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Why Students Plagiarize
According to plagiarism.org, Why Students Plagiarize, there are many reasons students plagiarize. Sometimes deadlines come around more quickly than expected, sometimes assignments feel overwhelming, and sometimes the boundaries of plagiarism and research just get confused.
Students should always start working on their assignment as soon as possible and plan their notes carefully before putting their paper together. However, even when some students plan their time and start on their work immediately, they still end up with a plagiarized paper. This could happen intentionally and unintentionally.
Intentionally vs. Unintentionally
According to Plagiarism.org Educational tips on plagiarism prevention, Intentional plagiarism is just like hacking into websites. For many students it becomes a question of ingenuity: "can I sneak a plagiarized paper past my professor?"
Some other reasons stated was Searching and Researching, "But their words sound better", Making the Grade, "Everyone Else is doing it ", and Poor Planning
Even though there are some students who intentionally plagiarize, there are some who plagiarize unintentionally. According to Plagiarism.org Educational tips on plagiarism prevention, no honest student would walk out of a neighbors' house accidentally carrying their television. But even the most well intentioned writers sometimes "appropriate" the work of others without proper authority. Some stated reasons fro this happening are as follows: Citation confusion, plagiarism vs. paraphrasing, "I was just copying my notes", "I couldn't find the source", "I thought we didn't have to quote facts", and Confusion about expectations.
There are ways that we can avoid plagiarism, this would involve proper citation, which is very important. According to plagiarism.org, what is citation, giving credit to the original author by citing sources is the only way to use other people's work without plagiarizing. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources:
Citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from.
Not all sources are good or right -- your own ideas may often be more accurate or interesting than those of your sources. Proper citation will keep you from taking the rap for someone else's bad ideas.
Citing sources shows the amount of research you've done.
Citing sources strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas.
Some examples of improper citing your work is as follows:
(Sternberg) was the first to report the effect of target set size on reaction time. Sternberg used target sets of size 1, 2, or 4. (APA, 2010) (p.88)
Kenny and Gould studied the effects of nicotine on fear learning, building on the work of Gould and Wehner on nicotine and contextual fear conditioning. Kenny and Gould administered nicotine prior to contextual learning and also prior to context-shock associative learning. . (APA, 2010) (p.88)
In order to have a plagiarism free paper, there are some things you must take into consideration. They are Citing, direct quoting, paraphrasing and expressing another's idea. According to Plagiarism.org, Important term, Citing is to indicate a source of information or quoted material in a short, formal note. So whenever you use someone else's material in your assignment or work, it is best to give them credit for their work and to cite it.
According to plagiarism.org, How do I cite sources, quoting is taking the exact words from an original source. And paraphrasing is when you want to borrow an idea from the author but not use his or her exact words. According to plagiarism.org, Important Terms, paraphrasing is a restatement of a text or passage I other words. A paraphrase must make significant changes in the style and voice of the original while retaining the essential ideas.
Expressing another's idea is what I would call quote the work of another without paraphrasing it at all. But all of it is used when you want a plagiarized free paper.
Even though I have shared the different ways of preventing plagiarism it can still be a very difficult task. The reason for this is because of the Common Knowledge. According to library.csusm.edu, How to avoid Plagiarism, There is no clear boundary on what is considered common knowledge. Even experts on plagiarism disagree on what counts as common knowledge. For instance, many sources only consider facts-current and historical event, famous people, geographic areas, etc. - to be potentially common knowledge. Others also include nonfactual material such as folklore and common sayings. Some sources limit common knowledge to only information known by others in your class, other sources look at what is common knowledge for the broader subject area.
What is Plagiarism? (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/what_is_plagiarism.html
Educational tips on plagiarism prevention (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/Educational_tips_on_plagiarism_prevention.html
How do I cite sources? (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/How_do_I_cite_resources.html
How to paraphrase properly (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/How_to_paraphrase_properly.html
Important Terms (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/Important_terms.html
How to avoid plagiarism (n.d.) Retrieved April 3, 2011, from http://library.csusm.edu/plagiarism/How_to_avoid_plagiarism.html