Characters In Brave New World English Literature Essay

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The son of Linda and the Director of the Hatchery is one of the main characters of the novel, the aggressive antipole to 'Brave New World', although he put the biggest hopes in it before he gets to know it and made his own experiences. He even falls between two stools when he lived on the reservation in a city in New Mexico called Malpais. His mother taught him the knowledge and ideas of 'Brave New World', but he lives under Indians and would like to integrate into their world. But they mostly declined him and made his life difficult. He flees himself into an inner emigration, into the fictive world of Shakespeare, in which the own values and ideas dominate. He knows already three worlds before he relocates to 'Brave New World'; from this one the experiences miss.

When he arrived, a big distance is shown by the later form of culture and community. He wants to live his own imaginations. He feels very uncomfortable, when he is presented to the publicity like an object and when he is used by Bernard to reevaluate his prestige. Therefore he likes Helmholtz more than Marx, he feels closer to Jesus than to the utopian transformed Ford-culture. He wants to suffer, wants to make negative and exhausting experiences and after that he wants to enjoy something. From his point of view it is perverse and wicked to have immediately sex with a woman, even if she's absolutely beautiful and no matter how much he loves her. He stays on his right to live an individual life against all majority morals and in contrast to all the others; he also wants to influence Bernard and Helmholtz, but this succeeds only inadequate und when they are exiled by Mond, he is stand on his own. The utopian civilization let him perceive a social closing in like his mother, who was ashamed of him and beats him, during his habitation in the reservation. This social closing repeats itself when Mond divides him from Helmholtz and Bernard. That he is not banished, is a sign of pseudo liberalism of which also today many serious interests of the media community through a changing in a spectacle are thrown out.

John is a character with the most room for experiences and control. He alone is able to make a rebel against the system of 'Brave New World'; he dares to stop the spreading of soma and becomes active, while Marx and Watson stay private with their own ideas. Therefore he stands in his character strength and his charisma on the same level as the World-Control-Member Mond, who also knows different cultures and traditions and who is a real cosmopolitan, but on the other hand he is a representative of the social cynicism, which the not democratic systems need for the stability of their regency. That Mond stays the winner, is not based on the strength of his arguments, but is a result of the given spreading of power, which means, it is a communication structure, which is distorted from the beginning on. The repressive tolerance allows Mond to appear merciful and not to banish John, but this he could only do, because the majority makes John a clown, an object of public amusement.

John's failure and death shows, that 'Brave New World' is not as beautiful and new. If someone takes his own life serious and lives a self-determined from of life, he has no chance and has to disappear or has to be eliminated. The conflict between community and individual grows more and more, always in aid of the system, like every historic or contemporary dictatorship. John could only cancel himself of this dilemma, if he had more joiners and if it would success him to build something like solidarity. John chooses two times, in the Indio world and in 'Brave New World', the way into hermit ness and refuses himself to community and social communication. Therefore he issued himself the chance of an alternative.

The Director of the Hatchery

The Director of the Hatchery has in Huxley's novel the task to explain the way of reproduction in the 'Brave New World' and the structure of the system. As a personality he is overblown and thinks he is almighty, although he has not got enough intelligence and power. He is ignored by World-Controller Mond and makes a hardly understandable mistake by telling Bernard about his trip to the reservations. The story makes him kind of human, because he left his girlfriend, Linda, there. In addition to that Linda was pregnant by him and got a son, John. Bernard exploited this weak point of his biography while he presents Linda and their common son to the publicity. The director is made ridiculous and forced to a backflow. Bernard's banishment is for the first time forgotten. The director is a proof that accepting all rules of 'Brave New World' is merely impossible, even for the higher representatives of the system. The pregnancy of a woman is absolutely undesirable and confuses the planning numbers of the central and could additionally lead to a discussion about artificial reproduction of human beings.

Mustapha Mond

Mond is one of the ten persons, controlling the whole world in A.F. 632 and the most powerful character of the novel. He has special privileges like all dictators, he can do what he wants to do, and he's allowed to read everything, even texts, which stand under censorship. He belongs to the few people of the 'Brave New World', who don't have to follow a standardization or control. Nevertheless even he was forced to stop his biological work, because scientifically liberty is abolished. He is super intelligent, loves his work and also understands people, who are different and think different, maybe because he was different too (but he gives up his individualism for the power he longed to have). He knows history and philosophy very well and is next to John the second self-contained character of the novel.

When Mond was young, he was a successful scientist, who could have made a great career. But his researches have been a danger for the stability of the system, for that he was forced to give up his academic abilities. Because he didn't want to be banished, he decided to go the system compliant career of management and politics and so he became the resident controller of Western Europe.

Bernard Marx

Bernard is one of the main characters of the novel; he's an Alpha-Plus and a specialist on hypnopaedia at the psychology bureau of the Central London Hatchery. Bernard Marx is one of the protagonists in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World and is introduced in chapter 3. He is present throughout the novel and embodies the characteristics of men before Ford. Therefore he is the personification of everything the World State has supposedly suppressed. Bernard is hardly a traditional hero figure, but that is why he is so valuable to the story since he represents negative, perhaps even self-destructive, human values in a world that is growing increasingly less human. Bernard Marx is an Alpha plus of high intelligence and therefore a member of the elite. Due to his small height (Fanny: "And then so small"), he stands eight centimeters short of the standard Alpha height, and lack of handsomeness (Fanny: "He's so ugly!" "Bernard's physique was hardly better that the average Gamma.") People believe that too much alcohol may have been put accidentally into his blood surrogate when he was still an embryo (Fanny: "They say somebody made a mistake when he was still in the bottle - thought he was a Gamma and put alcohol into his blood-surrogate. That's why he's so stunted." "…, decided that the story about the alcohol having been put into the poor chap's blood-surrogate must be true. 'Touched his brain, I suppose.'"). That is why he is regarded as deformed (The Assistant Predestinator: "He does look glum.") by fellow-citizens. Being rejected by the society, he developed an inferiority complex which leads him to pose behind a superior air ( "Bernard gave his orders in the sharp, rather arrogant and even offensive tone of one who does not feel himself too secure in his superiority."). Since Bernard is different from other people and not happy with his role of an outcast, it allows him to view things differently and to develop a certain self-consciousness ( "'I am I, and I wish I wasn't'; his self-consciousness was acute and distressing." "… The physically defective Bernard had suffered all his life from the consciousness of being separate,… ."). Bernard works as a psychologist who is specialized in sleep-teaching ("… Bernard Marx, who was a specialist on hypnopaedia in the Central London Hatchery. As a result of his low popularity (Fanny about Bernard Marx: "But his reputation?") he has only one real friend - Helmholtz Watson. Furthermore, Bernard dislikes sports, casual sex and likes to be alone, three very unusual traits among the citizens of the Brave New World. What distinguishes Bernard most from other people in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World is that he wants things that he can't have. Bernard Marx is in love with Lenina Crowne and despises everybody who just wants to have sex with her (Bernard: "Talking about her as though she were a bit of meat." "Bernard ground his teeth" Bernard: "Have her here, have her there. Like mutton. Degrading her to so much mutton." [..] "He would have liked to go up and hit them in the face - hard, again and again." "Bernard hated them, hated them."). Unfortunately for Bernard, Lenina sees him merely as an odd but somewhat interesting and strange man who offers her a distraction from her relationship with Henry Foster. All in all one can say that Bernard Marx is an isolated, lonely, insecure and, most of all, unhappy person in a world where everyone else is happy. When Bernard and Lenina visit the savage reservation in New Mexico and get to know John and his mother Linda, the latter having once been part of the civilized world, his life changes rapidly. After he returned from the reservation he is suddenly popular with important people and successful with women ("…, Bernard now found himself, for the first time in his life, treated not merely normally, but as a person of outstanding importance. There was no more talk of the alcohol in his blood-surrogate, no gibes at his personal appearance. [..] As for the women, Bernard had only to hint at the possibility of an invitation, and could have whichever of them he liked."). John serves as his ticket into the limelight because everybody wants to meet John and his "guardian" Bernard Marx. Bernard takes full advantage of his new status and revels in activities he previously criticized publicly but craves personally ("…, Bernard risked a gesture which, in the past, even total darkness would hardly have emboldened him to make. Strong in his new importance, he put his arm round the Head Mistress's waist."). When John refuses to greet guests at one of Bernard's parties and turns his back on him, Bernard's success, reputation and self-confidence disappear instantaneously. By continuing to criticize the World State while still an active participant in its "pleasant vices," Bernard shows that he is a hypocrite ("'You're more like what you were at Malpais.' [..] 'Because I'm unhappy again; that's why.' 'Well, I'd rather be unhappy than have the sort of false, lying happiness you were having here.' 'I like that,' said Bernard bitterly."). To sum up, one can say that Bernard Marx only complains about the system because he is isolated. In secret, he would like to be like anybody else - a happy member of the highest class. Thus, he lacks the courage to stand up for his convictions and when put to the test, he always fails. After Bernard's trip to the reservation, the savage gradually takes over the role of the main character. In the end, Bernard Marx is exiled to Iceland alongside Helmholtz Watson and, in contrast to his closest friend, protests bitterly ("'Oh, please don't send me to Iceland. I promise I'll do what I ought to do.'") because he enjoys the life in the Brave New World - the kind of life he used to detest in the beginning.

Lenina Crowne

Lenina is young and very beautiful. She already had sex with many men and is envied by lots of them. She works in the hatchery as an assistant, belongs to the group of Betas, the second highest rank of the social deposit of 'Brave New World'. Her marked feminine forms and her beauty fascinate not only Henry Foster, the co-worker of the director's central, but also Bernard Marx and John, who fell in love with her intensively. Lenina searches for love with impassionate sex in the foreground. She doesn't develop any feelings. She wants to have fun and consumption and she's satisfied with her life. She's not able to flights of fancy; if she doesn't like something, she makes use of the official drug soma. She repeats the mission statements, which manipulate her and all the children in 'Brave New World', whenever the possibility is given. Her behaviour fit to all points of the ruling norms, except one aspect. She uses to fall in love with her partner too intensively and too long that means, she contravenes against the dictum "Everybody belongs to everybody" - the demand to be permanent promiscuity.

This one has the aim to accept no closer relationships. Emotional relationships are not desired; because they lead to conflicts and therefore the stability of the superficial and consumption organized system could be in danger.

All in all you can say that Lenina follows all the rules and targets of 'Brave New World', but has got a curious tendency: She feels attracted to the two big outsiders, Bernard Marx and John. For this reason, she rebels against the dominating point of view of the women in 'Brave New World', who definitely don't like find these two characters attractive. Another anomaly consists of her skin disease.

Lenina becomes at the end a crystallizer for John's free death. She went together with the sensation seeking crowd to his beacon, which makes his feelings get out of control. When he lashes her, she calls Henry Foster for help, an absolutely loyal representative of the system. She shows that she stays in the channels of the conventionalists. She never understood the intentions of Bernard and John and she's not able for a critical reflection of the structures of 'Brave New World' .

Some extracts of Lenina:

She "hates" the Reservation, saying simplistic, childlike things such as "I don't like it. I don't like it at all." Her reactions are infantile. When she has to face the realities of Reservation life without the aid of soma, it's a real trial for her.

When she first meets John, she instantly "likes" him-but her whole attraction to him is based on his appearance. She "smiles" at him.

John is also struck with love at first sight, struck especially by Lenina's beauty. But for John Lenina's beauty is not something for him to "consume," rather it's emblematic, a sign of value-and he invests in her a fantasy of "pure vestal modesty." This is not the real Lenina, as we know, but it's John's fantasy of her. Though he's very attracted to her, he doesn't view her as "meat." She inspires in him, by turns, the kind of deep, "courtly" love such as Dante has for Beatrice, and the deep romantic love such as Romeo has for Juliet. He wants to "earn" her love, prove himself worthy. This is all way beyond Lenina's comprehension, because she has been conditioned to relate to men purely through sex. "What's love got to do with it?"

When Lenina discusses her predicament with her confidante, Fanny Crowne, we learn the depth of her emotion for John. She can't suppress her attraction to him. When they finally "date" she is at a loss for why John disapproves of the "feelies" and can't understand why he "rejects" her when all the signs are that he's attracted to her. The communication gap that has opened like the Grand Canyon between her kind of love and his seems insurmountable.

When Lenina decides to confront John once and for all (she takes "action" on Fanny's advice-which is a little ironic, since her mode of action is so constrained, so limited by her conditioning), John loses all respect for her; his vestal virgin is really a whore! The "impudent strumpet" is sent spinning from the heights of heaven down to the second circle of Dante's Inferno with a crash. John's love spins on a dime and turns to disgust, to hatred. Her attempts to get a plain answer from John completely backfire as they misunderstand one another in tragic, inevitable ways. (Chapter 13)

John's terror at Lenina's sexuality may seem overwrought, but it's sad, too. They really like one another and can't communicate at all. Lenina's handy clichés mean nothing to John, and she has no other way to communicate with him. When he violently pushes her away, that is the utter end of his affections for her, and his violence erupts again at the end of the novel.

That Lenina is given the penultimate scene of the novel indicates just how significant her character is to the story as a whole. Huxley proves himself a prophet of our "Reality TV" age in the scenario he creates between Lenina and John in front of the reporters and the cameras that come to spy on John in his misery. Look closely at Lenina's behavior at the end. First we see her "uncertain, imploring, abject" smile-which is sad. It seems she's been bullied into this, because she knows already how violent he can be and how much he hates her. We don't hear what she's saying to John, and this is purposely ambiguous. What do you imagine her saying? Is she afraid of him, coaxing him, cajoling him? Why does she press her hands to her side? What are her tears for? What, in our own eyes, do they signify about her? What do we understand about Lenina in this last scene? When she speaks again, and finally holds out her arms, what is she trying to say? Is she asking forgiveness, or is she still trying to seduce him? Is she trying to calm him? How do you interpret her actions? John's actions aren't that ambiguous-he beats her mercilessly, and the crowd loves it. It's what they came for, because "pain is a fascinating horror" in this world without real pain. The crowd turns the whole scene into an orgy and would keep coming back for more but John commits suicide, which puts an end to it.

Our last look at Lenina (remember, our first look was of a girl who was "uncommonly pretty") is at a "plump incarnation of turpitude writhing in the heather at his feet" and John is shouting "Kill it, kill it, kill it." Lenina, or what was Lenina, seems to be no more.

Fanny Crowne

Fanny is Leninas best friend. She plays the role of the bad conscious for Lenina and advises her more often not to get away from the prescribed behaviour. Their talks are mostly about the relationship between the genders. Her character represents the fully adapted woman of all norms of the syste.

Henry Foster

Henry is an expert on statistics within the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. He represents the total adaption to the World-State and follows all rules without resistance. His interests stand in unison with the conventional way of acting; he works for the given reproduction-systematic and in his leisure he enjoys sports and sometimes sex, women (like Lenina for example) are sexobjects for him. He's intelligent, but he represents the great mass of the optimal functionizing elite in the system.

As a character of the novel he builds a clear contrast to the less critical or inconvenient acting main-characters like Bernard and Helmholtz, who are also children of 'Brave New World', but have beliefs in other values or think about other alternatives.

Helmholtz-Watson

Watson is in opposite to Marx very successful and is admired by many women. He is an Alpha-Plus psychologist like Marx and super intelligent. He has various activities. He's good at sports, works in many commissions and has many friends and acquaintances. His personality seems to be without any mistakes and nearly super human. Through his attractiveness he had sexual contact with an unbelievable high number of women.

But he's like his friend Bernard not satisfied, because his job does not challenge him. He searches for an own truth away from the official propaganda of 'Brave New World'. Therefore he writes poems and tries to teach his students a critical idea about the system. His nonconformity is contradictory. On the one hand he's everywhere thereby and on the other hand he wants to be free and independent. For example he helps John when he tries to stop the spreading of soma, but he didn't revolt against his own banning. He understands John's attitude, but is not able to follow the Shakespeare reception. Perhaps he awaits a personal development, when he lives together with more dissenters on the distant isle.

Watson plays in front of Mond a similar role like Fanny in relation to Lenina. He complies with the ideal of men and behaves adapted in many points, but also has his own motives of disliking few aspects of the system. This distance is missing Fanny.

Linda

Linda, John's mother, comes from 'Brave New World' originally. She flew twenty years ago with the director of the hatchery to the reservations. There she had an accident and was saved by Indians. So she stays after John's birth, the son of the director, in the reservations and lived there until Bernard and Lenina take her and John with them back to London. She is subverted through the bad accommodation and the missing of high living-standard, got fat and ugly. In the reservation she keeps her life principles of a Beta-Minus. Because of that she changes her partner regularly and gets a target for their wives.

Linda is very happy that she's able to return to 'Brave New World' through Bernard and Lenina's visit. But she's mental destroyed and takes more and more doses of soma and ruins her affected healthy completely. She isn't able, like John, to live in both of these two worlds. But her consequence is not like Johns; he turns against the system. She reacts her problem situation with the aboriginal taught way: soma as an all-purpose medium. Therefore she stays completely in border of 'Brave New World'. But she also pays with her life. Evidently her doom serves to underline that everybody, who can't integrate in this world, has to be on the losing side, equal if he resists or not.

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