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The root of modernism emerged in the middle of the nineteenth century, locally in France. Modernism is defined as modern thought, character, and practice. This term describes about both set of cultural tendencies and an array of associated cultural movements, which arise from wide-scale and far-reaching changes to Western society in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Modernism includes activities and outputs of those people who felt that the traditional form of art, architecture, literature, religious faith, social organization and daily life were becoming outdated in the new economic, which was related to social and political conditions of an emerging fully industrialize world. The characteristic of modernism is self-consciousness. Many modernists believe that by rejecting traditional, they could be able to discovery new ways of making arts.
As mentioning about the modernism above, it leads us to think of one artist who is famous for his painting in that age, Matisse. In this essay, his biography and implication of color in his painting will be mentioned.
By informing all the readers about the meaning of modernism, biography of Henri Matisses, and some information about his painting, I would hope that my essay will provide you some knowledge about Henri Matisses and his famous works.
Henri Matisse was born in 31 December 1896. He is a French artist who did not discover art until the age of twenty when he was given a paint box by his mom and he felt that his life was in there. The moment I had this box of colors in my hands. he said, I had the feeling that my life was there. After that he gave up his career of law and went to Paris to study art. He is well known for his use of color. Matisse is regarded along with Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the plastic arts in the opening decades of 20th century. His mastery of the expressive language of color and drawing is displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century which led him to won the recognition as a leading figure in modern art.
La Japonaise: Women Beside The Water (1905) This picture is painted when Henri Matisse spent his time in the summer of 1905 working along the small Mediterranean seaport of Collioure. The subject matter of this picture is that his wife, Amelie, wearing Japanese gown sitting beside the ocean of Collioure. The relationship between the figure and the ground show that the main character is dissolved in to the surrounding seascape. Henri Matisse use oil color to paint this picture. The most parts of the picture are drawn and painted in spontaneous curls and strips equivalently intense reds and greens and other equally matched contrasting colors. Matisse also create the flickering effects of bright sun light as you can see in the picture.
Dance (I) (1909) The elements of this picture are joy and energy which related to the painter-injunction. Henri Matisse s concept of this figure comes from his Arcadian composition, Joy of life, which shows the picture of the ring of dancers. Matisse did explain about the color used in this picture that the dominant colors were given from his observation, green pines and blue sky of southern France and the pink of body skin. The picture is little crude by his simply paint of human body and the lack of perspective and foreshortening that made nearer and farther figures equal in size and the sky an uninflected blue planet.
The Red Studio (1911) This picture contains the expanse of red color that include carefully arranged exhibition of the artist s work. Henri Matisse uses the red field which literate on his canvas as a part of his personal ambition of a larger and truly plastic space . The figure of red studio share with traditional three-dimensional illusionism which is linear perspective. There are also a thin line that represents orthogonal recession which defines at the left corner of the room to separate the juncture of wall and floor and the omission of a vertical line that indicate convergence of side wall and back wall.
Goldfish and Palette His reference in this painting is the interior with a gold fish bowl. This figure shows the corner of Matisse s studio with its small table that supporting a goldfish bowl and a potted plant against the scrolling grillwork of a window open to a view of Seine. The painting has an intensity of feeling which is unusual and rarified style. The dark color of the most part in the painting is warmed by soft green and mauves in the table s scraped-over legs. There are uses of rich orange-yellow color for fruit and red-magenta color for goldfish in the bowl to warm up the dark in the picture. Matisse also painted the water in light blue color to light up the picture as well.
The Moroccans This painting is based on Matisse s memories of the terrace and little caf? of the Casbah in Tangier, Morocco, where he did spend his winter of 1912 and 1913. The picture is divided into three sections which are a balcony with flowerpot, the dome of a mosque, and a trelliswork roof that has four yellow melons with green leaves on a tile pavement. The black and the lavender besides seem to be equally and evoke a sense of physical heat of the intensity of sun and shadow in northern Africa. The dominant black also serves as the force to simplify the composition.
The Piano Lesson This figure reveal the moment in the musical education of Matisse s son, Pierre Matisse. The little boy playing piano earnestly seems to be anxious as you can see in the picture. The picture show that the little boy is monitored by two women who has a white face that show her concentration sitting behind him and another who nude turning her head toward him. There is a green slice of forbidden garden beyond the window in the picture also.
The way of Henri Matisse uses of color is that he tries not to use the colors that are related to nature. As you can see in his paintings, most of it is painted in colorful colors. The colorful colors don t show what it is painted to be but it use to express the painter s feeling and emotion in that moment. He always uses brush to paint his picture and the way he use it can form the picture in patterns which can express his feeling and emotion that related to his satisfaction of using the colorful colors.