This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
The year was 1996. After extensive research and experimentation, Dolly was born in Scotland. She became the first cloned mammal, making this an exceptional breakthrough in the sciences of cloning. After the successful cloning of Dolly, many questions were raised about its ethics and morals and if ruling should be passed to allow or ban cloning in our society. In many books, one may find that cloning is unethical and immoral and is pressuring many to be against cloning. However, many more books, science articles, and even religious documents show that there are more beneficial reasons than those unethical and moral theories. To be specific, the cloning of humans can resolve the various problems we have today with infertility and emerging diseases. It can for once, let us take control of our lives and live a life without any medical worries. For this, human cloning should not be banned because it can benefit us in the future, whether to live longer, as an infertility treatment, or to cure deadly diseases.
Cloning has been used by humans since the beginning of time. Farmers would plant the seeds of those plants that had the most favorable traits. Every year, stronger and better plants were grown. Even between animals, the animals with the stronger traits would reproduce and procreate more than those with weak traits. Although, one may not think that this theory of survival of fittest is not cloning, it is the simplest example, aside from the most popular of Dolly. Even when one hears the word “cloning,” one immediately thinks of Dolly. But how exactly did Dolly come to be. In 1996, Dolly was born, alive and healthy. The scientists that cloned her had to go through 277 attempts to produce the first mammal clone. In depth, scientist obtained the cells from a white sheep, reprogrammed it to keep it alive without growing, and injected it into an egg cell of a black-faced sheep. After 148 days, the famous sheep, Dolly was born. Since her creation, the term cloning has been widely misunderstood by the popular media. When the term cloning is heard, it is usually referred to reproductive clothing, although there are two other types, DNA cloning and therapeutic cloning. DNA cloning, otherwise known as gene cloning, is when a DNA fragment is transferred from one organism to another. Therapeutic cloning is when human embryos are used for research purposes. Human cloning, however, is just the” technology used to generate an animal that has the same nuclear DNA as another currently or previously existing animal.” (“Human Genome Project”) Since the term of cloning of humans is widely misunderstood, therefore, many reject it and is not widely supported, causing an uproar in the decision of banning or legalizing cloning. However, human cloning is very beneficial and can help those that choose to.
The legalization of human cloning can favor and help humans live longer and at the same time, lead a healthier life. First of all, cloning can produce a more effective plastic and reconstructive surgery. For example, “doctors will be able to manufacture bone, fat, connective tissue, or cartilage that matches the patients tissues exactly.” (Smith the benefits of human cloning) In turn, to many, this would be a medical miracle, especially for those who were in accidents that left them without any arms or legs and to those who were scarred with severe burns. The cloning of bones or tissues will ensure a more successful surgery because it's from one's own genes, making it seem as if it were your natural arm, leg, or even skin. Moreover, human cloning can reverse heart attacks, liver failure, and spinal cord injury. With cloning, the healthy cells located in the affected area can be cloned to create more good cells to prevent health problems in the area. For example, new liver cells can be cloned from the few remaining cells from a failing kidney. This will eliminate the body rejecting a foreign organ and it will guarantee a healthier body. In addition, spinal cord injuries could be reversed if human cloning was possible. Those that were in car accidents, had too many herniated disks, or simply cannot, there could be a cure. For the first time, they will be able to sit right, stand up, and even walk with the regeneration of spinal cord cells. These will enable people with these conditions to live longer and live a more productive, healthier life without worrying about medicine, treatments, and someone to take of them. The acceptance of human cloning can do miracles in our lives, including medically, especially for those whose lives are changed forever for the best.
Not only does human cloning help human to live longer and healthier lives, but also it will help find a cure or an alternative to infertility problems and help same-sex couples have children. In simpler terms, in human cloning, since “there is no shuffling of genes…cloning for reproduction would thus be quite revolutionary.” (Klotzko 110) Meaning, since the genes of a person are not moved around and placed in the egg like in IVF treatment, cloning allows for a more natural creation of human beings, practically curing infertility. Moreover, according a consumer report, “fertility clinics produce babies for only 25 percent of patients.” (Stock 148) Implying this, more people can benefit from human cloning and increase the chances of people having babies and a more diverse society. The cloning of our cells not only allows for infertile parents to have children, but also, it allows for parents to go through the most beautiful process of life, pregnancy, without the tormenting procedure and the costly procedure of in vitro fertilization. This also related to couples of same-sex. Since they cannot reproduce sexually, the cloning of one of the partners allows for them to have children. This means that they do not have to worry about whose egg or sperm it is. It simply comes from one parent only and the child is completely theirs. With cloning, more people will be happier, have more children, and together, we can a more diverse and equal tomorrow.
In addition, allowing for the cloning of human cells, deadly or terminal diseases could be cured or eliminated completely and revive those who were killed by them. With cloning, new genes could be produced and the most deadly of all health related problem could be cured: cancer. According to Pakhare, the “average person carried 8 defective genes inside them,” meaning that with cloning, these eight genes could ensure that we no longer will carry this in our genes and pass down the generations. These defective genes can include Down's syndrome, leukemia and cancer. For example, a dying girl with leukemia and her devastated parents can turn to cloning to reproduce the cells of the body to kill the cancerous cells and help the girl continue living.