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Compare and contrast the types of love presented in Plena Timoris, For Me From You and Poem at Thirty-Nine. Love is a deep emotion. Love can either flourish one's life with happiness or it can haunt one's life with grief. For Me From You, Plena Timoris and Poem at Thirty Nine all present different kinds of love to the reader. For Me From You expresses St John's contemplation on married life and her suitor's materialistic love for her. In Plena Timoris Hardy reflects that love is not infinite but it is fragile and easy to alter, in general a transience of love. Poem at Thirty Nine expresses a girl's love for her father. Figurative language, diction, structure and poetic devices are used by the poets to demonstrate the type of love shown in the poem and to convey the message of their writing.
In all three poems love is a major theme, but they all represent different types of love with one similarity: no matter what type of love it is, it leads to disappointment. The poem For Me From You conveys a lack of love and confidence. In the beginning of the poem the poet uses repetition, "For days and daysâ€¦poured and poured" to stress upon her frustration regarding the monotonous nature of the man. The recurrence may also suggest that the words lack emotion symbolic of their love. The suitor's love is materialistic, "a trunk box of wrappers for me from you/ a fat allowance for me from you" this tells us that the man desires the poet as he believes that he can make her happy by fulfilling all of her money-oriented needs and it also suggests that the man desperately attempts, in futile, a return of love from her side. But the poet knows that his love for her is money-grasping, not genuine and emotional love. Her thoughts are revealed by, 'how much love/how much care/how much sacrifice/so much how much/how much so much' this clearly shows the annoyance of the poet towards her suitor. The poet illustrates the fact that she is devalued by her suitor through the diction in the line, "a son for you in nine" this tells the reader that she is inferior in her relationship with the man as that's what the man expects from her. What the poet is aggravated by is that he never lives up to her expectations. All the poet wants from her man is pure, genuine love without any money value attached to it. St John consistently hints at the sorrow she will receive if she marries him, "In this dark room" mainly due to the fact that his love for her lacks emotion and the monetary value he places on everything including his love for her. She feels inferior in her relationship with him, which is suggested by the party that leaves her out, "a party for you and your friends" which is symbolic of his emotionless love for her and shows that he has little respect for woman. Her suitor believes that he can keep her happy by satisfying her money needs and he prefers having a good time with his friends rather than her which thus can be interpreted as the poet's isolation in the relationship. The frequent reference to 'market' in the poem is representative of the man's belief that everything can be bought and sold including the love between them. Her relationship with the man is "without the shine of the moon" this suggests that she is not happy with the man and their relationship lacks romance and true love. The self realization of the poet is towards the end when the women refuse to sell, "the Igbo woman said 'MBAA O'" . "I see what I am buying for me from you" The connotation that can be interpreted from the woman's refusal to sell is that Rita refuses to "sell herself" to the man. This can also be supported by, "â€¦buy my place for me from you" Rita uses the word "uncountable" to stress upon her opposition on the monetary value the man puts on everything. "if I buy" portrays the positive end to the unenthusiastic poem by Rita, illustrating the fact that she has a choice and she doesn't have to experience materialistic love. However the poem Plena Timoris has negativity attached to it, this is due to the fact that Hardy was very affected by his wife's death. This explains the gloomy nature of the poem. Plena Timoris portrays unconventional love and diminishing trust in a woman's love for a man. Plena Timoris in Latin means a woman full of dread and fear. This from the start casts a negative atmosphere over the poem gives an illustration of the unconventional love that will be shown in the poem as the poem starts off on an optimistic, romantic note and they look like a perfect couple, "they laughed and leant." and 'her teeth, too, shone' This suggests that the poem starts off positively but as it progresses it becomes more and more negative, "Until he grew tired" This expresses a transience of love and it also conveys what Hardy is trying to put across in the poem, that love is only temporary and that it can lead to great pain, "Drowned herself for the love of a man," Although with the use of effective diction Hardy makes the first stanza seem perfectly romantic with a idealistic atmosphere, "Its silver with their environment." This is used effectively as it portrays the pureness of their love in the start. With the introduction of death in the second stanza panic is created and romance comes to a sudden halt which expresses the change in the romantic mood and atmosphere. The second stanza starts off with a man entering the scene, "A man came up to them;" which gives the reader a feeling of insecurity between the couple. The love mood is disrupted as a romantic setting is meant to be between two people, but with this man entering the scene the romantic setting is shattered as a result defusing the love amongst them. The setting of the poem doesn't seem romantic anymore, but it seems doomed, as though the couple were destined to part ways, "wandered away." because they met there. This demonstrates the change in a loving relationship due to an incident as a consequence highlighting a transience of love. The pace of the poem too increases in the second stanza, "climbed over; slid down; let go" this is used effectively by Hardy as it creates a sense of panic as a result excellently demonstrating unconventional love by contrasting heavily with the smoothness created in the start. A comparison is shown between the dead woman and the girl by relating to the arm motif. The girl's "arm dropts" from the man's shoulder and the dead woman's arm upbore". The connections in gesture illustrate the similarity between the two women and as a result foreshadow the situation in which the girl can be placed at the end of her relationship. This again highlights a transience of love as the woman feels romantically secure in the beginning of the poem but as it develops the arm motif develops, "the girl's heart shuddered" as a sense of insecurity in the girl's mind. In the third stanza the dead woman had "Drowned herself" as her man "â€¦grew tired." This may suggest that the girl fears she may kill herself "â€¦for the love of a man," The author specifically uses words such as "shuddered" and "freeze" in the fourth stanza which signify the girl as being physically affected and traumatized "Another woman's tragedy lay" The poet in the fourth stanza wants the reader to see the young girl in the position of the woman who killed herself. In contrast 'Poem at Thirty-Nine' portrays love that is very different from For Me Form You and Plena Timoris. It portrays daughterly love and on the other hand the other poems focus on romantic love. In Poem at Thirty-Nine Walker brings back memories of her father and her relationship with him. By revealing her age in the title, 'Poem at Thirty-Nine' Walker puts through her maturity to portray a knowledgeable appreciation of her father. The opening of the poem 'How I miss my father.' and the opening of the fourth stanza are identical. This brings to light the sadness deeply felt by Walker at the loss of her father which in turn portrays genuineness for Walker's love for her father. She expresses regret and despair that father had little time for her when he was alive, 'I wish he had not been so tired when I was born.' In the second stanza of the poem Walker appreciates the fact that her father tried to set a good example for her, "and even in high school had a savings account." As her father was a freed slave and he had lived a harsh life he doesn't want his daughter to experience the same. He wants her to learn from an early age the importance of being as financially independent as possible illustrating the fact that her father cares for her and their love was very strong. In the fourth stanza of the poem the mood becomes much happier. Walker feels joy and happiness by describing her father's cooking and comparing it to a dancer. "He cooked like a person dancing" This simile shows that she admired her father and loved him for the man he was. In the fifth stanza Walker expresses delight of her similarities with her father, "Now I look and cook just like him:" This shows that she is happy of her similarities with her dad but she expresses sorrow to the fact that he isn't there to "admire the woman" she has become. This shows that there was a close bond between Walker and her dad and their father-daughter lover for each other was very wholesome.
Poetic devices are used effectively by the poets in all three poems to put across the type of love demonstrated. In For Me From You repetition of "how much" emphasizes unrealistic love, the monotonous nature of her suitor and it gives an insight into the man's nature, in him believing that love can be bought. The use of the word "how much" is usually used in markets and by using this several times in the poem the poet effectively portrays the thought processes of the money oriented man. Similarly repetition is used for effect by Walker in Poem at Thirty-Nine as the phrase, "How I miss my father." is used in the first line of the poem and in the first line of the fourth stanza but with and exclamation mark. The exclamation mark highlights the fact that how much she misses her father and the sadness she had to go through when he died. This repetition highlights Walker's love for her father. Likewise the metaphor in For Me From You , 'in this dark room / without the shine of the moonâ€¦' helps convey the poet's distrust and lack of expectation and hope in her suitor relating to her vision of life without romance after marriage. In addition this shows her needs of pure love are not being satisfied by the man relating to selfish love. Similarly Hardy uses poetic devices to convey unconventional love in Plena Timoris. Alliteration such as "laughed and leant" is used effectively as it sets up a romantic mood in the start and the letter 'l' has a soft sound further adding to the smoothness of their relationship. But in the last stanza alliteration such as, "Dim dreads" creates a depressing atmosphere as the letter'd' has a deep sound to it which adds to the gloominess and the change in the feeling of the girl. The alliteration used here demonstrates a transience of love. Correspondingly in Poem at Thirty-Nine alliteration like, "He taught me that telling the truth did not always mean a beating;" shows the importance of the lessons of life that Walker's father has taught her, showing the close bond between them and the strength of their father-daughter love. The poet here is reviewing nostalgic moments in the company of her dad. Love and gratitude is shown by Walker towards her dad through the assonance, "Now I look and cook just like him;" This has the effect of linking her fathers past actions with her present ones. However in Plena Timoris the moon is used in effect by Hardy as it plays an important role in foreshadowing in the first stanza where it is used to create a romantic and smooth atmosphere. A moon's shape never stays the same which possibly foreshadows that their bond in going to change. This again effectively demonstrates that love is not constant and it doesn't last. Also the calm setting and the smooth flow of words in the first stanza of the poem is countered in the second stanza by the use of short sentences and the increase of pace, "They said; climbed over; slid down; let go" This has the effect of illustrating the sudden change in the romantic atmosphere and it portrays Hardy's message that love isn't constant and it doesn't last. The poet uses punctuation consciously to reflect on her father to show her respect and love for him. In contrast in For Me From You the poet uses capitalization of certain words, "ALL you say, EVERYTHING you say FOR ME FROM YOU" to show her frustration and disrespect towards her suitor. This capitalization provides emphasis on materialistic love. On the other hand the poet uses lower case whenever referring to herself throughout the poem, 'i' this provides evidence for her trivialness in the relationship and how inferior she is when compared to him. This again relates to acquisitive love.
Tone is used to effectively to illustrate the category of love. In For Me From You the tone is somber and frustrating for most of the poem to show the poet's annoyance towards the money-oriented man and to convey the lack of romance and happiness in their relationship. Although there is the tone of hope in the end when she says she doesn't have to marry him. In contrast the tone in Plena Timoris changes as in the start the tone is cheerful and romantic, "laughed and leant" but as the poem progresses the chain of events cause the tome to become cynical towards the end of the third stanza, "So much for love in this mortal sphere!" This shows the writer's message that love is inconstant and it leads to great pain. In dissimilarity the tone of Poem at Thirty-Nine is nostalgic and celebratory throughout as a celebration of her father's life and when she refers to her father's habits, qualities and habits. It is cheerful when she refers to her similarities with her father. Although towards the end in the last stanza the tone becomes melancholic when Walker wishes her father was there to see the ideal daughter she had become. This helps the reader to understand the unbreakable bond of their father-daughter relationship.
The structures of the poems play a key role in exemplifying the types of love and thoughts of the poets. In Plena Timoris the structure has four five-line stanzas with a regular rhyme scheme and rhythm which gives the poem a sense of security. This security of the poem contrasts with the insecurity of the girl as the poem progresses. This leads to her love for the man faltering. On the other hand From Me From You is a free verse poem which shows the outpouring of emotions and frustration by the poet towards her suitor. This is because the poet is frustrated at the money oriented man and she feels his love for her is not genuine. Similarly Poem at Thirty Nine is a free verse poem with no regular rhyme scheme and rhythm. The poet's thoughts flow freely throughout the page as she keeps going to past memories and back. This quick change to the past shows her deep sorrow of losing her father and the fact that she admired his qualities and prized them. This sudden warp to the past shows she enjoys the nostalgic moments spent with him as a result demonstrating their indisputable love for each other.
In my opinion I believe Plena Timoris is the most effective poem in demonstrating love as it shows both aspects of love, the happiness it can add to ones life and the sorrow it can cause. It is an unconventional love poem which illustrates love as being unpredictable and it develops very quickly. The start portrays the happiness love can cause through positive diction; "they laughed and leant". Although due to an unfortunate event the sorrow of love is shown, "Dim dreads". Hardy wants the reader to see that even a relationship that is going smooth can be overcome by the dread caused by an incident. Hardy illustrates this effectively by altering the pace, mood and tone of the poem.
In conclusion love is the emotion that connects the poems For Me From You, Plena Timoris and Poem at Thirty-Nine. But all poems portray diverse forms of love. The poets convey their message and illustrate the type of love shown with the use of poetic devices, language techniques and the structure of the poem. One connection between all the poems is that no matter what from of love is demonstrated it brings sorrow and grief. In Plena Timoris love leads to a couple parting ways, in For Me From You materialistic love brings sadness to the poet and in Poem at Thirty-Nine love leads to the poet expressing grief when remembering old moments spent with her father and wishing he would be there to be with her and see the woman she had become.