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The article entitled "Why am I against using technology in the classroom? Why do I ban laptops in my classroom?" written by "David Cole" on October 23rd, 2008. David Cole, born 1958, he is an American law professor at the Georgetown University Law Center. This article was published in order to convince his audience why he is against technology in classroom. So, author's argument in this article was to prove how these new technologies was converted from an educational aid to a technology that destruct the traditional educational system and disperse student's attention during lectures and classes. So, his purpose was to convince his audience to don't use technology in classroom and that is should be banned .Then, David successfully presented his argument through using logical reasons like when he said that "Laptops also create a temptation to the many other things one can do there - surf the Web, check e-mail â€¦" .On the other hand, David wasn't successful only in giving logical reasons to provide his point of argument but he also lost big part of his credibility when he said "In light of the grim economic climate at most universities, he says that "shunning new technology is also a sound way to save money".
In addition, the author used his great educational background and his huge experience in this domain to indirectly express his opinion. Therefore, first, he succeeded in defining his point of argument through writing his experience and experience of other professors about how these new technologies became a distraction for the students from the lecture and how it killed the interaction between the students and their professors .Also ,he is using logical evidences and facts that was clear when he said "Note-taking on a laptop encourages verbatim transcription. The note-taker tends to go into stenographic mode and no longer processes information in a way that is conducive to the give-and-take of classroom discussion", which is right because students don't have to use their laptops while their professor is wanting to communicate and discuss with them cause laptops will make them to focus their attention only on it and neglect the lecture and lose their communication with their professors during the lecture. Besides, David showed another good point that laptops in classrooms can attract students to do another things on it like chatting with their friends on msn and Facebook,surfing,..etc. So, laptops can serve as a distraction because it will lose student's interaction with his professor and so that that destruct partially the traditional educational system. After all, the author succeeded in proving points of his arguments that was persuasive and acceptable.
Moreover, the author's reasons weren't all logical, he wrote many weak proves and evidences in this article. First, according to Jose Brown, David wrote a very weak point when he said "shunning new technology is also a sound way to save money", that was clear that he based his argument on a very weak reasoning because it is known that how using technologies for learning in schools and universities reduces the costs of education and increases level of Learning. According to ENewSchool, Arne Duncan who is Education Secretary, he said "â€¦ high-cost money-wasters, such as the millions of dollars spent on remedial education. He told the crowd that ed tech can be a wise investment, saying that it "gives each person the tools they need to be successful and reduce[s] wasted time, energy, and money."". Therefore, that makes clear how these new technologies can save money and increase the quality of education and not like David said that are just a money waster.
Also, there is another weak evidence in this article, David claimed that the engage of students during lectures, depending on if they use their laptops or not and he assure on that when he said "So I conducted an anonymous survey of my students - by computer, of course. The results were striking. About 80 percent reported that they are more engaged in class discussion when they are laptop-freeâ€¦95 percent admitted that they use their laptops in class for "purposes other than taking notes â€¦"".But, I think that is not right because to attract student's interests and attention to the lecture is depending on teacher's capabilities and his good and attractive way in explaining his subject ,so that will note make the lecture boring and not make the students do another things on their laptops like surfing the internet and chatting that were limited nowadays by universities IT from accessing some sites and chatting programs that distract the students. Other surveys are made by trustworthy and reliable resource and have shown some statistics that was totally opposite to the author has said. According to survey report made by university by university of Wisconsin, it shows that "Students were asked to provide examples of how they have used their laptops during class. Responses were coded into 14 different themes. The two most common themes were: taking notes (63.6%), and internet/research (47.9%)." Also, the author stated this statistics according to untrustworthy and unreliable sources and he proved that to us when he said "anonymous survey". Consequently, it is considered another weak assumption from the author and it was clear that David and other professors were in frequent use of excuses to cover up their flaws.
Furthermore, the previous weak points weren't the only in this article, there was another weak assumption, when David said that "The new classroom is about information, but not just information. It's also about collaboration, about changing roles of student and teacher, and about challenges to the very idea of traditional authority". Contrarily, Laptops raises several techniques of the traditional authority like working as group. John Mikton who is ES Information Technology Specialist,he stated in his article "G5 Laptop Program" that "â€¦ there are a few immediate advantages that come to mind. From my readings and personal experience these revolve around some of the following points: ... Access in class to multiple online resources, search engines, encyclopedias and discussion groups .Participate in virtual communities". Mikton is totally right, there is an realistic example, me and some friends in Computer Science department, we have created a group on Facebook with name "MIU Computer Science '13" in order to share documents , assignments , books and ideas between all students of CS department which makes us easily and effectively work as a unit group .So, David was in frequent use of illogical excuses and reasons.
Besides, this article includes many illogical fallacies ,David started his article in an irony and subjective way rather than giving arguments or evidence, he said ,"â€¦they attend thanks to new digital technologies" , then, he said ,"After I repeat the question, the student's gaze, as often as not, returns to the computer screen, as if the answer might appear there. Who knows? With instant messaging, maybe it will.", which both quotes are considered ad hnoneim fallacy . Also, the author showed that who they agree with his argument are large number like when he said "Many professorsâ€¦","Many educatorsâ€¦" and "Many universities" ,without using reliable facts and evidences to prove that. So, it is considered another logical fallacy which is generalization . Then, David gave some facts according to Susan H. Greenberg which the audience don't know who is she or where she works, also he showed an anonymous survey that lost its credibility due to its weak resource and he used pronoun personal " I " many times in this article which made him very subjective to his point of argument . Therefore, the author lost a big part of his credibility and his trustworthiness.
To sum it up, David used some logical reasons in this article to prove his point of argument like when he said that, "Laptops also create a temptation to the many other things â€¦", and he was right , laptop maybe is a king of distraction for students, ,but in contrast , it is known that laptop's advantages outweigh its disadvantages but he used many illogical reasons and evidences to prove the contrary which made him lost his credibility and his objective in this article. In my opinion, I like his simple words and language in representing this article, on the other hand, I dislike his overrate in intimidating this problem. Moreover, it was unhelpful article for me because it gave me unreal facts and evidences.