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Language is the means for communication and it plays a weighty role in humans life; everyone has his\her own way for doing it. In a sense, language it is persons identity both individual and social. Discourse, as a part of language, shapes people, allowing them to use universal language experience both past and present, because behind every word stands a little history of "why, who, how".
In the course of time each word took a personal meaning, which reflects many subjective aspects, especially the status of one who is speaking. This worked out so that appeared Language Differences between genders. In that way, the answer to the question "Do Women and Men speak the same?" will be "No".
Why do Women and Men talk differently?
For a long time women and men performed different tasks, they were occupied with different work requiring different skills. This way of things left an imprint on their minds. People are not alike, and enormous cultural impact made them think and speak variously. We can say that each of us is a peculiar mix of these characteristics. Women and Men have their own range of abilities shaped by their unique past.
So, every person is different because he\she is unique, but if looking on gender differences, it should be mentioned that there are natural issues dependent on human body. Women and Men tend to think and speak differently. Psychologists say that women gather details differently and arrange them into particular patterns. Making a decision women rely on more criteria, they consider more options and varieties, looking on an issue from a contextual point of view. Women do not think straight, they thing very similar to the web structure. Men are more likely to think about one thing at a time; they go to the conclusion step by step in a linear way. Men do not relate thousands of other ideas to the discussed topic. Such a difference in thinking process appeared because of some physiological characteristics. The sections of man brain operate more independently, while the two brain hemispheres of woman's brain has more nerve cables interconnecting. Moreover, typically men hormone testosterone contributes to focusing one's attention, while woman hormone estrogen tends to promote typically female web thinking.
It is considered that women while speaking can find an appropriate word easily than men. As Mark Twain said, "The difference between the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lightening and the lightning bug." This very tendency begins from early childhood: girls babble definitely more than boys. Girls even start talking with longer utterances and more complex grammatical constructions before boys do.
The scientists came to the conclusion that these two types of thinking were "build" during a very long time of women\men evolution, where both of them were involved in the contrasting occupations. Women had to do many things at once, to take care of children, to make food; whereas men were focused on the hunting - all attention directed only to pursue the victim. Some people considered that women were "born to talk" in order to educate their little offspring and create the harmony and comfort in the family. According to Chinese proverb words are women tools: "The tongue is the sword of a woman and she never lets it become rusty."
Actually, women use more standard language because they are expected by society to do so. If women act in a rule-breaking way they are judged more severe than men would be judged in the same situation. All over again this stereotyping sticks to the fact that women are associated with family-keepers that raises the children.
Who talks more?
There is a widespread stereotype that Women dominate the talking time.
If we look on a "talk" in different contexts, then it is seen that it has different functions. Talking in public means that one aims to inform or persuade people. Who speaks in public tends to have a certain social status; the more people are listening to the speaker, the bigger status one has. If considering "talk" in personal context, then we see that "status" disappears and a main role plays interpersonal relation. Here "talk" exists for the sake of talking. Researches from America and Britain collected evidences which prove that the woman-man amount in these two contexts distributes differently. Men, statistically proved, dominate in talking during the business meeting, seminars, organizational events, and etc., because men perceive such dominating as their status approval. Women are more willing to talk in stress-free, relaxed social contexts, where they can develop and improve their relationships.
The particular research was undertaken by Canadian and American scientists; they observed female-male couples in the discourse. Different topics were given to couples and women talked more than men only in "family and relationship" topics. This proves that the real situation is opposite to the existing belief that women talk more.
It was observed that during TV shows where people are interviewed the bigger amount of speaking time is taken by men as well; they speak more than half.
Going to the field of education, researchers concluded that during the seminars where the women-men number was about the same once again men spoke more. They asked two-thirds of all questions, talked to Professors; in short, men dominated the discourse again.
In the school classrooms teacher speaks the most part of the lesson. The remained part of "free-tome" left for students to speak is taken mainly by boys. This fact led researches to the conclusion that in the situation, where time is valuable, speaks the one who has the status. In this context boys are asserting to claim to higher status by taking the majority of time left for student talk. Moreover, this pattern comes up from kindergarten to higher education.
When women have good work positions and the meeting is carried out, men contribute to it more. This information is taken from the British research where 4 women and 4 men were employed to high management positions. Men tend to instruct women and to dominate meetings.
Bringing to notice the "kind" of a talk women and men use, we can observe that men are more likely to express opinions and give information, while women employ supportive talk, more agreeing and encouraging. Men = referential, informative; women = supportive, facilitative. There is another important point to be discussed - social confidence. It is quite clear that if one knows the particular topic sufficiently, then one can contribute to the discussion about it. The more familiar person is with the topic, the more active person is in the discussion. Once again, regardless to genders, during the same conversation men-experts still talk more than women-experts do. Even knowing the topic particularly well, women were more likely to ask questions and make comments. There was another study carries out where some couples with the traditional gender role were observed; the results were the same. Only when women were with strongly marked feministic concerns, then they took a firm hold of the conversation. That is why we can conclude that women tend to talk more when they have expert status and when they follow feminist philosophy.
Over a long period of time women were educated not to make claims to their status, not to speak to the public, not to rule countries, not to hold high ranks. Mainly, they spoke to develop inter-personal relationships, they maintained family connections. Of course, there were exceptions, Margaret Thatcher, for example. In addition to it, the 20th century was a period in human history marked with great changes in everything we could imagine and women started making up for the lost time.
It happened to be that men are considered to be "protectors". If we reflect this protection on the "talk", then we will see that some women pretend not to understand and men become so helpful: protecting and explaining. Dale Spender came to a conclusion that the talkativeness of women is not measured in comparison with men; it is measured in comparison with silence. Because people do not judge whether women talk more than men, but whether they talk more than silent woman. Let's imagine that there is holding a meeting, and woman begins talking and this is perceived by men as "too much". To understand that, think about situation when children dominate adult party. This is how men get women's talking out of personal context.
To sum it all up, it is hard to give a straight answer who speaks more, because it all depends on the status, context, will, education, point of view, familiarity with the topic, social role.
How do the gender language differences look like?
Each individual behave linguistically unlike other individuals. Yes, they might speak the same language\dialect, but still the style will differ. Both of them constitute the speech community, and ideally it would be expected that they should be treated equally, but still linguistic difference happen in linguistic and cultural context. In some cases these differences are not so noticed, they are taken for granted as gestures or facial expression. In other cases these distinctions may be pretty evident and clear.
Women language is considered to be a reflection of their individual qualities: emotions, sensitivity, sociability, expressivities, solidarity, etc. Men language is a proof of their status, independence, control, etc. In general, women are considered to be more polite than men; sometimes this reflects their social insecurity. Language politeness is usually described in terms of compromisers, down toners, weakeners or softeners. These devices make utterances sound more gently. When person wants to emphasize the utterance they normally use booster or intensifier, strengtheners or up graders.
Another linguistic feature that characterizes women\men language is the verbal filler, also called pragmatic particle. Verbal fillers make a speaker seem less sure of themselves and their message: I think, you know, sort of, of course. Verbal fillers are considered to be one of the main characteristics of women language. Women use "I think" very often; the phrase is one of the most commonly used by females, because, once again, they want to underline their politeness by means of "I think".
Next, goes the question tag which as well characterizes women-like speech. Over again it emphasizes women desire to be polite. Questions tag a grammatical structure in which a declarative statement or an imperative is turned into a question by adding an interrogative fragment (the "tag"). Thus, woman use the question tag in a desire for confirmation or approval which signals a lack of self-confidence in the speaker, ex. Open the door for me, could you? Question tags may play two main roles: softeners, as in the example above where is a polite demand made; facilitative - invites someone to take part in the conversation, ex. Such a tasty pie, isn't it?