â€ž Nineteen Eighty Four" was written by George Orwell, who was the political author,novelist,essayist,critic and journalist. He wrote fiction,polemical journalism,literary criticism and poetry. Most of his novels and essays had a political content and expressed by against imperialism,capitalism,middle class,narrow mindedness,euphemistic and inelegant English. His works are concerned with the sociopolitical conditions of his time, notably with the problem of human freedom. His novels portray a sensitive, emotionally isolated individual with an oppressive or dishonest social environment.
His most famous works are â€ž Animal Farm" and â€ž Nineteen Eighty Four". These works are considered on intelligence, wit, social injustice , opposition to totalitarianism, passion for clarity in language and a belief in democratic socialism.
â€ž Nineteen Eighty Four" is a dystopian novel by the English writer George Orwell and has published in 1949. The book tells the story of Winston Smith and his activities against the totalitarian state in which he lives.
â€ž The individual has lost all his rights of moral choice."
The writer wanted to describe that the people had freedom with difficulties. His vision was as a symbol of humanity's worse fears. The government was controlled over the population such as their movements, thoughts, communications and feelings, which they could not have personal freedom. He considered it through socialism, and connected with liberty , equality, where the people are free and happy. The people have no right to a personal life or personal thought. Their pleasure time and activities are controlled through the system. The novel focused on the individual freedom that is lost in â€žNineteen Eighty Four." For example: the hero, Winston Smith was being watched at any given time, every sound he made was overheard, every movement is controlled.
â€ž Orwell was projecting into a future".
He described about that the world is controlled by totalitarian state. We are under the ideologies of state, where the state control over social life. He wanted to warn of our future to be not under the control of government. The book described what he viewed as the situation in United Kingdom in 1948,when the British economy was poor. He portrayed about the future of England. The future world is dominated by the states. The Party controls our present and will control the future too. It was his bad dream in himself and the history helped to make him.
â€ž Change for the worse, as well as the better"
George Orwell noted that Britain has absent mindedness, because they are afraid of the socail change. They are not not brave and not cleverer than French. Because the British do not understand their political systems and they lack of the collective intelligence, they are not skillful at the intellectual work .
4. â€žBig Brother"
The novel focuses on Winston Smith, who stands alone against the totalitarian state. The hero of the book , Winston Smith, he can not take lift to his flat because the electricity is been cut off, but the telescreen is working everywhere. Winston lived in the restricted life.
The writer tried to portray that â€žBig Brother" is can be compared to dictators like Stalin and Hitler. The freedom is not existed under the control of dictator.
The whole population lived in fear, which in control by government. The only purpose of the government was that our emotions were allowed to show the love for the Party, the love is not permitted between husband and wife even between parents and children, like traditional. He wanted to achieve freedom and independence through the hero of the novel, who is Winston Smith.
5. The death of Love
Loves comes into Nineteen Eighty Four , but this is not interested, generalized love, not romantic love. For example: Winston receives notes from a girl , whose name , he does not know. It says simply â€ž I love you". Winston and Julia even can not have the relationship of sex if it is a fornication.
George Orwell described that the love destroyed by power. The fornification is forbidden by the state.There is the conflict between the individual's view of love and state's. The traditional view of love is disappeared. In the novel the love is defined like as a discipline. Love is not valued. They lost belief between them, in all women and men. The relationship is death in it from the start. Separated the sexual act from love and the language of the love is not valued. The death of love is self induced. It meant all human being as objects, an object has not individual essence, just it is a common. They have not individual souls.In Nineteen Eighty Four it is called â€ž devaluation of love". For example: â€ž Love is a sort of car that has to be replaced by a newer model. Sexual desire does not die, but it requires a change of object. Like hatred".
6. The English Socialism
The English Socialism is with a single word â€žINGSOC". The English Socialism came to power in 1945. The writer wanted to depict that the Britain was controlling by the Conservative Party and it had been brought up in a Conservative tradition. He described in the novel his own vision and his hope of
Socialism such as he had hopes in the possiblities of socialist revolution. He was seeking Democratic Socialism and considered through it.
7. â€žOrwell"s book is essentially a comic book"
I don't think so this is a comic book, it could be a comic in a metaphorical way.
1. Comic in the way of the old music halls. For example: cold wheather,privation, bad feeding. â€ž It was a bright cold day in April and clocks were striking thirteen."
2. Comic, our troubles were comic. He was more convincing with his boiled cabbage and rag mats. â€ž Apartment blocks collapsing, a smell of boiled cabbage and old rag mats int he hallway. It was fifty fourth day the new razor blade."
The novel tells about in imagery future world that is dominated by the government. The story represented the near future, could become in the reality.
Orwell tried to portray that the totalitarian state controll over the people such as their minds, thoughts and every movements. They are under the control of the government. They have not personal freedom, have no personal rights and personal thoughts. We are under the control by government.
His dream was democratic socialism, where the population have equality, individual freedom. That means the human freedom has lost in it.
He described about the conflicts between the people and state which is the their view of the love and state's love.
â€ž Orwell wasn't forecasting the future. Novels are made out of sense data, not ideas and it's the sensuous impact of this novel that counts to me"
Anthony Burgess's excerpt