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In this paper I will focus on the definition of the internet and the world wide web, history and background, and the developments. I chose this topic specifically due to its importance in communication and finding information around the globe. From what I studied in "COMM-101" class the definition of the internet according to the text book (THE DYNAMICS OF MASS COMMUNICATIONS) Author: Joseph R. Dominick that "The internet is a network of computer networks." In other words the internet is a system that connects all the computers in the world together. The invention of the computer went through many steps before it became the way it is now a days. The computer simply started as adding machines according to the text book (The Dynamics of mass communications chapter 11). However, according to 2 sources the text book "The Dynamics of mass communications "(chapter 11) and "Chapter 3: A brief history of the Internet and the World Wide Web. [E-book]. Thorogood Publishing Ltd.;" the internet was first brought to life in the cold war by the U.S army.
Internet definition, the internet as I stated is composed of multiple computers from all around the world connected together. According to my knowledge Connection to the internet are established simply by house phone line, mobile phones and satellite. In the other hand according to the text book (chapter 11) "the connection among these networks can be ordinary phone lines, micro waves, optical fibers, or wires built specifically for this purpose." A similar example from the text book (chapter 11) of how the system of the internet works could be when you call someone from any part of the world your phone call is routed over so many phone networks around the country. But you don't really care about which company handles it or which rout it takes. Just like how the internet system works when you research the net or email someone or even chat it goes through the same process which is your message goes through several networks.
What is the Brief history behind the internet and the World Wide Web? The U.S army was the first to use the internet. Chapter 3: A brief history of the Internet and the World Wide Web. (Page 15) "The Internet began life as a result of the Cold War, at a time when the US was
Concerned that its strategic computers should be able to withstand nuclear attack and be able to talk to one another in secure ways." The academics then realized that the internet is a great way to exchange information in the other hand universities made good use of the internet during the late 70s until the 90s (page 15) of chapter 3. An English researcher Tim Berners-Lee thought of a way to make the internet instead of just plain typed text to typed text with photos and special features for example special text format read (page 16) of chapter 3. The English researcher created HTML "(Hyper Text Mark-up Language)" which has the features stated above. That's how the World Wide Web came to life. What is the process in which the World Wide Web works? According to chapter 3 (page 16) the World Wide Web must be connected to the internet and the internet use different protocols in order to make computer and computer applications to communicate to one another. That's the reason why when u go on the web you have to type (https://www.mycompany.com) in full. First of all the URL which stands for
(Uniform Resource Locator) is just like an address; secondly the https (hyper text transmission protocol) job is to get you connected to the internet, next the (www) takes you to the World Wide Web, finally mycompany.com takes you to a specified site or location on the web see (page 16 of chapter 3).
The internet developments in the near future will change the world. According to Joseph R. Dominick in his text book (The Dynamics of mass communication) (page 279) "experts predict that in the next 10 years, advances in technology will enable these microcomputers to carry Web addresses and be connected constantly to the internet." Some awesome examples from (page 279) imagine wearing a computer that automatically unlocks your car, open your garage door, pays your toll and parking fees and remind you that your tiers need to be rotated." However, this can show you how advanced will" internet 2" or the "evernet" will be like in the near future. Moreover, the evernet or internet 2 as stated in (page 279) will reach a point where you can be automatically connected to the internet by any info device from any part of the world. What will that mean? It will mean that any person from any part of the world can access the internet and find information anytime and from everywhere and it means even more people who continuously need to check there stocks in the market can do so from any part of the world or you never know technology might get to a point where an automatic program that sells your stocks when they reach a limit and buy other stocks. The internet will always continue to change. No one can assume that the internet will stop developing. In the journal '(A Brief History of the Internet)' by "ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review" (page 31) "one should not conclude that the Internet has now finished Changing." In the same page they support their idea by stating an example which says 'It is now changing to provide such new services as real time transport, in order to support, for example, audio and video streams.' I personally can't imagine where else can the internet take us in development.
The internet is one of the most important ways of communication and the easiest way for finding information. Since the internet came everything became easier. A good example I remember the professor of communication in the American university of Kuwait Dr Mohammed Satti saying that back when he was a student searching for information used to be really difficult and the only way to find information was through books but these days you can search for information from any part of the world through the internet and with few seconds. I think you can imagine how difficult life was without internet.
Class Text book, author Joseph R. Dominick. Book title The Dynamics of mass communication (Chapter 11)
A Brief History of the Internet, ACM SIGCOMM Computer Communication Review
Chapter 3: A brief history of the Internet and the World Wide Web. [e-book]. Thorogood Publishing Ltd.; 1999:15-23. Available from: Business Source Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed May 3, 2010.