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The word plagiarism comes from a Latin word for kidnapping. We know that kidnapping is stealing a person. Well, plagiarism is stealing a person's ideas or writing. Also, copying others efforts and imitation of the language and thoughts for someone else and show it as your own work. Plagiarism is also a form of cheating, but it's a little complicated so might be done without understanding if there are mistakes. There is different thing people taking such as writing, conversation, song or ideas and present it as your own. This includes information from web pages, books, songs, television shows, email messages, interviews, articles or artworks. Whenever you paraphrase, summarize, or take words, phrases, or sentences from another person's work, it is necessary to indicate the source of the information within your paper using an internal citation. It is not enough to just list the source in a bibliography at the end of your paper. Failing to properly quote, cite or acknowledge someone else's words or ideas with an internal citation is plagiarism.
kinds of plagiarism:
Using another person's exact words without including quotation marks *and* citation. For example, If you use someone else's exact words, then you must cite the original source (either in a footnote or in a citation in the text), and you must enclose the words in quotation marks or else set them off from the rest of the text by indenting them from the other text.
Using another person's words, but changing some of them, or rearranging them. This is plagiarism even if the source is cited.
Summarizing or paraphrasing another person's words without citation. If you use what someone else has written, but you describe it or summarize it in your own words, then you don't need to enclose it in quotation marks, but you still must provide a citation to the original source, either in a footnote or directly in the text.
Example of plagiarism:
In examining technology, we have to remember that computers are not the first technology people have had to deal with. The first technology was the primitive modes of communication used by prehistoric people before the development of spoken language.
In examining technology, we have to remember that computers are not the first technology people have had to deal with. Frick (1991) believes that "... the first technology was the primitive modes of communication used by prehistoric people before the development of spoken language" (p. 10). References: Frick, T. (1991). Restructuring education through technology. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation.
Explanation of plagiarized Version:
This example of student written work is plagiarized. The student copied, word-for-word, text from the original source material. No credit was given to the author of the text and quotation marks were not used. Also, the student didn't provide a reference.
Explanation of correct Version:
Note in this example that the passage begins with the author and year of the publication. Quotation marks are used to indicate that this passage is a word-for-word citation from the original document.
Why be concerned about plagiarism?
If you plagiarize, you are cheating yourself: You don't learn to write out your thoughts in your own words, and you won't receive specific feedback from your instructor geared to your individual needs and skills.
Plagiarism is dishonest and/or misleading: because it misrepresents the work of another as your own.
Plagiarism violates the Code of Academic Conduct: and can lead to Suspension or Dismissal.
Plagiarism devalues others' original work. Using and submitting a professional's work as your own is taking an unfair advantage over students who do their own work.
It is wrong to take or use property (an author's work) without giving the owner the credit due. Further, copyright violations can result in damages, fines, o worse.
The reputation of UC Davis affects the value of your degree; student dishonesty hurts UCD's standing and can diminish the worth of your diploma.
How can you avoid plagiarism?
Know what plagiarism is: ignorance will not excuse a violation. Intentional plagiarism, such as elaborate copying or use of another's work without credit, submitting a paper from the Internet as one's own, or altering or falsifying citations to hide sources is very serious, likely to result in Suspension. Unintentional plagiarism may result from not knowing how to cite sources properly, sloppy research and note-taking, or careless cutting and pasting from electronic resources - it is still a violation of the Code of Academic Conduct and subject to discipline.
Guidelines for Avoiding Plagiarism:
* Use your own words and ideas. Practice is essential to learning. Each time you choose your words, order your thoughts, and convey your ideas, you can improve your writing.
Give credit for copied, adapted, or paraphrased material. If you copy and use another's exact words, you must use quotation marks and cite the source. If you adapt a chart or paraphrase a sentence, you must still cite your source. Paraphrasing is restating the author's ideas, information, and meaning in your own words.
Avoid using others work with minor "cosmetic" changes. Examples: using "less" for "fewer," reversing the order of a sentence, changing terms in a computer code, or altering a spreadsheet layout. If the work is essentially the same as your source, give credit.
There are no "freebies." Always cite words, information and ideas that you use if they are new to
you (learned in your research). No matter where you find it - even in on the Internet or in an encyclopedia - you cite it!
Beware of "common knowledge." You may not have to cite "common knowledge," but the fact must really be commonly known.
When in doubt, cite. Better to be safe than not give credit when you should!plagiarism_full.jpg