Society Civilized When Members Are Polite English Literature Essay

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In both works, it is seen that society vindicates even murder when the exalted notion of honour that it thrives on is betrayed. When tidings of the Bride's elopement reach the wedding, Mother's immediate reaction is 'A horse! Quick! Who's got a horse, I'll give him everything I have, my eyes, my tongue' Lorca has clearly depicted the sense of urgency in the Mother's voice. The use of exclamation marks lucidly convey the high pace and intensity of the dialogue. Further, her readiness to sacrifice speech and sight is a hyperbole that leaves no doubt in the reader's mind that Mother would go to any extent to restore the Bride, and save the family's honour. Lorca portrays the Mother's character as nothing more than a social role, by not assigning her a real name. Lorca has thus stereotyped mothers in the society, and attempted to convey the extent to which a family member goes to uphold honour. Mother goes on to say 'Get moving, get out on the roads, every direction, search everywhere.' The multiple uses of commas in the same sentence express the authoritative voice of the dialogue. The receivers of Mother's command on stage are the wedding guests, thus proving that the society is indeed aiding the heinous cause. In Chronicle of a death foretold, when the twins are confessing their crime to the priest, they say 'We're innocent'before God and before men. It was a matter of honour.' Marquez is providing the reader with ample evidence through these lines, that despite being aware of the barbarity of the crime the twins committed, society's notion of keeping up one's family name is so deeply instilled that they are prepared to accept severe punishment. Marquez also states through the voice of the writer 'Vicario brothers had done much more than could be imagined to have someone to stop them from killing him (Santiago)' Yet, hardly anyone from society makes an attempt to dissuade the twins or alert Santiago, due to the fact that society doesn't interfere in matters of family honour. Honour is a part of society's structure, and both authors prove that this notion of honour played a major role in leading to the murders.

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The association of marriage may only take place under a few rigidly predisposed social conditions. When these social norms are not respected, society turns a blind eye towards the murder of the rebels. Both works mentioned consist of a marriage of convenience that directly or indirectly sparks the fire of murder. When Mother in Law hears about the wedding, she says 'It's a marriage of two fortunes' . This dialogue clearly depicts the perception of marriage from the point of view of the elderly in the society, the creators and enforcers of society's norms.. An economic stand-point is taken rather than one of love and familial ties that would be expected. When Leonardo is conversing with the Bride just before the marriage, he says 'They can kill me, but they can't spit on me with all their silver' . Through this dialogue, Leonardo is expressing his fury over the Groom's economic superiority. The 'silver' is connotative and symbolic of money. Thus Lorca is indirectly trying to tell the reader, that this was the cause that Leonardo couldn't be accepted as the appropriate groom. It was this rage in Leonardo that eventually leads him to elope with the Bride, and then reach his brutal end. In Chronicle of a death foretold, most of Angela's family 'imposed on her the obligation' to marry Bayardo, and their justification is 'that a family dignified by modest means has no right to disdain that prize of destiny' . Even though Angela confesses her lack of love, her mother replies 'Even love can be learned' . This entire conversation leaves no doubt in the reader's mind that this marriage of convenience was for a purely economic purpose. The family calls themselves of 'modest means', while Bayardo's family is regarded as 'prize of destiny'. Marquez has allotted monetary descriptions to both parties, and thus makes it seem almost as if the Vicario's are selling their daughter. It is this forced marriage that concludes in mayhem and death. In this manner, the authors establish that the event of marriage, and the society's rigid requirements for its completion were one of the root causes of the tragic murders.

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Biased societies seem to be indifferent towards their marginalized members and conspire with the more powerful for their complete annihilation. The authors of both works depict the victims of the crime as pariahs. Lorca sets Leonardo apart by making him the only character with a proper name, while all other characters are generically named for example Father or Groom. When Leonardo is eloping with the Bride, he says 'People don't matter, the poisons they can pour over us don't' matter' It is imperative for society to outcast such a rebel, to maintain its proper functioning, and thus society helps to eliminate him. Likewise, Marquez makes the reader perceive Santiago as a social outcast. Victoria Guzman addresses him as 'White man' which conveys to the reader that the locals don't consider Santiago as one of their own. On another instance, Faustino Santos asks the twins jokingly 'why they had to kill Santiago Nasar since there were so many other rich people who deserved to die.' This dialogue may have been spoken in a light mood, however it shows that Santiago is economically superior, and like other rich people, they did dislike him. Despite the twins having openly announced their savage notions, the society remains indifferent; some out of disbelief that anyone would hurt Santiago, considering his economic strength, and others like Victoria Guzman, out of hatred. Therefore, Lorca and Marquez have both substantiated that the victims of both murders were perceived by society with a negative bias, and this fact eventually transpired in the deaths.

Society's fanatic adherence to the patriarchal norms that seek to control and confine women lead them to sanction and even encourage the gruesome murders. The society illustrated in Lorca's play gives almost no authority to the women. On one occasion, the Bride herself confesses 'I wish I were a man' , because then she would at least have a say in choosing her companion. Since the Bride made the audacious move of leaving a marriage to run off with another man, she is left to live a miserable life as a widow at the end of the play, a punishment even worse than death. Much the same as Lorca, Marquez too creates a society that treated women unjustly. The justification of Santiago's murder was Angela's return due to her lost virginity. Marquez however mentions often in the novel that male characters such as Santiago, his friends, his father, had all maintained promiscuous relations. Santiago openly taunted Divina Flor by saying 'The time has come for you to be tamed.' Marquez also mentions that Victoria Guzman had 'been seduced by Ibrahim Nasar in the fullness of her adolescence' The society is very much aware of this, and many other sexually indiscriminate relations, yet these men are not condemned. Had society treated women equally , Angela's lost virginity could have been accepted as a teenage accident, not uncommon in society, and a life could have been saved.

Hence, the rules and norms driving the 'civilised' society's towards attaining peace and harmony, end up causing friction. The works Blood Wedding and Chronicle of a death foretold are a proof of this. The creators of both works have depicted the society itself as being the most significant perpetrator of its own laws. As a result, the system becomes more important than the individual so much that the beliefs and ideologies are upheld at the cost of individual lives