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Egypt and Sudan, as colonial history country, are clearly received the domination and guidance of Western culture in cultural and artistic creation. Postcolonial theory in this process is undoubtedly a very important role to play, just like it in other areas.It challenges the traditional Western "modern" concept of dominance.To deal with the direct effects and after effects of British imperialism, the characters of both the novels struggle to find themselves in a society that finds itself dominated by foreign occupiers. From a historical point of view, the Europe-centered academic definition, post-colonialism in terms of allowing diversity in the face of modern, Postcolonial theory does not require to dissever past history. However people in England are starved of opportunity to be kind, to be useful. As can be seen from that it is very difficult to achieve to seek the help of others in the UK. This also explains the phenomenon of British xenophobia. However, still are many people try to change themselves to adapt to the cruel society in British, to experience that paradise which they have fantasied for a long time .Both Season of Migration to the North and Beer in the Snooker Club reflect this phenomenon completely. There is a comparison of the eastern culture and the western culture that made the two novels interesting to view from one point. It can be seen that the two protagonists of the novel, as foreigners, endure loneliness and painfulness of migration experience. In terms of both statues as outcasts, this essay will focus on how the British/European experience for both Mustafa Sa'eed and Ram effect on their respective post-colonial cultures of Sudan and Egypt by comparing both characters.
When a British colonial official make the acts of aggression defence for the British occupation of Egypt, he first of all not stressed that the United Kingdom have the economic and military power, but Britain has the knowledge of Egypt, "we understand the culture of Egypt, more than any other country." For the colonialists, have the knowledge of Egypt means to control and dominate Egypt. Knowledge is power, and can be more effective and more lasting power than violent means of armed occupation.
Mustafa Sa'eed, the main character in Season of Migration to the North, is a talent from Sudan who goes to study first in Cairo then in London.He is so bright that from Khartoum he is sent to London for advanced study - here his nickname "the black Englishman" (54). During the days in London, He has been thinking about how to achieve victory from liberation or colonialism.He keeps hunting women, however, falls in love with one himself eventually. That marriage is full of violence and prison sentence, after that he returns to Sudan and moves in a village on the Nile, where he has his second marriage and his children.Later, after his return home from school, try to repay everything he has learnt to the motherland.His story begins with a colonial school life when he was young which gave a clear knowledge of himself, "like a sharp knife, cutting with cold effectiveness" (22).He basically learns how to turn British prejudices about the 'exotic' to his advantage, and he talks about seducing girls with stories of imaginary animals running across the harsh, evocative landscape of his childhood. Shaun RandolÂ§ explains that Season of migration to the north is a Sudanese post-colonial novel that examines the influence of the Outsider on a culture.Emotions are hardly straightforward. Ruled by outsiders for so long and then left to define its place in the modern world and to re-discover a sense of self-identity, Sudan and its population (in the immediate post-colonial era) faced existential and identity crises, to say the least.
Ram, the whole show in Beer in the Snooker Club, is an educated, well connected Copt from Egypt who spends four years in England and is fascinated by English civilization and culture. However, he looks down on the colonialism of British which cause he takes part in guerilla fighting against the British during the Suez War. Ram ,the narrator ,is being confused by the two worlds that he has lived with, although he finds himself more with the western culture rather the eastern. Ram and Font must choose between dangerous political opposition and reluctant acquiescence. In the protagonist, Ram, a passionate nationalist who is nonetheless an anglophile, Waguih Ghali creates a hero who is tragic, funny and sympathetic. Through him we are presented with an authentic and acutely observed account of Egyptian society at a time of great upheaval. In the end,he realized that to be an Egyptian is not only a kind of social statue,it is a attitude that whom act himself of talking,laughing,and arguing.DIANA ATHILL illustrates that Stranded between two cultures, Ram and Font must choose between dangerous political opposition and reluctant acquiescence. Through him we are presented with an authentic and acutely observed account of Egyptian society at a time of great upheaval.
These two books are about the influence of colonialism which has an influence on Arab culture identity.moreover,both of them experience inter-culture and internal conflicts that lead to self-hated,physical and identity displacement,and also political conflicts,moral problems.as they are trying to find the so-called, satisfied freedom with an occupied culture of the west,and in their native customs.they are all prime examples of this quest for an identity and how to express that identity of who i am. Both the two characters are educated in London,as a colonial country ,trying to find themselves in the society that itself has been occupied by the UK.the two books provide insight to a society,they're not an "Alexandria Quartet" sort of thing.the same experience make the points of views in one direction,and the other obvious sense is that they are both involved in women crisis .Mustafa struggle to hide the past and horrible identity which destroys his soul because his own ethnic identity was in question.Ram enter an appearance with contempt for his family of British educated elitists,however he goes to learn in Britain as well.he is not a real egyptain no matter how much he wants to avoid his relationship with his family especially his aunt,he is one of them.John J. McDonald shows that how two Arab Novels, Waguih Ghali's Beer in the Snooker Club (1964) written in English, and Tayeb Salih's season of Migration to the North (1969) written in Arabic (trans. by Denys Johnson-Davies), depict Colonialism's influence on Arab cultural identity through narrators who are Anglophiles.
In brief,both the two main characters face a change of declaration of who they are,that choices they make also represent their respective society as well.It is clearly that British/European experience have large implications of these choice of their fates and social attitudes.