Prevalence Of Cyber Plagiarism Among Undergraduates English Language Essay

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Throughout history humans have evolved biologically, as well as developed the quality of life they exist in. Since the ages, Knowledge has played a significant role in the development of the quality of life. As people seek knowledge, and some make efforts to create new knowledge, there have been instances in which the credit for creation of new knowledge has been contested.

With the birth of the Internet, easy accessibility to worldwide knowledge repositories have reached every corner of the earth. Such Cyber information has certainly helped many to improve their quality of life, and yet it has also allowed plagiarism to evolve to a different dimension.

The term plagiarism has its origins in the early 17th century from the Latin term plagiarius which means 'kidnapper'. (Oxford 2010) Originally used in relation to literary creations, it's modern usage stems from the book publishing trade which has it's origins in the 18th Century (Wikipeadia 2010)

The term plagiarism has been defined by authors using different perspectives.

The Oxford Dictionary refers to it as "The practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own" (Oxford 2010). "A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work. The act of plagiarizing; taking someone's words or ideas as if they were your own" (What is Plagiarism 2009)

In academia, the term is considered to be a form of academic dishonesty, and when copying information previously published by others, guidelines exist to ensure that credit where due is given to the original creator. In certain instances students may copy text in verbatim off textbooks and credit them as their original creations.

From a student's perspective, it has never been so easy to access a wealth of information, on the other hand it has lead to a rapid increase in cyber cheating. Cyber cheating or cyber plagiarism can be simply defined as copying and pasting information from the internet to carry out assignments and thesis without acknowledging the original author and submit them as their original work.

According to the Canadian Library Association's article on Cyber-Plagiarism: Plagiarism in a Digital World, Cyber plagiarism is defined as "downloading of papers from the internet in whole or part and submitting the paper as original work." (Canadian Library Association 2002). It has also been defined as "cutting and pasting material from the internet instead of writing in one's own words" (Jones 2007).

Dennis and Gregory comment "Technology has enhanced the ability to cheat and has opened up wider access to materials from which cheating/plagiarism can come as On-line databases are widely used for research, The Internet has a virtually unlimited supply of materials, online paper mills make it easier and quicker." (Dennis & Gregory 2009)

According to the medical survey "Prevalence of Plagiarism among Medical Students" conducted by Lidija, B.Z. et al with 198 students, it was found that only 17 (9%) of students did not plagiarize at all and 68 (34%) plagiarized less than 10% of the text. The average plagiarism rate (% of plagiarized text) was 19% (5-95% percentile=0-88). Students who were strictly warned not to plagiarize had a higher total word count in their essays than students who were not warned (P=0.002) but there was no difference between them in the rate of plagiarism. Students with higher grades in Medical Informatics exam plagiarized less than those with lower grades (P=0.015). Gender, subject, source, and complexity had no influence on the plagiarism rate.

Many Authors ((Lidija et al 2005, University of Alberta, 2010(http://guides.library.ualberta.ca/content.php?pid=62200&sid=457651)) have commented on the importance of detecting plagiarism in the academic community. Hence this issue is of vital importance to academics in Universities. Consequently it is significant to study about the it's prevalence.

In such a situation, while it's importance is agreed upon by many, and exploring it's situation in Sri Lanka has yet to be researched in detail. The notion that revealing such information can negatively affect the reputation of the Educational Establishments concerned is a serious impediment to a detailed study. The research eliciting sensitive information could also be misused by competing entities. As a result the Researcher will not disclose the names of the selected sample higher education institutes throughout the research. Researcher has chosen a sample of 617 Management students from two higher education institutes.

The study was significant to the university academics, undergraduates, graduates and future researchers. The Outcome of the study could help the academics to educate the students on how to avoid academic dishonesty, cyber plagiarism and create a better awareness about fair use of information. Sometimes students may intentionally or unintentionally infringe the copyright issues, patent, fair use and common knowledge agreements. Consequently it is vital to study this issue, and discover the prevalence of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates, types of cyber plagiarism applicable in a Sri Lankan context, factors affecting to cyber plagiarism and how it impacts on marks and grades of the students.

Statement of problem

With the availability of massive amount of information on the internet, many students are heavily rely on online information and there is a trend of submitting downloaded or copy and paste assignments and thesis by changing synonymous and give it as their own work without acknowledging or proper citation. According to previous literature several authors identified this issue.

Students can use an "electronic shovel that makes it possible to find and save huge chunks of information with little reading, effort or originality". (McKenzie 1998)

According to the Canadian Library Association's they defined Cyber plagiarism as "downloading of papers from the internet in whole or part and submitting the paper as original work." (Canadian Library Association 2002).

Cyber-plagiarism is defined as "cutting and pasting material from the internet instead of writing in one's own words" (Jones 2007).

"It is dangerous and educationally counterproductive to ignore plagiarism among students because then they may choose plagiarism as an easier way rather than be honest, hardworking members of the academic community." (Lidija et al 2005)

Thus if a student detected, it may effect to his or her grades in different ways, such as warning, reduce marks, resubmit, non acceptance of the course work, suspension from the study etc.

According to the medical survey "Prevalence of Plagiarism among Medical Students" conducted by Lidija, B.Z. et al with 198 students, found that the average plagiarism rate was 19% (5-95% percentile=0-88). Students who were strictly warned not to plagiarize had a higher total word count in their essays than students who were not warned (P=0.002) but there was no difference between them in the rate of plagiarism. Students with higher grades in Medical Informatics exam plagiarized less than those with lower grades (P=0.015).

"It is difficult to determine the extent of plagiarism as only those who get caught, or are willing to admit to it, become statistics." (Ray 2004)

After analyzing the above facts the problem arise, Do undergraduates plagiarize, the way student plagiarize, why student plagiarize, do cyber plagiarism impact on grades and how it impacts on the grades of the undergraduates?

Main Objective of the study

The main aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates of 617 students from two higher education institutes

Specific Objectives were,

To find out the relationship between

The extent of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates.

The types of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates.

The factors affecting to cyber plagiarism.

Demographic characteristic of plagiarism.

To recognize the factors affecting the attitude toward the cyber plagiarism.

Significance of the study

The study was significant to the university academics, undergraduates, graduates and future researchers. Outcomes of the study helped the academics to educate the students on how to avoid academic dishonesty, cyber plagiarism and make aware about fair use of information. Hence cheating textual or idea of a person may not only a textual offence. Sometimes students may intentionally or unintentionally infringe the copyright issues.

According to Ray 2004, Plagiarism Definitions, Penalties and Detection article, "Plagiarism is not just the copying of someone else's words, but also their ideas. One of the simplest definitions is the unacknowledged copying of someone else's work. The issue is further confused by patent and copyright infringements and by the fair use and common knowledge agreements. Copyright protects original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression and can be enforced through federal law. Copyright law does not cover ideas, these are protected by patents. Fair use of copyright material is also covered by copyright law" (cited in Ray 2004)

"It is dangerous and educationally counterproductive to ignore plagiarism among students because then they may choose plagiarism as an easier way rather than be honest, hardworking members of the academic community." (Lidija et al 2005)

Consequently it is vital to study this matter. And also study assisted to find out the percentage of cyber plagiarism on undergraduates, types of cyber plagiarism, factors affecting to cyber plagiarism and how it impacted on marks, grades of the students.

Research Questions

What is the extent of the cyber plagiarism among undergraduates?

What are the types of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates?

What are the factors affect to cyber plagiarism?

How cyber plagiarism impact on grades of the undergraduates?

Chapter 2

Review of literature

Students can use an "electronic shovel that makes it possible to find and save huge chunks of information with little reading, effort or originality". (McKenzie 1998)

According to above statement it is clear that information are readily available for any subject from the internet, most of the students are keen on searching internet with little reading, effort and they do their assignments by copying and pasting information from the webs without properly acknowledging the original authors.

This issue which was known as Cyber-Plagiarism discussed by many articles. Before moving in to Cyber-Plagiarism let discuss about what is mean by plagiarism.

What is Plagiarism?

There is no clear cut definition for term Plagiarism. According to the literature, it can be simply define as full or part of writing has been copied from someone else intentionally or unintentionally and showed it as their original work without acknowledging original author.

"A piece of writing that has been copied from someone else and is presented as being your own work. The act of plagiarizing; taking someone's words or ideas as if they were your own" (What is Plagiarism 2009)

According to the Collins Dictionary of the English Language (Hanks, 1979), "plagiarism is 'the act of plagiarizing', which means 'to appropriate (ideas, passages, etc) from (another work or author)'. Plagiarism involves literary theft, stealing (by copying) the words or ideas of someone else and passing them off as one's own without crediting the source." (Cited in Chris 2003)

Types of Plagiarism

"Plagiarism comes in many forms and degrees. It may be as simple as neglecting to cite a particular source or failing to put a copied piece of text in quotation marks to the copying of an entire piece of work and passing it off as the persons own work. Even colluding with other people, and not acknowledging the fact, is a form of plagiarism. Plagiarism is not just the copying of someone else's words, but also their ideas. One of the simplest definitions is the unacknowledged copying of someone else's work" (Ray 2004)

"In a paper presented at the Conference on College Composition and Communication, Howard identified four kinds of academic plagiarism encountered in student writing as submitting work written by another, patch writing - combining the words or ideas from another source with his/her own, and neglecting to provide proper attribution of sources, and omitting quotation marks."

(Cited in Melissa 2007)

What is Cyber Plagiarism?

According to the Canadian Library Association's article on Cyber-Plagiarism: Plagiarism in a Digital World, Cyber plagiarism defined as "downloading of papers from the internet in whole or part and submitting the paper as original work." (Canadian Library Association 2002).

Cyber-plagiarism is defined as "cutting and pasting material from the internet instead of writing in one's own words" (Jones 2007).

Extent of Plagiarism

According to the medical survey "Prevalence of Plagiarism among Medical Students" conducted by Lidija, B.Z. et al 2005 with 198 students, found that only 17 (9%) of students did not plagiarize at all and 68 (34%) plagiarized less than 10% of the text. The average plagiarism rate (% of plagiarized text) was 19% (5-95% percentile=0-88). Students who were strictly warned not to plagiarize had a higher total word count in their essays than students who were not warned (P=0.002) but there was no difference between them in the rate of plagiarism. Students with higher grades in Medical Informatics exam plagiarized less than those with lower grades (P=0.015). Gender, subject, source, and complexity had no influence on the plagiarism rate.

"It is difficult to determine the extent of plagiarism as only those who get caught, or are willing to admit to it, become statistics." (Ray 2004)

Rutgers University's 2001 study of 2,200 students in 21 colleges found that 10% admitted to borrowing at least some material from the Internet and 5% who said they'd taken large parts or even entire papers. (Cited in Ray 2004)

In 2003, a poll taken during a University of North Texas video conference found that 74% of students had cheated at least once but that 95% of those were not detected. (Dickerson 2004)

A British university found that 40% of students had cheated in a class, even though, or perhaps because, they knew their work was going to be electronically checked. (Carroll)

In 2001, Professor Lou Bloomfield of the University of Virginia created a computer program to try and catch students who had plagiarized material for essays in his physics class. He found 148 papers over 4 semesters that had been plagiarized. A 20 month investigation by the university's Honor Committee resulted in 45 students being dismissed and another three having their degrees revoked. (U.Va. Plagiarism 2004)

According to the Ray Thomas website http://www.brisray.com, he found that his web site information on history of his home city of Bristol, England was a very popular part of his site and is used as a source for local history studies by several schools. He stated that in December 2002, he received and email from a teacher who'd set various classes essays in local history. Out of the 60 essays she received, around a third had scandalously plagiarized his work often by simply copying and pasting entire sections of it. Therefore around 20 students got zero points for the essay

Above review of Ray Thomas addresses the cyber plagiarism from diverse aspect such as types of cyber plagiarism, factors affecting to cyber plagiarism, examine the methods and software to detect it, paper mills, and issues of the penalties on cyber plagiarism and Level of cyber plagiarism impact on grades.

According to the Canadian Library Association's article on Cyber-Plagiarism: Plagiarism in a Digital World, Rebecca, M. defined the terms plagiarism and cyber plagiarism. According to that there are four distinct types in plagiarism such as "fraud, patch writing, failure to cite and failure to quote." (Canadian Library Association 2002).

This article addresses the types of cyber plagiarism, factors affecting to cyber plagiarism, examine the methods and software to detect it. Although, it ignores the issues of the penalties on cyber plagiarism and Level of cyber plagiarism impact on grades

"Cyber-plagiarism or cutting and pasting material from the internet instead of writing in one's own words is a new twist on the age old problem. Learners give a number of different reasons for plagiarizing. Preventing plagiarism requires that faculty students may have more and different opportunities to cheat. Educating crafting of assignments, adopting honor codes, and taking appropriate action upon discovering plagiarism can limit students' ability to engage in academic dishonesty and thus promote academic integrity in the classroom and in the institution."(Jones 2007).

According to (Jones 2007) he identified some factors affecting to cyber plagiarism, discussed about the detection methods as google.com and detection services as turnitin.com. His study mainly based on addressing the list of actions on minimizing the plagiarism. This article also ignores the issues of the penalties on cyber plagiarism and how those penalties impact on students' grades.

According to the Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education 2009, this resource review discussed only about the features of turnitin.com in different angles.

Definition of terms

Software

Plagiarism

Cyber plagiarism

Grades

paper mills

Assumptions

The study made the following assumptions.

The selected participants will respond professionally, openly, and honestly to each question asked of them.

It is possible to generalize from the selected cases.

The questionnaire constructed to collect data is valid and reliable. To confirm this, the researcher conducted two pilot studies.

Summary

Range of articles identified different types of cyber plagiarism as fraud, patch writing, failure to cite and failure to quote, paraphrasing etc.

Most common factors affecting to cyber plagiarism were laziness, procrastination, poor time management, poor self esteem, lack of interest, deadlines, family obligations, their writing or research skills are not up to a required standard etc.

Some of the articles discussed regarding the paper mills such as shoolsuck.com, paperstore.net, BigNerds.com etc.

Many articles found that turnitin.com as a winning plagiarism detection service and some web sites identified WCopyfind and Viper as booming cyber plagiarism detection software. Because, these software are freely available and can downloaded from the internet. Indeed viper recognized as anti-plagiarism scanner rather than cyber plagiarism detection software.

Most identified penalties or actions against plagiarism were reducing Marks/Grades/GPA, warning, resubmission, non acceptance of course work, suspension from the study, revoked from the degree program etc.

Several the articles tackled with cyber plagiarism in different angles such as types of cyber plagiarism, factors affecting to cyber plagiarism, examine the methods and software to detect it and penalties, Although, most of them ignored the level of cyber plagiarism impact on grades. There were only few studies relating to that aspect. Thus researcher addressed the above issue throughout the research.

Chapter 3

Methodology

The main aim of this study is to examine the prevalence of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates of 617 students from 2 higher education institutes. To achieve the main objective, there are some specific objectives such as

To study the extent of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates.

To understand the types of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates.

To recognize the factors affecting to cyber plagiarism.

Impact of cyber plagiarism on grades of the undergraduates

Mainly to address the issue of RQ1 - What is the extent of the cyber plagiarism among undergraduates?

To find an answer for the above question sample of 617 students from 3 higher education institutes selected as the sample and provided them an online study assignment related to their subject and inform them to submit it with softcopy. After the deadline of the assignment relevant lecturer and researcher collected the softcopy of the assignment. There after distributed them a questionnaire to fill. That is helped to identify the plagiarize documents and part II and III of the questionnaire used to detect the extent of cyber plagiarism and types of cyber plagiarism. Part IV of the questionnaire helped to identify the prominent factors affecting to cyber plagiarism among undergraduates. Then according to the responses from the students' distributed questionnaire filtered the plagiarize documents. Then these students' softcopies use to detect the cyber plagiarism rate of individual assignments using the free online software called "Viper" Anti plagiarism scanner. It used to detect plagiarism rate on individual assignments of students by matching synonymous overall content and direct quotes of the assignment. According to Viper web site, it scans the document against over 6 billion web pages, as well as against all work previously submitted to Viper Company. Viper's report identifies content in the student document that matches these sources.

It checks the overall content in the student document that matches online sources divided by document word count and obtains the percentage of that as the cyber plagiarism rate.

A positive match does not necessarily mean that student work is plagiarized. Lecturer (Evaluator) need to review the report carefully and need to manually check the following thing according to the viper.

Where there is matching material, is there a sufficient amount to indicate that the Writer has taken the material from a source, or is it just a fragment?

If the Writer (student) has taken material from a source, have they properly referenced it?

If evaluator does not see a reference, check the original document in case there is a footnote that Viper has not detected.

Viper will show a match where there is a string of 5 or more words that are the same as student work. So it will identify fragments that match, which are not necessarily plagiarism.

It is important that Viper does not ignore these fragments as they draw evaluator attention to any sentences where the writer has 'rephrased' parts of the original material (keeping the initial structure) without giving due credit.

Sometimes, Viper will identify matching material that is available on websites, but which the Writer may have actually taken from somewhere else (and given proper credit for). So the fact that the work has content which matches a particular website does not mean the Writer has used that website. They may have obtained the material from another source.

Viper checks for direct quotes - i.e. material included in quotation marks "like this". It will give you an overall percentage of words it thinks are direct quotes. Clearly, this should not be too high as work that relies too heavily on other material is not 'original'. Evaluator should also check that all the direct quotes in writer's paper have actually been referenced by the Writer.

Viper identifies some keywords as plagiarism. Hench evaluator needs to manually check these boundaries and requires adjusting the cyber plagiarism rate.

According to the Viper Anti Plagiarism Scanner: www.scanmyessay.com 2010 categorized the Plagiarism Rating as follows

"Overall Plagiarism Rating

This is a general indication of how much matching content the scan found in writer work.

Overall plagiarism rating 6% or less:

Highly unlikely to contain plagiarized material. A careful check will only be necessary if this is a lengthy piece (a finding of 6% in a 15,000 word essay, for example, would be of greater concern)

Overall plagiarism rating 6 - 12%:

Low risk of containing any plagiarized material. Most of the matching content will probably be fragments. Review the report for any sections that may not have been referenced properly.

Overall plagiarism rating 13 - 20%:

Medium risk of containing any plagiarized material. There may be sections that match websites - Evaluator need to make sure that the Writer has given proper credit for these. The scan may not have detected quotation marks or footnotes that the writer has used (for example, if they have used an opening quotation mark but failed to close it) which could explain the higher result. Check carefully.

Overall plagiarism rating 21%+:

High risk of containing plagiarized material. If the overall rating is this high, evaluator need to check your report very carefully. Sometimes it may just be that there are a lot of matching fragments and the software has not identified all direct quotes (for example, because the Writer has used open inverted commas and not properly closed them, or has used an apostrophe rather than inverted commas for quotes. But you should go through the report very carefully to check that this is the case." (Viper Anti Plagiarism Scanner: www.scanmyessay.com 2010)

Hence this is freely available software it has some drawbacks. This software is not a plagiarism detection software, it is an anti plagiarism scanner. Sometimes plagiarism rate may mislead the evaluator. As a result evaluators need to manually check the sources with writer's reference list. And also selected higher education institutes unable to afford high annual fee for plagiarism detection software, hence they have not a policy regarding cyber plagiarism.

After analyzing the overall synonymous and direct quotes of the students' assignments, researcher compares those plagiarism rates with students' marks and obtains grades and measure the impact on grades to address the RQ4 : How cyber plagiarism impact on grades of the undergraduates?

Grades were categorized in to five sections.

Grade

Category

Relevant Marks

A

1

65-100

B

2

55-64

C

3

40-54

D

4

30-39

F

5

0-29

To address the following research questions

What is the extent of the cyber plagiarism among undergraduates?

What are the types of cyber plagiarism among undergraduates?

What are the factors affect to cyber plagiarism?

Researcher collected the data from questionnaires distributed to undergraduates and interviews with academic staff. Part II and III of the questionnaire used to detect the extent of cyber plagiarism and types of cyber plagiarism. Part IV of the questionnaire helped to identify the prominent factors affecting to cyber plagiarism among undergraduates. (Refer Appendix 1)

Secondary data will be collected from document reviews, literature survey of electronic articles, journals and reference of books, to understand the types of cyber plagiarism, to recognize the factors affecting to cyber plagiarism.

The research paradigm consists of blending methods of quantitative and qualitative analysis.

Population

Population consists of Management students in two higher education institutes as follows

Higher Education Institute X

1900

Higher Education Institute Y

1236

(Sri Lanka University Statistics 2009)

Sample

As the sampling technique researcher hope to use Simple Radom sampling.

Higher Education Institute X

320

Higher Education Institute Y

297

Sample size decided according to Krejcie, Robert V., Morgan, Daryle W., theory using the table of "Determining Sample Size for Research Activities", Educational and Psychological Measurement, 1970.

Data collection

Following figure illustrates primary and secondary data

Objectives

Primary data

Secondary data

To understand the types of cyber plagiarism.

ïƒ-

ïƒ-

To recognize the factors affecting to cyber plagiarism.

ïƒ-

ïƒ-

To understand the extent of the cyber plagiarism among undergraduates

ïƒ-

Examine whether the undergraduates plagiarize, whether the cyber plagiarism impact on grades and how it impacts on the grades of the undergraduates

ïƒ-

Following figure shows the different types of data collection methods used to accomplish research questions and data requirements.

O - Observation method

Q - Questionnaire

I - Interview method

Research Questions

Data requirements

Data Collection Methods

O

Q

I

DR

RQ1

What is the extent of the cyber plagiarism among students?

Students softcopies of assignments with the plagiarism detection software and responses from the questionnaire of student

x

x

RQ2

What are the types of cyber plagiarism?

Published articles, Responses from interviews with lecturers, responses from the questionnaire of students

x

x

x

RQ3

What are the factors affect to cyber plagiarism?

Published articles, Responses from interviews with lecturers, responses from the questionnaire of students

x

x

x

RQ4

How cyber plagiarism impact on grades of the undergraduates?

Relevant marks and grades of the assignments of students. Identified plagiarism rate from the plagiarism detection software

x

x

DR - Document Review method

Data analysis

Methods of data analysis will be done through using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) software.

Limitations

Difficulties arise in literature survey, due to limited number of research related to cyber plagiarism in Sri Lankan Context. Data collections difficulties arise due to unavailability of information such as only few departments used the softcopies of the students' assignments. Consequently to obtain a representative sample inform the relevant lecturers to provided the students an online study assignment related to their subject and inform them collect them with softcopy. And also there were some collecting issues related to confidential information such as students' marks. It is not an easy task to collect information from student perspective, because students do not like to reveal their behaviour on cyber plagiarism. Also with the ethical issues such as selected higher education institutes did not like to reveal the name of the institute because they think that outcome of the research may negatively impact on goodwill of the selected institutes, the research eliciting sensitive information misused by competitive organizations, if not protected. Consequently it is difficult to disclosure the name of the higher education institutes taken as the samples.

Higher education institutes x,y unable to afford high annual fee for plagiarism detection software, hence they have not a policy regarding cyber plagiarism. So that they use this free online anti plagiarism scanner called "Viper" to evaluate the extent of the cyber plagiarism among students' assignments. Viper software has some limitations such as this software is not reliable as paying software, because this software is not a plagiarism detection software, it is an anti plagiarism scanner. Sometimes plagiarism rate may mislead the evaluator. As a result evaluators need to manually check the sources with writer's reference list and citations. Evaluator need to review the report carefully and need to manually check the following thing.

Where there is matching material, is there a sufficient amount to indicate that the Writer has taken the material from a source, or is it just a fragment?

If the Writer (student) has taken material from a source, have they properly referenced it?

If evaluator does not see a reference, check the original document in case there is a footnote that Viper has not detected.

Viper will show a match where there is a string of 5 or more words that are the same as student work. So it will identify fragments that match, which are not necessarily plagiarism.

It is important that Viper does not ignore these fragments as they draw evaluator attention to any sentences where the writer has 'rephrased' parts of the original material (keeping the initial structure) without giving due credit.

Sometimes, Viper will identify matching material that is available on websites, but which the Writer may have actually taken from somewhere else (and given proper credit for). So the fact that the work has content which matches a particular website does not mean the Writer has used that website. They may have obtained the material from another source.

Viper checks for direct quotes - i.e. material included in quotation marks "like this". It will give you an overall percentage of words it thinks are direct quotes. Clearly, this should not be too high as work that relies too heavily on other material is not 'original'. Evaluator should also check that all the direct quotes in writer's paper have actually been referenced by the Writer.

This software takes some of the keywords as plagiarize words. i.e. acknowledgment.

If a student copy the text as image to the document, it is not detected

(Viper Anti Plagiarism Scanner: www.scanmyessay.com 2010)

Scope of the research limited to main objective and specific objectives of the research except different paper mills and make aware about how to avoid from cyber plagiarism

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