Identifying Murderers Through Profiling English Literature Essay

Published:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The study of serial killers and mass murderers has been going on for centuries. It is a method that has been termed as criminal profiling. Criminal profilers spend countless amounts of hours trying to narrow down who could be the person committing the crimes. Throughout this paper you will read about the differences between serial killers and mass murderers and how profiling can help determine what type of individual committed the crimes. Also provided are testimonies and stories from profilers throughout the past centuries and how they narrowed down and helped law enforcement find serial killers and mass murderers. This paper will also reference high profiled cases throughout history of some of the notorious killers pointing out how they were profiled. At the end of this research paper, it will touch on how to become an FBI profiler.

A common definition of criminal profiling is "a combination of analyzing the physical and behavioral evidence, reconstructing a crime from the beginning to the end, and coming up with the most scientific determination possible with the information available" (Brown, p.7). Criminal profiling has been around for centuries. In the following paragraphs, there will be some significant points from history when criminal profiling began.

The father of criminology is said to be Cesare Lombroso who was an Italian prison doctor in the late 19th century. He is believed to be the first person to scientifically study crime. He was a firm believer that physical traits would determine criminal tendencies. In 1888 Jack the Ripper murdered five prostitutes. It was unintentionally named criminal profiling then, but it did mark the beginning of victim and crime scene analysis. Police requested Dr. Thomas Bond to do an autopsy of one of Jack the Rippers murders; he later autopsied most of the victims. This autopsy provided more information about the killer by giving a description of the wounds but Dr. Bond offered more than just how horrific the killer was. Bond gave the first description of what would later be classified of a serial killer. His description is as follows: "all five had been committed by one person alone who was physically strong, cool, and daring. He thought the man would be quiet and inoffensive in appearance, middle-aged, and neatly attired, probably wearing a cloak to hide the bloody effects of his attacks out in the open. He would be a loner, without a real occupation, eccentric, and mentally unstable. He might even suffer from a condition called Satyriasis, a sexual deviancy. Very likely, those who knew him would be aware that he was not right in his mind" (Ramsland). Other profilers have said that Jack had no anatomical knowledge then others have said that he had great surgical expertise.

In 1943, one of the first ever actual psychological criminal profiles was assisted by Dr. Walter C. Langer, who at the time was a psychiatrist, on Adolf Hitler. Langer studies Hitler's speeches, his book Mein Kemph and interviewed people who knew him. Langer then put together pieces of the analysis to come up with the profile. His profile stated "Hitler was meticulous, convential, and prudish about his appearance and body. He was in good health, so it was improbable that he would die naturally, but he was deteriorating mentally. He had a constant desire to prove his masculinity to his mother" (Padbury, 2). Langer also stated in his profile that if Hitler was defeated he would commit suicide, which did happen and ended World War II.

In 1956, came the next big case that was profiled. Dr. James Brussel was asked by the New York Police Department to do a profile on the "Mad Bomber of New York". After Brussel studied all crime scenes and evidence collected, along with letters that the bomber sent to the press, he suggested that the "offender would be a heavy man. Middle aged. Foreign Born. Roman Catholic. Single. Lives with a brother or sister. Also adding "when you find him, chances are wearing a double breasted suite. Buttoned" (Padbury, 2). This profile ended up very accurate of the bomber. He later helped profile higher profile cases which one of the most famous, ended in the arrest of the Boston Strangler, Albert DeSalvo.

A unit was established with the FBI that greatly influenced modern day criminal profiling.. It was titled the Behavioral Science Unit and it had two FBI employees by the name of Howard Teten and Pat Mullany. It later was titled the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime which is part of the Critical Incident Response Group. The group consists of agents and professionals who have countless hours in training with behavioral and forensic science and it also includes many specialists who are trained in mental-health. John Douglas and Howard Teten became the leaders in profiling and termed crime scenes as organized and disorganized, which will be discussed further in this paper.

The development of organized, disorganized and a mixed crime scene can set a helpful hint as to who the killer might be as a person. If a crime scene is organized then the suspect may have planned the attack ahead of time by picking out their victim and location to commit the crime. Other characteristics of an organized crime scene the body was transported and often time hidden; the weapon used for the murder is typically missing; the crime scene reflects that he/she was in total control, restraints are almost always used and the victim normally encounters aggressive abuse before they are murdered. A disorganized crime scene is one where everything is spontaneous. The body is typically left where the crime occurred, the weapon is most always left at the scene, the scene of the crime is messy, the victim's body is typically left in the open where it would be found easily, if sexual acts take place it is normally done after death, restraints are hardly used, and there is typically sudden violence towards the victim. A mixed crime scene is classified this because it is usually one that the body has been found after the murder for a long period of time. The profiler has to take the documents from the case and piece them together to come up with a solution. This type of crime scene could also predict that there multiple killers the attack may have escalated to murder because the victim fought back.

An organized suspect is categorized as usually the oldest sibling, typically is very intelligent and is normally very put together with their lives but has encountered some stressful situations that have caused them to "fall off the bandwagon" so to speak. They typically are married or have a serious relationship, they are socially adept and once they commit a crime, they follow every aspect of it through the media. Once caught, they are the ones that everyone says "I cannot believe it was him/her. He/she was such a good Samaritan/neighbor/friend." A disorganized suspect is typically not well groomed and is basically a loner. His/her actions are sparked by some type of behavior or by some type of substance. He/she often kills people he knows and the crime is within walking distance of his/her home or work. Many times it is said that someone who commits a disorganized crime may be young person or this could be his/her first kill. Organization more times than not comes will repeat occurrences of the crime.

Every profiler has their own methods of profiling the crime scene and the killer but all meet to the common ground, finding enough about the behavior, personality and physical characteristics of the criminal. Criminal profiling is used to not only find out who are potential offenders but also to help aid in investigations. If law enforcement has a list of ten possible offenders, a profiler can narrow down the list by looking at clues left behind at a crime scene and the victim ultimately to see what type of person committed the crime. The profiler looks at the state of the crime scene, the weapons used, and what acts were done against the victim. Unfortunately, many law enforcement locations do not have a criminal profiler on hand to help at the time of the crime, therefore when a profiler is called in to assist on certain cases, a profiler had to look at photos and all the evidence gathered from the crime scene to make a general biographical description of the suspect, more details on this will follow later. A typical profile tries to narrow down a suspect's race, sex, a possible age, social status, marital status, and different psychological characteristics of the actual crime. Once this is done, they can combine their analysis to find any possible similarities with past crimes.

Although every profiler has their own unique way of how they profile a criminal, Howard Teten and Pat Mullany created six parts of the criminal profiling process which is still used today, not only in the United States but all over the world. They are: Profiling inputs, decision process models, crime assessment, criminal profile, investigation and apprehension. Profiling inputs is where all of the evidence of a crime is gathered, it is crucial that all details be here because it is the foundation of the profile. The decision process model is where all the information gathered is now organized together so that questions can be drawn together and answer the common questions about what type of crime was committed. In the crime assessment stage, the reconstruction of the crime scene and everything that lead up to the murder is put together in order to try and analyze the behavior traits of the victim and the killer. During this stage, it is hopeful that it can be understood the role of both the victim and the killer and maybe even find the motivation of the crime and why the victim was selected. In the criminal profile stage, this pulls together the three previous stages and possibly gives a finished psychological profile of the killer, possibly giving the age, race, sex, appearance, behavioral and mental characteristics and also gives pointers on identifying the killer, how to apprehend him/her and how to interrogated him/her. The last two stages define themselves. They involve the actually police investigation trying to locate the killer and also the apprehension of him/her.

We now understand the history and the roles that criminal profilers play in investigations. The main topic of this research paper is to show how serial killers and mass murderers are identified through profiling. First we must understand the difference between the two. After clarifying the difference, there will be high profiled cases with examples from different profilers and how they made a difference.

Serial murderers are classified as three or more victims murdered, with a certain amount of time, whether it be hours, days, months of even years between the murders. This time is considered to be the cooling off period. Serial killers take the time to find the victim; this victim portrays some type of fantasy in his/her eyes. All murders are in different locations, could be different locations inside a city or different locations that are hundreds of miles apart. Serial killers are extremely hard to apprehend, although over the years, lots of knowledge has been gained about the characteristics. They are typically white males between the ages of 25 to 34. They are often intelligent and very charming towards women. Most were abused in some form while they were a child and because of this, they feel the need to be in complete control of a situation. This is why majority of their victims are vulnerable and they chose to kill with their bare hands or through stabbing. Over the years of not being caught, they often times become sloppy and less organized, which often times leads to their capture. Ronald Holmes is a criminologist at the University of Lousiville, created four subtypes of serial killers. The first type is "the visionary" which kills because he hears voices or sees vision that tell him to murder a certain type of person, he is often labeled psychotic. The second is "mission-oriented" which picks out a certain classification of people to murder, which he believes deserve to die. He generally is categorized as a fine person. The third is "hedonistic" which he kills simply for pleasure and it is often times for some type of sexual pleasure. The last is "power-oriented" which kills simply because he enjoys being in control. "The murderers are not psychotic, but they are obsessed with capturing and controlling their victims and forcing them to obey their every command" (Meyers).

A mass murder occurs when four or more people are killed at one location during a short period of time (could be minutes to days). Mass murderers are typically depressed or emotionally disturbed and they strike at an instinct. Stressors build over a period of time until the person just snaps. Sometimes mass murderers just kill their family but there are some who then retaliate against that are completely innocent. According to Hannig in his 2007 article, Prevention is the Cure: Profile of a Mass Murderer; there are several characteristics that classify a mass murderer. The first is that he takes notice of all the past mass murderers and his objective is to outdo them. The second is that he envies the type of people he kills. He sees their death along with his suicide as a solution to his problems with the world. "When he plans to mass murder, he believes he is doing something and he does experience the feeling of being God and the Devil at the same time. He has the omnipotent power of life and death. His coping mechanisms, learned in childhood, are usually justification, rationalization, intellectualization, abstraction, repression splitting, drinking and drugs. In fantasy, he gets his reckoning. But when the fantasies intensify to the point of acting out, he loses all sense of normal morality and impulse control. He is driven to feel omnipotent God and devil like power through destruction and murder. His level of existence is at the survival levels. He even becomes consumed about the visualizations concerning his own death. He doesn't question. He just acts! He cannot solve his own problems as most of us would consider being by normal methods. He believes in very black-and-white terms that he can solve them through mass murder and self suicide."

Serial killers and mass murderers do not just wake up one day and say "Hey, I'm going to go kill someone." Often times these tendencies are urges build in their minds through day dreaming or fantasies. One does not grow up and just change, things build from childhood. Some come from broken and poverty stricken homes, but there are those that grew up in a stable home. As stated before, most are intelligent, having an IQ well above average. Many of the killers did have some form of mental illness in their immediate family; some did have alcohol or drug abuse in their family. One common ground that does apply to majority of killers is that there was some type of emotional abuse during childhood.

Studies have shown that "the most important adult figure in a child's life under traditional circumstances is the mother, and it is during the ages of birth to 7 years of age that a child learns what love is" (Meyers). If a child is deprived of love and nurture from either parent or has witnessed or been a part of sexual stressful events will most always have lasting physical and mental affects on children. If children during the first 6 to 7 years of life are ignored and were not set any limits, he/she fails to understand limits on behavior and understand socialization. During the next stage of life, between the ages of 8 to 12, all of the negative tendencies that are learned in the younger years are now exacerbated. The individuals that are adept to murder are those whose loneliness is more solidified during this age group. The sexual awareness that is configured during this age group makes the normal individual more connected to others, but for a potential murderer they have more tendencies towards rape fantasies, fetishism and voyeurism. They were never taught the social skills needed therefore they tend to be more lonely, isolated, and shy but some are gregarious and good talkers with the same sex. Meyers writes "By the time a normal youngster is participating in an active social life, the loner is turning in on himself and developing fantasies that are deviant. The fantasies are substitutes for more positive human encounters, and as the adolescent becomes more dependent on them, he loses touch with acceptable social values. All the murderers knew that they had not had normal relationships, and they resented not having them; it was this resentment that fueled their aggressive, murderous behavior." Traits from adolescence behavior that are common in the individuals that grow up to be murderers are: "acting out", daydreaming, nightmares, compulsive masturbation, lying, and cruelty towards animals, teachers, peers, and destruction of property.

There are many profilers who over the years have taken top cases in history and developed their own profile for the killer. One of the common characteristics of all profilers is determining the signature or the modus operandi. The signature of a serial killer is defined as "coming from within the offender and reflects a deep-rooted fantasy that he has of his crime-something that the perpetrator does for himself, regardless of the necessities of the crime" (Vronsky). The signature is always something that did not have to be done. It is always static because it comes from deep rooted fantasies. It typically stays the same, but may it may evolve as he kills more. The modus operandi is defined as "what the offender needs to do to commit his crime-break a window, cruise the highways looking for hitchhikers, pose as a fashion photographer. It is a learned and changing behavior-the repeat offender constantly alters and refines his modus operandi to suit circumstances and to reflect things he learns. At its core, the modus operandi is dynamic and changing, because it reflects outside circumstances that affect the offender's behavior (Vronsky).

Pat Brown has written several books about profiling killers. Earlier, it was touched on that serial killers are hard to catch. Brown stated in her book killing for Sport, that the main reason they are hard to catch is because no one sees them commit the crime. The only two witnesses are the murderer and the victim. She stated that there are strong connections between the two and if law enforcement looks at the evidence and not blows the case, and then they have a greater chance at catching him/her. Often times the killer is called in to question, but is marked off the list because he just did not fit the profile of a killer. Brown sites the second reason for not catching the killer is what she calls "linkage blindness". What this basically means is that two or more crimes are not linked together as being committed by the same individual. The last reason is that the evidence is just not there. You can know how the killer is but have no evidence to clearly link him to the crime; therefore he could just slip through the cracks and never be caught.

Also in Pat Brown's book killing for sport, she answers questions about serial killers. The first question was "who is the most prolific serial killer of all time?" Her answer was Colombian Pedro Lopez. Lohr speaks on TruTv about Lopez. He states that even when Lopez was a teen, he turned to crime and even spent time in prison. While in prison he suffered sexual abuse by other males, but soon retaliated and got his revenge against his attackers. His prison time did little for his sanity. When he was released in 1978, he traveled through Peru and began his killing spree. He murdered 100 young girls from various Indian tribes, which lead to his capture by an Indian tribe, but Peru's government deported him back to Ecuador. While back in Ecuador, authorities noticed that many young girls were being added to the missing person cases, but it was dismissed because there was a rise in the South American sex slave rings, therefore the authorities figured this was where the missing girls were. After a flash flood in April of 1980, missing young girls bodies began to float, which caused authorities to take a second look at the missing cases. Lopez tried to abduct a young girl but she caused a scene. Authorities arrived and took Lopez into custody but only figured they picked up a madman. They had trouble getting Lopez to talk while in custody so they had an undercover dress up as a local priest to make friends with Lopez. Sure enough, he started talking, and confessed to killing 110 girls in Ecuador, 100 in Colombia and more than 100 in Peru. He stated "I lost my innocence at age eight, so I decided to do the same to as many young girls as I could" (Lohr).

Another prolific serial killer of all time that is closer to home that Brown reference is the Green River Killer in the Seattle area. The killings began in 1982. Gary Ridgway was known for murdering 38 people, but once caught he took credit for at least 48 murders. Ridgway was quoted as saying "I wanted to kill as many women as I thought were prostitutes as I possibly could" (Vries). He is credited with strangling many women during sex, most of which were runaways or prostitutes. He picked prostitutes because he said he hated them and their missing would not be noticed. He left some bodies together and continuously enjoyed what he did by driving by the locations, he even admitted that he stopped and had sex with the bodies. At the time of his plea agreement, Ridgeway was the top murderer in United States History.

The next question that was asked of Brown was who the most annoying serial killer. She named Keith Jesperson, who gave himself the name of the Happy Face Killer. He was termed this because of the many letters that he sent to the media and prosecutors; he drew a smiley face on them. He was known to have killed eight woman through strangulation but confessed with killing over 160 people.

The most charming serial killer per Brown is Ted Bundy. Nigel Cawthorne has a chapter in his book titled Serial Killers & Mass Murderers dedicated to Ted Bundy. Just as Brown coined him, he was known as a woman charmer. He was convicted of strangulation and rape of 20 women. He desired attractive young woman but before leaving their bodies, he would stuff their vaginas with twigs and dirt. Before leaving some of his victims, he would wash their hair, apply makeup which "indicated that he had kept them for necrophilia" (Cawthorne). Bundy approached woman by asking for help, he often times had his arm in a sling. Even before his execution, he represented himself in court and continuously stated that he was innocent.

Brown named the most inhumane serial killers as Lawrence Bittaker and Roy Norris. According to Schechter in his book titled The Serial Killer Files, the two meet in prison, where they dreamed up the plan to kidnap torture and kill teenage girls while recording it on tape. After their release, they committed to their plan. They scouted locations and bought a used cargo van to use as their place to kill. They "inflicted emotional and physical torture on their prey. They lured girls into a van that they named "Murder Mack" (Brown, 198). When they captured the young girl, they brutally raped, tortured and mutilated them. Norris was caught because he boasted to a friend, after he testified against Bittaker. Bittaker was found guilty of five counts of murder and still sits on death row. Norris was given a forty-five years to life in prison and was eligible for parole last year.

The most disgusting serial Brown named as Jeffrey Dahmer. Dahmer also has a chapter dedicated to him in Cawthorne's book. He is noted with killing 17 people with his motive being necrophilia and cannibalism. He often drugged then strangled his victims. He first killed in 1978, a 19 year old hitchhiker named Stephen Hicks. It was ten years after that before he killed again. After that he continued to kill, each time drugging his victims, strangling them then cutting them up in pieces. Some were even taken by the trash collector, others he drilled the bones into dust and scattered them around the neighborhood. He was finally caught when his nearly 18th victim got away. When arrested, he confessed and said that "he had reached the stage where he was cooking and eating his victims' bodies" (Cawthorne). He was sentenced to 957 years in prison on 15 counts of murder, and was awaiting to be on trail in Ohio, where the first few murders took place, but was murdered in prison before that could happen.

One of the cleverest serial killer Brown names as Dr. H.H. Holmes. Dr. Holmes was classified by Schechter (p. 156) as "the most infamous medical monster of his day." He confessed to killing twenty-seven people, including men, women, and children, although he is suspected of over one hundred murders. "Most were committed in the notorious "Horror Castle" he erected in a suburb of Chicago" (Schechter, 156). Brown noted in her book (p. 201) "Holmes must have read the tale of Sweeney Todd: the Demon Barber of Fleet Street and decided to emulate him; he did a pretty good job of it too." He trapped his victims in by creating a massive hotel during the 1893 Chicago World's Fair. He placed an ad needing secretarial help, which of course brought in many young women. The house consisted of "soundproof locking rooms, secret passages, and torture chambers" (Brown, 202). He was noted for killing for both fun and profit. He was finally caught by a hard working detective that followed a lead after finding two children in a box in a basement.

Brown names John Muhammad and Lee Malvo as the most fear raising serial killers, they were also known as The Beltway Snipers. In 2002, three terrifying weeks went by in Washington, DC and surrounding communities. The terror came from an unseen sniper who shot and killed then disappeared. As the sniper killed more, he began to leave messages almost tantalizing the police to catch him. The sniper took aim everywhere, grocery stores, gas stations, people mowing lawns, inside businesses. Everyone was in a state of panic. After the snipers shot and killed a 13 year old honor student in school, the killers left a tarot card behind with a note stating "I am God." This case was a definite shocker. Many profilers came out and filled the airwaves giving their professional opinions, by all were inaccurate. Most profilers stated that "the sniper was a deranged teenage gamer who, after honing his skills on Doom, had progressed from virtual victims to flesh-and-blood targets. Others proposed that he was a Special Forces sniper gone bad. Some even speculated that he might be an al-Qaeda terrorist" (Schechter, 346). The sniper or snipers ended up being two African males, John Muhammad, 41 and John Malvo, 17. Their vehicle was not the white van that everyone had been looking for, but a live in blue Chevy Caprice that had a small hole that they converted into a sniper's nest. Like most serial killers, they became bold, calling the authorities and giving hints of other involvements of crime they have been in. It was those links that quickly launched a hunt for Malvo and Muhammad.

There are a collection of mass murderers throughout history. One that is recent that many still talk about is Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, which occurred in Littleton Colorado on April 20, 1999. Both boys were extremely intelligent and came from good homes with good upbringing. They met while in middle school in 1993. When the boys entered high school, they found it hard to fit in and were often picked on. The boys started planning their attack on Columbine high school. They left journals, notes, and videos detailing what they were planning. Through the evidence left, it appeared that they were angry, not only at the teenagers that picked on them, but towards Christians and blacks and basically everyone but a handful of people. Their computer gave witness that they made searches on how to create pipe bombs and other explosives. They were able to have an amassed arsenal which included guns, knives and 99 explosive devices. The boys wanted to kill as many people as possible, so they studied the cafeteria as a possible place for their kill by placing a bomb to go off then shooting the remaining survivors. On the day of the attack, the two boys arrives separately wearing long black trench coats. They boys placed the explosives in the cafeteria then went back to their cars waiting on the bombs to go off. Nothing happened. The boys then entered the school one with a 9-mm semi-automatic handgun and the other with a 12-gauge double-barrel sawed-off shotgun and tool belts filled with ammunition. A diversion of pipe bombs went off on the football field then the boys started firing. By the end of the massacre, twelve students, one teacher was killed and then both of the boys shot and killed themselves.

Another mass murderer is David Burke. He was a disgruntled former USAir employee, who was terminated because it was said that he stole $69 from an airline fund. After he was terminated, he bought a one-way ticket for Pacific Southwest Airline Flight 1771 from Los Angeles International Airport to San Francisco International Airport. The plane held 38 passengers and 5 crew members. He carried a Magnum 44 pistol on the plane with him. He writes a note on an airsickness bag to his boss basically blaming his whole actions on him. He then goes into the bathroom only to come out and start shooting. He kills one person then goes into the cockpit and kills both pilots then turns the gun on himself. The plane then takes a downward turn, and kills the remaining passengers and flight attendants when it crashes into a field.

Charles Whitman goes down in history as a mass murderer by killing 18 people. His vengeance began at home at midnight, where he killed his mother and his wife. The next day he loaded everything he needed from guns to food to toilet paper and extra ammo and headed to the University of Texas Clock tower. Once settled in, he began shooting students. After ninety minutes he was taken down by police when they broke through his barrier and shot him to death. No one would have guessed that he would have snapped. He was a good son, ballplayer, pianist, Eagle Scout and earned money doing a paper round. He was in the U.S. Marines and growing up with his father being an avid gun collector he knew well how to handle them. His main problem was the relationship he had with his father. Nothing he did was ever good enough in his father's eyes. He, his siblings and his mother very often experience beatings, which left him feeling unattached to the real world. After he married, they were considered to be the perfect couple, but he began to become hostile and began taking it out on his wife. His hostility and anxiety started to grow until one day he snapped and went to the tower.

In an article titled How to Become an FBI profiler, the author writes that there are five ways to becoming a profiler. The first is that a person should realize that there is no actual position that is titled profiler. An agent's title is Supervisory Special Agents (SSA) that works in the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime unit. It is an agent's responsibility to first give advice on the case, assess threats and interview law enforcement agencies to help get a better understanding of the crime. The second way to becoming a profiler is simply the agent must pay their dues. In order to become a Supervisory Special Agent, one must have served three years as an FBI special agent, although most candidates usually have ten years of service or more with experience investigating violent crimes. The third requirement is that an agent must hold an advance degree is Behavioral or Forensic Science. The fourth is realizing that there are other employment opportunities, also can be titled as support positions, within the National Center for the Analysis of Violent Crime. Often times with experience in support positions, one could have a better chance at becoming as SSA. The last requirement is one should be prepared to undergo a wide variety of written and psychometric tests, therefore one should be prepared.

During the research for the paper, I found some quotes from different serial killers and mass murderers. They are retrieved from http://www.serialkillercalendar.com/Serial-Kilelr-quotes.html:

Gary Ridgeway - "I'm a murderer, not a rapist." Do I look like the Green River Killer?"

H.H Holmes - "I was born with the devil in me. I could not help the fact that I was a murderer, no more than the poet can help the inspiration to sing..I was born with the evil one standing as my sponsor beside the bed where I was ushered into the world, and he has been with me since."

Jeffrey Dahmer - "I carried it too far, thats for sure. " "I've got to start eating at home more.." "I made my fantasy life more powerful than my real one." "I think in some way I wanted it to end, even if it meant my own destruction." "I would cook it, and look at the pictures and masturbate." "My consuming lust was to experience their bodies.I viewed them as objects, as strangers. It is hard for me to believe a human being could have done what I've done" "I couldn't find any meaning for my life when I was out there, I'm sure as hell not going to find it in here. This is the grand finale of a life poorly spent and the end result is just overwhelmingly depressing... it's just a sick, pathetic, wretched, miserable life story, that's all it is. How it can help anyone, I've no idea."

Ted Bundy - "I haven't blocked out the past. I wouldn't trade the person I am, or what I've done - or the people I've known - for anything. So I do think about it. And at times it's a rather mellow trip to lay back and remember." "I just liked to kill, I wanted to kill." "I want to master life and death." "I'm the most cold-blooded sonofabitch you'll ever meet." "Possessing them physically as one would possess a potted plant, a painting, or a Porsche. Owning, as it were, this individual." "This is no way to be Man ought to be free That man should be me." "You learn what you need to kill and take care of the details...Its like changing a tire...The 1st time you're careful...By the 30th time, you can't remember where you left the lug wrench" "Since this girl in front of him represented not a person, but again the image, or something desirable, the last thing we would expect him to want to do would be to personalize this person. . . . Chattering and flattering and entertaining, as if seen through a motion picture screen." "Sometimes I feel like a vampire." "They wouldn't be stereotypes necessarily. But they would be reasonable facsimiles to women as a class. A class not of women, per se, but a class that has almost been created through the mythology of women and how they are used as objects." "The fantasy that accompanies and generates the anticipation that precedes the crime is always more stimulating than the immediate aftermath of the crime itself." "We all go a little mad sometimes." "We serial killers are your sons, we are your husbands, we are everywhere. and there will be more of your children dead tomorrow. "When you work hard to do something right, you don't want to forget it." "You feel the last bit of breath leaving their body. You're looking into their eyes. A person in that situation is God!"

The following quotes are retrieved from http://lastingim-columbine.tripod.com/id15.html:

Eric Harris - "I want to burn the world, I want to kill everyone except about 5 people. ... If we get busted any time, we start killing then and there. ... I ain't going out without a fight." "It's my fault! Not my parents, not my brothers, not my friends, not my favorite bands, not computer games, not the media, it's mine." "I will sooner die than betray my own thoughts," Harris wrote in his journal in 1998, "but before I leave this worthless place, I will kill whoever I deem unfit ...."

The follow quotes are retrieved from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,842584-3,00.html#ixzz1L9dWKbrJ:

Charles Whitman - "I don't quite understand what is compelling me to type this note," he began. "I've been having fears and violent impulses. I've had some tremendous headaches. I am prepared to die. After my death, I wish an autopsy on me to be performed to see if there's any mental disorders." He also wrote: "I intend to kill my wife after I pick her up from work. I don't want her to have to face the embarrassment that my actions will surely cause her."

Criminal profiling combines the understanding of the criminal mind, forensics, victims, investigation and putting all that together to build the puzzle needed to catch the killer. It has been around for centuries. All of the high profiled criminals have been profiled by various profilers over the years, but most come up the same conclusion of who the killer is. Serial killers and mass murderers differ in so many ways, but each crime scene gives evidence for the profiler to follow in order to catch the suspect. The most historic cases over the years include Jack the Ripper, Ted Bundy, Jeffrey Dahmer, Dr. H.H. Holmes, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, David Burke, Charles Whitman; along with many others. As we advance with technology, I personally believe that a profiler's job will get easier.

CITATIONS

Brown, Pat (2003).Killing for Sport Inside the Minds of Serial Killers. Beverly Hills, CA:

Phoenix Books.

Cawthorne, Nigel (2006). Serial killers & Mass Murderers Profiles of the World's Most

Barbaric Criminals. Berkeley, CA: Ulysses Press.

Hannig, Paul J. (2007). Prevention is the Cure: Profile of Mass Murder. Retrieved from

http://www.prlog.org/10014476-prevention-is-the-cure-profile-of-mass-murderer.html.

Kluger, Jeffrey (2007). Inside a Mass Murderer's Mind. Time Magazine Online.

Retreived from

http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1612368-1,00.html.

Lohr, David. Pedro Lopez: The Monster of the Andes. Tru TV Serial Killers Most

Notorious. Retrieved from

http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/pedro_lopez/1.html.

Meyer, Dr. C. (2000). Criminal Profiling Research. Retrieved from

http://www.criminalprofiling.ch/author.html.

Padbury, Michael (2007). The History of criminal profiling. Helium: Police & Prisons.

Retrieved from http://www.helium.com/items/208159-the-history-of-criminal-profiling.

Ramsland, Katherine. Criminal Profiling: Part 1 History and Method. Tru TV Criminal

Minds Library. Retrieved from

http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/criminal_mind/profiling/history_method/index.html.

Schechter, Harold (2003). The serial killer files: the who, what, where, how, and why of

the world's most terrifying murderers. New York: Random House Publishing

Group.

Vries, Lloyd de (2003). Serial Killer's Twisted Motivation Statements of 'Green River

Killer' A Glimpse Into Twisted Mind. CNN Online. Retrieved from

http://crime.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=crime&cdn=newsissues&tm=39&gps=177_5_1280_614&f=00&tt=14&bt=1&bts=1&zu=http%3A//www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/10/31/national/main581112.shtml.

Vronsky, Peter. Serial Killers: The Method and Madness of Monsters. Retrived from

http://books.google.com/books?id=SfYFYEWb62AC&pg=PT284&lpg=PT284&dq=serial+killer+signature+and+mo&source=bl&ots=Esth2At8ca&sig=mXB_sbqHzW7CIQNOReNkHMr0QGo&hl=en&ei=nKS9TZrcHMmatwemmujMBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=serial%20killer%20signature%20and%20mo&f=false.

Webb, David; Wilson, Nicole; Flickety, Dave. How to become an FBI Profiler.

Retrieved from http://www.wikihow.com/Become-an-FBI-Profiler.

Writing Services

Essay Writing
Service

Find out how the very best essay writing service can help you accomplish more and achieve higher marks today.

Assignment Writing Service

From complicated assignments to tricky tasks, our experts can tackle virtually any question thrown at them.

Dissertation Writing Service

A dissertation (also known as a thesis or research project) is probably the most important piece of work for any student! From full dissertations to individual chapters, we’re on hand to support you.

Coursework Writing Service

Our expert qualified writers can help you get your coursework right first time, every time.

Dissertation Proposal Service

The first step to completing a dissertation is to create a proposal that talks about what you wish to do. Our experts can design suitable methodologies - perfect to help you get started with a dissertation.

Report Writing
Service

Reports for any audience. Perfectly structured, professionally written, and tailored to suit your exact requirements.

Essay Skeleton Answer Service

If you’re just looking for some help to get started on an essay, our outline service provides you with a perfect essay plan.

Marking & Proofreading Service

Not sure if your work is hitting the mark? Struggling to get feedback from your lecturer? Our premium marking service was created just for you - get the feedback you deserve now.

Exam Revision
Service

Exams can be one of the most stressful experiences you’ll ever have! Revision is key, and we’re here to help. With custom created revision notes and exam answers, you’ll never feel underprepared again.