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In the long history, Satan has been saddled with the name of evil. However, in the poem of Paradise Lost, Satan is undoubtedly the most compelling role, in which Satan is considered as the confrontation of God. He is jealous of the status of the Son of God in heaven, who requires precedence over all legal rights and enjoying absolute freedom. So he rates with rebellious angels against God. He is not only courageous and wisdom, but also prudent, and unruly. After the defeat of being in the hell, he is still able to have indomitable courage, cleans up the remnants and bent on vengeance. In the poem, Satan said, "We have lost what? Not everything is lost: unswerving will of the fervent heart of revenge, hatred is immortal, and never yielding, never give courage, but also more difficult to overcome than these?" The great poem gives the devil Satan the most noble and glorious position in the hasty, which makes Satan in the epic changed the previous description of the kind of the devil incarnate but has a positive meaning. The poet placed great enthusiasm on Satan, the devil. He repeatedly praises the courage and strength of Satan that he dares to resist the tyrant. In the eyes of the poet, Satan is not the ugly evil but a shiny figure. Romantic poets, such as Blake, Byron, Shelley, etc. admire the heroism and noble embodied by the image. They believe Satan is shaped into a real hero in the epic. Blake believes that Milton was a true poet, who himself standing on the demon side but he does not know it. Milton once stated, "I want to be singing more with solid human voice. Although in trouble, I will never becomes mute or silence." The reason Satan can get the praise of many romantic poets largely depending on that the figure of Satan is embodied with free will. Therefore, no matter how much small and detestable Satan become in the later of the poem, and regardless of how much pain and remorse of his innermost, the never yield free will reflected in him has not been changed. In a way, it is just the indomitable free will caused the echo and resonance in the minds of the romantic poet and John Milton. As a devout Puritan, Milton is also a revolutionary. Due to his complex religious theological ideas and revolutionary ideas, God he described in his poem is a contradiction figure. Milton claimed that the purpose to create the poem of Paradise Lost is to affirm the eternal justice and prove the justice of God to human. But the figure of God in his poem is depicted as a feudal ruler who suppresses the revolution sometimes and as the statue of all the spirits sometimes. It just reflected his mood of contradiction to God, which is awe, love, indignation and dependence. It would appear that Milton is both the true believe of God and the traitor of God.
The second half of the 16th century, the British bourgeoisie thought religious reform was not complete because there were many Catholic factors retaining in the state religion. Thus they claimed for the creation of Puritanism, which opposed to the extravagance and waste of the state religion religious rituals and the extravagance erosion life of the aristocratic. The Puritan movement nominally oppose to the divine right theory of the authoritarian country church. In fact, they were against the feudal autocratic monarchy. The poem of Paradise Lost is based on the fallen of human ancestor in the Bible as a source of creativity, at the same time it takes the history of the English bourgeois revolution as the background. It is a product of the bourgeois revolution in Britain. Through the applicant of religious themes, the poet expresses the spirit of the times of the English bourgeois revolution with twists and turns. Satan This image is the best embodiment of this spirit. The poet reflects its inner pain after the Restoration and the always loyal attitude to the bourgeoisie by the adaptation of the biblical story. In the long poem, the poet has shaped a revolutionaries image which was strong and carrying on unyielding resistance to the authority of the bourgeois. The high revolutionary passion and the reflection of the bourgeois revolution in Britain are permeated the long poem the poet. As one of the greatest writers in the 17th-century British, the strong political views of Milton achieved such a political religious epic. The revolutionary spirit and Human Nature reflected in the work have a far influence on the British society. The bourgeois revolution in Britain of the 17th century can also be called the Puritan Revolution. As a bourgeois revolutionary, Milton is also a Puritan, who is familiar with the theology. He was against the British religious reform, considering the reform was not complete, in which bishops in power was mainly where the danger lies. Therefore, in the theological, God that is original justice virtually became a bishop of the incarnation of a full-fledged dictator in the poem of Milton. So it has already self-evident to the reasons why Satan objected to the God. The God itself is a real dictator. Milton took full overflow stream filled with revolutionary zeal in his writings and described a resounding success, shaping Satan as one democracy campaigner who are against tyranny, the autocratic and despotic. The political philosophy of Satan is that he dose not subordinate to whom, even if not completely free, but there is freedom, equal freedom. The connotation of this phrase is precisely the essence of democracy. Satan claimed further that free elections in should be in the kingdom of heaven and the fact that God arbitrarily specify the law to become the ruler without the election that is freak emperor. Obviously, it is not the evil Satan. Instead, he is a European revolution when active democratic political activists.
The Frankenstein is not only one of the representative works of the Gothic novel of the British alternative edge literature in the Romantic period, but also considered to be the first real science fiction. In this Gothic science fiction, Mary Shelley created the image of a lovely and brave female with the name of Sophie. By the figure of Sophie who transcended across linguistic, geographical, ethnic and gender boundaries to with a bold and courage to fight against fortune, she formed stark contrast with those trapped in the spirit of the inner chamber of the submissive females in this work. The science fiction rewrite the story of Paradise Lost, which expose the nature of that the paradise in fact is a illusion of people. It does not only deny the mutilated park, but also crippled the rebels Satan. It echoes the epic poem "Paradise Lost" written by John Milton, which can be understood as a restatement of the "Paradise Lost" story. Mary Shelley borrowed the structure of the myth of the "fallen" to express her view of man and nature and the relations between man and society. To some extent, it is beyond her era. The fallen myths of the two protagonists Frankenstein and Frankenstein monster also referred to the "fallen" story of Adam and Satan in "Paradise Lost" story. At the same time, the author borrowed the story of "Paradise Lost" to expression describes her own view of human society. The era of Mary Shelley lives was on the first half of the nineteenth century, a time when the shock of radical thought and traditional culture was more intense. The rise of Enlightenment in the eighteenth century formally established the core position of rational. The campaign's goal is to break the superstition and traditional prejudices to re-examine everything with rational vision. It calls on people to the pursuit of truth, the development of science, development of technology for the benefit of mankind, and to break the traditional idea of pursuing of God, believing in the ancients and predecessors. It calls for disobedience in science and ethics, human alienation of industrial society, rational pursuit of the destruction of the social order and traditional values â€‹â€‹have referential. The science fiction also reflects the awakening of female consciousness and questioning the ultimate question of life. In the rapidly transformation process of the European society to the modern society, the novel implicitly remind people to protect everything gifted by the nature, by rationally restraining desires and dark in the heart, building a harmonious and peaceful relationships with the mood of love, respect and thanks. Only in this way can the human beings can have real hope of living in paradise being.