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The Warrior is the definition of what Classical Greek Art is. Let me explain, when u look at the piece the first thing that comes to mind is the bronze the piece is made out of. The Greeks started working with bronze to make their sculpture look more, life like they wanted their arms to be stretched out and to not break. The sculpture is such a relaxed figure in other words it's not stiff, it's in a pose of contrapposto which dominated Greek Classical art and it gave the statue a free flowing form. The Body of the statue is the Ideal it is magnificent, the body is nude because the Greeks saw the body of being something to display. The figure of the body is remarkable; it has softly rounded body forms.
The muscles on the body are so well done they look real, even the veins in the arms. Also the figure has no archaic smile which kind of gives it a serious look to it. The eye balls, the nipples on the piece, sliver painting on the teeth also give it a more lifelike look which the Greek classical period represented.
The Hellenistic period started right after Alexander died around 323 BCE at the age of 33. Like my last form which was Greek Classical Hellenistic is strikingly different from that stage. The period was marked by a High stage in drama. Also artists tried to focus on the Individual to specific emotions of that individual. The piece that I am going to compare to the Hellenistic Period is a sculpture called the dying Gallic Trumpeter, in the figure 5-52 on page 151. The figure is depicted of a man that is fully naked warrior that is about to die. The striking posture the man is giving looks like he is struggling to get up and the face which is glaring at the ground which seems to show the man in a very sad and agonizing emotion, which shows the point where he is getting ready to pass on or that there is no hope left for him. I believe this type of feel that the artist tries to show is called impressionism which is a characteristic Hellenistic period as well. This work appeals to are senses, to our souls through the poses and emotions that are giving off in the sculpture.
Roman art was compiled out of other works and themeses. They love greek are so much that they contunied it into their art by making repuclas. Also they like to use estruscan themes aswell. But not all of the art and arthecucture was created all from the Estuscan and Greek themes the romans did not take everything. They created simple aspects that were of their own.
The piece of artecture that I am going to describe is going to be temple, perhaps dedicated to portunus. On page 6-16 pg 173. The Romans have adopted some archeture which are of a Estruscan theme. The theme is a cella that is rectangular. And also another Estruscan piece of artetchture that the romans use is the porch that goes down to ground level which has steps on it. In the temple the romans took the Greek Ionic order and used it for many of their temples. In this temple the Doric full collums are used which are on the poorch. They also use engaged collums that are positioned on the side of the building. Also a freize is used that is on the entablature.
In the temple the romans took this from other artists but they did keep something's that they created for them selves. As the greek temples people can walk around and enter basically on any side. In this temple there is only one way to enter which is up the stairs in the front. .
Early Christian art was a very special time for the first Christians. Christians had just been recognized as an official religion. So as a new religion they could start to express themselves artistically. They began to use art to make a picture of their important stories for their religion. The earliest Christians started to use syncretism's whish is assimilating other artists work and changing it into something new. To give a piece a piece that is of this period I am going to describe the Good Shepard Sculpture. It is figure 7-6 on page 225.
The good shepherd is depicted as the sheep herder where he is wearing a toga on him with boots with a sheep on his shoulders. It seems to me it means he is the person who watches over you like a symbol of God. But it fits into Early Christian because it's a piece of art about an important character in that religion and also it is a use of syncretism. In pagan art he was the God Apollo or Hermes, but he became the Good Shepard of psalms.
After the Roman Empire was falling apart by the seams in the fifth century it was replaced with barbarians who are people outside the Roman Empire. With the barbarians art during this period was mixed with different cultures. But also inside the Roman Empire their themes were still somewhat there. The themes ranged from pagan to Christian beliefs and urban and rural areas new art styles were being formed. Most of the art that was created was made by metal workers which they created beautiful jewelry that was very colorful. The metal workers would put usually put precious and gems into the mix. The pieces were usually Germanic or high abstract.
Also in the Middle Ages were seeing spirals, interlace and animal form styles. For the piece of art that I am going to describe is the Gummersmark Brooch it figure 14-4 and its on page 427. The brooch is of metal framework it; it has a rectangular panel with a medallion plate. The surface of the pin has animals and human geometric forms, its animal styled. It has dragons on it with crouching dos with spiral tongues. The pendant makes a kind of cross shape with a rectangle for the bottom. Inside the rectangle there is a dragon head with a dragon tongue which is triangular as well. Throughout the piece curved lines form the dragon's body. And also interlace is inside it as well. This piece is clearly beholding the characteristics of the Early Mid evil Period.
The byzantine art you can say is the art of the country which is Continopole. There are three stages that should be discussed in in Byzantine art. The three stages are Early byzantine period which is situated with Emperor Justinin. The second period of byzantine aft is called the middle Byzantine art. It is situated with anti veneration of icons. And lastly the third period of byzantine art is called Late Byzantine, and its in the period where the Byzantines gain rule again.
First let me explain early byzantine Art. Early Byzantine art was a very rich if I say myself. They were really big on icons where they could look at and pray at the same times. This happened usually in their churches.
The second period to repeat the same as the first one which was putting scenes up in the churches which they worshiped in. they would use so many colors that were depicted for the times, of royality. Which were usually purples, silvers, and golds. And Late Byzantine art they used the same as the first but their influence spread out more.
The piece that I am going to describe is
Romanesque means in a Roman manner. Romanesque articheture was becoming popular for biscellicas. Bisicalls are grand and very large churches which are presided over by a bishop. The piece that I am going to describe is the Cathedral of Saint James in Santiago DE Compostella it is figure 1-4 and it is on page 459. The biscally holds the charactics of Romanesque because hot it is built. It is built in a style that is good for traffic control. The basicalla is shaped like a cross. It has a long nave that is isled with a isled trancepts with western chapels, which at the end lead to am ambulatory.
It also has additions chapels that go around the Apse. Also like the most Romanesque basicallas it has a barrel vault which is held up with compound piers, and over the vault it has series of transverse arches. There are three types of vaults that are used in this basicalla, they are a barrel vault, Groin vault which goes around the side isles of the basicalla, and the quadrant which are over the galleries of the basicalla. It does not have clear story so light can enter the nave but it does have a choir clearstory. All of this artecheture is why I believe this arrchiture is to be Romanesque.