White majority intends to condition the thinking and behavior of black minority group in order to demonstrate and exercise their power.
Character: what does he learn
Grant's view concerning the prospects of the black community changes and his former resignation turns into hope.
Grant's perspective changes over the course of the novel as a result of his visits to Jefferson and his interactions with Vivian, his aunt Tante Lou, and Reverend Ambrose. He learns to love something other than himself and to strive for change without retreating into his shell of cynicism. Still, Gaines does not suggest that because Grant's attitude improves, he will be able to effect great change; he does not even suggest that Grant's attitude improves entirely. Jefferson dies nobly, but he still dies, murdered by his racist oppressors. Grant ends the novel encouraged by the changes he has seen, but depressed at the barbarity of his society. He is still afraid, he is still withdrawn from some people, and he is still sarcastic and angry. Grant's character development suggests that although great personal and societal improvement is possible, no quick fix will help a racist community, and for that reason Grant is justified in his despair.
Perhaps the stabilizing force that Miss Emma has on him is why she is said to be, at the beginning of the book a "tree stump". This is meant to imply that she is something firmly rooted in the earth and not able to be swayed from her spot. At first Grant seems to resent this, but as he too grows more rooted in the community, he begins to understand his aunt and Miss Emma and relate to them as he should.
the women is Grant's life have made this tolerable by showing him that what he did by helping Jefferson was right. When Grant is finally able to let go of his selfishness and see the whole picture of his experiences with the women in his life and how they connect to Jefferson and his community, he lays his head in Vivian's lap, which is a sign that the teacher has finally learned a lesson.
This responsibility, to somehow educate this man, in the start of the novel, sends Grant into complete indignation. Having to pause his search for hope, he becomes angry with the people who he lives amongst. Being accustom of teaching Jefferson to become a "man," Grant doesn't want to lose his rank within his people, meaning that he does not want to lose his credibility from his aunt and to resist this lost he must go on with this responsibility and attempt to ignore the white society.
(å¥³äººï¼Œé…’æ¥é€ƒé¿é-®é¢˜)This frustrates Grant and causes him to escape his problems by drinking at the bar, drowning his frustrations in alcohol as he plots to up and leave for a better place. Vivian is also a way that Grant escapes from the harsh realities of life, whenever he is down and feels trapped by life he goes to Vivian, she could tell I had just been to the jail, obviously by that statement Grant visits Vivian a lot after his visits to the jail to escape his problems. All of these lead to Grants frustration due to a lack of power, and lead to a dependency on alcohol and the woman he loves. A Lesson Before Dying is a novel about respect, ignorance and power. The ways in which various black characters interacted with the white men of that time shaped and changed their lives.
ALBD: From the beginning of the story until its very end, the struggle to achieve manhood is a central issue for the two main characters, Grant and Jefferson. This is shown in the book when Grant expresses his concerns to his girlfriend Vivian by saying, "I'm still trying to figure out how a man should live. Am I supposed to tell someone how to die who has never lived?" (Gaines 31). But the quest to achieve the so longed for attribute of being a real man may be obstructed by a thick layer of suppression built upon years of slavery, oppression, and diminished self-esteem.
"in order to reach their manhood, they must learn from the other's experience and connect it to their lives."
The word manhood is also discussed and analyzed by linking the word to human values and morals. ALBD offers moral definitions of manhood and humanity and uses them as an act of subversion to white people's power.
From the time Jefferson is sentenced to death, He suppresses his own identity as a man and doubts Grant when he is trying to reaffirm it to him. (you are not a hogâ€¦â€¦). During Jefferson's suppression of identity, Grant reluctantly faces him and realizes his own lack of values, perseveranceè€æ€§ï¼Œæ¯…åŠ›, and courage, all key elements related to manhood.
"[w]hen this connection is made, and a cycle of suppressed manhood breaks, Grant is able to return to his plantation life with higher expectations of discovering not only his manhood but also teaching his male students that they too can become men"
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Problem they facing: redefining Jefferson, from identity geven to him by the white , hog, to a new identity, man.
Making Jefferson realize that he is indeed a man challenges the white people's authority in a pacifistic manner.
Diaryï¼š Jefferson is barely literate. He has never written a letter, or wrote his elementary school assignment. But now, with his pencil and notebook, he tries to define his humanity. Jefferson's ability to describe emotions and express concerns in writing perpetuates his human identity since these are actions that a hog is unable to perform. Also, by writing, Jefferson proves that just like a white man, a black man can produce thoughts and have the enough intelligence to communicate them coherently.
God:humans beings often commit atrocities in God's name in order to impose their own views on religion and maintain power and control.
the book offers multiple lessons, especially about morality and humanity, to define manhood and to attack racist stereotypes against black people at the time.
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