, selfish and arrogant.

Third chapter is about the "Impacts of Violence and Obsession" that rotate around the characters of the novel. Hindley's jealousy and the ill- treatment with orphan Heathcliff raised aggression in him. As a result Heathcliff did not spare anyone. The violent and jealous behavior of Hindley destroys his sister's life too. Wuthering Heights is a strong but morbid novel of love and suffering. Through this novel Emily has tried to convey the lesson that why it is important to keep the balance between relationships? We can conclude it at the end of the story in the following way, doing anything in an excess level is not supposed to be a good thing. The obsession of love and revenge both have crossed the limits in the novel. Victim of the destructive influences of the obsession are Isabella, Cathy and Linton. The extremist love of Heathcliff destroyed his own life too.

Fourth chapter has included "The Supernatural Effects" of the story. Wuthering Heights is famous for its gothic elements. The house (Wuthering Heights) itself gives the mysterious, unwelcoming, haunted and old looks. The eighteen century was dominated by supernatural novels. That is why Emily wrote a romantic story along with the gothic effects. Heathcliff has shown as a hero with horror looks.


Adequate adjective: Satisfactory or acceptable in quality or quantity

Brat noun: Derogatory or humorous

Contemplation noun: Deep reflective thought

Creepy adjective: Causing an unpleasant feeling of fear or unease:

Emergent adjective: In the process of coming into being or becoming prominent

Grin noun: A broad smile

Indignantly Adjective: Feeling or showing anger or annoyance at what is perceived as unfair treatment

Infanticide noun: The crime of a mother killing her child within a year of birth

Monomaniac noun: Exaggerated or obsessive enthusiasm for or preoccupation with one thing

Neurotic adjective: Abnormally sensitive, obsessive, or anxious

Outrageous adjective: Shockingly bad or excessive

Pedigree noun: The record of descent of an animal, a genealogical table

Pervade verb: Be present and apparent throughout

Retribution noun: Punishment inflicted on someone as vengeance for a wrong or criminal act

Sadism noun: The tendency to derive pleasure, especially sexual gratification, from inflicting pain, suffering, or humiliation on others

Spit verb: Utter in a hostile or aggressive way

Symbiosis noun: Interaction between two different organisms living in close physical association,

Upbraid verb: Find fault with (someone); scold

Vagabond noun: A person who wanders from place to place without a home or job.

Vindictive adjective: Having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge

Wretch noun: An unfortunate or unhappy person