Shoes are very important for humans in the world. Shoe is an item of footwear intended to protect and comfort the human foot while doing various activities such as walking, running and etc. The design of shoes has varied enormously through time, with appearance originally being tied to function. Shoes have traditionally been made from leather, wood or canvas, but are increasingly made from rubber, plastics, and other petrochemical-derived materials. The foot contains more bones than any other single part of the body. Though it has evolved over hundreds of thousands of years in relation to vastly varied terrain and climate conditions, the foot is still vulnerable to environmental hazards such as sharp rocks and hot ground, against which shoes can protect.
People use shoes everyday. It is one of the important custom in our life but have we even thought about the process how the shoes be made? Health is also related to shoes. Therefore, it is important to choose the right shoes for our feet.
To study the process of shoes making.
To promote how shoes can make our life healthy.
To investigate the differences of different type of shoes.
Use internet to do some research
Use printed materials such as books, magazines, newspaper and etc.
We distributed 50 survey forms (students 25 and working adults 25)
Our research is based on theoretical part of shoes making only. Our survey forms are distributed to students and lecturers in TAR College only.
What is insole of shoes?
Do you know about insole of shoes? Do you know what the function of insole of shoes is? Do you know how important is insole of shoes for human?
Shoes are not only to protect human's feet, but also important for maintaining healthy legs and back. Wearing shoes without the correct support can easily cause sore heels, aching arches and back and bruising on the calls of the feet. Adding or replacing an insole can help to combat these problems.
The meaning of insole is the inside part of the shoe that runs underneath the sole (bottom) of the foot. Insoles can usually be easily removed and wearers will sometimes replace the manufacture's insole with specialty insoles they have purchased separately. Insoles are also known as foot beds or inner soles. It is also an extra strip of material put inside the shoes for comfort and protection. However, the insole often wears out long before the shoe does or the shoe does not offer enough support for the arch of the foot, the ball of the foot or the heel of the foot. When this is the case, existing insoles can be replaced with new ones.
There are many type of shoes have insole inside such as sport shoes, sneakers, high heels, flay heels and so on. Those insoles are not same for every shoe. Insole can help human to protect their feet. Besides that, insoles also can let people feel the comfortable when wearing the shoes for daily work like walking, exercising, running, dancing and so on.
There are many types of insole in shoes to protect our feet:
Insoles for balls of the feet
If there is a lot of pressure on feet for the extended periods of time, the balls of the feet can become tender and sore. For example, shoes that have a heel can be stressful on the balls of the feet. There are some specific insoles that can be added to a high heel shoe or attached directly to the bottom of the foot to cushion so that the balls of the feet more fully support.
Arch/ Flat feet support insoles
These insoles are made from silicon, firm polyester, cowhile leather and other materials. There are specific insoles for people who have flat feet or very arched feet.
Excessive standing or walking may cause the heels of the foot become ache. Adding a cushion or firm heel support, can reduce the discomfort greatly.
Insole come in variety of different materials such as silicon, cowhide leather, cotton cushion and foam cushion. The type of material an insole is made of depends on the need of human. For example, because cowhide leather is tough and firm, it is suitable for strong support, like in the arch; cotton cushioning is soft and would not provide the needed support in this case. However, it is always recommended to see a doctor if you have foot pain that is persistent and does not go away with store-bought insoles.
Survey about shoes from student and work report
In this long report, we have done a survey about shoes from 25 students and 25 staffs in TAR College. In the survey form we asked about "What is the purpose of wearing shoes? ". In the question we have:
They are 64% of the students and staffs strongly agree that the purpose of wearing shoes is for comfortable. This is because we think it is more easily to walk when wearing a pair of comfortable shoes. Wearing a pair of comfortable shoes in TAR College is more easily for students and lecturers because they have to walk for long distance in college. For example, walk from CITC to block Q, DK C to canteen 2 and so on. Therefore, comfortable shoes are important to us for daily work. Then, 32% of them are agreed and 4% of them are neutral. This is because student and lecturer walk recently in college and the college is a very large place. Because of the college are a very large place student and lecturer need to go to the class or office with long distance. Other than that, disagree and strongly disagree are 0%. The conclusion for this chart is about most of them chosen strongly agreed for the purpose of wearing shoes is for comfortable.
They are 10% of the students and lecturers strongly agree that the purpose of wearing shoes is for brand. Then, 38% of them are agreed and 46% of them are neutral. Other, disagree and strongly disagree are 6% and 0%. The conclusion for this chart is most of them chosen neutral for the purpose of wearing shoes is for brand. Reason for them that agree and neutral to choose the brand of shoes is because of branded shoe are more comfortable and good quality. A good quality shoes can let them wear the shoes for longer period. The reason for them that disagree to choose the brand of shoes is because of branded shoes is expensive. Some of the students are not affordable to buy the expensive shoes.
They are 8% of the students and lecturers strongly agree that the purpose of wearing shoes is for latest fashion. Then, 32% of them are agreed and 50% of them are neutral. Other, disagree and strongly disagree are 6% and 4%. The conclusion for this chart is most of them chosen neutral for the purpose of wearing shoes is for latest fashion. People that strongly agree and agree to choose latest fashion shoes is because they think wearing latest fashion shoes will give other a good image. Having a good image can attract more people to look at him or her. Besides that, people that neutral to choose latest fashion shoes is because they think is hard to match their attire with the latest fashion shoes as such boots. If their wrongly match their attire with the shoes, it will low down their image. The people that disagree and strongly disagree to choose latest fashion shoes is because latest fashion shoes is more expensive than normal shoes. The students cannot afford the buy the expensive shoes.
They are 28% of the students and lecturers strongly agree that the purpose of wearing shoes is appearance. Then, 42% of them are agreed and 26% of them are neutral. Other, disagree and strongly disagree are 4% and 0%. The conclusion for this chart is most of them chosen agrees for the purpose of wearing shoes is for appearance. People that strongly agree and agree to choose appearance of shoes is because they think wearing a good looking shoes will give other a good image. Wearing the good looking shoes also can attract more people. Besides that, people that neutral to choose appearance of shoes is because they think good quality shoes is important than a good looking shoes. Wearing the good quality shoes is very comfortable. The people that disagree to choose appearance of shoes is because good looking shoes is more expensive than normal shoes. The students cannot afford the buy the expensive shoes.
They are 40% of the students and lecturers strongly agree that the purpose of wearing shoes is durability. Then, 40% of them are agreed and 18% of them are neutral. Other, disagree and strongly disagree are 2% and 0%. The conclusion for this chart is most of them chosen strongly agrees and agrees for the purpose of wearing shoes is for durability. People that strongly agree, agree and neutral to choose durability of shoes is because they think wearing a durability shoes can let them wear the shoes in long period. Wearing a durability shoes can let them save money so that them do not need to buy shoes every time. The people that disagree to choose durability shoes is because the shoes is more expensive than normal shoes. The students cannot afford the buy the expensive shoes.
They are 20% of the students and lecturers strongly agree that the purpose of wearing shoes is for affordable. Then, 34% of them are agreed and 44% of them are neutral. Other, disagree and strongly disagree are 2% and 0%. The conclusion for this chart is most of them chosen neutral for the purpose of wearing shoes is for affordable. People that strongly agree, agree and neutral to choose affordable to buy shoes is because not everyone can afford to buy expensive shoes. Besides that, students only can afford to buy normal shoes and a normal shoe also is the same can be wear. The people that disagree to choose affordable to buy shoes is because the person is too rich to buy expensive shoes. The students cannot afford the buy the expensive shoes.
Conclusion of questionnaires
As a conclusion for our survey from 25 collegians and 25 lectures and stuffs in TAR College, we found out most of them like to choose comfortable and durability shoes for daily work. This is because easier for their daily work with a comfortable shoe and also can last longer time. Next, we also found out that brand and latest fashion shoes have not more chosen from the collegians, lectures and stuffs in TAR College because branded and latest fashion shoes are more expensive and some of them might not afford it. On the other hand, we also found out that they like to choose the appearance of shoes to wear for outfit. This is because good looking of shoes can make they look smart. Last but not least, they also like to choose those shoes with affordable price. This is because they have to use they pocket money to buy those shoes, therefore, they would like to choose the affordable price of shoes.
Advantages and disadvantages of insole
Advantage of Shoes
All people have different taste of style, design, colors and brands. Shoes are suitable for people choose their styles which also build the confidence of the people wearing shoes. Shoes have many advantages. Women like to wear high heel shoes because it will help them to add height and make the legs appear longer.
First and foremost, shoes can protect our feet when we are walking or running. Shoes will not get our feet dirty and if there is glass on the ground, shoes can help us to prevent injure.
Next, shoes also can make us feel the comfort and good to allow maximum flexibility and easier to movement when we are wearing the shoes. It also helps us to ease our feet and to prevent pain and stress of our walking activity.
Shoes have the arch support, it can help us to less down foot pain. Uses of arch supports will be able to decrease our pain and also provide more balance and supports for the flat feet. Pain in our feet will not only cause discomfort but also make us difficult to walk.
Besides that, shoes also can help to improve our health. The insoles in shoes can help us to improve our health.
Choosing the right insoles for improve your life
Giving your body the support
Disadvantages of shoes
There are some disadvantages of shoes if we wear the wrong shoes for our feet.
We wear the tight shoes may be cause our feet have smelly when our feet to sweat and limit the movement of our toes. It will make us feel very uncomfortable.
New shoes can hurt our toes and cause blisters.
Taller people who wear high heel shoes might easy to fall from a height, they will feel more painful. Because they are harder to balance it, high heels will cause a lot of accidence in falls case when walk in a smooth or wet surface and while walking down on stair.
Major cases of high heels shoes may cause leg sprain. It also can happen when the people are not wearing high heel shoes. We need to try walking slowly and extra care when wear high heel shoes.
Choosing the right insoles for improve your life
Do you have sore and stiff bones in your ankles and feet or perhaps you feel tired much of your day? Hear us out before you take this case to your doctor to the local hospital. What do you feel is not right? Maybe it is just because you need to get some good insoles for your shoes.
Many people know that insoles are designed to provide the perfect and most comfortable environment for your feet. Many people do not realize that they also impact health and well-being. If you fail to realize this, then perhaps that is the reason for all your health related problems.
Actually, what most people do not realize is that wearing these bad shoes not only leads to minor problems, but also major health problems such as joint stress, spinal distortion, ankle and feet pains, muscle and neck strain and more. Can the right insole make a difference?
Most of these shoes have horrible shapes and designs, health-wise and extremely bad on your feet. Being able to sell these shoes is main goal of the manufacturer but not the alignment of your body or for the health of your feet.
One might ask: Do insoles improve the way you feel, morning to night, on a daily basis? What exactly do they mean by performance, pain relief from plantar fasciitis, bunions and heel spurs? How does it improve your balance, posture, or your stride?
Keep in mind that through the usage of the proper Shoe Inserts, you can and you will be able to sidestep your headaches, pains, and other discomforts-ultimately allowing you to live a comfortable, pleasurable life.
Giving your body the support
Consider to this, what supports your body? That's right, your feet do to support your body. Your two feet supports your whole body, including your skeletal system and every single part of your body. If you do not properly align your feet, you will experience aches and pains.
Do you ever wonder why you can never find just the right pair of shoes that can relieve your pains? This is because most of the footwear manufacturers spend their resources researching designs for stylish, trendy shoes that will guarantee sales (Most do not even care about your feet).
What Happens To Older People With This Condition?
In the case of an aged person flat foot will cause weakening of muscles. In such cases large amount of weight should not be imposed on the foot. This mainly causes rigid movement of your feet and prevents you from walking normal. Insoles can be incorporated to their shoes, which provide good comfort during walking.
Lightweight materials can be used so that there is not heaviness felt during usage. When it comes to doing your daily running it is very important to always use some running shoes for flat feet in order to prevent any severe injuries.
Apart from hereditary reasons flat foot can also be due to shoes which do not have a suitable arch support, using high heels for a long time generates heavy strain on the arch muscles.
In such cases flat foot develops and rolls inwards at the ankle causing concentration of strain in the inner border of the foot.
Insoles has the right products to help treat foot problems
Most of the population will experience foot problems at some point during their life's journey. Keep in mind that the foot bears the entire weight of the body and is our foundation. Some foot problems can be difficult to recognize (always consult with a medical professional for diagnosis) because the foot is so unique and has so many parts. We want you to understand how your foot can be injured and how to prevent it at here.
Some common foot problems are:
Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation caused by excessive stretching of the plantar fascia attaching at the bottom of the heel bone and extending to the forefoot.
A heel spur develops as an abnormal growth of the heel bone. Calcium deposits form when the plantar fascia pulls away from the heel area, causing a bony protrusion, or heel spur to develop.
A bunion is a prominent bump on the inside of the foot around the big toe joint. This bump is actually a bone protruding towards the inside of the foot.
Other significant foot problems:
Achilles Tendonitis causes inflammation and degeneration of the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon is the large tendon located in the back of the leg that inserts into the heel.
Arch pain (often referred to as arch strain) refers to an inflammation and/or burning sensation at the arch of the foot.
Callus formation is an accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area of the foot.
A hammer toe is a toe that is contracted at the middle joint in the toe, and can lead to severe pressure and pain.
Metatarsalgia is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the ball-of-the-foot.
Morton's Neuroma is a common foot problem associated with pain, swelling and/or an inflammation of a nerve, usually at the ball-of-the-foot between the 3rd and 4th toes.
Morton's Toe is a common forefoot disorder where the second toe is longer than the Big Toe.
Overlapping toes can occur in any of the toes and can cause extreme irritation if not corrected.
A Tailor's Bunion is a prominent bump on the outside of the foot around the little toe joint. This bump is actually a bone protruding towards the inside of the foot.
All other foot problems:
Over pronation (flat feet)
The process of insole
Making Customized Insoles or Foot beds isn't rocket science but there are a series of processes and stages we follow to ensure you get the right insole for your particular problem.
Step 1 - Consultation
The first thing we do is talk (and listen) to what you have to say, what problems you are having be it foot, knee or lower back pain. We will establish what footwear you wear, where you work, what you do for a job, what leisure activity you participate in as these can all have a bearing on foot and foot related problems. We will also look at wear patterns on your shoes to try and get clues as to what is happening when you walk.
Step 2 - Analysis
The next thing we need to do is analysis the position of the bones in your feet as this will affect alignment. For this we use a piece of equipment called a Podascope. With your shoes and socks off and pants rolled up to your knees we can determine whether you are an Over Pronator, Over Supinator or have normal feet. We can also look at your lower leg alignment and weight distribution patterns under your feet.
Step 3 - Re-Alignment
The next stage is to correct any alignment problems you may have such as collapsed medial arch, displaced Talus joint, or mis-aligned sub or mid Talar joint. To do this we will usually employ the Windlass method which involves lifting the big toe to induce tension in the Plantar Fascia underneath the foot. This helps to ease the medial arch into a more normal position and, usually places the Sub talar joint back into position. If we are still not happy we will rotate the ankle or manipulate the knee to achieve full alignment. NOTE: We only move on to the next stage when we are satisfied we can obtain a decent medial arch and rear foot alignment. In some instances where medial arch collapse is extremely severe it is impossible to obtain an acceptable foot position. In these cases we may suggest a pre-shaped insole such as the Sides 3 feet range. Whilst an off the shelf insole will not perform as well, or be as comfortable as a custom option, it can provide comfort and relief from pain and help to re-align feet and lower limbs.
Step 4 - Moulding
We then move on to the HD Vac to take a mould of your feet. This piece of equipment is simply two rubber bags filled with extremely fine Silicon sand and connected to a vacuum pump. We stand you on the bags, manoeuvre your foot into the correct position and then suck all the air out. This procedure provides us with a perfect footprint from which to make your insole. Whilst we are taking the mould a pair of pre-selected, flat insoles will be warming up on the Modulab, a micro-processor controlled vacuum heating unit. The warm insoles are then carefully positioned onto your foot moulds and you stand on them again, thereby easing the insoles into the shape of your feet.
Step 5 - Stabilizing
The insole is now almost finished but we need to strengthen the medial arch area and stabilize the rear foot. To do this we glue a heel stabilizer to the underneath of the insole which reaches from the back of the heel to just behind the metarsal heads. The stabilizer is ground down flat under the heel to introduce rear foot stability and we then grind under the medial arch. The amount taken out is determined by the weight of the customer and the type of footwear the insoles are going in.
Step 6 - Finishing
The insoles are now trimmed to fit into your personal footwear. We usually ask customers to bring in 2 or 3 pairs of shoes or boots and we trim to "Best Fit" to ensure they can be swapped around.
Step 7 - Using
Most people can use the insoles straight away, all day and everyday without any reaction elsewhere. However, a small percentage of customers will experience twinges either in the medial arch, knees, hips, pelvis or lower back and should therefore break them in gently, wearing them a couple of hours a day until they are fully accustomed to them.
DIY of insoles
DIY your own shoe insoles can save money and help recycle items you no longer need, such as cardboard or an old exercise mat. As an added bonus, if you want to vary the insole size to accommodate your own footwear needs, making your own enables you to do so. Also, swapping insoles at regular intervals may result in less moisture trapped in the shoes, possibly extending the shoes' lifespa. This article provides several ways to make shoe insoles, letting you choose the one that suits your needs best.
First, simply take away the old lining from your shoes. Follow a flip flop or shoe of your size onto the smooth side of an exercise mat or old yoga.
Cut out the design.
Flip over what you were cut and follow it again onto the smooth side of the mat for the opposite foot. Cut out this insole and you will have a right and left foot insole.
Follow and cut out four more insoles.
Stack the two insoles together, with the textured side up, for each foot.
Using a hot glue gun. Go little by little as opposed to trying to glue the whole layer at once.
Lastly, leave to dry before you put in your shoes for use.
In the conclusion, shoes are very important to us for protect out feet. We cannot do our daily work without shoes at outside. Different types of shoes have different types of function. So that, we must wear shoes that suitable for an activity to protect our feet. For example, running must wear running shoes so that our feet will not feel pain after running. Lastly, according to our research and studies wear the correct shoes also can help our health of feet.
We recommend that when we buy a pair of shoes, we must think about the function of the shoes that we need, think about the quality of the shoes, think about are there any effect to our health when we wear the shoes, and also think about can we afford to about the shoes.