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Gustave Flaubert was one of the greatest writers that lived in the golden age of the French literal movements. During his lifetime, the two greatest movements were romanticism represented by Victor Hugo and realism led by Flaubert. His life was constantly changing, and he never stays in a single place for a long period time foreshadowing novels that follow his life style. He resembles many features from all characters of Madame Bovary, and he gave names, personalities, and attitudes of some characters based on his own experiences. Although giving personal perspicacity is not a peculiar characteristic from Flaubert, he maximized this characteristic to the point that all characters are related to him. Madame Bovary is one of the greatest novels of the XVIII, and it clearly represents many aspect of the unstable and promiscuous life of Gustave Flaubert.
The greatest peculiarity of Madame Bovary is the strange and obsessive desire of Emma of constant changing in life. She is an unpredictable woman that never was completely satisfy in the novel even though she always thought she has found the "love of her life" that would once for all changes her monotonous lifestyle. Throughout the play, she was married with Charles, but also had two extramarital relationships with Leon Dupuis, and Rodolphe Boulanger that gave her a sense of "change" in her life. This highly peculiar characteristic of Emma Bovary comes from the promiscuous life of Flaubert. Although he was studying law in Paris, he decided abandon his studies, and lived a bohemian life with his friend and colleague Maxime du Camp. From that point onward, he became extremely licentious having sex with prostitutes of both sexes including a 14 years old kid. The book was written during the years in which he was travelling influencing directly in the way of thinking, and personalities of Madame Bovary, and her unique and inconsistent lifestyle.
Despite of Flaubert's lustful life, he also had a sort of stable but complicated relationship with a woman named Louise Colet. This relationship can be compared with the one Charles and Emma had throughout novel. Gustave represented by Emma lived a short joyful relationship with Colet personify by Charles, but Emma's desire of a different and twisted life made her become a prostitutes. Flaubert himself lived some struggles that Emma and Charles faced such as their financial crisis made by Emma because of her constant unnecessary expenses. Charles represented the person that Gustave would never want to meet portraying him as a bored, stupid, and blind man that would never open his eyes to her unfaithful wife even though he acknowledged some irregularities in her marriage. It was until the end of the novel that he finally recognizes after much evidence the true feelings of her wife, and he died the next day showing his lack of independence and weakness in her own personality.
The time and place of Madame Bovary affected how people regarded their traditions and customs such as marriage, parenthood, etc. The author chose eighteen hundreds because he was conscious about how people saw those attitudes that opposed to the "normal" tradition of the time. Flaubert chose a town where he had lived, Rouen, to be the opening setting of the novel resembling once more to his life. The experiences that Gustave got from living in small, rural areas helped him to described how stressful and tiresome felt Emma while living in that boring, and unchangeable village. The author was conscious that during his lifetime everything was around marriage, and the "happiness" that brought to all the couples. He wanted to show the world that throughout marriage you will not always achieve a truthful happiness, and he sustained that opinion based on his promiscuous life that evidently was lacking any serious and durable relationship. In the novel, Flaubert show how weak was the relationship between Emma and her daughter that were supposed to be a close, but in reality only show the serious problem Emma had to have a significant and lovely relationship with everyone around her.
When any person decided to write a book or novel, it's impossible for him/her to avoid giving personal beliefs, customs, and point of views. Madame Bovary shows many Flaubert's beliefs such as his own concept of marriage, happiness, parenthood, etc. His strange and promiscuous life directly influences the main character of the novel, Emma, referred most of the time in the book as Madame Bovary. The setting of the novel was an adaptation of Flaubert's personal experiences and the description of Rouen where so precise and perfect because he lived in that village for so many years. Madame Bovary is now known as one of the greatest novel of all the time because it represented the realistic movement headed by Gustave Flaubert. Although the author intentions were only to show his ideas and definitions of basic concepts such as love, he ended representing the eighteen century literal movement.
Flaubert, Gustave. "Madame Bovary" .Michel Lévy Frères. Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3. (1857). Print.
Biography. Gustave Flaubert. Jalic Inc. 2000 - 2010. December 9th, 2010. http://www.online-literature.com/gustave-flaubert/.