Analyzing Dr Martin Luther King Jr English Literature Essay

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It was a beautiful sunny summer day out, my friends and I, were anxious to get out of school and start our summer of 1964. Our last class was our speech class, as I was entering my last class; I noticed there was a picture of Dr. King on the door of my class. I smiled thinking of how much I admired him, and I entered the classroom. Not knowing, there was a teacher inside the room, I randomly yelled, Dr. King will you marry me?! Everyone laughed, and so did the teacher. And Dr King comes out of nowhere and says I am sorry you are a bit too young! I was so surprised and I smiled and then the teacher said by the way Dr. King is here today to give us a little a bit about his life, and I want you guys to examine the way he speaks. I was so excited; I didn't want to leave the class anymore. He started class by talking about his childhood, first thing that really got to me was that one time he and his mom were inside a shop, he glanced at an elevator that was spick and span and had nice buttons. He really wanted to go on the elevator, except his mom informed him it was only for white citizens. As a substitute, they went into a larger elevator that as well had boxes and crates. It wasn't as thrilling as the elevator he had noticed (Darby 5).It reminded me of how when I first started wearing my scarf and I was always petrified of people degrading me, I was happy to see that Martin himself made this difference for me. As he grew up, he became more heated at how "colored" people were treated (Darby 5-8).

In 1948, he graduated from Morehouse College. He once was bearing in mind professions in the medical field and law but he went into the organization. While learning in Pennsylvania, Martin heard a speech on Gandhi and the peaceful difficulty association that he used effectively in opposition to British taking over India. After the speech that he heard Martin examined many manuscripts happening with the thoughts of Gandhi, and sooner or later he became persuaded that the equivalent technique could be used by African Americans to gain privileges in the U.S (Simkin). I always admired Gandhis quotes, and I loved how Martin did too! He also liked Henry David Thoreau's theories on peaceful confrontation. When Rosa Parks was taken to jail, Martin and his friends helped arrange strikes in opposition to bus separation. It was determined that African Americans in Montgomery would reject to ride the buses until travelers were totally included. Martin was arrested and his house was put to fire. Everyone else who was drawn in the Montgomery Bus Boycott also put up with persecution and threats, however the strikes went on. Martin connected with some people to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957. It was dedicated to using nonviolence in the resist for privileges (Simkin). I loved how the association always said: "Not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed (Simkin)."  King's peaceful plan was adopted by African American scholars everywhere. Like the actions of the Freedom Riders in their battle against separated transportation. This all concluded in successfulness in ending segregation at civic parks, swimming pools, cinemas, holy place, libraries, museums, seashores and eating places in twenty-six southern cities(Simkin).

My teacher started passing out papers, it had different kind of questions, and every single one was easy. But I wanted to hear more of what he had to say.

Martin went around the nation creating speeches and stimulating populace to befall in the civil rights movement and advocating peaceful student sit-ins. King as well insisted on financial boycotts like at Montgomery. He disputed that "colored people" completed more than 1/10th of the populace and they have significant financial control. In November, 1962, he was taken to jail because he was representing against separation in Alabama (Simkin).

After being able to get out of prison, King and some leaders planned the famous March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Bayard Rustin was set general manager of the march and he convinced the leaders of all the diverse civil rights clusters to take part in the complaint assembly by the Lincoln Memorial.  The March on August 28th, 1963, was a huge achievement. The amount of the mass was between 260,000 to 410,000 people (Simkin). When he said those numbers my jaw dropped, but I wanted to hear more and left questions till the end. There were many speakers, but Martin was the final spokesman and completed his well-known I Have a Dream speech (Simkin).

Knowing that the "I have a dream" speech was the most famous; I focused most of my attention on that. I thought I knew all that there was to know about the "I have a dream" speech but I was proven wrong. His speech wasn't just about getting the point across for whites and blacks to drink out of the same fountain. He addressed what I think is the most important topic, Equality. I began to analyze the scenario of the young children not able to drink out of the same fountain and I realized it all goes back to equality. Throughout the "I have a dream" speech Martin Luther king was trying to get the point across that it is morally wrong to segregate blacks from whites. This became obvious to me when Martin Luther King said "in a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was the promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (king)." Basically the declaration of independence was what guaranteed equality for everyone. His speech made me realize how great of a leader he is, he was so outspoken and fearless.

I then raised my hand and asked him, how did it feel to be standing there in front of about a quarter of a million people, and making a difference to billions of people, He smiled, and said: I was a bit nervous at first, but now that I know that I made a difference to that many people, I hold my pride and say I am African American. I told him thank you so much for being an amazing leader and influencing people like me to stand up for our rights. He then said you're welcome, and he left the classroom with goodbyes. I could not believe Martin Luther King Jr. himself was in my speech classroom.


Darby, Jean. Martin Luther King Jr. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications Company, 2006. 5-8. Print.

Simkin, John. "Martin Luther King." Spartacus Educational, 2003. Web. 28 Feb 2011. <>.

King, Jr., Martin Luther. "I Have a Dream Speech." Essential Documents: I Have a Dream (2009): 1-3.Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. Web. 28 Feb. 2011.