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A novel "Ethan Frome" was published in 1911 by Edith Wharton.Â The events take place in New England in nineteenth century in a fictional town called Starkfield, Massachusetts.Â Wharton's success as a writer was unusual to a woman of that time, could possibly be due to the fact that her unhappy marriage forced her to concentrate her energy on writing. She believed that writing was a good therapy to relieve stress andÂ tension.Â Wharton probably based its story on an accident she had witnessed in 1904 in Lenox (Massachusetts). In the real life in the incident five people were involved- four girls and one boy.Â It was a crash into a lamppost while sliding down Courthouse Hill in Lenox, Massachusetts.Â A girl, named Hazel Crosby was killed in the accident.Â Another girl involved in the accident was Kate Spencer, Wharton befriended with her while both worked at the Lenox Library.Â The story of Ethan Frome had initially begun as a French composition Wharton had to write this language while studying in Paris.
It is among the few works of Wharton with an atmosphere rural. Also, another element contributing to the story has to do with the fact that this is a story within the story.Â The narration of the story is told within a story.Â The public knows the story of the narrator first encounter with Ethan Frome, and then tells the story of the accident and follow-up events.
In the first and last chapters, the story is told by an unnamed narrator. This narrator tells the story of his encounter with Ethan Frome, and describes him like a man with dreams and desires that end in an ironic turn of events. The narrator tells the story based on an account of the observations in Ethan Frome's house, when he had to stay there while a violent storm raged outside. However, everyone else uses the style of narration in third person.Â This novel tries to find the contrast between the use of adjectives that enriches and gives color to the story, and the numbing cold and winter scenario represented Massachusetts. The plot centers on a tragic love story of ordinary people.Â In the view of many critics, this book achieves, for its simplicity, a universality that does not have his novels of society.
Starkfield City, where they develop the facts narrated in the novel Ethan Frome, winter is a fictional town in New England, in particular, the author of the novel, Edith Wharton, puts it in the state of Massachusetts.Â The city plays a crucial role in the novel become more than a background to the characters' lives, and helps create that atmosphere of monotony and gray existence that pervades the story.Â Numbing cold and winter of Massachusetts are also important in sense that Ethan's character for the duration of the novel changes, as he becomes more determined, moving from silence to a desire to action to quiet submission, ordered to the circumstances of life.Â The novel is even more prominent for his impressions prohibited rural working class in New England, especially since its author was a woman idle.Â The name of the small town in Massachusetts is an inhospitable environment, cold and gloomy.Â Lenox was also where she had traveled extensively and had come into contact with a victim of the accident.Â Ethan and Mattie cannot escape their dreary life in Starkfield.Â The connection between land and people is a recurring theme in the novel.Â The narrator is shocked by the harshness of the winters of Starkfield and through their experience of winter he begins to understand the nature. In his foreword to the novel, Wharton speaks of "granite outcrops" of New England, the powerfulÂ severity of their land and its people.Â This connection between land and people is very much a part of naturalism, the environment is a powerful molder of human destiny, and the novel represents this relationship by consistently describe the power and cruelty of winter Starkfield.
The novel is framed with the use of a wide flashback; the first chapter opens with an anonymous narrator, spending a winter in New England town called Starkfield, who wants to know the life of a mysterious figure named Ethan Frome, aÂ man who was injured in a horrific "accident" about two decades earlier. The narrator fails to learn many details from the townspeople, but goes on to meet Frome when he was hired as a driver for a week.Â A severe snowstorm forced Frome to lead the narrator to his house one night as a shelter. The role of the narrator was significant and it added the importance and mystery to the play.
The novel attracted negative reviews by some literary critics, about their possible lack of moral significance.Â However, the problems that the characters bear are still basically the same, where the protagonist must decide whether to fulfill their duties or following the dictates of his heart. In my opinion this is autobiographical work in some sense represents an alter ego Ethan Wharton, Zeena of her husband Edward (Teddy) Robbins Wharton, and Mattie the latter's mistress, and probably was not written with the intention ofÂ become a morality play.Â Wharton's doctor had recommended writing it as a way to relieve stress, and "Ethan Frome" is possibly the response to this recommendation.Â Wharton began writing "Ethan Frome" in the early 1900's when she was still married.Â Wharton suffered an accident that had occurred in Lenox, Massachusetts, where she had traveled widely and had contacted one of the victims of the accident. Wharton considered the idea of a tragic sledding accident as irresistible as a metaphor for the misdeeds expanded potential of a secret love.