The Change Of Language Over Time English Language Essay

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Language is part of every society and has been since the age of time. Societies change over time and so does the language. It is not just certain languages it's all. One can see all of these changes just by going to the library. There are so many books that were written in the past that portray old English. Some would include the Canterbury Tales and Beowulf. Then there are books that portray Middle English like plays by Shakespeare, for instance, the plays, Hamlet and Romeo and Juliet. This change has brought good and caused problems in the past and is continuing to do so even today.

In the beginning in written language there were the main languages; Indo-Iranian, Hellenic, Celtic, Italic, Balto-Slavic, and Germanic. Everyone was speaking their pure original language until different groups within the language moved away. When the groups moved they took everything with them including their language. When they moved to their new place of settlement they had to adapt to that societies culture which meant the language as well. The groups that moved did not lose their language entirely but instead they pick up the other language as well. The outcome of this for example, Indo- Iranian split into Indic and Iranian, Hellenic turned into Greek, Celtic turned into Manx, Irish, Welsh, and Scottish, Italic turned into Latin, Balto-Slavic turned into Polish, Russian, and Serbo-Croatian, Germanic turned into North Germanic and west Germanic.

This mixing of languages which caused the creation of new languages continued. For instance, Latin turned into French Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Rumanian, and Catalan. These languages are familiar to us today; however, it is hard to believe that all of these languages originated from Italic thousands of years ago. For this reason there are many similarities between French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Rumanian, and Catalan. Take a simple word like new. In French new translates to Nouveau, new in Spanish is Nuevo, new in Portuguese new is novo. The three variations of the word new; nouveau, nuevo, novo, are very similar and all originate from Latin.

What about the native language of the United States, English, how did that come to be? English started out as Germanic which turned into West Germanic to Anglo-Frisian to old English, to middle English to modern English. Going in depth though we got old English when the Norse or Vikings invaded. The Vikings did not just plunder and burn towns but they also brought their language with them. That's how the word window came to be, one can thank the Norse. Along with the Norse, the development of Christianity also came to be. We now have words like, monks, candle, and alter. The reason why these words and new language of old English stuck is because the monks were the ones doing the writing. All of this happened from the fifth to eleventh century. Around the eleventh century to the sixteenth century the Normans invaded which developed Middle English. At this time the ones who were in charge or king and queen were usually French speaking.

The only reason why English stood its ground was because the ones who spoke Middle English were the workers, presents and almost all of them could not read or write. Everything at the time was written in French or Latin not English. The upper and lower class lived so close together and as a result some of the French words were adapted by the English speaking. The outcome was smell became odor, sweat became perspiration, eat became dine, dead became deceased, want became desire and look became regard, go away became depart and come back became return.

Now that we have our language English from hundreds of years it still is being changed. The United States is divided into regions, the south, north, east, and west, because of these we have different accents and ways of what's polite. In the south one world hear yes mam or yes sir, in the north we just say what, or yes. Although this is still true, we now are being threatened by technology. It all started with instant messaging and texting. Nowadays, kids and young adults and even adults are abbreviating many words. This is affecting and changing languages today because people are not just breaking down words while texting but this new way of writing and communication is entering schools as well. Teachers are starting to see r instead of are and u instead of you in everyday writing. Not only that, this form of abbreviation is now used in everyday communication and talking. The scary thing is, how far will it go? Will words get replaced with the abbreviations? This needs to be stopped before these changes causes complications in the languages.

Languages have come a long way from their ancestors and are continuing to do so. Most of the time the change in languages is for the best but at the same time it can cause complications. For instance, the time when there was the conversion from the beginning languages on down we eventually reached old English, Middle English, and Modern English, which we still use and change today. We as a society use abbreviations while writing or chatting to one another as a way of a shortcut and a way to get done faster. They did this in the past as well but the difference today is that we are using them in formal writings. Abbreviations would never be used in a resume or a paper, but teachers and employers are continually finding them. This causes individuals to not get the job or get marks on their essay. So yes it's good that modern English is continuing to change but some changes are becoming a bad habit.

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