Welsh language was emphasized and represented in "A Marriage of Convenience," by Ian Rowlands and "The Keep," by Gwyn Thomas. Welsh language has been regarded as the oldest language spoken and used in Britain wherein the history is not broken from the origins of Brythonic and still part of the so-called Celtic family in the languages of Indo-European. Welsh language is considerably a European language that originated from the advances of Germanic and English language. Meanwhile, Welsh appeared as the language that is indeed recognizable even though strong influences of English and French have risen (Davies, 2008).
My essay explores on the representation of the welsh language used in "A Marriage of Convenience," by Ian Rowland and "The Keep," by Gwyn Thomas, putting important emphasis on the influences of welsh language with regards to these two plays.
Ian Rowland's has used words that are considerably penultimate in "A Marriage of Convenience," for the purpose of showing that Welsh language is still alive and greatly influenced in the play. In addition, the set is said to be perfect for "A Marriage of Convenience," and at the same time skeletal, while showing ship that is scaled-down with woods that are not painted that consisted of mast, keel, drooping sail and decks showing more of welsh culture.
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Besides, "A Marriage of Convenience," emphasized the literary culture in Welsh while showing the interest of creativity that pertains to the tradition and history of Welsh including its tradition.
"A Marriage of Convenience," is considered as one of the written plays by Rowlands but brilliantly presented that showed Welsh language as been part of the lives of some people during 1996. It was so amazing with the writings of Rowlands because of the prose poetry which is of double-edged while being provocative with what he has done to "A Marriage of Conveniene," With Rowland's contemporary standing as the Welsh poet, the personal history that he had is heroic, contradicting with his own actions compared to its actual past. During the modern-time poet, Rowlands was able to gratify the character that he wished wherein the playwright has open up with the ridden guilt including the wounds of surgeon described to self divided.
It was depicted in "A Marriage of Convenience," that the revival and appreciation to traditional literature has been stimulated. In line with this the works' creation was also encouraged in regard to the cultural spirit of Britain shown to be distinctive from the culture of English language.
On the other hand, "The Keep," by Gwyn Thomas is considered as another play showing the absent figure that dominates the thoughts of main characters. It can be observed that the use of names in "The Keep," such as Con Morton is described as Welsh language. Moreover, the play has showed the lives of main characters during the time that Welsh language is in current use of Celtic people. This relates to Dinah May's memory which was used by Con Morton his son in order to achieve the self promotion by yearning and became the clerk of the town in the so-called fictional village that happened to be in Belmont. The blackmail has happened to Con's father including the siblings because of the strong belief that their great future depends on the success of Con Morton. This is a life that was encountered by the family when Welsh language has been in used during that period (Fydd, 2011).
Generally, welsh language originated from Celtic languages and majority of its speakers are from Wales in Britain. Its speakers are mostly from the small colony of Patagonia which is a province of Argentina. Thus, there are other speakers of Welsh around England and even in the United States. Welsh came from a Germanic name referring to the lost Celtic community. Basically, a Welsh language is not a dialect of English but considered as a more distinct and from an old pedigree. It is an Indo European language with deep structure of grammar and used so much vocabulary similar to what was used by most English people. Somehow, it is much closer to English language than the other language like German and French.
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In the play "Marriage of Convenience" by Ian Rowlands, they used Welsh language in bringing out further thoughts, feelings, and experiences in the story. They used the language to communicate effectively and manipulate the language (Rowlands, 2008). Through Welsh language, they develop the ability of the play to express real sentiments in terms of oral delivery of the play. They used such particular language in the play to give value on their conviction and clearly demonstrate sensitive part of the play.
In the same manner, the novel "The Keep," by Gwyn Thomas, he has applied Welsh language to enhance the emotion and imaginative aspect of the play leading the viewers to better knowledge. Indeed, through the application of Welsh language, plays and novels were able to develop constructive meaning of those sensitive parts and events in society. Through the language, various political, social, and moral issues were further communicated. This context explains that the creative strength of a language cannot be ignored especially in the plays and the way they promoted broad aspects of literature. For most people, they considered Welsh language as a natural language and their way in keeping their heritage.
In Welsh language, there are an empathic repetitions and excess auxiliaries. There are claims that having the knowledge for welsh language signifies high social standing and good education. Indeed, it is not surprising to see Rowlands' plays using Welsh language since he worked in north Wales for several years (Rowlands, 2011). It was his desire to make the Welsh language legitimate on theatre especially in the international stage. From the start, it was in the interest of Rowland to consider Welsh language internationally which he considered hidden from foreigners and non-welsh language speakers.
It was Rowland's desire to normalize the culture and language by involving its symbolism and placing it in wider context. Overall, Rowlands treated Welsh language as a dialogue for the unknown and invisible. Thus, the language aims to cater the traditional audience bringing out the ability of the theater to steer nation's course. The main purpose of welsh language in the play is to communicate just like how Rowlands used the language in his monologue in "Marriage of Convenience," to further stimulate the live theater. Ian Rowland set his play "Marriage of Convenience" with the couple 'Prince Charles' and 'Lady Diana.' I think he used welsh speaker in order to present the rich idioms and communicate with wider audience.
Indeed, Rowlands is a Welshman especially in terms of his attitude. He was able to present the intensity of the play by creating an epic language based on Welsh experience. Although, he faced various difficulties in welsh theater but still he insisted that people should always stay optimistic about things. In the play, he discussed many things including issues about sexual politics dealing with a family that is controlled mainly by the father and he used to portray welsh language through negative aspects.
For Rowlands, he strongly convinced that Wales represents a patriarchal society where men usually dictate everything in their families and women just have to follow. Meanwhile in the novel, "The Keep," by Gwyn Thomas, he portrayed poetic tradition through Welsh writing and by expressing Wales in short stories. Poetry and short story serves as form of expression which mostly comprised of linguistic concentration with intensity in their lyrics and prose form (Thomas, 1962). Gwyn Thomas is one of the Welsh authors who gave most of their time and energy in writing short stories. Through their novels, they were able to present their imaginative energy.
Although, the real situation of Welsh language is somehow intriguing as the language is almost dying. However, through the effort of Welsh poet and the manipulation of Welsh language in plays many people still would appreciate the language. Through Welsh poet like Gwyn Thomas and author like Ian Rowland, Welsh language has been revived tremendously and
many of their viewers and readers become more aware with the existence of such language. Originally, Welsh is a language commonly used by Celtic families and it is not surprising why such language is hardly been heard nowadays.
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Generally, majority of Welsh speakers are from the region of Wales and in the area of Patagonia. Many of the Welsh speakers lived in England; however it is not closely related with English language. Welsh language has been used in the play to give value on their conviction and clearly demonstrate sensitive part of the play. Just like how they use the language in the novel "The Keep," by Gwyn Thomas where they applied Welsh language to enhance the emotion and imaginative aspect of the play leading the viewers to better knowledge (Thomas, 1962).
For Ian Rowland, his main purpose in using welsh language in the play is to effectively communicate to viewers such as in the monologue presented in "Marriage of Convenience," just to further stimulate the play. In his play "Marriage of Convenience", Rowlands centered it with the couple Prince Charles and Lady Diana. He used welsh speaker in order to present the rich idioms and communicate with wider audience. Thus, in the play Rowlands covered various issues such as sexual politics which deal with a family that is mainly controlled by the father. He represent the welsh language through negative aspects of the play and he was strongly convinced that Wales represents a patriarchal society where men usually dictate everything in their families.
After all, Welsh language has a strong influence in Belmont community because the play is definitely considered as the source of tedium and misery. Besides, all brothers of Con yearn in escaping its narrow confines. In fact, The Keep is a typical definition of witty offering that originated from Gwyn Thomas (Thomas, 2008). Welsh language was related to the principles of skirts that are absolutely up and down in accordance to the atmosphere of moral views including the wants of man at a certain moment.
Further, disillusionment was reflected that involves socialism in Wales after war. In fact, entrapment and escape has been the major themes for the word 'keep' which means 'prison,' running through various plays of the season. Yet, a line should be drawn from the Nation's State relative to most plays during the early period by means of recent works by Welsh writers like Gwyn Thomas who has been part of tradition that was dramatically demonstrated. Thus, the ideas in theatre was examined by the national identity in times of Welsh emphasizing the change in social aspects, the entrapment, madness, despair, escape, politics, idealism and of course religion that all contributes to the significant Welsh theatre (Thomas, 2006).
The season of Nation's State has followed the success in each single reading which has been attended wherein Gwyn Thomas is keen to assist the other series of the same plays while mentioning the other works such as Ian Rowlands' play. Furthermore, Gwyn Thomas would also like to explore the productions of full theatre with regards to some plays in particular the change but of course, it was admitted that the theatre in the field of politics in Wales was disappointed. In addition, the theatre firms are mostly in Wales but are really small while still wanting to do own thing in terms of classics that are considerably known.
In conclusion I think that Welsh language is significant to the two plays "A Marriage of Convenience," by Ian Rowlands and in "The Keep," by Gwyn Thomas. These two plays were the representation of Welsh Language depicting the syntax or usage patterns. Thus, these two plays were able to recognize a distinctive entity during this period with the necessity in terms of separate identity to be written in terms of modern and parallel development in terms of Welsh literature known as the Welsh language. Meanwhile, the numerous disasters among Welsh people were also depicted in the two plays while crediting an account which is definitive as shown in the plays. Moreover these two plays have emphasized the use of Welsh language in line with the setting that is tackled in both plays.