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In the midst of the 19th century European societies had faced a terrible crime wave. During these hard times they also faced significant intellectual, scientific and culture changes. Those changes improve the government system and the standard of living of the working class. There were two factors that made possible those changes. The first change was the second industrial revolution and the second one was the urbanization. Those factors contributed to changes in thinking during the late of nineteenth century. Many European started to view the world more real than other time before. The writers believe that literature and art should represent the real life during that time. As one Arthur wrote a story reflecting these events in his novel: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, shows the inner conflict of humanities sense of good and evil. Crimes committed by violence fueled by intellect and culture beliefs of a person trying to purge evil and instead causing chaos.
In his novel society faced an incredible discovery of a mankind trying to understand what is good and what is evil. Dr. Jekyll believed good and evil exists within all of us. Through his experiments and research he was able to create a potion that will enable him to separate the differences in personality of good and evil. As he drank this potion he became warm and his conciseness filled of bliss but as a direct result the potion caused him to transform into the cruel remorseless evil Dr. Hyde. An evil personality and evil intellect Dr. Hyde creates a secret life full of cruel deeds like murders. Periodically he reverts back to Dr. Jekyll but in the end he gets stuck in the form of Dr. Hyde while continuing to research he kills himself.
This could be reflected within religion. Religion teaches to choose between good or evil, it guides you through life teaching you lessons in which you're supposed to instill wisdom and knowledge. Throughout your life you are given trials in which if you choose to go through the wrong path, you must follow the consequences that subsequently follow. In the end, resulting in your spirit being tranquil and peaceful as opposed to a disturbed and mad spirit which gets no rest until pushed to the limit which in some people could result in suicide.
The novel is also known for its vivid portrayal of double personalities, double in the sense that the character has good and evil characteristics with each being very different from each other. The novella's impact can be seeing throughout our language with the usage of the expression of "Jekyll and Hyde" which describes someone whose moral characteristics contradicts alters depending on the situation. The story peaked when Hastie London, a former friend of Dr.Jekyll's, discovers who Mr. Hyde really is. Lanyon was the one to describe Dr.Jekyll's scientific concepts as been too fanciful. He was the very first person to find out who Mr. Hyde was when Hyde transformed into Jekyll in front of him. Dr. Lanyon was the one who helped Utterson solve the case. Witnessing this amazing transformation, Lanyon became instantly ill and dies of sudden shock.
Another instance that The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde amplify our views on society, is that in this society we are brought up to a certain family and are taught not to deviate and work to become someone important. Of course, the higher class people are expected to maintain a status quo and are view as respected and honored. These are people that you would look up to or expect to be intellectual. Dr. Jekyll reflects on that very well. He is a doctor who is clean-cut and well respected, also quite intellectual. This is someone who wouldn't have been expected to be like a double edged sword. His evil entity, Mr. Hyde, is more prone to violent mood swings and behaves erratically eventually leading him to kill two people and then commit suicide. He has a very rouged look and has longer hair. He is mostly described as a person who is poor and isn't led by good examples that grow into a life of crime and deceit. These people are people who are more prone to struggle with trying to be good in an evil world. Dr. Jekyll experienced this war within himself which led to suicide, a very unfortunate ending because in the beginning of the novel although Dr. Jekyll was more prone to evil doings was surrounded by his work and help to the society which helped him refrain from any wrong doings. However, he was unable to maintain his good behavior which is usually the case in society.
When Dr. Jekyll transforms into Mr. Hyde he partakes in activities that were seeing as very immoral by Victorian religious standards. Hyde slept with prostitutes, committed burglary and even simple things such as walking the streets of London at night and resting during the day. These are activities that a man of Dr.Jekyll's social status would not take part in. What made Mr. Hyde a dangerous man was the fact that violent activities gave him the most thrills. To fulfill these thrills Mr. Hyde went as far as killing Sir Danvers Carew which made him a hunted outlaw throughout England.
Cultural policies changed. The people started to thinking how remedy the high disease that occurred in the cities. They saw disease and death as primary cause of poverty. They believed that disease could prevent by clean up the cities. They brought the idea of sanitize the cities with the creation of opens drain and sewer that flowed clean water. New system the aqueducts was create in order to supply fresh water, there were built underground sewer in response to disease during that time This idea expanded through Europe. By the late of the nineteenth century many cities in Europe made significant progress in public sanitation.
Scientific policies changed drastically. Scientific ideas became very important and popular during that time; people could see how those technological advances improve their quality of life. Consumption and wage also increase during that time. Very important advances in the field of physic, electricity and biology were made during that time
In the end European societies learned about current changes and challenges of intellectual and scientific deeds, in both good and evil that reflect well in the novel. The challenges of intellectual and scientific deeds in the 19th century and the book, showed traces of violence within the experiments, which is where the research and results will forever taint history. During the late of nineteenth century occurred many changes that improve the condition of living of working class, people started to move to the cities in order to find better jobs and better condition of life, this emigration made possible the urbanization in the cities, the government many brought ideas, for example the ideas of urban planning and public transportation, creation of parks and schools.
Reference and bibliography
Kishlansky, Mark A. Sources of the West. Boston: 2008.
"Late 19Th Century," Science and Culture.www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/19CSCI.html.
"Late 19th Century," Urbanization.home.flash.net/~ccarney/urbimm.htm.
The Progressive Movement,www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1061.html.
Robert Louis Stevenson, the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and Other Tales of Terror.2002