Life And Works Of Arthur Miller English Literature Essay

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"A lot of my work goes to the center of where we belong."- Arthur Miller. His works put are a predominant reflection on the things people struggle with in everyday life such as, family and decency (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 3). Arthur Miller's works are also a comparison to his true existence. From his childhood, to his later life, the stage resembles the man in the mirror (The Crucible par.3). Arthur Miller is a man molded by his struggles and his triumphs (Arthur Miller par. 1). Miller said he once thought that theater could "change the world" (Biography par 2). Arthur Miller found success as a writer early in his life and is widely regarded as the most significant American writer of the 20th century, but what really catapulted this writer to fame?(BBC News par. 1). Arthur Miller's life, plays, and struggles make him one of the greatest playwrights in American history.

In Arthur Miller's early life he and his family had struggles (Miller 1915-2005 par. 6). He was born October 17, 1915 in New York City (Arthur Miller par. 2). His father, Isidore Miller, operated a clothing store. However, the business was overcome with disaster during an economic depression and everything financially was lost. The family relocated to a smaller house in Brooklyn (Biography par. 4).

After Arthur finished high school, he worked many jobs to earn money to pay for his college tuition. In 1934, he studied English at the University of Michigan Ann Arbor. He began to publish his first works while attending college (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 9). He received many awards in college (Arthur Miller par. 2). Upon graduation in 1938 he returned to his hometown to join the Federal Theatre Project (Biography par. 4). In 1940, he married his first wife, Mary Slattery (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 10).

Miller's first experiences with Broadway would not turn out to his advantage (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 11). His first play on Broadway was "The Man Who Had All the Luck" in 1944 (Biography par. 4). This play didn't bring him any luck as it only had four performances (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 11). His first major success was his second play with, "All My Sons" in 1947 (Arthur Miller par. 2). It is about a airplane manufacture that produces parts for airplanes in World War Two. One of the man's sons in the play dies as a result of his crime. "All My Sons" won numerous awards in 1947 (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 12). In 1949, "Death of a Salesman" would be Miller's greatest play (Arthur Miller par. 1). This play shows the relationship of fathers and sons (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 14). This play won him a Pulitzer Prize for Drama validating his writing success when he was just thirty-three years old (Mondello par. 6; BBC News par. 7). "Death of a Salesman" would later become a movie in 1951(Arthur Miller par. 2). Miller other well-known plays include "A View from the Bridge" and "After the Fall" (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 5). In 1984, the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing arts honored Miller for all the work he accomplished in drama throughout his years as a playwright (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par.6).

Already having both a Tony Award and a Pulitzer Prize under his belt Miller would still show his constant ability to produce award winning plays with yet another Broadway play, "The Crucible." This play is considered second best prior to his "Death of a Salesman" (The Crucible par. 1) "The Crucible" was based on actual trials in America's past (Biography par. 2). In the 1600's Salem, Massachusetts actually held trials for people accused of witchcraft. This mark in history has been hailed as the Salem Witch Trials of 1692(The Crucible par. 2). The events are real, but the play is not entirely true. The characters in the play actually existed, but the conflicts between them are false (The Crucible par. 4-5). With a little help from Hollywood, Miller captured the tension, fear and the betrayal and made it one of his greatest plays ever written (The Crucible par. 1). "The Crucible" has been produced more than any of Miller's plays (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 17). He also wrote the movie script for "The Crucible" when he was eighty-one years old (The Crucible par.4). The movie version and the play have minor differences. Such as various scenes and the way the characters are depicted. In the play Tituba is an Indian woman, but in the movie she is portrayed as African American instead (The Crucible par.4-5).

Miller's life and experiences can be compared to his plays. "Death of a Salesman" could be compared to the loss of his father's clothing business (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 9). His other works like "The Crucible" can also be compared to his life. He wasn't accused of being a witch, but he was accused of being a communist (bbc news par.11). In 1940's he had attended meetings for writers organized by the Communist Party (Arthur Miller par. 3). He was called before the House of Un-American Activities and was ordered to give the names of the other writers attending these meetings ten years prior to this event (Arthur Miller par. 3). He said he wasn't a communist and he would not give the committee any names. He was found guilty, but he appealed and two years later the court dropped the charges and he won (The Crucible par. 4). Some of the people involved in the communist that did not answer questions before Congress served time in prison (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 21).

Miller also wrote plays for people in his life. In 1956, after his marriage ended he married the Hollywood actress Marilyn Monroe (Mondello par.7). The 1961 movie "The Misfits" was written for her. Arthur and Marilyn ended their marriage soon after the movie (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 24). They had little privacy because the media constantly followed the couple around (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 23). A year after the couple ended their marriage, Monroe died of a drug overdose (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 23). Three years later Miller wrote another play, "After the Fall." The main character is depicted as a woman who is dependent on drug and kills herself. He was criticized as some thought he was trying to portray his ex-wife. Miller denied that this was true (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par.24). In 1962, he married for a third time to a well-known photographer, Inge Morath. She died in 2002 (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par. 25).

Miller's ability to create award winning plays one after the other gave him the name: The Best American playwright of the 20th century (Mondello par. 2). He wrote over thirty plays and has won countless awards including a Pulitzer Prize and multiple Tony awards (Biography par. 1). His early life was a struggle, but he made the best of it by using his adversity to his advantage to write plays that symbolized his life and the American dream gone wrong (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 pars. 8-10). Arthur Miller died on February 10, 2005 at his house in Roxbury, Connecticut due to cancer, pneumonia and a heart condition (bbc news par. 1-4). His plays are still preformed today and will continue to be preformed and remembered for many years to come (Arthur Miller 1915-2005 par 2). He was a great author with a career of nearly six decades (Biography par. 2).