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Volleyball players know that volleyball is a game of teamwork, and players need to learn how to pass the volleyball properly to teammates in order to have a successful game. The bump, the volley and the set are all ways that players pass the ball to teammates so they can handle the ball properly.
The volley is used in volleyball to gain better control over the ball when passing to a teammate. When volleying, stand with hands above your forehead, keeping them a ball-width apart. Position yourself under the ball and point your body in the direction you want the ball to go. Pass the ball to your teammate by using only your fingertips to direct the ball. This slows the ball down significantly so your teammate can then bump or spike it over the net.
The bump is the ideal way to stop a fast-moving ball and direct it to a teammate. It's perfect for deep balls that make it over the net quickly and are close to the ground. To bump the ball, extend your hands in front of you, clasping your hands so that your thumbs are crossed. Keep a wide stance. To bump the ball, you position it on your forearms, near your wrists and exert the force of your arms forward, tilting the base of your thumbs upward. Bumping reduces the amount of control you have as far as direction goes, but a good teammate will be ready to capture the ball when you bump it to her. A bump is usually the first contact when the ball makes its way over to your team's side of the net.
A set is similar to a volley, except that it's only purpose is to pass it to another player in order to have it spiked over the net, according to the website Strength and Power for Volleyball. In a set, step back and transfer your weight to your back leg as the ball comes down toward you. As you catch the ball, your back foot then comes forward, helping to exert more power in pushing the ball upward. Instead of directing it to a teammate, a set goes high in the air, putting it at the perfect position above the net for a teammate to spike it.
Serve your way to the top.
Whether volleyball is your hobby, or you're trying to compete on an elite level, a strong serve will get you where you need. The general rule of thumb on serving is technique over power. With proper technique comes power and strategy. Other than technique, also focus on position and weak links. With a little practice and repetition, aces will be coming a dime a dozen.
When it comes to technique, a floater is a difficult serve to pass. A floater serve dances in the air and moves side to side. This makes it difficult to judge exactly where the ball is going to land. The only dilemma is keeping the ball in the court. This serve, when done prematurely, can fly much further than the end lines. The point of contact with the ball is hitting it in the center with no rotation, causing the ball to wobble in the air.
The correct form of a floater is: Left foot in front and feet slightly turned to the right; draw arm up and back; take a small step as you toss the ball; contact the center of the ball with your palm; drag your back foot while serving.
The topspin serve is difficult to estimate because it actually drops, which means right when you think it is coming right at you, it falls short just over the net. It does not dance in the air like a floater, but it will drop in a split-second if not ready. The topspin is executed by contacting the ball at its highest point with the palm open and fingers on top of the ball with a forward rotation. To get the rotation, snap the wrist forward and force a forward roll of the ball. Remember, technique over power, because power comes from technique.
Direction of Serve
Many coaches teach that the court is divided into six zones. When practicing, try to hit it into the specified zones. More advanced players should ignore the zones and try to serve to disrupt the other team. An open space is probably a decoy to get the server to serve the ball where they want them to serve. Try to hit the ball where the team has to move and be disrupted.
Confidence: Besides the Technique
Confidence can make or break a person doing anything, especially serving a volleyball. With proper confidence, the ball will stay in bounds, be directed correctly, and with technique comes great power. Find a technique and speed that works, and develop it from where it began.
Things to Look for When Serving
The shorter the player, the tougher time they usually have passing deep serves. The taller players don't like to be served short. When you find the height differences on the court and where they don't like the ball to end up, take advantage of it.
Some players tend to favor one side or the other when passing. Find the ones that don't pass well when moving to one side, and keep attacking that side of the opponent.
How well do the passers pass? Serving the ball deep or short will disrupt certain players. Every volleyball player has a certain spot they want the ball. if they don't get the ball there, they can be disrupted as well. So serve the ball long and short and seek out where they are uncomfortable.
Different Volleyball Games to Play
Volleyball games which simulate match play situations can be fun and helpful.
Volleyball coaches need to keep players motivated during practices as well as games. In order to improve players' skills, practice is essential. Keep players excited about working on their bumps, sets and spikes by adding a variety of fun, challenging games during practices.
Have players focus on their teamwork, rather than what the other team is doing, by draping sheets over the net to prevent teams from seeing each other. Hang sheets from the top of the net to the floor to completely block other players' bodies from sight. Change the rules so that overhand serves and spikes slow things down and make reaction time more realistic. Once the ball comes over the net and into sight, players will focus on where their teammates are, how to get the ball to them, how to get into position to receive balls, what possible problems could arise and how to back teammates up.
Work on players' ability to control ball projection by dividing the court with a line down the middle, then requiring players to play alternating points crosscourt. Because players don't have the luxury of keeping the ball in a large court, even when they slightly mis-hit, they will have to slow down and focus on ball placement skills. Even though the other team knows where the ball is going, they, too, will have to slow things down because they will have to control the ball back to a limited playing area. Depending on the skill level of the players involved, the coach can handicap the rules, such as requiring underhand serving and prohibiting spikes.
Three players create a triangle, facing each other, about 12 feet apart. The first player bumps the ball to herself, then sets to herself, then hits to the next player, who repeats the sequence. For a cooperative drill, players can pass (using an upward pass) to the same teammate after each sequence. No scoring is kept. For a competitive drill, players can pass the ball to any teammate without warning, and can use a (soft) downward "spike" to create more difficulty. Keep score to create pressure.
Two players partner with one ball, on opposite sides of the net. If not net is available, players can use a floor line, starting about 10 feet apart. One player faces his teammate while the other teammate turns around with his back to his teammate. The first player sends a soft, high pass to his teammate, yelling "Go" as he passes the ball. The second teammate must now quickly turn around, locate the incoming ball, and then bump, set and pass to his teammate, who has already turned around, waiting for his chance to "Go." Keep score, with each player winning one point for a successful bump, set and pass.
5 Things You Need to Know About Hitting A Volleyball
1. The Basics
Volleyball players can use any part of their bodies to hit the ball over the volleyball net and score points, as long as the ball is hit a maximum of three times on each side of the net. You score points when you're serving, if the receiving team can't return the volleyball or prevent it from hitting the ground. Each time you score, you get one point. The first team to score 15, with a two point buffer, wins. Volleyball players can get very banged up, so it's important to wear elbow pads and knee pads when you're playing in a volleyball game and working on your volleyball skills. The pads also give you the confidence to dive for balls without worrying about doing your body damage.
2. Bump it
The first hit when the balls comes over the volleyball net is the bump, which means hitting it with your forearms. The trick is to get your body low and bend your knees, with your feet about shoulder-width apart. Lean forward and get under the ball. Keep your forearms solid and throw your shoulders forward for leverage. When the ball comes for you, make sure you keeping moving through the ball. Translation? Follow through after hitting the volleyball, moving your shoulders. This will put some backspin on the ball. Stay low after hitting it, because you want it to go to your teammate for a set. It's important to stay out of the way of the play.
3. Set it
The setter intercepts the ball from the bump and sets it up using their fingertips. You want to make contact with the ball, about one foot above your head, in front of the volleyball net. Hold both hands above your forehead, holding them so your index fingers and thumbs almost touch. Both hands should be open. Bend your knees and push up with your arms and legs simultaneously. Snap the ball upwards in the direction of another player who can spike it over the volleyball net. You want the ball to hang in the air, but definitely not go over the net--yet. Try to get it a few feet above the net, on your side, so the hitter can spike it over without being blocked. You must hit the ball without allowing it to come to rest (however momentarily), which is illegal and known as a "lift." You also must make contact with both hands simultaneously or risk getting called for a "double hit."
4. Spike it
An important part of the spike is the approach to the net. Take a big step with your back foot, then a small and quick step with your strong foot, followed by a small and quick step with your weak foot again. So, if you're right handed, you want to take a big step with your left, toward the net, quick step with right then quick with left. That last step is a jump upwards, not forward. Hold your dominant hand over your head as high as possible, pull it back to your shoulder and slam your hand down on the ball. Your palm should be facing the ground. If you were set up well, you should spike ball inbounds, making it nearly impossible for the other volleyball players to return it.
5. Block it
Blocking is one of the easiest moves you'll make while playing volleyball. Stand facing the net with your feet spread to shoulder-width apart. Hold your hands up, with your elbows at 90 degree angles. Spread your fingers apart to give you a bigger blocking surface. Bend your knees and jump as high as you can, extending your arms. The trick is to time it right so you jump just as the other team's hitter is slamming the ball over the net.