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Edger Allan Poe, a famous writer, was born in the nineteenth century.A single mother raised him until John Allan adopted him.Some of his famous works are “William - Wilson (1839), The Tell - Tale Heart (1843)” for his famous short stories.His work of famous stories introduced British horror stories, or Gothic genre to American Literature.Some of his famous poems like “Romance (1829)", "A Dream Within A Dream (1827)” and “Alone (1830)” describes a lot about his life. Most of his poems and short stories reveals tremendous information about himself, most of it, thought provoking and very interesting.Edgar Allan Poe lived through the death of his parents at an early age, the illness of his wife, and his own illness bringing a great writer's life to a tragic end.
In his early age Edgar Allan Poe wrote his whole childhood life experience in a short poem “Alone”, he wrote the following, “From childhood's hour I have not been As others were; I have not seen As others saw; I could not bring My passions from a common spring”. Edgar Allan Poe writes his vision to display his horrifying life span experience at an early age. His uniqueness was recognized since childhood. He was never like any of his peers. Poe's early age tells us that, he still was tormented by abandonment and seclusion. Key to be found by the darkness in his life, he gives us a brief about how he felt while he was at early age.
The last few lines from the poem “Alone”, “From the thunder and the storm, And the cloud that took the form (When the rest of Heaven was Blue) Of a demon in my view.” Given quote tells us about his life, which was surrounded by all these natural elements in life as fountain, sun, lighting, although he had an idea of the heaven on earth but there is still a dark side. He supports his views by the color blue represented as being better than the rest, but his side of view is still blocked by the darkness. Both quotes and the poem have the letter a capitalized as a symbolic of his sorrow and uniqueness. He pulls the reader's attention towards the "A" in the poem "Alone".
Even though John Allan adopted Edgar Allan Poe, Poe himself was the reason as disinherited child. Having a French and Latin background he attended University of Virginia. His gambling and drinking addiction poured him into debt. A short story “ William Wilson” was a setup of his short story based on his upbringing and sadness in his middle age. He plays the character study with a theme explored in the film “Fight Club”, and doubles twins Roderick and Madeline Usher in “The Fall of the House of Usher” and “William Wilson.” According to the research Allan Edgar Poe had an interest in psychological experiments. He main focus in the story was an experiment of self-ego. His study in psychology was majorly related to Sigmund Freud and was used in the setting of “William Wilson”.
Critique and conflict both suggest (Shmoop Editorial Team) “William Wilson's double is definitely the story's central conflict, bringing with it important questions: who is this guy? What is his relation to our narrator? What does he want? Why does he torment William so much?” The conflict among the Poe's mind gives his reader an idea about how similar it is towards Sigmund Freud. His work was mostly adapted on the theory which most psychologist believe as a mental condition. Poe's work shows us a technique of ego and a condition that portrays the reverse psychological trajectory. As the story explores the main idea about him exploring both sides, good and bad it leaves us with an indication about his depressing lifestyle. Famous quote “Let me call myself, for the present, William Wilson. The ... fair page now lying before me need not be sullied with my real appellation. (1)” This explains us that Poe created a character that couldn't understand himself and had an identity crisis. His mental condition was not only shown in one but many of them. Another one of his best short stories “The Tell - Tale Heart (1843)” that gives us an idea of his mental condition.
Edgar Allan Poe the story of “The Tell - Tale Heart” provides us a study of paranoia and mental deterioration.
Shmoop Editorial Team. "William Wilson Plot Analysis."Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 24 Mar 2010.