A In Depth Look At Frankenstein English Literature Essay


Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein" is a deep look at how isolation and disapproval from society spawned hatred in the creation only to cause him to kill. The monster after being rejected and abandoned so many times by general society then turns to hate towards those who abandon him and take revenge up on them by killing the ones they love. The story tells about the process of creation and desolation. The story tells about rejection from the hands of the creations creator., how a being was created but was never taken responsibility for or never cared or loved for which the creation struggled and longed for love and acceptance.

In the beginning of the story "Frankenstein" Victor Frankenstein deals with his mothers death whom he loved dearly. Her death had spawned him to experiment with creating life. Victor thrived on unlocking the key to life. Victor became obsessed with putting life back into once living organisms such as humans and animals. His ultimate goal was to put life back into that of human beings.

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Victor's obsession and experimentation of creating life did not take place until after he had enrolled and attended science classes at the University of Ingolstadt. He became fascinated with the art of science, anatomy, natural philosophy, chemistry, and experimentation. These studies equipped Frankenstein with the ability to be able to make his experiments successful.

Upon arrival to the University of Ingolstadt. Victor had acquainted himself with one of his professors named Mr. Krempe whom advised him to study natural philosophy (Shelley, 26-27). The only thing that Victor Frankenstein was familiar with was the works of Albertus Magnus and Paracelsus (Shelley 26). Mr. Krempe and another professor of Frankenstein's, by the name of M. Waldman both advised Victor to forget about the works of Albertus and Paracelsus. M. Waldman after discovering that this is the only work that Victor had studied remarked "'Have you ... really spent your time studying such nonsense?'" (Griffith 26). M. Waldman even though crediting the works of Magnus and Paracelsus he also stated that they were only "'Ancient teachers of this science [i.e., chemistry, who] ... promised impossibilities and performed nothing'" in attempting to transmute metals and to create the elixir of life (Griffith 27). This statement had sparked Victor Frankenstein almost as if it were a challenge to him to not only make "findings" unlike these Magnus and Paracelsus but to go through the whole process of his experiments to come out with a full outcome. Victors full outcome was to actually go the distance to create a life. Victor soon wanted to not only promise impossibilities but put them into action. Victor however did try to stray away from those works of Albertus and Paracelsus as instructed by his professor's Mr. Krempe and M. Waldman.

The event that sparked Victor's interest in an ideology of putting life back into a human being was the night of witnessing a bolt of lighting strike "an old and beautiful oak" to "a blasted stump" and "thin ribbands of wood," "Nothing remained but a blasted stump" it was "entirely reduced to thin ribbands of wood" (Shelley 23). This had astonished Victor so in fact he "eagerly inquired of his father the nature and origin of thunder and lightning" (Shelley 23). His fathered explained that this was "Electricity" (Shelley 23). After learning about electricity, Victor had constructed a electrical machine and exhibited a few experiments, in which he had made a kite, with a wire and string and drew down that fluid from the clouds (Shelley 23) in other words known as lightning. After his finding of this experiment Victor states "This last stroke completed the overthrow of Cornelius Agrippa, Albertus Magnus, and Paracelsus, who had so long reigned the lords of my imagination" (Shelley 23).

This event along with his studies at the University of Ingolstadt had connected the missing link of how Victor was to put back life into a deceased human being. Victor had tied life and lightning together. The thought of Lightning doing that much damage to that oak tree made Victor question the ideal that if the lightning could cause that much damage and cause that much destruction then maybe lightning could have positive effects. Lightning could possibly create instead of destruct.

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This new finding of lightning then became apparent to Victor that he could create life. Victor had them became set on constructing his own creature or creation. In being set on creating life the studies that accompanying this fascination was that of natural philosophy and chemistry. These two studies helped Victor comprehend the terms of his experiments. Soon Victor had spent 2 years experimenting with natural philosophy, in these years Victor had felt that he had learned all he could about natural philosophy and that the University no longer was any benefit to new knowledge in this area of study for him (Shelley 29). Frankenstein comes off as a narcissist, he has such a big ego, that now further studies at the university are far below his level of learning.

Victor Frankenstein soon became familiarized with anatomy. Victor began to study the natural decay and corruption of the human body. Victor started to spend his nights and days in vaults and charnel houses (Frankenstein 30) otherwise known as morgues. He studies the cause and progress of decaying of the human body. After spending days and nights in vaults victor states that "I had succeeded in discovering cause of generation and life; nay, more I became myself capable of bestowing animation upon lifeless matter" (Frankenstein 30). After Victor consistently and obsessively studying the decaying of human bodies and finally discovers that he can create life. Victor is beginning to play God's role. Victor is being narcissist. Meaning he is so much impressed with himself and vain that he obviously starts to believe that he is God like. Victor at this point is not thinking about any consequences just about his main outcome.

Victor chooses how he wants his human being to look. Victor's image of his creation is to be large in stature about eight feet tall and proportionably large (Shelley 32). Why would Victor want to create something that is fairly larger than he is. It would seem that Victor would not want a creation eight feet tall in height. Victor probably wanted this creation to be large as if to be his body guard so to speak, but then again Victor never put thought into having such a large creation maybe turn on him. Victor more or less was thinking that this creation of his would be like a son figure to him. Someone to follow in his footsteps, a creation that Victor could teach himself and have a companion who would whole heartedly would love him with never dying. Victor makes this creation as if to refill his heart with the missed love of his mother. Victor was the creation of his mother like "The Monster" was his creation. Both were created to Love their parent non conditionally.

On a November night Life was shocked into the creation that Frankenstein had been in the process of creating. The process was now final. The creation of this creature came about as Victor struck a spark of lightning into the creature causing the creature to breathe life. As Victor explained once the spark had awoken the body the creature than opened up it's dull yellow eyes, breathed hard, and convulsive motion agitated it's limbs. It was then that Victor exclaimed that this was a "wretch" (Shelley 34). Frankenstein describes his creation as a wretch, a wretch is someone who is despicable not worthy of being loved, without Frankenstein even given his creation a chance, he automatically brands his creation as such, just because his creation is not up to his standards in appearance. Would a mother of a child ever deny her creation just because it has some imperfection that it is born with. This shows the difference between a mothers love and that of someone who plays god.

Victor describes the "wretch" as having "Scarcely yellow skin covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness." "but these luxuriances only formed a more horrid contrast whit his watery eyes," "shriveled complexion, and straight black lips"(Frankenstein 34). Victor had expected his creation to be more of a beauty. The first look upon this creation as a living being frightens Victor, not only because he had created life but because the creature was not what he had imagined. The creature had more of an morbid scary features. Victor proclaims that this creation is a wretch. A wretch is a despicable person, someone who is meant to be despised. Why did the Monster deserve to be despised. Victor had felt that the monster apparently was to be despised because of how he looked. The way Victor describes the creation, is a pure image of death.

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Victor ends up abandoning his creation by running out of his room in which the creation of this monster took place. Victor was so repulsed by his creation that he completely disserted his own creation. The monster or Victors creation never had a chance to be accepted by his creator or as the monster called Victor his Father. The monster was therefore condemned to a life without his father due to the fact of his appearance.

After the monster was abandoned by his father, the Monster fleds from Victor's apartment and begins to wander aimlessly through the forests of southern Germany (Shelley 52). After days of the cretaion traveling, he encounters a village, by this time he is starving and smells the aroma of cooking food, he so innocently wonders into this village not only to be chased back out by the villagers . The villagers drive this creation out of the village just driven by fear of it."'grievously bruised by stones and many other kinds of missile weapons,'" he flees for his life, finally reaching the safety of the pathless forest (Thompson 110). The monster now hungry, lost, and has no knowledge or understanding of life or anything in life itself, is left to wonder to the next place. Just like his father, the villagers had shunned him because of his appearance.

The creature comes upon another village once again and finds shelter. This cramped shelter has a dirt floor, and icy winds whistle through large chinks in the walls. The hovel, barely large enough for his huge frame, is attached to the rear of the De Lacey cottage. But most important, the monster's shed is "'surrounded on the sides [...] by a pig-sty and a clear pool of water'" (Thompson 111). For a solid year the monster spends his time observing the DeLacey's but does so without associating with them. The creature within this time studies the people, this is how he learns words, how to speak and other knowledges. He soon becomes fascinated and starts feeling love for the family so much in fact that he starts chopping fire wood for the family in secrecy at night. In return the family not knowing who is doing this for them starts leaving food laid out for whomever is doing this for their family. In this time the monsters only means of survival to feed his hunger is through berries and roots. Even though this monster lived with pig he never killed them for his food. The monster will not eat them for moral reasons, explaining, "'My food is not that of man; I do not destroy the lamb and the kid to glut my appetite; acorns and berries afford me sufficient nourishment'" ( Thompson 157). This shows that the monster has compassion not only for humans but for animals. Are humans more cruel natured than this monster. Human Beings have no remorse when it comes to killing a pig but this so called monster does. Does this not prove that even though the monster was created without any knowledge of anything that he in fact does have a soul. A compassionate, caring, loving, soul.

The monster continues to study the DeLacey family. He soon be comes enticed by the grandfathers skill to play the violin. The grandfather whom in fact is blind. The music of this violin often brought tears to the monsters eyes. The angelic music. Upon approaching a year of becoming familiar with this family and creating a loving bond with them, the monster decides that he wants to introduce himself to the family. He figured that they would embrace him and love him as a human being. Being that they had always put food out for him at night for his kind deed of gathering fire wood for them in the dark of the night for a solid year. Once the monster decides to introduce himself it is first to the Blind grandfather. The grandfather invites him in and gives him cheese and milk. But with the arrival of Mr. and Mrs. Delacey things take a sudden turn for the worse, once again the Monster is now shunned away because of his hideous figure. The family that he had found favoritism to now abandoned him as well.

After this even took place other horrendous acts followed. Only this time instead of instances of the monster being shunned and abandoned. The monster now went in search of his so called father Victor Frankenstein. The monster traveled back to Geneva and within the time he is in Geneva he murders Victor's younger brother William Frankenstein and Justine Moritz the care taker of William. In this time Jutine Moritz so wrong accused of William Frankenstein's death, she was hung. I believe that the monster had become so tired of being isolated from the world and he had resented Victor for abandoning him in the first place, the monster wanted Victor to feel the isolation that he has felt ever since he had been created. While Victor was out living his life in the company of others such as his friends and family The monster had to live a life of secrecy away from humans, and when every time the monster was revealed to any other human being he was always disregarded. No one ever gave him the chance instead they saw him as foul and as a "devil". The monster wanted to isolate Victor so that he would have no one else to accompany him in the end, the only one who would be left would be none other than his creation, the monster and maybe then Victor could give full attention, affection and love to his creation just like the monster had always longed for.

Victor soon traveled to Mount Blanc to his family's vacation home and the monster had followed him to purpose his opposition to his creature. The two finally meet up on the mountain. Where the monster proposes his wishes from his creator. The monsters proposal was "You must create a female for me, with whom I can live in the interchange of those sympathies necessary for my being. This alone you can do; and I demand if of you as a right which you must not refuse" (Shelley 98). At first Victor does refuse this proposal of the monster's. With this refusal of Victor's the monster proclaims "I will revenge my enemies if I cannot inspire love, I will cause fear; and chiefly towards you my arch-enemy, because my creator, do I swear extinguishable hatred. Have a care: I will work at your destruction, nor finish until I desolate your heart, so that you curse the hour of your birth" (Shelley 98). This was a threat to Victor to make him have more of a motive to create the creature a female companion. This is the only thing left that the creature so desperately wants. He only wants someone to be like him who loves him unconditionally despite his appearance. If Victor would create him a female the monster believes this will solve all his problems, he will no longer ruin Victor. He will go away with his bride to a desolate land far away from any human being. In the end of this conversation Victor Frankenstein had accepted the creature's' proposal with the condition that he and his bride desolate themselves.

Victor Frankenstein soon traveled into London back to Ingolstadt to which he had created the monster his first creation. This was where he would create a female companion for the monster. Ironically where his first creation took place, I guess it could be looked at as the Sanctuary of Life. Victory ends up destroying the female creation in which he was about to give life to. Victor tears the lifeless limbs from the decayed human being. Victor's reasoning was that he thought if he had created another like the monster he had already created that this female creation would follow in the footsteps of the monster. Maybe the female creature would murders just like the monster had. Maybe even if Victor had created the female for the monster she may not even want to be with him, she may shun the creature just as everyone else has. Or even worse what if the two were to have a union and have spawns of themselves, would there be even more destruction could someday the race of these creation someday destroy man kind (Shelley 114-115). In the moonlight of the destruction of the future female creation the Monster watches in hatred as Victor destroys his future mate, his supposed companion. The monster in a state of rage threats Victor "'I will be with you on your wedding night"' (Dingley 141).

When the union of Ms. Elizabeth and Victor finally came to be the Monster had kept his promise to Victor. On the night of their wedding even before Victor and his bride had even had the chance to consemate their marriage, the monster had murdered Victor's beloved bride. The monster wanted Victor to know how it felt to have a companion and that kind of love pulled from right out from under him. Just as Victor had ripped this privilege away from the Monster, the monster had done the same to Victor. This was an example of an eye for an eye. If the Monster could not have someone to love and love him back then why should Victor. Along with this devastation Victor's father passes away as well. Victor is left with no one else. This is exactly what the monster had intended for his creator. The monster had somewhat accomplished part of his goal to isolate Victor so that the only one that Victor would have left would be himself, his own creation. But the Monsters vision is not completely fulfilled, he also wants Victor to love and accept him.

The murder of Victors beloved Elizabeth sparks Victor to search out the Monster, his only goal left in life is to destroy the one who he had created by his own hands. This was what Victor set out to do before he was to die. Victor had nothing else left for himself but to make sure that all the destruction would be vanished which meant that he was to kill the monster.

Victor had followed the for months with the help of clues and food left behind by the Monster. The monster had left behind these clues so that Victor would be able to find him, the monster wanted to isolate Victor just how he had planned, this search for the monster had soon ended in the cold, dark, desolate, glaciers of Iceland. This is where Victor takes his last breath in which the Monster is there to witness. After finding his creator Victor dead after so long awaiting the death of Victor. The monster cried out "I shall die, and what I now feel be no longer felt. Soon these burning miseries will be extinct. I shall ascend my funeral pile triumphantly, and exult in the agony of the torturing flames" (Shelley 156). This statement from the monster had then signified that he now had completed what he had set out to, now that he had destroyed the one who had created him only abandon him, he now could put an end to his own life.

The monster as well as Victor in the end had nothing to live for. The monster and Victor had been isolated so to speak. The monster had been isolated from the time he had been created until his death. Victor had been isolated halfway through his life, because he had lost everyone of his loved ones. He had no longer had anything to live for but to destroy the life he had created, and the monster had nothing left but in the end to destroy his creator.