Years Of Life Lost Due To Smoking English Language Essay

Published: Last Edited:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

Based on data collected in the late 1990s, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that adult male smokers lost an average of 13.2 years of life and female smokers lost 14.5 years of life because of smoking.

Each year, smoking causes early deaths of about 443,000 people in the United States. And given the diseases that smoking can cause, it can steal your quality of life long before you die. Smoking-related illness can limit your activities by making it harder to breathe, get around, work, or play.

Why quit now?

No matter how old you are or how long you've smoked, quitting can help you live longer and be healthier. People who stop smoking before age 50 cut their risk of dying in the next 15 years in half compared with those who keep smoking. Ex-smokers enjoy a higher quality of life. They have fewer illnesses like colds and the flu, lower rates of bronchitis and pneumonia, and feel healthier than people who still smoke.

For decades the Surgeon General has reported the health risks linked to smoking. In 1990, the Surgeon General concluded:

Quitting smoking has major and immediate health benefits for men and women of all ages. These benefits apply to people who already have smoking-related diseases and those who don't.

Ex-smokers live longer than people who keep smoking.

Quitting smoking lowers the risk of lung cancer, other cancers, heart attack, stroke, and chronic lung disease.

Women who stop smoking before pregnancy or during the first 3 to 4 months of pregnancy reduce their risk of having a low birth-weight baby to that of women who never smoked.

The health benefits of quitting smoking are far greater than any risks from the small weight gain (usually less than 10 pounds) or any emotional or psychological problems that may follow quitting.

why you must stop smoking

1- Good physical and mental health.

Health concerns are the main and primary reasons people give for, quitting smoking. and obviously is the very real concern: smoking harms nearly every organ of the body.

Half of all smokers who keep smoking will end up dying from a smoking-related illness. In the United States alone, smoking is responsible for nearly 1 in 5 deaths, and about 8.6 million people suffer from smoking-related lung and heart diseases.

Over 400,000 Americans die yearly from diseases caused and linked to cigarettes smoking. Among the more common ailments directly caused by smoking are: peripheral vascular diseases, heart conditions, cancers, strokes, pulmonary emphysema, bronchitis, ulcers and others.

Moreover, treatment of pre-existent conditions may be complicated by smoking. Risk of anesthesia and post-operative ramifications are increased by the use of cigarettes.

2- Bad reputation in society.

Smokers are looked down upon in formal gatherings and decent communities, they are smelly, nauseating and disgusting according to non-smokers as well as by a lot of the over 50 million ex-smokers in this country. A few wish to stop smoking to set a positive example for their youngsters. While smoking was once believed to be sophisticated, individuals who smoke nowadays are scorned by many of their peers. A few smokers now feel that they appear lacking in self-discipline and looked down upon for not bearing the intelligence to stop.

3- You will save lots of bucks and get lots of the things which u r not getting now.

Many remember stating, "If cigarettes ever reach $1.00 a pack, I'll stop!" Now cigarettes are approaching 5 times that amount and these same individuals have continued to smoke. A smoking couple may be motivated to quit once realizing they're spending thousands of dollars a year to maintain their addiction. Besides, smokers burn holes in their clothes, automobile, furniture and carpeting. Not only may costly burns result, but accidental fires may be started. As a matter of fact, over half of the fire deaths in our nation are induced by cigarette smoking.

The decision to quit

The decision to quit smoking is one that only you can make. Others may want you to quit, but the real commitment must come from you.

Think about why you want to quit.

Are you worried that you could get a smoking-related disease?

Do you really believe that the benefits of quitting outweigh the benefits of continuing to smoke?

Do you know someone who has had health problems because of their smoking?

Are you ready to make a serious try at quitting?

If you are thinking about quitting, setting a date and deciding on a plan will help move you to the next step.

Many have quit smoking previously for a significant time period and returned to smoking. When they were free from smokes they felt healthier, calmer and happier. But lack of comprehending allowed them to tempt a puff. This resulted in reinforcement of their full fledged addiction.

Some individuals need help to quit smoking. They know the dangers, plagues, and expense but still can't stop. Cigarette smoking is an addiction. It's imperative to remember that once you're an addict, you're always an addict. Once you're off smoking for a short time period, staying off is relatively simple. You'll have occasional thoughts for a cigarette, but they're nothing compared to the urges encountered from withdrawal during the early stopping process.

But you must always bear in mind that one puff will put you back to a state of fully fledged dependency. Then you'll either have to go back to smoking or once more go through stopping. Those are both icky options. Consider both of them if you consider taking a puff. Follow the winners and - never accept another puff!

Nicotine withdrawal symptoms can lead quitters back to smoking

When smokers try to cut back or quit, the lack of nicotine leads to withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal is both physical and mental. Physically, the body reacts to the absence of nicotine. Mentally, the smoker is faced with giving up a habit, which calls for a major change in behavior. Both the physical and mental factors must be addressed for the quitting process to work.

Withdrawal from nicotine has 2 parts - the physical and the mental. The physical symptoms are annoying but not life-threatening. Still, if you're not prepared for them, they can tempt you to go back to smoking. Nicotine replacement and other medicines can help reduce many of these symptoms. Most smokers find that the mental part of quitting is the bigger challenge.

If you have been smoking for any length of time, smoking has become linked with a lot of the things you do - waking up in the morning, eating, reading, watching TV, and drinking coffee, for example. It will take time to "un-link" smoking from these activities. This is why, even if you're using a nicotine replacement, you may still have strong urges to smoke.

What's important to know about quitting?

The US Surgeon General has said,

"Smoking cessation [stopping smoking] represents the single most important step that smokers can take to enhance the length and quality of their lives."

It's hard to quit smoking, but you can do it. To have the best chance of quitting and staying a non-smoker, you need to know what you're up against, what your options are, and where to go for help. You'll find this information here.

Why is it so hard to quit smoking?

Steward said, "Quitting smoking is easy. I've done it a thousand times." Maybe you've tried to quit, too. Why is quitting and staying quit hard for so many people? The answer is nicotine.


Nicotine is a drug found naturally in tobacco. It's as addictive as heroin or cocaine. Over time, a person becomes physically dependent on and emotionally addicted to nicotine. This physical dependence causes unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when you try to quit. The emotional and mental dependence (addiction) make it hard to stay away from nicotine after you quit. Studies have shown that to quit and stay quit smokers must deal with both the physical and mental dependence.

How nicotine gets in, where it goes, and how long it stays

When you inhale smoke, nicotine is carried deep into your lungs. There it's quickly absorbed into the bloodstream and carried throughout your body. In fact, nicotine inhaled in cigarette smoke reaches the brain faster than drugs that enter the body through a vein (intravenously or IV).

Nicotine affects many parts of your body, including your heart and blood vessels, your hormones, the way your body uses food (your metabolism), and your brain. Nicotine can be found in breast milk and even in the cervical mucus of a female smoker. During pregnancy, nicotine crosses the placenta and has been found in amniotic fluid and the umbilical cord blood of newborn infants.

Different factors affect how long it takes the body to remove nicotine and its by-products. In most cases, regular smokers will still have nicotine or its by-products, such as cotinine, in their bodies for about 3 to 4 days after stopping.

How nicotine hooks smokers

Nicotine causes pleasant feelings and distracts the smoker from unpleasant feelings. This makes the smoker want to smoke again. Nicotine also acts as a kind of depressant by interfering with the flow of information between nerve cells. Smokers tend to smoke more cigarettes as the nervous system adapts to nicotine. This, in turn, increases the amount of nicotine in the smoker's blood.

Over time, the smoker develops a tolerance to nicotine. Tolerance means that it takes more nicotine to get the same effect that the smoker used to get from smaller amounts. This leads to an increase in smoking. At some point, the smoker reaches a certain nicotine level and then keeps smoking to keep the level of nicotine within a comfortable range.

When a person finishes a cigarette, the nicotine level in the body starts to drop, going lower and lower. The pleasant feelings wear off, and the smoker notices wanting a smoke. If smoking is postponed, the smoker may start to feel irritated and edgy. Usually it doesn't reach the point of real withdrawal symptoms, but the smoker gets more uncomfortable over time. When the person smokes a cigarette, the unpleasant feelings fade, and the cycle continues.

Those who have smoked regularly for a few weeks or longer will have withdrawal symptoms if they suddenly stop using tobacco or greatly reduce the amount they smoke. Symptoms usually start within a few hours of the last cigarette and peak about 2 to 3 days later when most of the nicotine and its by-products are out of the body. Withdrawal symptoms can last for a few days to up to several weeks. They will get better every day that you stay smoke-free.

Withdrawal symptoms can include any of the following:

Dizziness (which may only last 1 to 2 days after quitting)


Feelings of frustration, impatience, and anger



Sleep disturbances, including having trouble falling asleep and staying asleep, and having bad dreams or even nightmares

Trouble concentrating

Restlessness or boredom



Increased appetite

Weight gain

Constipation and gas

Cough, dry mouth, sore throat, and nasal drip

Chest tightness

Slower heart rate

These symptoms can make the smoker start smoking again to boost blood levels of nicotine until the symptoms go away. (For information on coping with withdrawal, see the section called "How to quit.")

man and norharman are still being studied. For some people, withdrawing from smoking causes more severe mood problems, which can result in worse cravings and more trouble staying quit.

Smoking affects other medicines

Smoking also makes your body get rid of some drugs faster than usual. When you quit smoking, it may change the levels of these drugs. Though it's not truly withdrawal, this change can cause problems and add to the discomfort of quitting. Ask your doctor if any medicines you take need to be checked or changed after you quit

Other substances in cigarette smoke

There is some evidence that other chemicals in cigarette smoke may act with nicotine to make it harder to quit smoking. The effects of smoking on monoamine oxidase (a brain chemical) and the substances called har.

What's important about picking a Quit Day?

Once you've decided to quit, you're ready to pick a quit date. This is a very important step. Pick a day within the next month as your Quit Day. Picking a date too far away can allow you time to rationalize and change your mind. But you want to give yourself enough time to prepare and come up with a plan. You might choose a date with a special meaning like a birthday or anniversary, or the date of the Great American Smoke out (the third Thursday in November each year). Or you might want to just pick a random date. Circle the date on your calendar. Make a strong, personal commitment to quit on that day.

Remember that if you are planning to use a prescription drug, you will need to talk with your doctor about getting it in time for your Quit Day. If you plan to use bupropion (Zyban) or varenicline (Chantix), you must start taking the drug at least a full week, or maybe even 2 weeks, before your Quit Day. Talk with your doctor about exactly when to start, and how to use the medicine. Also find out what side effects to watch for and report. If you are using a prescription drug, put a note on your calendar to remind you to start taking it before your Quit Day.

Staying smoke-free

Remember the Steward quote? Maybe you, too, have quit many times before. If so, you know that staying quit is the final, longest, and most important stage of the process. You can use the same methods as you did to help you through withdrawal. Think ahead to those times when you may be tempted to smoke, and plan on how you will use other ways to cope with those situations.

More dangerous, perhaps, are the unexpected strong desires to smoke that can sometimes happen months or even years after you've quit. Rationalizations can show up then, too. To get through these without relapse, try these:

Remember your reasons for quitting and think of all the benefits to your health, your finances, and your family.

Remind yourself that there is no such thing as just one cigarette - or even just one puff.

Ride out the desire to smoke. It will go away, but don't fool yourself into thinking you can have just one.

Avoid alcohol. Drinking lowers your chance of success.

If you're worried about weight gain, put some energy into planning a healthy diet and finding ways to exercise and stay active.

How will my health benefit?

You will reduce your risk of developing illness, disability or death caused by cancer, heart or lung disease.

You will reduce your risk of gangrene or amputation caused by circulatory problems.

You will protect the health of those around you by not exposing them to secondhand smoke.

See the facts about secondhand smoke.

You will reduce the chances of your children suffering from bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma attacks, meningitis and ear infections.

Quitting makes a huge difference to you & your family.

You will improve your fertility levels and your chance of a healthy pregnancy and baby.

You will improve your breathing and general fitness.

See how quickly you'll notice the benefits of quitting.

You will enjoy the taste of food more.

Beating The Side Effects

The symptoms of low blood glucose are essentially the same symptoms as not getting enough oxygen, similar to responses experienced at high altitudes. The reason being the poor supply of sugar and/or oxygen means the brain is receiving an incomplete fuel. If you've plenty of one and not plenty of the other, your brain can't operate at any sort of optimum level. Once you stop smoking, oxygen levels are frequently better than they've been in a long time, but with a modified supply of sugar it can't decently fuel your brain.

It isn't that cigarettes place sugar into your blood stream; it's more of a drug interaction of the stimulation effect of nicotine that bears upon the blood glucose levels. Cigarettes drive the body to give up its own stores of sugar and fat by a type of drug interaction. That's how it fundamentally operates as an appetite suppressant, impacting the satiation centers of your hypothalamus. As for the sugar levels, nicotine as a matter of fact works a lot more efficiently than food.

If you utilize food to raise blood glucose levels, it literally calls for up to twenty minutes from the time you chew and swallow the food before it's discharged to the blood, and thus the brain, for its sought after effect of fueling your brain. Cigarettes, by going through a drug interaction get the body to give up its own stores of sugar, but not in twenty minutes but commonly in a matter of moments. In a way, your body hasn't had to give up sugar from food in years; you've done it by utilizing nicotine's drug effect!

This is how come many individuals truly gorge themselves on food upon quitting. They begin to go through a drop in blood glucose and instinctively get hold of something sweet. Upon finishing up the food, they still feel symptoms. Naturally they do, it takes them a moment or two to eat, but the blood glucose isn't hiked up for another eighteen minutes. As they're not feeling instantly better, they consume a bit more. They carry on eating increasingly more food, moment after moment till they at last begin to feel better.

Once again if they're waiting for the blood glucose to go up we're talking of twenty minutes after the 1st swallow. Individuals may eat a lot of food in twenty minutes. But they start to trust that this was the amount required before feeling better. This may be replicated many times throughout the day therefore causing many calories being ingested and inducing weight gain to become a real risk.

Once you suddenly stop smoking, the body is in sort of a state of loss, not willful how to work normally as it hasn't worked normally in such a while. Commonly by the 3rd day, however, your body will readapt and relinquish sugar as it's required. Without consuming any more your body will simply figure out how to govern blood glucose more efficiently.

You might find however that you do have to alter dietary patterns to one that's more regular for you. Regular isn't what it was as a smoker, but more what it was prior to you taking up smoking with aging injected. A few individuals go till evening without eating while they're smokers. If they attempt the same procedure as ex-smokers they'll have side effects of low blood glucose.

It isn't that there has something awry with them now; they were abnormal previously for all pragmatic purposes. This doesn't mean they ought to consume more food, but it might mean they have to redistribute the food consumed to a more disperse pattern so they're getting blood glucose doses throughout the day as nature truly had always intended.

To downplay a few of the true low blood glucose effects of the first few days it truly may help to continue drinking juice throughout the day. After the 4th day however, this ought to no longer be essential as your body ought to be able to give up sugar stores if your diet is normalized.

If you're having issues that are indicative of blood glucose issues beyond day 3, it wouldn't hurt speaking to your physician and perchance acquiring some nutritionary counseling. In order to let your body preserve permanent control over the sum of glucose (sugar) in your brain ... don't pick up another cigarette!

Staying motivated

To state that these individuals had no prior motive or desire to stop smoking would likely not be true. I surmise most smokers have a little level of motivation to stop, but motivation without an understanding of nicotine addiction and its treatment isn't adequate to succeed. That's why most seminars attempt to cram in information as fast as possible.

The crucial things to understand are why individuals smoke, why they ought to stop, how to stop, and how to remain free. All 4 of these areas are essential points of understanding for an individual pondering quitting. Without a firm grasp of each element, the smoker will be disabled in his or her effort to stop.

Understanding why he or she smokes helps the smoker discover that all the magic qualities affiliated with smoking were based on fallacies and feelings. While most smokers believe they smoke because they wish to, the true reason they smoke is because they have to. They're addicted to nicotine and their bodies are requiring that they smoke. They're drug addicts, plain and simple, and realizing this premise is the essential opening move.

As with any other addiction or 12-step curriculum, the assumption of being powerless over the drug is the beginning step in recovery. You must realize that while you thought smoking was keeping you calm, it was really increasing your stress levels, or more precisely, your responses to tension. While you believe smoking makes you energetic, in point of fact, it's robbing you of endurance and energy. While smokers frequently feel that smoking allows you to have fun and lead more socially active life-styles, it's really impairing and restricting your power to enlist in many activities and to formulate new relationships.

As contrary to enhancing your power to be vivacious and active members of society, it's in fact inducing you to resort to a lot of asocial behaviors. It led you to smoke in position of human contact, frequently leaving assemblies or declining to attend functions where smoking is no longer permitted. Why an individual ought to quit smoking is likely the least surprising sort of info, as many smokers already understand that smoking is bad for them.

The issue is that most individuals don't realize how bad it is. Many are overpowered when they amply recognize the true magnitude of the perils of smoking. The realization that stopping smoking is in point of fact a battle for survival is often of predominant importance in long-run success. This info is often vital for dealing with the occasional thoughts that are still sparked off by conditions and situations faced throughout the ex-smoker's life.

Word count 3,846