The topic of plagiarism is one that is an ever present state of worry for the academic world. The care that one must constantly and carefully be aware of when writing a paper is an issue that attention has to be given. During a short research I performed on plagiarism I found that there are seventeen types of plagiarism that I have narrowed down to five that I would like to touch upon. They are "the self-stealer/ self-plagiarism, paraphrasing as plagiarism/the resourceful citer, complex plagiarisms using a footnote/the misinformer, the too-perfect paraphrase/paraphrasing with hanging quotes and plagiarism using a citation/straight plagiarism" (Hexham, 1999; "Plagiarism," 2008).
Both sites I researched described some of the same types of plagiarism that we should be watchful of. One of the sites identified seven types of plagiarism.
Plagiarizing robs any author from his/her original work, although the original work should reflect any writer's own thoughts and the pleasure of earning good grades. Developing thoughts on a topic or assigned subject matter should first come from the author. After doing the research, then comes the time to figure it out, what fits and what does not fit with research and one's own information.
Both sites spoke on how the difference between the types of plagiarism affects academic work of students and authors. Both sites gave a few examples showing how something is identified as plagiarism when it is incorrectly used. And then the correct way was also listed to show the proper formatting of an author's work(Hexham, 1999; "Plagiarism," 2008).
The Self-Stealer/ Self-plagiarism: "The writer borrows generously from his or her previous work, violating policies concerning the expectation of originality adopted by most academic institutions" (Hexham, 1999). In this example of plagiarism the original author just resubmits his or her original work with little or no change to the content of what is supposed to be new work from the author.
Paraphrasing as plagiarism/The resourceful citer: Paraphrasing without reference to the original, and extensive or continuous paraphrasing, even when the source is mentioned, is plagiarism and the writer properly cites all sources, paraphrasing and using quotations appropriately The writer properly cites all sources, paraphrasing and using quotations appropriately. The catch? The paper contains almost no original work! It is sometimes difficult to spot this form of plagiarism because it looks like any other well-researched document" (Hexham, 1999; "Plagiarism," 2008).Right here plagiarism exists because the writer practically lifts someone else's work and change around some of the information and makes an attempt to shape the work into there own.
Complex plagiarism using a footnote/The Misinformer: "This happens when various changes and paraphrases, from more than one page, are used with a footnote but without appropriate quotation marks. Thus a reference is given, although it may not be to exactly the correct page, and many words and phrases are taken from the original text and the writer provides inaccurate information regarding the sources, making it impossible to
find them" (Hexham, 1999; "Plagiarism," 2008). With this particular plagiarism the writer tries to go into many different directions on purpose, not properly give credit where any of the work comes from.
The Too-Perfect Paraphrase/Paraphrasing with hanging quotes: "The writer properly cites a source, but neglects to put in quotation marks text that has been copied word-for-word, or close to it. Although attributing the basic ideas to the source, the writer is falsely claiming original presentation and interpretation of the information. Here the plagiarist begins by using a quotation but continues to quote after closing the quotation marks" (Hexham, 1999; "Plagiarism," 2008). Regarding this plagiarism, the writer gives the original author proper credit but implies that the exact words are actually their own no longer exists.
Plagiarism using a citation/Straight plagiarism: "Here although the real author is acknowledged, plagiarism takes place because the original text is reproduced with only minor changes without using either quotation marks or footnotes" (Hexham, 1999; "Plagiarism," 2008). With straight plagiarism, the writer just takes another's' work and passes it off as their own with no regard to the original writer whatsoever.
What I have learned with this research is that one should enjoy learning how to write but be very careful in how one constructs research information. Yes the information was useful concerning The Self-Stealer/ Self-plagiarism, Paraphrasing as plagiarism/The resourceful citer, Complex plagiarism using a footnote/The Misinformer, The Too-Perfect Paraphrase/Paraphrasing with hanging quotes, and Plagiarism using a citation/Straight plagiarism. This was very helpful not only for English papers but for whatever kind of paper you have to write and submit for grading.