What It Was And What It Is English Language Essay

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Topic Sentence: A Mexican came to US to find a job because there were no jobs for him in Mexico, he found work at a manufacturing plant, got married, had kids, bought a house and car, became an American citizen, paid taxes and voted; he was living the American dream until he lost his job.

Thesis Statement: The presentation of facts and arguments are both very convincing, however Norberg's article has a fair-minded approach while 'Life on the Global Assembly Line' highlights only the negative aspects of businesses moving to underdeveloped countries. One has to keep in mind that these two articles were written a little more than 20 years apart, so the evidence will vary, for that reason 'The Noble Feat of Nike' has the advantage of being more recent.

BODY

Paragraph 1:

Topic Sentence: Norberg's essay's most contributing factor is also its most counteracting factor - it is a firsthand experience.

Global Assembly Line has generalizations.

Working conditions and what workers think

Paragraph 2:

Topic Sentence: Norberg employs a sarcastic tone and maintains an aura of irony throughout the essay.

Personification, humorous remarks and use of pathos.

Paragraph 3:

Topic Sentence: From her background information, Ehrenreich is an immensely well credited author with a Ph. D. in Biology; she has written countless articles and essays about social issues involving the poor, health and women establishing herself as a reliable writer.

Norberg credibility and how he establishes it.

CONCLUSION

The idea of a timeline and how globalization has changed and improved underdeveloped countries.

What 'It' Was and What 'It' Is

A Mexican came to US to find a job because there were no jobs for him in Mexico, he found work at a manufacturing plant, got married, had kids, bought a house and car, became an American citizen, paid taxes and voted; he was living the American dream until he lost his job. He lost his job because the factory where he worked closed down and moved to Mexico. (Horsey, 2001). 'The Noble Feat of Nike' and 'Life on the Global Assembly Line' are two essays that address the immensely complicated topic of globalization and its impact in underdeveloped countries by foreign multinational companies. Johan Norberg's 'The Noble Feat of Nike' (2003) is framed in a way that favors globalization using Nike as the multinational company that brought better working conditions and education to the blue-collars of Vietnam while 'Life on the Global Assembly Line' (1981) written by Barbara Ehrenreich and Annette Fuentes criticizes globalization for allowing multinational corporations to exploit women workers in foreign lands for cheap labor and increased productivity. The presentation of facts and arguments are both very convincing, however Norberg's article has a fair-minded approach while 'Life on the Global Assembly Line' highlights only the negative aspects of businesses moving to underdeveloped countries. One has to keep in mind that these two articles were written a little more than 20 years apart, so the evidence will vary, for that reason 'The Noble Feat of Nike' has the advantage of being more recent.

Norberg's essay's most contributing factor is also its most counteracting factor - it is a firsthand experience. Although this adds to the credibility of the writer and the illustrations in his essay, it is cause for skepticism: he may have interpreted what he saw optimistically and not realistically. Because Nike did so much good in Vietnam by bringing 'new machinery, better technology, new management skills and production ideas, a larger market and the education of their workers' (p. 174), productivity was raised allowing for increase in worker wages. Ehrenreich's essay is depressing to say the least but it is understandable how frustrated she was that factory-working women were abused and given menial and repetitive jobs. Unlike Norberg's essay, 'Life on the Global Assembly Line' isn't a firsthand account, also while Norberg focuses his ideas on one multinational company, Nike, Ehrenreich's essay contains many generalizations which she balances with abundant examples of women in the working industry. Ehrenreich complains about less than adequate 'living conditions' (p. 154) where up to 20 women are forced to share a room. She also adds that there are various health risks to these jobs and still there are no organizations that monitor the health and safety of workers. While he acknowledges that working conditions are grim compared to what is there in the West, Norberg says that these workers make a different comparison, they compare to what their lives were before this multinational savior came and would prefer to work in the air conditioned factories than toil '10 to 14 hours a day in the burning sun or the intensive rain' (p. 174). Ehrenreich comments that the wages are too low, this is because she compares them to the wages of workers in the US but Norberg tells us that the wages they earn is almost triple the amount earned by those who work in local businesses - enough to allow some to buy a car to travel to work.

Norberg employs a sarcastic tone and maintains an aura of irony throughout the essay. His introduction is a summary of what anti-globalists think. When doing this he uses a clever personification, 'A Nike is a shoe that simultaneously kicks people out of jobs in the West, and tramples on the poor in the Third World' (p. 173), that amuses the readers and draws them into the essay easily. He makes a humorous remark about the scooter driving workers not knowing which lane to drive on keeping an element of light-heartiness in a very serious essay. He plays on the readers emotions in paragraph 14 where he tells us how 2.2 million children are being educated instead of being used for child labor, how the Vietnamese woman he interviewed wants her son to become a doctor and how that would not have been her choice before Nike came to Vietnam; then he comments on how and why anti-globalists want Westerners to boycott Nike's shoes. This is particularly effective because it makes the readers introspect and possibly go and buy a pair of Nike's. Ehrenreich's essay contains elaborate illustrations allowing the reader to vividly imagine the lives of the factory women. From her diction readers can understand that she has targeted a special audience - business conglomerates and aid corporations - by using words like 'proletariat' (p. 152) 'aegis' (p. 153), 'denunciations' (p. 155), 'enclaves' (p. 157), 'maquiladora' (p. 158), and 'melee' (p. 158). Her essay is very serious and without comic relief, this makes the essay drag and readers' attention waver, but this is a very serious topic and Ehrenreich feels very passionate about it. She uses a metaphor that is somewhat disturbing; she compares the relationship between Third World governments and foreign corporations to the relationship between 'a pimp and his customers' (p. 157) because they advertise their women for the multinational businesses. She relays the hardships faced by these working women by summarizing the life of a girl called Anna; this is useful because it evokes sympathy from readers.

From her background information, Ehrenreich is an immensely well credited author with a Ph. D. in Biology; she has written countless articles and essays about social issues involving the poor, health and women establishing herself as a reliable writer. From her essay, language clues help identify her as knowledgeable along with a variety of examples used in her essay. Norberg makes himself believable from paragraph 4 when he says that he travelled to a city in Vietnam to see for himself what Nike has done. He also provides evidence and statistics of worker wages and education developments before and after Nike arrived. He makes references to the opposition's arguments and rebuts them. His credibility also comes from the interview with Tsi-Chi, a local woman working at Nike; what she has to say about working there has a great impact in the credibility of his ideas.

In these two essays it is hard to pinpoint the role of globalization in the lives of the 'proletariat' (p. 152) and the first world enterprises but these two essays can be viewed as a sort of timeline that may enable us to understand how globalization was observed during 'Life on the Global Assembly Line' and how that observation has changed at the time of 'The Noble Feat of Nike'. Norberg has understood that and has opened his mind to the new and improved globalization effects in underdeveloped countries like Vietnam.

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