Author Report Rudyard Kipling English Literature Essay

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Rudyard Kipling is known as one of the greatest English writer to have ever lived. He wrote numerous poems and stories that enriched the minds of children and adults of a larger perspective of life. His works were usually very serious and critical of colonial India and British India. Somerset Maugham, a popular English playwright, once stated, "He is [England's] greatest story writer. I can't believe he will ever be equaled. I am sure he can never be excelled."

Kipling was born in Bombay, India, on December 30, 1865. His mother was named Alice MacDonald. Alice was a vivacious woman who would always maintain liveliness in the room. His father, John Lockwood Kipling, was a professor of architectural sculpture in the School of Art in Bombay.

At the age of six, Rudyard Kipling was sent to school in southern England, where he had a miserable experience, which he later describes in his novel "Baa Baa Black Sheep". In 1878, Kipling enrolled in the United Services College, and English private boys' boarding school, at "Westward Ho!" in Devon. Kipling attained two close friends at Westward Ho!: George Beresford, Kipling's closest friend, and the headmaster, "Crom" Price, both encouraged Kipling in his literary ambitions. Price went to the extent of allowing Kipling to publish his works in the school paper. He mostly composed poems at this time of his life. Kipling sent some of these school papers to his father in India, who had them privately printed under the title "Schoolboy Lyrics" in 1881, which was his first published work.

Kipling then moved with his parents to Lahore in 1882 and took a job under the Civil and Military Gazette as a subeditor. Then, in 1887, he moved to the Allahabad Pioneer, where he wrote a great amount of satirical verse and over seventy short stories which were published in 1888. He was influenced by the writing styles of Edgar Allen Poe, Guy de Maupassant, and Bret Harte. However, Kipling was very critical about Anglo-Indian society and the common life of British soldiers as well as Indian natives. In 1889, Kipling traveled through China, Japan, the United States, and to London. There he wrote some of his best poems, including "Mandalay," A Ballad of east and West," and "The English Flag." In 1892, Kipling married Caroline Balestier, and they settled in Brattleboro, Vermont, where the couple spent the happiest four years of the lives. During the time, Kipling wrote some of his best stories such as "The Jungle Book" and "Captains Corageous." These stories set Kipling's reputation as a serious writer. In 1897, Kipling moved to a village on the British coast. The Spanish-American war and the Boer War alerted Kipling to colonial affairs, which affected his writing. He then referred to the highly developed peoples of the nation as the "lesser breeds". After numerous years of travel, Kipling returned to England. He published "Just So Stories for Little Children." He wrote a handful of poems and stories that became popular, but not as popular as his earlier works.

Kipling won many awards for his popular writings. He was the Poet laureate in 1895, and the Order of Merit award. However, he ended up refusing to accept both of them. In 1907 Rudyard Kipling won the Nobel Prize for literature. As it turns out, he was the first English writer to be awarded this prize. He also won the Gold Medal of Royal Society of Literature in 1926.

On January 18, 1936, Rudyard Kipling's life came to an end by an intestinal hemorrhage. He was buried in the Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey. Kipling left an incredible legacy for many others to walk in his footsteps.

Critical Analysis

Rudyard Kipling was a phenomenal poet and story writer who traveled the vast world and wrote on influence of his experiences and adventures. Both adults and children around the world cherish his adventurous yet moral works such as Kim and The Jungle Books. He traveled the world, composing poems and stories that of which were influenced by the events that occurred around him. Kipling had the passion for writing ever since he was a boy, and was acknowledged for his genius at his young age. Kipling became very successful during his college years when he began to mature into a young man. He received the encouragement of both many friends and the school headmaster. When he had graduated, his journey around the world had begun and he became a wealthy and successful author. Kipling's writings are very serious and moral. Emotions are plentiful and inserted appropriately. He is also very critical upon the life of a native Indian as well as the British soldier.

Rudyard Kipling is known for his serious writing. He writes with a great amount of emotions in both his poems and his stories. He creates these emotions with his power of words. For example, if Kipling is writing a sad story, he uses the elements of sadness such as crying or loss to attain that emotion, but he also uses various characters to perform this task. Kipling's serious mood is very appealing to me. It demonstrates how words can change how one feels almost instantly. I, myself, am a very serious person, and as a result, I enjoyed reading Kipling's work very much. I enjoyed the cleverness in the choice of words and vocabulary that changed the mood of the novel. This is partly what made Kipling famous and successful during his years of writing. The people who read his writings in the newspapers were very fond of Kipling and were delighted in reading his works. He had the skill to extract deep emotions from his audiences, a skill not many people have. A great amount of critics also enjoyed the seriousness of Kipling's works, while others thought it was vulgar and brutal. They thought that his writings contained unnecessary emotions and was simple-minded. However, I strongly disagree with their views. Kipling's writings were influenced by the events that occurred around him, resulting in the actual emotions he experienced. This analogous to a singer singing a song about sadness when they have never experienced what sadness is. That singer would not be able to show the same emotion as a singer who has experienced the emotion and could express it in their songs. Kipling is a parallel to the singer who has experienced the emotion. As a result of this viewpoint of Kipling's writings, I strongly believe that the emotions expressed in his writings project immensely clearly.

Kipling was also very critical of Indian and British culture in his writings. He focused on writing about the lives of the native Indian and the British soldier. I think this is a result of him being born in Bombay, India. In stories such as The Jungle Book and Kim, Kipling is extremely critical about Indian and British lives. He uses symbols and different situations to recreate these cultures. Kipling also included imperialistic views in these stories, which initially brought him to success. However, many critics attacked the racist and jingoist aspects of Kipling's writings. Because of this, his popularity decreased drastically before he retired.

After his death, the people believed that his works would not be remembered and that they were outdated. However, they were wrong. Today, Kipling's writings are very famous. Kipling left behind a great legacy for many poets and writers to follow. Kipling's stories are now acknowledged as some of the world's greatest works. His story The Jungle Book has been recreated into a variety of movies that obtain the interest and the attention of many children and adults. All in all, Kipling significantly impacted the world with his writings.


In conclusion, Rudyard Kipling was a phenomenal, yet interesting poet and story writer. Born in Bombay, India, he was raised well and studied very hard. His skills for writing were apparent from a very young age, leading on to his older years. He also met many loyal and dedicated friends during his schooling, such as Crom Price, who helped him with the initiation of his career. His writing was very unique and original, especially because of his serious tone and the ability to bring out emotion. This ability is very rare, and provides and understanding of others, which is why many people enjoy reading his work. Kipling also had many events affecting his life while he traveled around the world. He traveled to China, Japan, the United States, and many more places, where he wrote numerous, genius stories and poems that are looked upon greatly today. Kipling's writing style is significantly unique in comparison with various other authors and poets. It is difficult to identify another author who has a very serious tone, with a complement of a childish tone. In my opinion, this is a very good cross which is appealing to a great amount of people, both children and adults around the world. His poems and novels brought a further understanding of life and taught life lessons. Many people enjoy reading Kipling's works because they are not too sophisticated for one to lose thought and can enjoy and indulge the story. This is how I felt when I was reading the "Jungle Books". Although a long book of numerous stories, I was able to successfully able to finish reading the book with ease as well as fascination. I enjoyed reading the book because it provided me with very effective life lessons, which were presented in a skeptical manner through the use of symbols and animals. All in all, Kipling was a fantastic author and poet, and without him, the world of writing would have lost much to its accomplishments.